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Peter Frelinghuysen Jr.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Peter Frelinghuysen Jr.
PeterFrelinghuysen.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Jersey's 5th district
In office
January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1975
Preceded byCharles Aubrey Eaton
Succeeded byMillicent Fenwick
Personal details
Born
Peter Hood Ballantine Frelinghuysen Jr.

(1916-01-17)January 17, 1916
New York City, New York, U.S.
DiedMay 23, 2011(2011-05-23) (aged 95)
Harding Township, New Jersey, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Beatrice Sterling Procter
(m. 1940; died 1996)
Children5, including Rodney
MotherAdaline Havemeyer
FatherPeter H. B. Frelinghuysen
Relatives
Alma materPrinceton University (BA)
Yale University (LLB)

Peter Hood Ballantine Frelinghuysen Jr. (January 17, 1916 – May 23, 2011) was an American politician and attorney. He represented New Jersey's fifth congressional district in the United States House of Representatives as a Republican from 1953 to 1975.[1]

Early life and education

Frelinghuysen was born in New York City to Peter H. B. Frelinghuysen and the former Adaline Havemeyer. Frelinghuysen's father was a banker who descended from 18th century Dutch settlers in Somerset County.[2][a] His siblings included his twin brother Henry O.H. Frelinghuysen, a philanthropist and civic leader,[4] George G. Frelinghuysen, and Frederica Frelinghuysen Emert.[5]

He came from a long line of New Jersey politicians dating back to the early years of the United States, including four United States senators and two House members. He was the grandson of George Griswold Frelinghuysen, great-grandson of Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, the great-great-nephew of Theodore Frelinghuysen, and the great-great-great-grandson of Frederick Frelinghuysen.[1] He was also a great-great-grandson of Ballantine Brewery founder Peter Ballantine.

Frelinghuysen attended St. Mark's School in Southborough, Massachusetts before graduating from Princeton University in 1938 and Yale Law School in 1941.[6]

Career

After practicing law in New York City, he served in the Office of Naval Intelligence from September 1942 to December 1945 obtaining the rank of lieutenant. He then studied at Columbia University, 1946–1947. He served as staff of the Foreign Affairs Task Force of the Hoover Commission in 1948 before returning to the private sector. He served as director of Howard Savings Bank in Livingston, New Jersey.[1][b]

U.S. Congress

In 1952, he was elected to the House of Representatives from New Jersey's 5th congressional district and served there until his retirement from politics in 1975.[9] As a moderate Republican, Frelinghuysen voted in favor of the Civil Rights Acts of 1957,[10] 1960,[11] 1964,[12] and 1968,[13] as well as the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and the Voting Rights Act of 1965,[14][15] but not the Johnson administration's War on Poverty programs.[16]

1954 interview

In December 1959, when the Port of New York Authority's plans to develop a tract of woodlands and marsh near his estate in Morris County as an international airport serving the New York City region were exposed, Frelinghuysen participated in the opposition by the Jersey Jetport Site Association that was composed of local residents and conservationists,[17][18][19] which raised funds to purchase almost 3,000 acres of the targeted site and donated it to the federal government, to be preserved forever as park lands. With the defeat of the airport development initiative, that parcel became the initial portion of the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, established by federal statute on November 3, 1960, in the middle of the development controversy.[16]

In January 1965, he was House Minority Leader Gerald Ford's choice for Minority Whip, but lost on a secret ballot of the Republican caucus by a vote of 70 to 59 to the incumbent Les Arends, who had held the post since 1943.[16][20]

1966 blackmail incident

In 1966, extortionists targeted Frelinghuysen for blackmail, arranging for him to have a sexual encounter with an underage male and then, posing as police officers, threatening him with public exposure. Frelinghuysen paid them $50,000.[21] He later cooperated with the FBI's investigation of the extortionist ring, but the Justice Department notified the leadership of the House of Representatives and Frelinghuysen was forced off the Armed Services Committee.[22]

Later life

After leaving Congress, Frelinghuysen served on the boards of several nonprofit institutions, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the New York Botanical Garden.[2]

Personal life

He married the former Beatrice Sterling Procter, in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, on September 7, 1940.[6] She was a descendant of the founder of Procter & Gamble.[2] Their children include Peter Frelinghuysen II, a lawyer, and Rodney P. Frelinghuysen, a former congressman.[23] They lived in a 20-room Georgian Colonial home on 32 acres in Harding Township, New Jersey designed by James W. O'Connor in 1948.[24]

