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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Peter Finch
Peter Finch 2.jpg
Finch in 1955
Born
Frederick George Peter Ingle Finch

(1916-09-28)28 September 1916
Died14 January 1977(1977-01-14) (aged 60)
Resting placeHollywood Forever Cemetery
OccupationActor
Years active1934–1977
Spouse(s)
(
m. 1943; div. 1959)

(
m. 1959; div. 1965)

Eletha Barrett
(
m. 1973)
Children4; including Charles Finch

Frederick George Peter Ingle Finch (28 September 1916 – 14 January 1977) was an English-Australian actor.[1][2] He is best remembered for his role as crazed television anchorman Howard Beale in the 1976 film Network, which earned him a posthumous Academy Award for Best Actor, his fifth Best Actor award from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, and a Best Actor award from the Golden Globes.

Finch was the first of two people to win a posthumous Academy Award in an acting category, the other being Heath Ledger, another Australian actor.

Early life

Family

Finch was born as Frederick George Peter Ingle Finch[3][4] in London to Alicia Gladys Fisher. At the time, Alicia was married to George Finch.[2][5][6][7]

George Finch was born in New South Wales, Australia, but was educated in Paris and Zürich. He was a research chemist when he moved to Britain in 1912 and later served during the First World War with the Royal Army Ordnance Depot and the Royal Field Artillery.[8] In 1915, at Portsmouth, Hampshire, George married Alicia Fisher, the daughter of a Kent barrister.[5] However, George Finch was not Peter Finch's biological father. He learned only in his mid-40s that his biological father was Wentworth Edward Dallas "Jock" Campbell, an Indian Army officer, whose adultery with Finch's mother was the cause of George and Alicia's divorce, when Peter was two years old.[2] Alicia Finch married Jock Campbell in 1922.[5]

Early childhood

George gained custody of Peter, who was taken from his biological mother and brought up by his adoptive paternal grandmother, Laura Finch (formerly Black), in Vaucresson, France. In 1925 Laura took Peter with her to Adyar, a theosophical community near Madras, India, for a number of months, and the young boy lived for a time in a Buddhist monastery.[9] Undoubtedly, as a result of his childhood contact with Buddhism, Finch always claimed to be a Buddhist. He is reported to have said: "I think a man dying on a cross is a ghastly symbol for a religion. And I think a man sitting under a bo tree and becoming enlightened is a beautiful one."[10]

In 1926 he was sent to Australia to live with his great-uncle Edward Herbert Finch at Greenwich Point in Sydney. For three years he attended the local school, then North Sydney Intermediate High School, until 1929.[11] A school friend was RAF pilot and author Paul Brickhill.

Early career in Australia

After graduating, Finch went to work as a copy boy for the Sydney Sun and began writing. However, he was more interested in acting, and in late 1933 appeared in a play, Caprice, at the Repertory Theatre.[12]

In 1934–35 he appeared in a number of productions for Doris Fitton at the Savoy Theatre, some with a young Sumner Locke Elliott. He also worked as a sideshow spruiker at the Sydney Royal Easter Show, in vaudeville with Joe Cody and as a foil to American comedian Bert le Blanc.[13] At age 19 Finch toured Australia with George Sorlie's travelling troupe.

Radio work

He did radio acting work with Hugh Denison's BSA Players (for Broadcasting Service Association, later to become Macquarie Players). He came to the attention of Australian Broadcasting Commission radio drama producer Lawrence H. Cecil, who was to act as his coach and mentor throughout 1939 and 1940. He was "Chris" in the Children's Session and the first Muddle-Headed Wombat.

He later starred with Neva Carr Glyn in an enormously popular series by Max Afford as husband-and-wife detectives Jeffery and Elizabeth Blackburn as well as other ABC radio plays.[14]

First films

Finch's first screen performance was in the short film The Magic Shoes (1935), an adaptation of the Cinderella fairy tale, where Finch played Prince Charming.

He made his feature film debut in Dad and Dave Come to Town (1938), playing a small comic role for director Ken G. Hall. His performance was well received and Hall subsequently cast Finch in a larger role in Mr. Chedworth Steps Out (1939), supporting Cecil Kellaway.

Finch appeared in a war propaganda film, The Power and the Glory (1941), playing a fifth columnist.

War service

Finch enlisted in the Australian Army on 2 June 1941.[15] He served in the Middle East and was an anti-aircraft gunner during the Bombing of Darwin.

During his war service Finch was given leave to act in radio, theatre and film. He appeared in a number of propaganda shorts, including Another Threshold (1942), These Stars Are Mine (1943), While There is Still Time (1943) and South West Pacific (1943), the latter for Ken G. Hall. He also appeared in two of the few Australian feature films made during the war, The Rats of Tobruk (1944) and the less distinguished Red Sky at Morning (1944).

Finch produced and performed Army Concert Party work, and in 1945 toured bases and hospitals with two Terence Rattigan plays he directed, French Without Tears and While the Sun Shines. He narrated the widely seen documentaries Jungle Patrol (1944) and Sons of the Anzacs (1945).

