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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Peter Ustinov
1986 portrait
Born
Peter Alexander Freiherr von Ustinov

(1921-04-16)16 April 1921
London, England
Died28 March 2004(2004-03-28) (aged 82)
Genolier, Switzerland
Resting placeBursins Cemetery, Bursins, Switzerland
EducationWestminster School
London Theatre Studio
Occupations
  • Actor
  • filmmaker
  • writer
Years active1938–2004
Spouses
  • Isolde Denham
    (m. 1940; div. 1950)
  • (m. 1954; div. 1971)
  • Helene du Lau d'Allemans
    (m. 1972)
Children4, including Tamara Ustinov
Parents
AwardsSee Awards

Sir Peter Alexander Ustinov CBE FRSA (/ˈ(j)stɪnɒf/ (Y)OO-stin-off; born Peter Alexander Freiherr von Ustinov; 16 April 1921 – 28 March 2004) was a British actor, filmmaker, and writer. An internationally known raconteur, he was a fixture on television talk shows and lecture circuits for much of his career. Ustinov received numerous accolades including two Academy Awards, a BAFTA Award, three Emmy Awards, and a Grammy Award.

Ustinov received two Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor for his roles in Spartacus (1960), and Topkapi (1964). He also starred in notable films such as Quo Vadis (1951), The Sundowners (1960), Billy Budd (1962), and Hot Millions (1968). He portrayed Hercule Poirot in Death on the Nile (1978) and Evil Under the Sun (1982). He voiced Prince John and King Richard in the Walt Disney Animated film Robin Hood (1973).

He also displayed a unique cultural versatility which frequently earned him the accolade of a Renaissance man. Miklós Rózsa, composer of the music for Quo Vadis and of numerous concert works, dedicated his String Quartet No. 1, Op. 22 (1950) to Ustinov.

An intellectual and diplomat, he held various academic posts, and served as a goodwill ambassador for UNICEF and president of the World Federalist Movement (WFM). In 2003, Durham University changed the name of its Graduate Society to Ustinov College, in honour of the significant contributions Ustinov had made as chancellor of the university from 1992 until his death.

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Transcription

Early life and education

Peter Alexander Freiherr von Ustinov was born at 45 Belsize Park, London, England.[1] His father, Jona Freiherr von Ustinov, was of Russian, German, Polish, Ethiopian, and Jewish descent. Ustinov's paternal grandfather was Baron Plato von Ustinov, a Russian noble, and his grandmother was Magdalena Hall, of mixed German-Ethiopian-Jewish origin.[2] Ustinov's great-grandfather Moritz Hall, a Jewish refugee from Kraków and later a Christian convert and colleague of Swiss and German missionaries in Ethiopia, married into a German-Ethiopian family.[3] Ustinov's paternal great-great-grandparents (through Magdalena's mother) were the German painter Eduard Zander and the Ethiopian aristocrat Court-Lady Isette-Werq of Gondar.[4]

Ustinov's mother, Nadezhda Leontievna Benois, known as Nadia, was a painter and ballet designer of French, German, Italian, and Russian descent.[5][6] Her father, Leon Benois, was an Imperial Russian architect and owner of Leonardo da Vinci's painting Benois Madonna. Leon's brother Alexandre Benois was a stage designer who worked with Stravinsky and Diaghilev. Their paternal ancestor Jules-César Benois was a chef who had left France for St. Petersburg during the French Revolution and became a chef to Emperor Paul I of Russia.

Jona (or Iona) worked as a press officer at the German Embassy in London in the 1930s and was a reporter for a German news agency. In 1935, two years after Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany, Jona von Ustinov began working for the British intelligence service MI5 and became a British subject, thus avoiding internment during the war. The statutory notice of his application for citizenship was published in a Welsh newspaper so as not to alert the Germans.[7] He was the controller of Wolfgang Gans zu Putlitz, an MI5 spy in the German embassy in London, who furnished information on Hitler's intentions before the Second World War.[8] (Peter Wright mentions in his book Spycatcher that Jona was possibly the spy known as U35; Ustinov says in his autobiography that his father hosted secret meetings of senior British and German officials at their London home.)