His wife died in 1996.[25] He died on May 23, 2011, at his home in Harding Township, New Jersey.[2]

Notes

  1. ^ Frelinghuysen Sr., a Princeton graduate, was a classmate at Columbia Law School of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who served as an usher at his 1902 wedding to Adaline Havemeyer. Frelinghuysen Sr. devoted himself to cattle breeding in addition to banking.[3]
  2. ^ Howard Savings was founded as Howard Savings Institution in Newark in 1857.[7] It was purchased by First Fidelity Bancorporation of Newark in 1992.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Peter Hood Ballantine Frelinghuysen". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2011-05-24. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c d Joseph P. Fried (May 23, 2011). "Peter Frelinghuysen Jr., 95, Former Congressman, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Rae, John W. (1999). Mansions of Morris County. Arcadia. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-7385-0064-5.
  4. ^ "H. Frelinghuysen, A Philanthropist, 78". New York Times. April 1, 1994. Retrieved June 4, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "H. Frelinghuysen, A Philanthropist, 78". New York Times. April 1, 1994. Retrieved July 1, 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ a b "Beatrice S. Procter Married to P.H.B. Frelinghuysen Jr" (PDF). New York Times. September 8, 1940. Retrieved June 4, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ Tuttle, Brad R. (2009). How Newark Became Newark: The Rise, Fall, and Rebirth of an American City. Rutgers University Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-0813544908.
  8. ^ Quint, Michael (October 3, 1992). "Two Banks Shut and Sold, In Newark and New Haven". New York Times. Retrieved June 4, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ Walter H. Waggoner (October 6, 1970). "Frelinghuysen Favored Over Vigorous Democratic Foe in Jersey's Fifth District". New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "HR 6127. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1957". GovTrack.us.
  11. ^ "HR 8601. PASSAGE".
  12. ^ "H.R. 7152. PASSAGE".
  13. ^ "TO PASS H.R. 2516, A BILL TO ESTABLISH PENALTIES FOR INTERFERENCE WITH CIVIL RIGHTS. INTERFERENCE WITH A PERSON ENGAGED IN ONE OF THE 8 ACTIVITIES PROTECTED UNDER THIS BILL MUST BE RACIALLY MOTIVATED TO INCUR THE BILL'S PENALTIES".
  14. ^ "S.J. RES. 29. CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT TO BAN THE USE OF POLL TAX AS A REQUIREMENT FOR VOTING IN FEDERAL ELECTIONS". GovTrack.us.
  15. ^ "TO PASS H.R. 6400, THE 1965 VOTING RIGHTS ACT".
  16. ^ a b c Brown, Emma (May 24, 2011). "Peter H.B. Frelinghuysen Jr., former N.J. congressman, dies at 95". Washington Post. Archived from the original on June 30, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ Dean, Clarence (January 14, 1960). "Plan for Airport Argued in New Jersey" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved June 5, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  18. ^ Honig, Milton (December 17, 1961). "Jetport Enemies Say They've Won" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved June 5, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  19. ^ Doig, Jameson W. (2001). Empire on the Hudson: Entrepreneurial Vision and Political Power at the Port of New York Authority. Columbia University Press. pp. 385–6.
  20. ^ Morris, John D. (January 15, 1965). "Arends Retained; Ford Rebuffed" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved June 5, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  21. ^ Mcgowan, William (16 June 2000). "Before Stonewall". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 23 September 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  22. ^ McGowan, William (July 11, 2012). "The Chickens and the Bulls". Slate.com. Retrieved June 4, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  23. ^ "Miss Beattie, Mr. Frelinghuysen". New York Times. July 17, 1994. Retrieved May 23, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  24. ^ Atmonavage, Joe (4 August 2018). "Late Peter Frelinghuysen Jr.'s grand N.J. estate back on market for $4.25M (PHOTOS)". nj.com. Retrieved 23 September 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  25. ^ Pace, Eric (5 June 1996). "Beatrice P. Frelinghuysen, 77, Political Matriarch". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 September 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Charles Aubrey Eaton
U.S. House of Representatives
5th District of New Jersey

1953–1975
Succeeded by
Millicent Fenwick
This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 19:26
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