Finch was discharged from the army on 31 October 1945 at the rank of sergeant.[15]

Post-war career in Australia

After the war, Finch continued to work extensively in radio and established himself as Australia's leading actor in that medium, winning Macquarie Awards for best actor in 1946 and 1947.[14] He also worked as a compere, producer and writer.

In 1946, Finch co-founded the Mercury Theatre Company, which put on a number of productions in Sydney over the next few years (initially in the diminutive St James' Hall), as well as running a theatre school.[16][17]

Finch continued to appear in the (rare) Australian feature films made around this time including A Son is Born (1946) and Eureka Stockade (1949). He was a leading contender to play Sir Charles Kingsford Smith in Smithy (1946) but lost out to Ron Randell.

Finch was also involved in some documentaries, narrating the legendary Indonesia Calling (1946) and helping make Primitive Peoples about the people of Arnhem Land.

Visit of Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh, and return to Britain

Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh toured Australia in 1948 with the Old Vic Company. They attended the Mercury production of The Imaginary Invalid on the factory floor of O'Brien's Glass Factory starring Finch. Olivier was impressed with Finch's acting and encouraged him to move to London, his birthplace. He left Australia permanently in 1948.

British career

Theatrical Success

When Finch arrived in Britain, success came relatively early. Harry Watt arranged for a screen test at Ealing Studios which led to him being cast as a murderous actor in the movie Train of Events (1949) under the direction of Basil Dearden.[18][19]

While making the film Olivier cast him as a Pole in a stage play at the Old Vic, James Bridie's Daphne Laureola (1949) supporting Edith Evans. This was a significant critical and commercial success and established Finch in London immediately. Oliver signed Finch to a five year contract.[20] When Train of Events came out critic C. A. Lejeune praised Finch's work in the London Observer commenting that he "adds good cheekbones to a quick intelligence and is likely to become a cult, I fear."[21] The Scotsman said Finch "should be regarded as one of the most hopeful recruits to the British screen."[22]

Finch had a small role as an Australian prisoner of war in the World War two drama The Wooden Horse (1950), directed by Jack Lee; this film would be the third-most-popular film at the British box office in 1950.

Finch's performance as a Pole in Daphne Laureola led to his casting as a Polish soldier in The Miniver Story (1950), the British-filmed sequel to the wartime morale boosting film Mrs. Miniver; unlike its predecessor, it was poorly received critically, but it did give Finch an experience of working for a movie financed by a major Hollywood studio.[23][24]

During this time, Finch continued to appear on stage in various productions while under contract to Olivier. He directed a stage production of The White Falcon in January 1950.[25] In February 1950 he toured in a production of The Damascus Blade by Bridget Boland under the direction of Olivier, co starring with John Mills.[26]

Finch returned to the London stage in Captain Carvallo by Denis Cannan, once more directed by Olivier.[27]

Finch's closeness to the Olivier family led to an affair with Olivier's beautiful but increasingly unstable wife, Vivien Leigh, which began in 1948, and continued on and off for several years, ultimately falling apart due to her deteriorating mental condition.[28]

In March 1951 Finch replaced Dirk Bogarde for six weeks in a production of Point of Departure by Jean Anouilh.[29] Later that year he played Iago opposite Orson Welles in a production of Othello, directed by Welles.[30]

Despite his stage experience, Finch, like his mentor Olivier, had stage fright,[28] and as the 1950s progressed he worked increasingly in film.

Rising film reputation

Finch's film career received a considerable boost when cast as the Sheriff of Nottingham in The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men (1952) for Walt Disney, opposite Richard Todd.

In 1952 Finch performed at St James's Theatre, King Street, London, in Sir Laurence Olivier's and Gilbert Miller's The Happy Time a comedy by Samuel Taylor. He played the part of Papa.[31] He also did Romeo and Juliet at the Old Vic, playing Mercutio, to strong reviews.[32]

He then made two films for Alexander Korda. In The Story of Gilbert and Sullivan (1953) Finch played Richard D'Oyly Carte opposite Robert Morley and Maurice Evans in the lead; the resulting movie was a box office disappointment. In The Heart of the Matter (1953), from the Graham Greene novel, Finch played a priest opposite Trevor Howard; his was a critical success.

Finch returned to the stage at the Old Vic with an appearance in An Italian Straw Hat by Eugène Labiche and Marc Michel adapted by Thomas Walton. He then received an offer from Paramount to star in Elephant Walk (1954), shot in Ceylon and Los Angeles. The part was intended for Laurence Olivier who turned it down, but Vivien Leigh agreed to play the female lead; Dana Andrews was the other star. The circumstances of production were turbulent; Leigh had a nervous breakdown during production, leading to her being replaced by Elizabeth Taylor. The experience helped sour Finch on a Hollywood career and he would only work occasionally there for the rest of his career.