Ustinov was educated at Westminster School and had a difficult childhood because of his parents' constant fighting. While at school, Ustinov considered anglicising his name to "Peter Austin", but was counselled against it by a fellow pupil who said that he should "Drop the 'von' but keep the 'Ustinov'".[9] In his late teens he trained as an actor at the London Theatre Studio.[10] While there, on 18 July 1938 he made his first appearance on the stage at the Barn Theatre, Shere, playing Waffles in Chekhov's The Wood Demon,[10] and his London stage début later that year at the Players' Theatre, becoming quickly established. He later wrote, "I was not irresistibly drawn to the drama. It was an escape road from the dismal rat race of school".[9]

Career

Ustinov as Nero in Quo Vadis (1951)

In 1939, he appeared in White Cargo at the Aylesbury Rep, where he performed in a different accent every night.[11] Ustinov served as a private in the British Army during the Second World War, including time spent as batman to David Niven while writing the Niven film The Way Ahead. The difference in their ranks‍—‌Niven was a lieutenant-colonel and Ustinov a private‍—‌made their regular association militarily impossible; to solve the problem, Ustinov was appointed as Niven's batman.[12] He also appeared in propaganda films, debuting in One of Our Aircraft Is Missing (1942), in which he was required to deliver lines in English, Latin, and Dutch. In 1944, under the auspices of Entertainments National Service Association, he presented and performed the role of Sir Anthony Absolute, in Sheridan's The Rivals, with Dame Edith Evans, at the theatre in  Larkhill Camp, Wiltshire, England.

After the war, he began writing; his first major success was with the play The Love of Four Colonels (1951). He starred with Humphrey Bogart and Aldo Ray in We're No Angels (1955). His career as a dramatist continued, his best-known[clarification needed] play being Romanoff and Juliet (1956). His film roles include Roman emperor Nero in Quo Vadis (1951), Lentulus Batiatus in Spartacus (1960), Captain Blackbeard in the Disney film Blackbeard's Ghost (1968), and an old man surviving a totalitarian future in Logan's Run (1976). Ustinov voiced the anthropomorphic lions Prince John and King Richard in the 1973 Disney animated film Robin Hood. He also worked on several films as writer and occasionally director, including The Way Ahead (1944), School for Secrets (1946), Hot Millions (1968), and Memed, My Hawk (1984).

Ustinov (left) as Hercule Poirot with John Gielgud in Appointment with Death (1988)

In half a dozen films, he played Agatha Christie's detective Hercule Poirot, first in Death on the Nile (1978) and then in 1982's Evil Under the Sun, 1985's Thirteen at Dinner (TV movie), 1986's Dead Man's Folly (TV movie), 1986's Murder in Three Acts (TV movie), and 1988's Appointment with Death.

Ustinov c. 1960
Ustinov in The Sundowners (1960)
Oona O'Neill, Charles Chaplin, and Ustinov in 1965
Ustinov in 1986

Ustinov won Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor for his roles in Spartacus (1960) and Topkapi (1964). He also won a Golden Globe award for Best Supporting Actor for the film Quo Vadis (he set the Oscar and Globe statuettes up on his desk as if playing doubles tennis; the game was a love of his life, as was ocean yachting). Ustinov was also the winner of three Emmys and one Grammy and was nominated for two Tony Awards.

During the 1960s, with the encouragement of Sir Georg Solti, Ustinov directed several operas, including Puccini's Gianni Schicchi, Ravel's L'heure espagnole, Schoenberg's Erwartung, and Mozart's The Magic Flute. Further demonstrating his great talent and versatility in the theatre, Ustinov later undertook set and costume design for Don Giovanni. In 1962 he adapted Louis O. Coxe and Robert H. Chapman's critically successful Broadway play Billy Budd into a film; penning the screenplay, producing, directing, and starring as Captain Vere.[13] In 1968, he was elected the first rector of the University of Dundee and served two consecutive three-year terms.

His autobiography, Dear Me (1977), was well received and had him describe his life (ostensibly his childhood) while being interrogated by his own ego, with forays into philosophy, theatre, fame, and self-realisation. From 1969 until his death, his acting and writing took second place to his work on behalf of UNICEF, for which he was a goodwill ambassador and fundraiser. In this role, he visited some of the neediest children and made use of his ability to make people laugh, including many of the world's most disadvantaged children. "Sir Peter could make anyone laugh", UNICEF Executive Director Carol Bellamy is quoted as saying.[14] On 31 October 1984, Ustinov was due to interview Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi for Irish television. She was assassinated on her way to the meeting.[15]

