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Petru Lucinschi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Petru Lucinschi
Petru Lucinschi 2000.jpg
Petru Lucinschi in 2000
2nd President of Moldova
In office
15 January 1997 – 7 April 2001
Prime MinisterAndrei Sangheli
Ion Ciubuc
Ion Sturza
Dumitru Braghiş
Preceded byMircea Snegur
Succeeded byVladimir Voronin
2nd President of the Moldovan Parliament
In office
4 February 1993 – 9 January 1997
PresidentMircea Snegur
Prime MinisterAndrei Sangheli
Preceded byAlexandru Moșanu
Succeeded byDumitru Moțpan
1st Moldovan Ambassador to Russia
In office
1992 – 4 February 1993
PresidentMircea Snegur
Succeeded byAnatol Țăranu
Personal details
Born (1940-01-27) 27 January 1940 (age 81)
Rădulenii Vechi, Soroca County, Kingdom of Romania
Citizenship Moldova
 Romania
Political partyAgrarian Party of Moldova
Other political
affiliations
Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1964–1991)
Spouse(s)Antonina Lucinschi (m. 1965–2005)
ChildrenChiril, Sergiu
ProfessionPolitician

Petru Lucinschi (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈpetru luˈt͡ʃinski]), also Russified with the patronymic as Pyotr Kirillovich Luchinsky (Russian: Пётр Кириллович Лучинский; born 27 January 1940) is a former Moldovan politician who was Moldova's second President (1997–2001).

Biography

Early life and education

Vladimir Putin and Petru Lucinschi, Chișinău, 17 June 2000.
Vladimir Putin and Petru Lucinschi, Chișinău, 17 June 2000.

Petru Lucinschi was born on 27 January 1940 in Rădulenii Vechi village, Soroca County, Kingdom of Romania (now Florești district). Lucinschi carries a transcribed version of the Polish surname Łuczyński, but has never publicly identified with a Polish heritage. In 1962, he graduated from Chisinau State University. During his studies, he was the secretary of the local Komsomol. From 1963 to 1964, he was engaged in Komsomol work in the Soviet Army. He has a PhD in Philosophy (1977) from the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow.

Career in the Communist Party

In 1964, he was admitted to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. From 1971, Lucinschi was a member of the Executive Committee (Politburo) of the Central Committee of the Communist Party in Moldavian SSR.[1] He was the only native Moldovan in the leadership of Communist Party of Moldova at that time, when the leadership of Moldavian SSR was almost completely in the hands of people from outside the republic or Transnistrians.[2]

From 1978 to 1989, he was First Secretary of Chișinău City Committee of the Communist Party of Moldova.[3] In 1978, Ivan Bodiul sent him to work for the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in Moscow, where Lucinschi remained until 1986. From 1986 to 1989, Lucinschi was second secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan. Upon his return to Moldavian SSR in 1989, he became first secretary of the Communist Party of Moldova. His appointment followed the civil unrest on 7 November during the 72nd anniversary celebrations of the Great October Socialist Revolution.[4]

In early 1991, he was appointed First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, so he again left Moldavian SSR for Moscow.

Post-Soviet career

In 1992, he was appointed as Ambassador of Moldova in Russia. On 4 February 1993, he was elected as Speaker of the Moldovan Parliament, being re-elected on 29 March 1994 for a new term. He held the position until 1997.

Presidency

Lucinschi was elected Moldova's second president in November 1996. Upon his assumption to office, many Western media outlets portrayed him as a Moscow man who remained oriented toward the Soviet past. He was often seen as the lesser evil to Vladimir Voronin from the Party of Communists.[5] Under his leadership, the reforms started by his predecessor Mircea Snegur were continued. It also marked the beginning of Moldova's distance from the nations of the Commonwealth of Independent States and closer relations with the European Union. Over his four years in power, the Lucinschi administration was marked by fierce confrontations in Parliament. He served until 2001, when he called a snap election, and the Parliament voted in favour of Vladimir Voronin.[6]

Post-presidency

President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev receiving Lucinschi in Baku in 2014.
President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev receiving Lucinschi in Baku in 2014.