Back in England, Finch was cast as the villain Flambeau in Father Brown (1954), receiving superb reviews opposite Alec Guinness in the title role. He narrated a documentary The Queen in Australia and had his first real star part in the Group 3/British Lion comedy, Make Me an Offer (1954), playing an antiques dealer. He was then a villain in the medieval swashbuckler The Dark Avenger (1955), opposite another Australian, Errol Flynn, for Allied Artists.

He was much in demand. C.G. Scrimgeour of Associated TV wanted Finch to play a patrol officer in a film based on Colin Simpson's articles about Shangri-La Valley in New Guinea. The Rank organisation wanted him to star in a film directed by Hugh Stewart called The Flying Doctor.[33]

Under contract to Rank and Stardom

With Diane Cilento during filming of Passage Home (1955)
With Diane Cilento during filming of Passage Home (1955)

In November 1954 Finch's contract with Olivier (five years extended to six) had expired and he signed a seven-year contract with the Rank Organisation worth £87,500 to make one film a year for them. "We are going to build Peter into a major British star", said Earl St. John, Rank's head of production, at the time.[34]

Finch's first roles for Rank under the new arrangement gave him star parts but were, on the whole, undistinguished: Passage Home (1955), a drama with Anthony Steel and fellow Australian Diane Cilento; Josephine and Men (1955), a comedy from the Boulting Brothers with Glynis Johns and Jack Buchanan; and Simon and Laura (1955), a comedy with Kay Kendall based on a hit play. None of these films performed particularly well at the box office.

Finch was then cast as an Australian soldier in A Town Like Alice (1956), opposite Virginia McKenna under the direction of Jack Lee from the novel by Neville Shute. The World War Two drama, mostly set in Malaya and almost entirely shot at Pinewood Studios, became the third-most-popular film at the British box office in 1956 and won Finch a BAFTA for Best Actor.

Finch followed it with another war movie, The Battle of the River Plate (1956), playing Captain Hans Langsdorff for the team of Powell and Pressburger. This was also hugely popular at home, and British exhibitors voted Finch the seventh-most-popular British star at the box office for 1956.[35]

Finch returned to Australia to make The Shiralee (1957), made for Ealing Studios and MGM from the novel by D'arcy Niland, under the direction of Leslie Norman. It was one of Finch's favourite parts; the resulting movie was critically acclaimed and the tenth-most-popular movie at the British box office that year.

Finch followed it with another Australian story filmed on location, the bushranger tale Robbery Under Arms (1957), which did less well, despite having the same producer and director as A Town Like Alice. However, exhibitors still voted Finch the third-most-popular British star of 1957, and the fifth most popular overall, regardless of nationality.[36]

Finch's next two films for Rank were not particularly successful: Windom's Way (1957), where he played a doctor caught up in the Malayan Emergency (the film was shot in Corsica and London); and Operation Amsterdam (1959), a war-time diamond thriller. Finch returned to the stage for the London production of Two for the Seesaw by William Gibson, under the direction of Arthur Penn.

The Nun's Story and international stardom

Finch's career received a boost when Fred Zinnemann cast him opposite Audrey Hepburn in The Nun's Story (1959). This was an enormous financial and critical success and established Finch's reputation internationally. In August 1959 he said this and The Shiralee were the only two films he had done that he liked.[37]

For Disney he played Alan Breck in a version of Kidnapped (1960) then went to Hollywood to make The Sins of Rachel Cade (shot in 1959, released in 1961), an attempt to repeat the success of The Nun's Story, with Angie Dickinson.

He was much in demand and still owed Rank three films under his contract. They wanted him to appear opposite Dirk Bogarde in The Singer Not the Song. Instead Finch decided to co-write and direct an award-winning short film, The Day (1960). He announced plans to direct a feature - Dig about Australian exploration - but it did not eventuate. Then he played Oscar Wilde in The Trials of Oscar Wilde (1960), winning another BAFTA; the film, however, was not popular.[38] He played a Labor politician in Rank's No Love for Johnnie (1961), and won his third BAFTA for Best Actor - although like Oscar Wilde, the film lost money.

Finch was originally chosen to play Julius Caesar in Cleopatra (1963) opposite Elizabeth Taylor, under the direction of Robert Mamoulian and filmed scenes in London. When the film was postponed he withdrew; new director Joseph Mankiewicz wanted to still use Finch, but the actor was unable to make his schedule work, and the role was recast with Rex Harrison.

Finch two unsuccessful Hollywood films with director Robert Stevens at MGM: I Thank a Fool (1962) and In the Cool of the Day (1963). While filming the latter he said the star system was dead and the future lay in independent films. He also said he would direct a second film The Hero.[39]

Finch restored his critical reputation with two highly acclaimed British films: The Pumpkin Eater (1964) and Girl with Green Eyes (1964). He had an uncredited cameo in First Men in the Moon (1964), then had a good role in tough adventure film for Robert Aldrich, The Flight of the Phoenix (1965).

