To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

PetroChina Company Limited
中国石油天然气股份有限公司
Public
Traded asSSE: 601857
SEHK857
NYSEPTR
ISINCNE1000007Q1
CNE1000003W8
IndustryOil and gas
FoundedNovember 5, 1999; 20 years ago (1999-11-05)
HeadquartersDongcheng District, Beijing, China
Area served
Worldwide with primary markets in China
Key people
Zhou Jiping (Chairman)
Wang Dongjin (CEO)[1]
ProductsFuels, lubricants, natural gas, petrochemicals
RevenueIncrease CN¥2,015,890 million (2017)[2]
Increase CN¥67,722 million (2017)[2]
Increase CN¥36,793 million (2017)[2]
Total assetsIncrease CN¥2,404,612 million (2017)[2]
Total equityIncrease CN¥1,381,319 million (2017)[2]
Number of employees
506,000 (2019)
ParentChina National Petroleum Corporation
Websitepetrochina.com.cn/ptr/

PetroChina Company Limited (simplified Chinese: 中国石油天然气股份有限公司; traditional Chinese: 中國石油天然氣股份有限公司) is a Chinese oil and gas company and is the listed arm of state-owned China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), headquartered in Dongcheng District, Beijing.[3] The company is currently Asia's largest oil and gas producer[4] and was China's second biggest oil producer in 2006.[5] Traded in Hong Kong and New York, the mainland enterprise announced its plans to issue stock in Shanghai in November 2007,[5] and subsequently entered the constituent of SSE 50 Index.

History

PetroChina was established as a joint stock company with limited liabilities under the Company Law of the People's Republic of China (the PRC) on November 5, 1999, as part of the restructuring of CNPC. In the restructuring, CNPC injected into PetroChina most of the assets and liabilities of CNPC relating to its exploration and production, refining and marketing, chemicals and natural gas businesses.

Although PetroChina is the most profitable[according to whom?] company in Asia, this success may be the result of corporate management,[according to whom?] but can also be attributed to the near duopoly[failed verification] on the wholesale and retail business of oil products it shares with Sinopec in China.[6]

Because of Sinopec's link to Sudan through parent company China Petrochemical Corporation, several institutional investors such as Harvard and Yale decided, in 2005, to divest from Sinopec. Sudan divestment efforts have continued to be concentrated on PetroChina since then.[7] Fidelity Investments, after pressure from activist groups, also announced in a filing in the US that it had sold 91 per cent of its American Depositary Receipts in PetroChina in the first quarter of 2007.[8]

At the beginning of May 2007, the company announced it had made China's largest oil find in a decade off the country's northeast coast, in an oilfield named Jidong Nanpu oil field in Bohai Bay.[9] In May 2008 these expectations were lowered.[10]

On November 7, 2007, Hang Seng Indexes Company announced that PetroChina would be a Hang Seng Index Constituent Stock, effective December 10, 2007.[11] PetroChina has also come under scrutiny from international organizations for its part in trading with the Sudanese government who continues the ongoing war in Darfur.

On August 19, 2009, PetroChina signed an A$50 billion deal with ExxonMobil to purchase liquefied natural gas from the Gorgon field in Western Australia,[12][13] considered the largest contract ever signed between China and Australia, which ensures China a steady supply of LNG fuel for 20 years, and also forms as China's largest supply of relatively "clean energy".[14][15] This deal has been formally secured, despite relations between Australia and China being at their lowest point in years, following the Rio Tinto espionage case and the granting of visas to Rebiya Kadeer to visit Australia.[16]

PetroChina's Dushanzi District refinery became fully operational on September 24, 2009. The refinery is China's largest refinery with annual capacity of 10 million tons of oil and 1 million tons of ethylene. The refinery is an integral part of China's ambitions to import oil from Kazakhstan.[17]

In February 2011, PetroChina agreed to pay $5.4 billion for a 49% stake in Canada's Duvernay shale assets owned by Encana. It was China's biggest investment in shale gas to date.[18] PetroChina's subsidiary in Canada is named PetroChina Canada and has an office in Calgary. It operates under the direction of Li Zhiming.[19]

China signed a deal in 2016 with the Nepal Oil Corporation to sell 30% of the total Nepalese petroleum consumption. China plans to build a pipeline to Nepal's Panchkhal along with a storage depot.[20]

In 2017, the shares of PetroChina upped after the rise of natural gas prices for commercial use.[21]

In February 2019, as part of the Arrow Energy joint venture with Royal Dutch Shell, the company was granted leases for $10 billion (AUS) towards the Surat project in Queensland, Australia.[22] Liaoyang Petrochemical Corp, a unit of PetroChina, in May 2019 exported to Europe for the first time.[23] PetroChina posted a US$4 billion profit for 2019.[24]