Since leaving office, he has continued to meet with his former counterparts, including Azerbaijani leader Ilham Aliyev,[7] Kazakh president Nursultan Nazarbayev,[8] Estonian president Arnold Rüütel,[9] and Ukrainian president Leonid Kravchuk.[10] Upon the death of former Russian president Boris Yeltsin, he described him as a politician who "paid a lot of attention to the national aspirations of countries of the USSR conglomerate", saying in addition that he "played an essential role for young independent states like Moldova".[11] In 2018, he published his book Pyotr Kirillovich Luchinsky - Member of the Politburo and President, authored by Russian writer Mikhail Lukichev.[12][13] In early 2019, President Igor Dodon invited Lucinschi together with ex-president Mircea Snegur on a tour of the newly renovated Presidential Palace,[14] which was in need for repairs for over a decade. In 2020, Lucinschi, along with 49 fellow members of the Nizami Ganjavi International Center based in Baku, called for international action to tackle new waves of the COVID-19 pandemic.[15]

Personal life

Lucinschi was married to Antonina (d. 2006), a retired schoolteacher, and has two sons, Sergiu and Chiril. Chirill is a businessman and politician who was as member of parliament as well as a professional basketball player.

Awards

Domestic

Soviet

Foreign

References

  1. ^ правды», Леонид РЯБКОВ | Сайт «Комсомольской (2020-03-15). "В Кишиневе Петр Лучинский забрал у Нонны Мордюковой номер "люкс" для Людмилы Чурсиной, за которой ухаживал". kp.md - Сайт «Комсомольской правды». Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  2. ^ Mihail Bruhis - "Rusia, România și Basarabia", Universitas, Chişinău 1992, page 314
  3. ^ "1976-1978 Lucinschi held the position of First Secretary of Chisinau City Committee of CPM".
  4. ^ правды», Леонид РЯБКОВ | Сайт «Комсомольской (2017-11-07). "Петр Лучинский: Не припомню, чтобы кто-то отказался идти на демонстрацию 7 ноября потому что ненавидит СССР, наоборот, шли с радостью!". kp.md - Сайт «Комсомольской правды». Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  5. ^ Monitor, 21 martie 2001, Moldova's President Bows Out
  6. ^ "Biography of President of the Republic of Moldova Petru Lucinschi, 1996-2001". Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  7. ^ "Official web-site of President of Azerbaijan Republic - NEWS » Receptions". en.president.az. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  8. ^ "Head of State Nursultan Nazarbaev met with former President of the Republic of Moldova Petru Lucinschi. — Official site of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan". www.akorda.kz. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  9. ^ "Former Estonian president sends message on support of Moldova's European aspirations". president.md. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  10. ^ "Moldova, Ukraine to be united in continuing European integration". president.md. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  11. ^ "Great Deeds, Serious Errors". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  12. ^ https://noi.md/ru/politika/vyshla-v-svet-kniga-posvyashhennaya-petru-luchinskomu
  13. ^ "Игорь Додон принял участие в презентации книги". president.md. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  14. ^ "Игорь Додон провел встречу с двумя экс-президентами Молдовы". president.md. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  15. ^ "Over 50 Members of the Nizami Ganjavi International Center joined 275 world leaders call for urgent action to avoid 'COVID Generation'". Trend.Az. 2020-08-27. Retrieved 2020-11-03.
  16. ^ Указ Президента Молдавии о награждении Петра Лучинского орденом Республики
  17. ^ Митрополит Владимир наградил первых двух президентов Молдовы
  18. ^ Указ Президента Республики Молдова от 28 января 2015 года № 1443 «О присвоении господину Петру Лучински почётного звания «Om Emerit»
  19. ^ a b Лучинский, Пётр Кириллович
  20. ^ a b c d "Mr. Lucinschi is the holder of several prestigious awards: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour (France, 1998), Order of Redeemer (Greece, 1999), Grand Order of the Knights of the Holy Sepulchre (Greek Orthodox Church, Jerusalem, 2000), Order "Steaua Romaniei" (Star of Romania), the Sash rank (Romania, 2000)".
  21. ^ Medal of Bethlehem, 2000
  22. ^ "Вечерний Минск от 9 сентября 1997 года". Archived from the original on 2009-06-18. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Semion Grossu
First secretary of the Communist Party of Moldova
16 November 1989 – 4 February 1991
Succeeded by
Grigore Eremei
Political offices
Preceded by
Mircea Snegur
President of the Republic of Moldova
1997–2001
Succeeded by
Vladimir Voronin
This page was last edited on 16 July 2021, at 02:37
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