Ustinov served as president of the World Federalist Movement (WFM) from 1991 until his death. He once said, "World government is not only possible, it is inevitable, and when it comes, it will appeal to patriotism in its truest, in its only sense, the patriotism of men who love their national heritages so deeply that they wish to preserve them in safety for the common good".[16]

He was the subject of This Is Your Life on two occasions, in November 1977 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews at Pinewood Studios on the set of Death on the Nile. He was surprised again in December 1994, when Michael Aspel approached him at the United Nations headquarters in Geneva. A car enthusiast since the age of four, he owned a succession of interesting machines ranging from a Fiat Topolino, several Lancias, a Hispano-Suiza, a preselector gearbox Delage, and a special-bodied Jowett Jupiter. He made records like Phoney Folklore that included the song of the Russian peasant "whose tractor had betrayed him" and his "Grand Prix of Gibraltar" was a vehicle for his creative wit and ability at car-engine sound effects and voices.[citation needed]

He spoke English, French, Spanish, Italian, German, and Russian fluently, as well as some Turkish and modern Greek. He was proficient in accents and dialects in all his languages. Ustinov provided his own German and French dubbing for some of his roles, both of them for Lorenzo's Oil. As Hercule Poirot, he provided his own voice for the French versions of Thirteen at Dinner, Dead Man's Folly, Murder in Three Acts, Appointment with Death, and Evil under the Sun, but unlike Jane Birkin, who had dubbed herself in French for this film and Death on the Nile, Ustinov did not provide his voice for the latter (his French voice being provided by Roger Carel, who had already dubbed him in Spartacus and other films). He dubbed himself in German as Poirot only in Evil under the Sun (his other Poirot roles being undertaken by three actors). However, he provided only his English and German voices for Disney's Robin Hood and NBC's Alice in Wonderland.[17]

In the 1960s, he became a Swiss resident. He was knighted in 1990 and was appointed chancellor of Durham University in 1992, having previously been elected as the first rector of the University of Dundee in 1968 (a role in which he moved from being merely a figurehead to taking on a political role, negotiating with student protesters).[18] Ustinov was re-elected to the post for a second three-year term in 1971, narrowly beating Michael Parkinson after a disputed recount.[19][20] He received an honorary doctorate from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Ustinov was a frequent defender of the Chinese government, stating in an address to Durham University in 2000, "People are annoyed with the Chinese for not respecting more human rights. But with a population that size it's very difficult to have the same attitude to human rights."[21] In 2003, Durham's postgraduate college (previously known as the Graduate Society) was renamed Ustinov College. Ustinov went to Berlin on a UNICEF mission in 2002 to visit the circle of United Buddy Bears that promote a more peaceful world between nations, cultures, and religions for the first time. He was determined to ensure that Iraq would also be represented in this circle of about 140 countries. Ustinov also presented and narrated the official video review of the 1987 Formula One season and narrated the documentary series Wings of the Red Star. In 1988, he hosted a live television broadcast entitled The Secret Identity of Jack the Ripper. Ustinov gave his name to the Foundation of the International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences for their Sir Peter Ustinov Television Scriptwriting Award, given annually to a young television screenwriter.

Personal life

Ustinov in 1992 by Erling Mandelmann

Ustinov was married three times—first to Isolde Denham (1920–1987), daughter of Reginald Denham and Moyna Macgill. The marriage lasted from 1940 to their divorce in 1950, and they had one child, daughter Tamara Ustinov. Isolde was the half-sister of Angela Lansbury, who appeared with Ustinov in Death on the Nile.

His second marriage was to Suzanne Cloutier, which lasted from 1954 to their divorce in 1971. They had three children: two daughters, Pavla Ustinov and Andrea Ustinov, and a son, Igor Ustinov.