PetroChina Pipelines

PetroChina Pipelines is a subsidiary (72.26%) of PetroChina that managed the first three pipelines of the project.[25]

West–East Gas Pipeline I

History

The construction of the West–East Gas Pipeline started in 2002. The pipeline was put into trial operation on 1 October 2004, and the full commercial supply of natural gas commenced on 1 January 2005. The pipeline is owned and operated by PetroChina West–East Gas Pipeline Company, a subsidiary of PetroChina. Originally, it was agreed that PetroChina would have owned 50% of the pipeline, while Royal Dutch Shell, Gazprom, and ExxonMobil had been slated to hold 15% each, and Sinopec 5%. However, in August 2004, the Board of Directors of PetroChina announced that following good faith discussions with all parties to the Joint Venture Framework Agreement, the parties had not been able to reach an agreement, and the joint venture framework agreement was terminated.[26]

Technical features

The 4,000 kilometres (2,500 mi) long pipeline runs from Lunnan in Xinjiang to Shanghai.[27] The pipeline passes through 66 cities in the 10 provinces in China.[28] Natural gas transported by the pipeline is used for electricity production in the Yangtze River Delta area. There is a plan to replace coal with gas in Shanghai by 2010. The capacity of the pipeline is 12 billion cubic metres (420 billion cubic feet) of natural gas annually.[29] The cost of the pipeline was US$5.7 billion. By the end of 2007, the capacity was planned to be upgraded to 17 billion cubic metres (600 billion cubic feet). For this purpose, ten new gas compressor stations will be built and eight existing stations are to be upgraded.[30]

Connections

The West–East Gas Pipeline is connected to the Shaan-Jing pipeline by three branch pipelines.[31] The 886 kilometres (551 mi) long Ji-Ning branch between the Qingshan Distributing Station and the Anping Distributing Station became operational on 30 December 2005.

Source of supply

The pipeline is supplied from the Tarim Basin oil and gas fields in Xinjiang province. The Changqing gas area in Shaanxi province is a secondary gas source. In the future, the planned Kazakhstan-China gas pipeline will be connected to the West–East Gas Pipeline.

Starting from 15 September 2009, the pipeline is also supplied with coalbed methane from the Qinshui Basin in Shanxi.[32]

West–East Gas Pipeline II

Construction of the second West–East Gas Pipeline started on 22 February 2008. The pipeline with a total length of 9,102 kilometres (5,656 mi), including 4,843 kilometres (3,009 mi) of the main line and eight sub-lines, will run from Khorgas in northwestern Xinjiang to Guangzhou in Guangdong. Up to Gansu, it will be parallel and interconnected with the first west–east pipeline. The western part of the pipeline is expected to be commissioned by 2009, and the eastern part by June 2011.[33]

The capacity of the second pipeline is 30 billion cubic metres (1.1 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas per year. It is mainly supplied by the Central Asia-China gas pipeline. The pipeline is expected to cost US$20 billion.[33][34] The project is developed by China National Oil and Gas Exploration and Development Corp. (CNODC), a joint venture of China National Petroleum Corporation and PetroChina.[35]

West–East Gas Pipeline III

Construction of the third pipeline started in October 2012 and it is to be completed by 2015. The third pipeline will run from Horgos in western Xinjiang to Fuzhou in Fujian.[36] It will cross Xinjiang, Gansu, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Fujian, and Guangdong provinces.

The total length of the third pipeline is 7,378 kilometres (4,584 mi), including 5,220-kilometre (3,240 mi) trunkline and eight branches. In addition, the project includes three gas storages and a LNG plant. It will have a capacity of 30 billion cubic metres (1.1 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas per year with operating pressure of 10–12 megapascals (1,500–1,700 psi). The pipeline will be supplied from Central Asia–China gas pipeline's Line C supplemented by supplies from the Tarim basin and coalbed methane in Xinjiang. Compressors for the pipeline are supplied by Rolls-Royce.[37]

Environmental record

PetroChina is promoting safety, environmental protection and people-orientation as its slogan and is determined to encourage efficiency in utilization of resource as well as effective operation of the Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) management system as a method to reduce emission of pollutants.[38]

Chemical spills

PetroChina had a chemical spill in November, 2005. One of its chemical plants exploded in Jilin, China, resulting in 100 tons of benzene, which is a carcinogen and toxic, pouring into the Songhua River. There was a slick of chemicals that spanned 80 kilometres.[39] Harbin, which is another city along the Songhua River, had to cut the water supply from almost 4 million people, for 5 days. More than 60 people were injured, five died, and one person was missing due to the incident.[40][deprecated source] The spill prompted China's environmental agency to fine the company one million yuan (approximately $125,000, £64,000) for its pollution, which was the maximum fine that can be handed out in China for breaking an environmental law.[41] However, this disaster sparked controversy about this law. People claimed the law was too soft.[42] The spill even crept into Khabarovsk, Russia, where residents stocked up on bottled water. The city tried filtering its water of toxic substances, but officials were still unsure if the water was 100% safe for drinking.[43] The Chinese government said it will take more than one billion dollars to clean up the aftermath.[39] Li Zhaoxing, Chinese Foreign Minister at the time, issued a public apology to Russia due to the incident.[44]