Finch's next three films saw him support high profile female stars: Sophia Loren in Judith (1966), Melina Mercouri in 10:30 P.M. Summer (1966) and Julie Christie in Far from the Madding Crowd (1967). He was reunited with Aldrich for The Legend of Lylah Clare (1968). The Red Tent (1970) was an expensive international adventure film, with Finch as Umberto Nobile.

Later career

Finch's career received another boost when Ian Bannen dropped out of the lead in Sunday Bloody Sunday (1971). Finch replaced him and his performance was rewarded with another BAFTA for Best Actor and an Oscar nomination.

The momentum of this was lost somewhat by Something to Hide (1972) and the disastrous musical remake of Lost Horizon (1973). He played Lord Nelson in Bequest to the Nation (1973) and an opportunistic financier in England Made Me (1973). The Abdication (1974) was an unsuccessful historical drama.

Network

Finch was asked if he wanted to audition for the part of news presenter Howard Beale in Network (1976), written by Paddy Chayefsky and directed by Sidney Lumet.[2] The audition was successful and Finch played the role. The movie was his biggest commercial and critical hit in years.

He then played Yitzhak Rabin in Raid on Entebbe (1977).

Death

Shortly after Raid on Entebbe finished shooting, Finch undertook a promotional tour for Network. On 13 January 1976 he appeared on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. The day after, he had a heart attack in the lobby of the Beverly Hills Hotel and died at the age of 60.[40] He is interred in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery.[2]

Oscar

Finch was nominated for an Oscar for Network and went on to posthumously win the award, which was accepted by his widow, Eletha Finch. Although James Dean, Spencer Tracy and Massimo Troisi were also posthumously nominated for a Best Actor Oscar, Finch was the first actor to have won the award posthumously, as well as the first Australian actor to win a Best Actor award. He was the only posthumous winner of an Oscar in an acting category until fellow Australian Heath Ledger won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in 2009; there were many earlier posthumous Oscar winners in non-acting categories.[41][42] Finch also won five Best Actor awards from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), including one for Network.

Shortly before he died, Finch told a journalist:

We all say we're going to quit occasionally. I'd like to have been more adventurous in my career. But it's a fascinating and not ignoble profession. No one lives more lives than the actor. Movie making is like geometry and I hated maths. But this kind of jigsaw I relish. When I played Lord Nelson I worked the poop deck in his uniform. I got extraordinary shivers. Sometimes I felt like I was staring at my own coffin. I touched that character. There lies the madness. You can't fake it.[43]

Personal life

Finch was married three times. In 1943, he married Romanian-born French ballerina Tamara Tchinarova; they worked together on a number of films. They had a daughter, Anita, born in 1950. They divorced in 1959, after she discovered his affair with actress Vivien Leigh in California.[44][45][46] He then married South African-born actress Yolande Turner (née Yolande Eileen Turnbull); they had two children together, Samantha and Charles Peter.

During their marriage, Finch had an affair with the singer Shirley Bassey. Bassey had a daughter, also named Samantha, born in 1963; Bassey's husband at the time, the openly gay film producer Kenneth Hume, believed that Finch was her biological father.[citation needed] Finch and Turner divorced in 1965.[2] In 1972 Finch married Mavis "Eletha" Barrett, who was known as Eletha Finch.[2][47] They had a daughter together, Diana.[46]

Biographies

In 1954, the Australian journalist and author George Johnston wrote a well-researched series of biographical articles on Finch, his life, and his work, which appeared in the Sydney Sun-Herald on four consecutive Sundays, which were certainly the first detailed account of Finch's life to be published. Finch later provided the inspiration for the character Archie Calverton in Johnston's novel, Clean Straw for Nothing.[48]

In 1980, American author Elaine Dundy published a biography of Finch titled Finch, Bloody Finch: A Biography of Peter Finch. That year, his second wife, Yolande Finch, also published a posthumous account of their life together, Finchy: My Life with Peter Finch. Another biography had previously been published by his friend and colleague Trader Faulkner, in 1979.

According to an entry in Brian McFarlane's The Encyclopedia of British Film, republished on the British Film Institute's Screenonline website, Finch "did not emerge unscathed from a life of well-publicised hell-raising, and several biographies chronicle the affairs and the booze, but a serious appraisal of a great actor remains to be written."[49]

A profile of Finch on the British Film Institute's Screenonline website asserts that "it is arguable that no other actor ever chalked up such a rewarding CV in British films."[50]