His third marriage was to Helene du Lau d'Allemans, which lasted from 1972 to his death in 2004.[22]

Ustinov with Suzanne Cloutier and daughter in the 1950s

Ustinov was a secular humanist. He was listed as a distinguished supporter of the British Humanist Association, and had once served on their advisory council.[23][24]

Ustinov suffered from diabetes and a weakened heart in his last years.[25]

In 1999, Sir Peter and his son Igor Ustinov founded the Sir Peter Ustinov Stiftung (Sir Peter Ustinov Foundation) in the city of Munich in Germany. The foundation is now based in Frankfurt am Main.[26]

Death

The grave in 2024

Ustinov died on 28 March 2004 of heart failure in a clinic in Genolier, near his home in Bursins, Switzerland, aged 82. He had suffered from diabetes and heart disease.[27][28][29]

Ustinov found his final resting place at the cemetery. His ledger stone bears a cross - despite his self-description as a secular humanist (see above) - and the inscription:

« SIR PETER USTINOV

1921-2004

Writer-Actor-Humanist

Musicien-Membre de l'Institut »

Globalism

Ustinov was the president of the World Federalist Movement (WFM) from 1991 to 2004, the time of his death.[30]

Until his death, Ustinov was a member of English PEN, part of the PEN International network that campaigns for freedom of expression.

Filmography

Films

Year Film Role Director Notes
1940 Hullo Fame Andrew Buchanan
Mein Kampf — My Crimes Marinus van der Lubbe Norman Lee Uncredited
1942 One of Our Aircraft Is Missing The Priest Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger
The Goose Steps Out Krauss Basil Dearden
Let the People Sing Dr. Bentika John Baxter
1943 The New Lot Keith Carol Reed Uncredited
1944 The Way Ahead Rispoli – Cafe Owner Carol Reed
1945 The True Glory Commentator Carol Reed Documentary
1946 School for Secrets N/A Peter Ustinov
Carnival N/A Stanley Haynes
1948 Vice Versa N/A Peter Ustinov
1949 Private Angelo Private Angelo Peter Ustinov
1950 Odette Lt. Alex Rabinovich / Arnauld Herbert Wilcox
1951 Hotel Sahara Emad Ken Annakin
Quo Vadis Nero Mervyn LeRoy
The Magic Box Industry Man John Boulting
1952 Le Plaisir Narrator Max Ophuls English version; Voice; Uncredited
The Curious Adventures of Mr. Wonderbird Wonderbird Paul Grimault English version; Voice
1953 Martin Luther Duke Francis of Luneberg Irving Pichel Uncredited
1954 The Egyptian Kaptah Michael Curtiz
Beau Brummell Prince of Wales Curtis Bernhardt
1955 We're No Angels Jules Michael Curtiz
Lola Montès Circus Master Max Ophüls
1956 The Wanderers Don Alfonso Pugliesi Hugo Fregonese
1957 The Spies Michel Kiminsky Henri-Georges Clouzot
The Man Who Wagged His Tail Mr. Bossi Ladislao Vajda
1960 Spartacus Batiatus Stanley Kubrick
The Sundowners Rupert Venneker Fred Zinnemann
1961 Romanoff and Juliet The General Peter Ustinov
1962 Billy Budd Edwin Fairfax Vere Peter Ustinov
1963 The Human Dutch Narrator Bert Haanstra Voice, English-language version only
Women of the World Narrator Franco Prosperi Voice
1964 Topkapi Arthur Simon Simpson Jules Dassin
The Peaches Michael Gill Narrator Voice
1965 John Goldfarb, Please Come Home! King Fawz J. Lee Thompson
Lady L Prince Otto of Bavaria Peter Ustinov Uncredited
1967 The Comedians Amb. Manuel Pineda Peter Glenville
1968 Blackbeard's Ghost Captain Blackbeard Robert Stevenson
Hot Millions Marcus Pendleton
/ Caesar Smith
Eric Till
1969 Viva Max! General Max Jerry Paris
1970 The Festival Game himself Tony Klinger and Michael Lytton
1972 Hammersmith Is Out Doctor Peter Ustinov
Big Truck and Sister Clare Israeli Truck Driver Robert Ellis Miller
1973 Robin Hood Prince John
King Richard
Wolfgang Reitherman Voice
1975 One of Our Dinosaurs Is Missing Hnup Wan Robert Stevenson
1976 Logan's Run Old Man Michael Anderson
Treasure of Matecumbe Dr. Ewing T. Snodgrass Vincent McEveety
1977 The Purple Taxi Taubelman Yves Boisset
The Mouse and His Child Manny the Rat Charles Swenson
Fred Wolf
Voice
Double Murder Harry Hellman Steno
The Last Remake of Beau Geste Sgt. Markov Marty Feldman
1978 Winds of Change Narrator Takashi Masunaga Voice
Death on the Nile Hercule Poirot John Guillermin
Thief of Baghdad The Caliph Clive Donner
1979 Morte no Tejo himself Luís Galvão Teles
Ashanti Suleiman Richard Fleischer
We'll Grow Thin Together [fr] Victor Lasnier Michel Vocoret
Tarka the Otter Narrator David Cobham Voice
1981 Charlie Chan and the Curse of the Dragon Queen Charlie Chan Clive Donner
The Great Muppet Caper Truck Driver Jim Henson
Grendel Grendel Grendel Grendel Alexander Stitt Voice
The Search for Santa Claus Grandfather Stan Swan
1982 Venezia, carnevale – Un amore Mario Lanfranchi
Evil Under the Sun Hercule Poirot Guy Hamilton
1984 Memed, My Hawk Abdi Aga Peter Ustinov
1988 Appointment with Death Hercule Poirot Michael Winner
Peep and the Big Wide World Narrator Rick Marshall Voice
1989 La Révolution française Comte de Mirabeau Robert Enrico and Richard T. Heffron Segment: "Les Années Lumière"
Granpa Granpa (voice) Dianne Jackson
1990 There Was a Castle with Forty Dogs Le vétérinaire Muggione Duccio Tessari
1992 Lorenzo's Oil Professor Nikolais George Miller
1993 Glasnost and Glamour Narrator / Himself Patrick Lichfield / Unipart
1995 The Phoenix and the Magic Carpet Grandfather / Phoenix Zoran Perisic Voice
1998 Stiff Upper Lips Horace Gary Sinyor
1999 The Bachelor Grandad James Shannon Gary Sinyor
2000 My Khmer Heart himself Janine Hosking
Majestät brauchen Sonne voice Peter Schamoni
2001 Stanley Kubrick: A Life in Pictures himself Jan Harlan
2003 Luther Frederick the Wise Eric Till
2004 Siberia: Railroad Through the Wilderness Narrator Frank Mueller Voice; final film role