In 2014, Petrochina's subsidiary Lanzhou Petrochemical was responsible for ethylene and ammonia leaks, benzene contamination of water supplies, and air pollution in Lanzhou. The city government criticized the company and demanded an apology. [45]

The "Western Gas to the East" Pipeline Project

A PetroChina gas station in Xinjiang
A PetroChina gas station in Xinjiang

Another major controversial issue is PetroChina's development in gas reserves in Tarim Basins, Xinjiang. It is argued that such a project might pose a threat to the environment, as the construction of the pipeline might affect the wildlife in the regions where it runs through. However, no known environmental or social impact assessments have been conducted, as the environmental record of Tarim Basins is very poor.[46]

Demonstration at new plant

Approved in 2007, a $5.5 billion petrochemical plant, expected to produce 800,000 tons of ethylene and refine 10 million tons of crude oil a year, is now under construction by PetroChina in Chengdu, provincial capital of Sichuan in Southwestern China. Ethylene is widely used in the production of goods such as packaging and trash liners. Although the project claimed that $565 million of the total investment would be dedicated to environmental protection, residents of Chengdu who believe it might bring pollution to the local area took to the streets on May 3 and 4, 2008, to protest against the project. The whole demonstration was peaceful, and presence of Chinese government intervention was scarce.[47]

Ranking

PetroChina was ranked 30th in 2018 Forbes Global 2000,[48] a list of top listed companies of the world. In 2019, PetroChina was ranked 22nd in Forbes Global 2000. [49]

Corporate bonds

PetroChina, on October 24, 2008 issued a series of medium-term corporate bonds worth 80 billion yuan ($11.7 billion), which was the biggest ever domestic issue by a listed company.

The logo of PetroChina has represented the company in plenary capacity since 2004. The logo's basic, abecedarian design consists of a rising sun, projected onto a petal-based graphic. The colors utilized in the graphic are red and yellow, auspicious in Chinese culture. Beneath the English-language version of the design is positioned the company's name in an emboldened, black typeset, "PetroChina" (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhōngguó shíyóu).

PetroChina's current logo was adopted 26 December 2004. The contour of the logo is defined as a "petal graphic equally divided by ten in red and yellow colors", which, according to description, "are the basic colors of the national flag of the People's Republic of China, and which embody the characteristics of the oil and gas industry." The essentially spherical design of the logo, meant to exemplify PetroChina's global development stratagem. The ten equanimous petals are indicative of PetroChina's ten consolidated core businesses. The red substratum is intended to highlight "an angle of a square shape, not only demonstrating PetroChina's strong fundamentals, but also implicating the company's huge power of cohesion and creativity." The general floral connotations of the logo are designed to capture PetroChina's "social responsibility of creating harmony between energy and environment." Finally, the sun ascending over the horizon in the center of the logo epitomizes the prosperous future hoped to lie within the future of PetroChina.[50]