Filmography

Year Film Role Notes
1935 The Magic Shoes Prince Charming A short film, now considered lost, although some stills exist at Australia's National Film and Sound Archive.[51]
1938 Dad and Dave Come to Town Bill Ryan Finch's first feature. He only has one scene of note, acting opposite Bert Bailey. A copy of the scene is available at Australian Screen Online.
1939 Mr. Chedworth Steps Out Arthur Jacobs A clip of Finch acting opposite Cecil Kellaway is available at Australian Screen Online
1941 While There is Still Time Jim A propaganda short film made for the Australian government during the Second World War.
The Power and the Glory Frank Miller Feature film
1942 Another Threshold A propaganda short film made for the Australian government during the Second World War.
1943 South West Pacific RAAF pilot A propaganda short film made for the Australian government during the Second World War.
These Stars Are Mine Reynolds Jnr A propaganda short film
1944 The Rats of Tobruk Peter Linton Feature. A clip of Finch's death scene is available at Australian Screen Online
Jungle Patrol Narrator Documentary made for the Australian government during the Second World War.
1945 Sons of the Anzacs Narrator Documentary about the Australian army during World War II.[52]
1946 A Son Is Born Paul Graham Feature co-starring John McCallum, Ron Randell and Muriel Steinbeck.
Indonesia Calling Narration Documentary
1948 Red Sky at Morning Michael This is considered a lost film. Shot in 1944.
1949 Eureka Stockade Humffray Australian film made before he left for Britain. Finch helped with production.
Primitive Peoples Narrator, camera assistant Three-part documentary about the people of Arnhem Land
Train of Events Philip Mason (segment The Actor) Finch's first British movie in Britain.
1950 The Wooden Horse Australian in Hospital
The Miniver Story Polish officer First Hollywood-financed film
1952 The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men Sheriff of Nottingham
1953 The Story of Gilbert and Sullivan Richard D'Oyly Carte
The Heart of the Matter Father Rank
1954 Elephant Walk John Wiley First Hollywood film. He was originally to co-star with Vivien Leigh but she had a nervous breakdown and was replaced by Elizabeth Taylor.
Father Brown Flambeau
The Queen in Australia Narrator Australian documentary
Make Me an Offer Charlie First star part in British films
1955 The Dark Avenger Comte De Ville He stars opposite fellow Australian Errol Flynn.
Passage Home Captain Lucky Ryland First film under contract with Rank
Josephine and Men David Hewer
Simon and Laura Simon Foster
1956 A Town Like Alice Joe Harman BAFTA Award for Best British Actor
The Battle of the River Plate Capt. Langsdorff, Admiral Graf Spee
1957 The Shiralee Jim Macauley Shot in Australia. Clips from the film are available at Australian Screen Online
Robbery Under Arms Captain Starlight Shot in Australia
Windom's Way Alec Windom Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best British Actor
1959 Operation Amsterdam Jan Smit
The Nun's Story Dr. Fortunati Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best British Actor
1960 Kidnapped Alan Breck Stewart Second film for Disney
The Day Co-wrote and directed award-winning short film.
The Trials of Oscar Wilde Oscar Wilde BAFTA Award for Best British Actor
Moscow International Film Festival Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role[53]
1961 The Sins of Rachel Cade Colonel Henry Derode Shot in 1959 but not released until 1961
No Love for Johnnie Johnnie Byrne BAFTA Award for Best British Actor
Silver Bear for Best Actor at the 11th Berlin International Film Festival.[54]
1962 I Thank a Fool Stephen Dane
1963 In the Cool of the Day Murray Logan
1964 The Pumpkin Eater Jake Armitage
Girl with Green Eyes Eugene Gaillard
First Men in the Moon Bailiff's man Finch plays an uncredited cameo in this film. He was visiting the set when the actor who was supposed to play the part failed to show up.
1965 The Flight of the Phoenix Capt. Harris
1966 Judith Aaron Stein
10:30 P.M. Summer Paul
1967 Come Spy with Me Cameo appearance Uncredited
Far from the Madding Crowd William Boldwood National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
1968 The Legend of Lylah Clare Lewis Zarken
1969 The Red Tent General Umberto Nobile
The Greatest Mother of Them All Sean Howard Short film (20 mins). Dir. Robert Aldrich
1971 Sunday Bloody Sunday Dr. Daniel Hirsh BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
1972 Something to Hide Harry Field
1973 Lost Horizon Richard Conway
Bequest to the Nation Adm. Lord Horatio Nelson
England Made Me Erich Krogh
1974 The Abdication Cardinal Azzolino
1976 Network Howard Beale Academy Award for Best Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
Raid on Entebbe Yitzhak Rabin TV film
Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Special Program – Drama or Comedy
(final film role)

Awards and nominations

Year Category Film Result
1956 BAFTA Award for Best British Actor A Town Like Alice Won
1957 BAFTA Award for Best British Actor Windom's Way Nominated
1959 BAFTA Award for Best British Actor The Nun's Story Nominated
1960 BAFTA Award for Best British Actor The Trials of Oscar Wilde Won
1961 BAFTA Award for Best British Actor No Love for Johnnie Won
1971 BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role Sunday Bloody Sunday Won
1971 Academy Award for Best Actor Sunday Bloody Sunday Nominated
1971 Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Sunday Bloody Sunday Nominated
1976 Academy Award for Best Actor Network Won
1976 BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role Network Won
1976 Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Network Won
1977 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Special Program – Drama or Comedy Raid on Entebbe Nominated