Television

Bibliography

Nonfiction

  • Apropos: portrait painting OCLC 502028565
  • Dear Me
  • Generation at Jeopardy: Children in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union
(introduction by Peter Ustinov) (UNICEF) OCLC 1124421105 [39][40]
  • Klop and the Ustinov Family (with Nadia Benois Ustinov) 1973 OCLC 835951
  • My Russia
  • Niven's Hollywood (introduction by Peter Ustinov)[41]
  • Quotable Ustinov
  • Still at Large
  • Ustinov at Eighty
  • Ustinov at Large
  • Ustinov in Russia
  • Ustinov Still at Large
  • Ustinov's diplomats OCLC 690371045
  • We Were Only Human. OCLC 320395513

Fiction

Discography

Awards and nominations

Year Award Category Nominated work Result Ref.
1951 Academy Awards Best Supporting Actor Quo Vadis Nominated [44]
1960 Spartacus Won [45]
1964 Topkapi Won [46]
1968 Best Story and Screenplay – Written Directly for the Screen Hot Millions Nominated [47]
1961 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Bear Romanoff and Juliet Nominated
1972 Hammersmith Is Out Nominated [48]
Silver Bear Won
1992 Britannia Awards Received [49]
1962 British Academy Film Awards Best British Screenplay Billy Budd Nominated [50]
1978 Best Actor in a Leading Role Death on the Nile Nominated [51]
1995 British Academy Television Awards Best Light Entertainment Performance An Evening with Sir Peter Ustinov Nominated [52]
1962 Directors Guild of America Awards Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Billy Budd Nominated [53]
1963 Romanoff and Juliet Nominated [54]
1979 Evening Standard British Film Awards Best Actor Death on the Nile Won
1998 Film Fest Gent Joseph Plateau Honorary Award Honored [55]
1984 Giffoni Film Festival Nocciola d'oro Honored [56]
1951 Golden Globe Awards Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Quo Vadis Won [57]
1960 Spartacus Nominated
1964 Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Topkapi Nominated
1959 Grammy Awards Best Recording for Children Peter and the Wolf Won [58]
1973 The Little Prince Nominated
1977 Russell Hoban: The Mouse and His Child Nominated
1980 Best Spoken Word, Documentary or Drama A Curb in the Sky Nominated
1960 Laurel Awards Top Male Supporting Performance Spartacus Nominated
1964 Topkapi Won
1958 Primetime Emmy Awards Actor – Best Single Performance – Lead or Support Omnibus (Episode: "The Life of Samuel Johnson") Won [59]
1967 Outstanding Single Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Drama Hallmark Hall of Fame (Episode: "Barefoot in Athens") Won
1970 Outstanding Single Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role Hallmark Hall of Fame (Episode: "A Storm in Summer") Won
1982 Outstanding Individual Achievement – Informational Programming Omni: The New Frontier Nominated
1985 Outstanding Classical Program in the Performing Arts The Well-Tempered Bach with Peter Ustinov Nominated
1958 Tony Awards Best Play Romanoff and Juliet Nominated [60]
Best Leading Actor in a Play Nominated
1962 Writers Guild of America Awards Best Written American Drama Billy Budd Nominated [61]
1968 Best Written American Comedy Hot Millions Nominated