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ "Executive Profiles". Petrochina.com.cn. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Annual Report 2017" (PDF). PetroChina Company Limited, March 22, 2018. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
  3. ^ "Contact Us." PetroChina. Retrieved on July 8, 2010. "Address: 9 Dongzhimen North Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, P.R.China."
  4. ^ PetroChina first-half profit rises 3.6% on higher oil, gas sales, August 29, 2019, retrieved September 7, 2019
  5. ^ a b Analysts express optimism about Chinese shares (Xinhuanet.com, with source from Shanghai Daily)
  6. ^ https://www.platts.com/latest-news/natural-gas/singapore/sinopec-petrochina-persevere-with-shale-gas-as-27259583
  7. ^ Response to Berkshire Hathaway's statement on its holdings in PetroChina Company Limited Archived 2008-06-25 at the Wayback Machine, Sudan Divestment Task Force, 2007-02-23. Retrieved on 2007-03-28.
  8. ^ "Darfur activists claim Fidelity success". Financial Times. 2007-05-16.
  9. ^ "China claims major oil field find". BBC News. May 4, 2007. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  10. ^ "China: PetroChina's Jidong Nanpu oil field smaller than originally thought". Energy-pedia.com. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ Stephen McDonell, August 19, 2009, Record gas deal between China and Australia – AM – Australian Broadcasting Corporation
  13. ^ Babs McHugh, August 19, 2009, Massive sale from Gorgon Gas Project – Australian Broadcasting Corporation
  14. ^ David McLennan, August 20, 2009, Australia to be 'global supplier of clean energy' – The Canberra Times
  15. ^ August 20, 2009, CNPC to import 2.25m tons of LNG annually from Australia – ChinaDaily (Source: Xinhua)
  16. ^ Peter Ryan, August 19, 2009, Deal means 2.2 million tonnes exported per year – AM – Australian Broadcasting Corporation
  17. ^ PetroChina Activates China's Biggest Refinery Archived 2009-09-28 at the Wayback Machine – The China Perspective
  18. ^ "Subscribe to read". Financial Times. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  19. ^ "Executive Team – Brion Energy". Brionenergy.com. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  20. ^ "PetroChina to increase investment in oil, gas business despite financial crisis_English_Xinhua". News.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  21. ^ "PetroChina's shares fuelled by increase in natural gas prices". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2017-11-14.
  22. ^ "Shell, PetroChina JV Arrow wins leases for big Australian gas project". Reuters. 2019-02-28. Retrieved 2019-05-22.
  23. ^ PetroChina exports diesel to Europe for first time -CNPC, Reuters, May 28, 2019, retrieved September 7, 2019
  24. ^ Ng, Eric (August 30, 2019), PetroChina to broaden LNG import sources amid US-China trade war, posts US$4 billion profit, South China Morning Post, retrieved September 7, 2019
  25. ^ "DISCLOSEABLE TRANSACTION, CONNECTED TRANSACTION" (PDF). PetroChina. archive of Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 24 December 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  26. ^ "PetroChina: Announcement" (PDF) (Press release). Petrochina. 4 August 2004. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  27. ^ "Top Ten Longest Oil Pipelines". Oil Patch Asia. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  28. ^ "China proposes construction of 2nd west-east gas pipeline". People's Daily. 2006-03-11. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
  29. ^ Wang Ying (2005-06-22). "West-East gas pipeline expands supply area". China Daily. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
  30. ^ George Bernard (2006-09-01). "PetroChina To Boost West-East Gas Pipeline's Capacity 42%". Dow Jones Chinese Financial Wire. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
  31. ^ "PetroChina Completes Projects for W-to-E Gas Pipeline". Downstream Today. 2009-06-29. Retrieved 2009-06-30.
  32. ^ Jim Bai, Tom Miles (16 September 2009). "PetroChina pumps coal seam gas in West-East pipeline". Reuters. Retrieved 19 September 2009.
  33. ^ a b "China Starts Work on $20B Pipeline for Turkmen Gas". Downstream Today. Xinhua. 2008-02-22. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
  34. ^ "CNPC plans to build longest LNG pipeline". Xinhua. 2007-04-06. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
  35. ^ "PetroChina, CNODC to invest in gas pipeline". Xinhua. 2008-01-05. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
  36. ^ "China Studying Third West-East Gas Pipeline – Report". Downstream Today. AFX News Limited. 2008-09-11. Retrieved 2008-12-25.
  37. ^ Smith, Christopher E. (2012-10-23). "China starts construction on third West-East Gas Pipeline". Oil & Gas Journal. Pennwell Corporation. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  38. ^ "Summary of the 2007 Annual Report". PetroChina.com.cn, May 5, 2008
  39. ^ a b "Maximum fine over China pollution". BBC News. January 25, 2007. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  40. ^ "The Epoch Times – Jilin PetroChina Explosion Under Investigation, Vice-Mayor of Jilin City Reported Dead". En.epochtimes.com. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  41. ^ "Maximum fine over China pollution". BBC News. January 25, 2007. Retrieved 2013-05-14.
  42. ^ "PetroChina branch fined for pollution". Chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  43. ^ "Toxic leak reaches Russian city". BBC News. December 22, 2005. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  44. ^ Bezlova, Antoaneta (December 2, 2005). "China's toxic spillover". Asia Times. Retrieved 2013-05-14.
  45. ^ He Huifeng (January 11, 2015). "Chinese city lashes PetroChina unit over chemical leaks". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2015-02-10.
  46. ^ "BP Amoco – Divest From PetroChina (2000–2001) – Trillium Asset Management". Trilliuminvest.com. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  47. ^ Wong, Edward (May 6, 2008). "In China City, Protesters See Pollution Risk of New Plant". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-05-14.
  48. ^ "The World's Largest Public Companies List". Forbes. June 2018. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  49. ^ "PetroChina". Forbes. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
  50. ^ "PetroChina launches new logo". PetroChina. Retrieved 29 July 2013.

Sources

External links

This page was last edited on 7 September 2020, at 05:15
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.