Theatre credits

Australia

  • Caprice by Sil Vara – Repertory Theatre, Sydney, 1933[55]
  • The Ringer by Edgar Wallace as Samuel Hackett – Studio Theatre, Sydney, 1934
  • Peter Pan by J. M. Barrie as a pirate – Savoy Theatre, Sydney, 1934 (later transferred by Ben Fuller to the Majestic Theatre, Newtown) – directed by Doris Fitton[56]
  • Counsellor at Law by Elmer Rice, as the Boot Black – Savoy Theatre, Sydney, 1934 – directed by Doris Fitton with Sumner Locke Elliott
  • Richard of Bordeaux by Gordon Daviot, as the fair Page Maudelyn – Savoy Theatre, Sydney, 1935 – directed by Doris Fitton with Sumner Locke Elliott and John Wyndham
  • Joe Coady's Vaudeville Show – Maccabean Hall, Sydney, 1935
  • Bert le Blanc comedy show, as stooge to le Blanc – Sydney, 1935
  • Jimmy Sharman's Boxing Tent, as spruiker – Royal Easter Show, Sydney, 1935
  • Interference by Roland Pertwee and Harold Dearden, as Douglas Helder – St James' Hall, Sydney, 1935 – directed by Edward Howell with Howell, Rosalind Kennerdale and Therese Desmond[57]
  • False Colours by Frank Harvey – Independent Theatre, Sydney, 1935.[58]
  • So This is Hollywood – Apollo Theatre, Melbourne, 1935 – with Robert Capron, Lou Vernon and Thelma Scott[59]
  • Under the Big Top – touring show with George Sorlie, various Queensland towns, 1936, playing Herbert Hughes in Laughter of Fools by H.F. Maltby, Smithers in Married by Proxy by Avery Hopwood, Peter in Fair and Warmer by Avery Hopwood, Hunter in Ten Minute Alibi by William Armstrong – all directed by William McGowan with Murray Matheson, Rosalind Kennerdale, Leslie Crane, Eva Moss, Norman French, Julia Adair and George Douglas.
  • White Cargo by Leon Gordon, as Ashley – Theatre Royal, Sydney, 1938 – directed by Ben Lewin with Mary MacGregr, James Raglan, Frank Bradley[60]
  • Personal Appearance by Laurence Riley as Clyde Pelton – Theatre Royal, Sydney and Comedy Theatre, Melbourne, 1938 – directed by Peter Dearing, with Betty Balfour, Frank Bradley, Cecil Perry[61]
  • Army Concert Party work 1941–1944
  • Night of January 16th by Ayn Rand, as DA Flint – Minerva Theatre, Sydney, 1944 – directed by Frederick J Blackman with Lawrence H. Cecil and Thelma Grigg[62]
  • While the Sun Shines by Terence Rattigan, as the Earl of Harpenden – Minerva Theatre, Sydney 1944 – directed by Frederick J Blackman with Pat McDonald, Ron Randell, Roger Barry (later toured this production to army hospitals and bases in 1945)[63]
  • French Without Tears by Terence Rattigan – various army hospitals and bases, 1945 – Finch directed
  • Diamond Cuts Diamond by Nicolai Gogol, as Ikharev – Conservatorium of Music, Sydney, 16–17 July 1946 – directed by Sydney John Kay
  • The Pastry Baker by Lope de Vega – Conservatorium of Music, Sydney, 16–17 July 1946 – director only
  • The Broken Pitcher by Heinrich von Kleist, as Adam – Conservatorium of Music, Sydney, 16–17 July 1946
  • French Without Tears by Terence Rattigan – Killara Hall, Sydney and Sydney Radio Theatre, 1947 – Finch directed a cast including Leonard Thiele, Tom Lake, Alan White, Adele Brown, Ron Patten[64]
  • Midsummer Night by Lajos Bíró – touring production, Sydney 1948 – directed only
  • Anatole's Wedding Morning by Arthur Schnitzler – touring production, Sydney 1948 – directed only
  • The Imaginary Invalid by Molière, as Argan – O'Brien's Glass Factory and Sydney Town Hall, Sydney, 1948 – directed by Sydney John Kay with June Wimble, Elsie Dane, Al Thomas, John Faassen, Patricia Harrison, Allan Ashbolt, Tom Lake

Britain

Select TV credits

  • The Forgotten Elite (October 1949)[68]

Select radio credits

  • The Laughing Woman (1939)
  • Interference (1939) – the first episode of Australia's version of Lux Theatre of the Air[69]
  • Men in White (1939)[70]
  • The Daughter of the Dragon (1939)[71]
  • Night Nurse (1939)[72]
  • Mutiny on the Bounty (1941)[73]
  • Mr Deeds Comes to Town (1941)[74]
  • The Laughing Woman (1946) – reprise of his performance for which Finch won the 1946 Macquarie Award for Best Male Actor on Australian radio[75]
  • Such Men Are Dangerous (1946) as Czar Paul I
  • Crime and Punishment (1946) as Raskolnikov
  • Redemption (1946) by Tolstoy – Finch won the 1947 Macquarie Award for Best Male Actor on Australian radio[76]
  • When You Come Home (1946)[77]
  • Big Sister (1946)
  • Crossroads of Life (1946)[78]
  • Man of Destiny (1948)[79]