Honorary accolades

Other

  • 1974: Golden Camera Award for Best Actor for the Exchange of Notes
  • 1978: Prix de la Butte for Oh my goodness! Messy memoirs
  • 1981: Karl Valentin Order (Munich)
  • 1987: Golden Rascal (Goldenes Schlitzohr)

Honors

State honours and awards

Honorary degrees

Ustinov received many honorary degrees for his work.

Country State/Province Date School Degree
 United States  Ohio 1968 Cleveland Institute of Music Doctor of Music (D.Mus.)[63]
 United Kingdom   1969 University of Dundee Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)
 United States  Pennsylvania 1971 La Salle University Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)
 United Kingdom   1972 Lancaster University Doctor of Letters (D.Litt.)[64]
 Canada  Alberta 1981 University of Lethbridge Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)[65]
 Canada  Ontario 1984 University of Toronto Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)[66][67]
 United States  District of Columbia 1988 Georgetown University
 Canada  Ontario 1991 Carleton University Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)[68]
 United Kingdom   1992 Durham University Doctor of Humanities
 Canada  Ontario 1995 St. Michael's College
 Canada  Ontario 1995 Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies
 Republic of Ireland   1999 National University of Ireland Doctor of Laws (LL.D.)[69]
  Switzerland   2001 International University in Geneva

References

  1. ^ "Ustinov, Sir Peter Alexander (1921–2004)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/93510. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ Miller, Gertrude M. (1971). BBC pronouncing dictionary of British names. British Broadcasting Corporation. London: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-431125-0. OCLC 154639. The pronunciations were accepted by Sir Peter himself.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  3. ^ For his biography, with references to archival documentation and publications on him and his family, see Holtz: "Hall, Moritz", in: Siegbert Uhlig (ed.): Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 2, Wiesbaden 2005. Also, a family photo shows Ustinov's grandmother with her husband and their children, including Ustinov's father Jona.
  4. ^ McEwan, Dorothea (2013). The Story of Däräsge Maryam. Münster: LIT Verlag. p. 45. ISBN 978-3-643-90408-9. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  5. ^ Strutynski, Stanislaw. "Distinguished Guest in the Visitation Parish". visitmaria.ru. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017.
  6. ^ "Peter Ustinov". SEPLIS Beta. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015 – via Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ According to Ustinov in his biography Dear Me
  8. ^ Norton-Taylor, Richard (5 October 2009). "MI5 monitored union and CND leaders with ministers' backing, book reveals". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 22 June 2012 – via Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ a b Ustinov, Peter (1977). Dear Me (1st ed.). Boston: Little, Brown. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-316-89051-9. OCLC 3071948.
  10. ^ a b Ian Herbert, Christine Baxter, Robert E. Finley, Who's Who in the Theatre: A Biographical Record of the Contemporary Stage, Volume 16 (Pitman, 1977), p. 1202
  11. ^ Dunn, Kate (1998). Exit through the fireplace: the great days of the rep. London: J. Murray. ISBN 978-0-7195-5475-9. OCLC 50667637.
  12. ^ "Obituary: Sir Peter Ustinov". BBC News. 29 March 2004. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  13. ^ Bosley Crowther (31 October 1962). "The Screen: 'Billy Budd':Ustinov Produces and Directs Adaptation". The New York Times.
  14. ^ "UNICEF mourns death of Goodwill Ambassador Sir Peter Ustinov". UNICEF. 28 November 2017.
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External links

Academic offices
Preceded byas Rector of the University of St Andrews Rector of the University of Dundee
1968–1974
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chancellor of the University of Durham
1992–2004
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 9 June 2024, at 07:34
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