Notes

  1. ^ Obituary Variety, 19 January 1977, p. 94.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Finch, Frederick George Peter Ingle (1916–1977)". Australian Dictionary of Biography Online Edition. Retrieved 27 July 2008.
  3. ^ Some sources say that Finch's real name was William Mitchell, but there are no records that substantiate this, and it appears to be an urban myth.
  4. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
  5. ^ a b c Faulkner (1979)
  6. ^ Peter Finch at AllMovie.
  7. ^ "Peter Finch". AllMovie. Retrieved 27 July 2008.
  8. ^ The Times, 24 November 1970, p. 14 (Obituary – George Ingle Finch)
  9. ^ "Radio Actor Might Have Become Monk." The Australian Women's Weekly 27 February 1937: 36 accessed 17 December 2011
  10. ^ Paul Croucher, Buddhism in Australia: 1848–1988, New South Wales University Press, 1989, pp. 24–25
  11. ^ "Peter Finch – Actors and Actresses".
  12. ^ "The Repertory Theatre". The Sydney Morning Herald. 16 December 1933. p. 8. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ Bert le Blanc's real name Bertram Leon Cohn (1889-1974) (National Archives of Australia); and Cohn was widely known as either "the Jew Comedian" ([1]) or "the Hebrew comedian" ([2]).
  14. ^ a b Richard Lane, The Golden Age of Australian Radio Drama, Melbourne University Press, 1994
  15. ^ a b "World War Two Nominal Roll".
  16. ^ "18 Aug 1949 – The Social Round of Events in Sydney Yesterday". Trove.
  17. ^ Stephen Vagg, 'Finch, Fry and Factories: A History of the Mercury Theatre' Australasian Drama Studies April 2007 [3]
  18. ^ "The Thames Is Non-Inflammable- But An Australian In London Leapt Up A STAIRWAY TO STARDOM". The Sun-herald (291). New South Wales, Australia. 22 August 1954. p. 23. Retrieved 26 June 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  19. ^ "Big Role for Peter Finch". The Age (29, 241). Victoria, Australia. 14 January 1949. p. 1. Retrieved 26 June 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  20. ^ "Finch, In Films, Plays A Zestful Strangler". The Sunday Herald. Sydney. 10 April 1949. p. 8 Supplement: Magazine. Retrieved 12 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  21. ^ "International Manners", Lejeune, C. A. The Observer [London] 21 Aug 1949: 6.
  22. ^ "Train of Events": "Star" from Platform 13 The Scotsman [Edinburgh, Scotland] 22 Aug 1949: 6.
  23. ^ Time magazine, 23 October 1950
  24. ^ The Age (Melbourne), 26 February 1951
  25. ^ "Peter Finch as Producer". The Age (29, 567). Victoria, Australia. 31 January 1950. p. 2. Retrieved 26 June 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  26. ^ "ROLE FOR PETER FINCH". The Sydney Morning Herald (34, 999). New South Wales, Australia. 22 February 1950. p. 3. Retrieved 26 June 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  27. ^ "Peter Finch Big Star". Barrier Miner. LXIII, (17, 109). New South Wales, Australia. 17 July 1950. p. 2. Retrieved 26 June 2020 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  28. ^ a b Richard Brooks (7 August 2005). "Olivier Worn Out by Love and Lust of Vivien Leigh". The Sunday Times. timesonline.co.uk. Retrieved 27 July 2008.
  29. ^ "Roles for Peter Finch". The Canberra Times. 25, (7264). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 14 March 1951. p. 4. Retrieved 26 June 2020 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  30. ^ Production Information on Othello at Wellsnet
  31. ^ From an original theatre programme, printer's date 30 January 1952.
  32. ^ "Peter Finch in Limelight". Barrier Miner. LXV, (17, 257). New South Wales, Australia. 18 September 1952. p. 13. Retrieved 26 June 2020 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  33. ^ "World-wide Film and Theatre News". The Daily Telegraph. XV, (48). New South Wales, Australia. 17 October 1954. p. 48. Retrieved 26 June 2020 – via National Library of Australia.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  34. ^ "Peter Finch Wins £87,500 Contract". The Sydney Morning Herald. 20 November 1954. p. 3. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  35. ^ "The Most Popular Film Star in Britain." The Times (London) 7 December 1956: 3. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 11 July 2012.
  36. ^ "British Actors Head Film Poll: Box-Office Survey", the Manchester Guardian (1901–1959) (Manchester) 27 December 1957: 3.
  37. ^ THE LOCAL FILM SCENE By HOWARD THOMPSON. New York Times 2 Aug 1959: X5.
  38. ^ Busy Finch By STEPHEN WATTS. New York Times 3 Mar 1960: X9.
  39. ^ Star System Finished, Says British Player Los Angeles Times 13 Aug 1962: D17.
  40. ^ "Actor Peter Finch, 60, Starring in 'Network,' Dies", The Washington Post, 15 January 1977
  41. ^ ABC Eyewitness News; 23 February 2009; Midnight broadcast
  42. ^ "'Slumdog Millionaire' fulfills its Oscar destiny". TODAY.com.
  43. ^ Paul Rosenfield, "Peter Finch – Michelin Guide to Show Biz Comes to Rest in Hollywood", Los Angeles Times, 9 January 1977: r29
  44. ^ Artsvi Bakhchinyan (2012). Внучка армянского помещика, соперница Вивьен Ли, переводчица балетных звезд [Granddaughter of an Armenian landowner; rival of Vivien Leigh, interpreter to ballet stars]. Inie Berega (in Russian). Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  45. ^ Paul Donnelley (2003). Fade to Black: A Book of Movie Obituaries. Music Sales Group. p. 240. ISBN 978-1-84938-246-5.
  46. ^ a b Dancing into the Unknown, Tamara Tchinarova Finch, 2007; ISBN 978-1-85273-114-4; accessed 20 August 2014.
  47. ^ "No title". The Sydney Morning Herald. 28 April 1941. p. 4. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  48. ^ "From George, With Sadness". The Australian Women's Weekly. 27 August 1969. p. 13. Retrieved 10 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  49. ^ Finch, Peter (1916–1977) at the BFI's Screenonline. (N.B.: Miscalculates age at time of death as 61, not 60.).
  50. ^ "BFI Screenonline: Finch, Peter (1916-1977) Biography".
  51. ^ "'Lost Treasure Trove' at AFC Archive". Archived from the original on 14 March 2011. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
  52. ^ ""Sons of the Anzacs"". The Mercury. Hobart, Tas. 10 February 1945. p. 9. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  53. ^ "2nd Moscow International Film Festival (1961)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
  54. ^ "Berlinale 1961: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 23 January 2010.
  55. ^ "The Repertory Theatre." The Sydney Morning Herald 16 December 1933: 8 accessed 17 December 2011
  56. ^ "PETER PAN.". The Sydney Morning Herald 17 December 1934: 6 accessed 17 December 2011
  57. ^ "Interference." The Sydney Morning Herald 12 November 1935: 12 accessed 17 December 2011
  58. ^ "The Independent Theatre." The Sydney Morning Herald 25 May 1935: 12 accessed 17 December 2011
  59. ^ "So This Is Hollywood" The Argus (Melbourne) 9 September 1935: 4 accessed 17 December 2011
  60. ^ "White Cargo." The Sydney Morning Herald 30 April 1938: 7 accessed 17 December 2011
  61. ^ "Theatre Royal." The Sydney Morning Herald 27 July 1938: 17 accessed 17 December 2011
  62. ^ "K.C.s as Jurors in New Play". The Sydney Morning Herald. 20 June 1944. p. 5. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  63. ^ "Music and Drama The Flying Emus". The Sydney Morning Herald. 18 November 1944. p. 8. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  64. ^ "Rattigan Play Presented". The Sydney Morning Herald. 25 September 1947. p. 7. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  65. ^ THE THEATRES: LYCEUM: "French Without Tears" The Scotsman [Edinburgh, Scotland] 04 Apr 1950: 4.
  66. ^ OPERA HOUSE: "Captain Carvallo" The Manchester Guardian 27 June 1950: 5.
  67. ^ "Soldier-Poet In Portrayal; Climax Misses: Friendly Smile Australian Iago" by Harold Hobson. The Christian Science Monitor [Boston, Massachusetts] 27 October 1951: 10.
  68. ^ "Talking off the Cuff" Williams, W. E. The Observer [London] 16 October 1949: 6.
  69. ^ "Leading artists heard in famous plays". The Australian Women's Weekly. 25 March 1939. p. 46. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  70. ^ "Iron Lung Inventor at 5 AD Tomorrow". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 1 April 1939. p. 27. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  71. ^ "Broadcasting". The Sydney Morning Herald. 7 June 1939. p. 7. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  72. ^ "Night Nurse". The Argus. Melbourne. 24 June 1939. p. 2. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  73. ^ "New popularity for old-time plays". The Australian Women's Weekly. 15 February 1941. p. 43. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  74. ^ "Melba Memorial Concert". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 17 May 1941. p. 17. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  75. ^ "Radio Acting Awards". The Sydney Morning Herald. 14 April 1947. p. 5. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  76. ^ "Acting Awards". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 March 1948. p. 2. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  77. ^ "This Weeks's Radio Features". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 30 March 1946. p. 7. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  78. ^ "5 AD's 'Big Sister' Ends Tonight". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 17 August 1946. p. 13. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
  79. ^ "A.B.C. to Open New Station; Thebarton Match From 5 AD". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 24 July 1948. p. 7. Retrieved 11 February 2012 – via National Library of Australia.

References

External links

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