To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Petar Snačić

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Petar Snačić
Oton Ivekovic, Smrt kralja Petra Svacica u Gori Gvozdu 1097 god.jpg
The Last Croatian King by Oton Iveković
King of Croatia
Reign1093–1097
PredecessorStephen II
SuccessorColoman (In union with Hungary)
Died1097
HouseSnačić (?)
ReligionCatholicism
King Petar Snačić monument on the Miljevci plateau above Visovac island in the Krka National Park
King Petar Snačić monument on the Miljevci plateau above Visovac island in the Krka National Park

Petar Snačić (commonly misspelt Petar Svačić) was a feudal lord, notable for being one of the claimants of the Croatian throne during the wars of succession (c. 1093–1097). It is assumed that he began as a ban serving under king Demetrius Zvonimir of Croatia and was then elected king by the Croatian feudal lords in 1093. Petar's seat of power was based in Knin.[1] His rule was marked by a struggle for control of the country with Coloman of Hungary, dying at the Battle of Gvozd Mountain in 1097.

Petar's ancestry

Early scholars, specifically Franjo Rački misread the letter "n" as a "v", creating a mistake which is common until today. There never existed a Svačić family, yet existed the Snačić family who were one of the Twelve noble tribes of Croatia, and certain Petar Snačić is mentioned in Supetar Cartulary (14th century addition) as Croatian ban during the rule of King Zvonimir.[2][3] However the connection between Petar and this Petar Snačić is disputed, as is attempt by Ferdo Šišić to relate him to Petar Slaven, son of Slavac who was also a pretender to the throne.[1]

Struggle for the succession

Croatian Kingdom during Petar Snačić reign.
Croatian Kingdom during Petar Snačić reign.

He assumed the throne amid deep tension throughout the Kingdom. His predecessor, Stephen II (1089–1091) died without leaving an heir, sparking a major political crisis. Jelena or Ilona, the widow of King Dmitar Zvonimir (1074–1089) supported her brother, King Ladislaus I of Hungary, in the inheritance of the throne of Croatia. Croatia was invaded in 1091 by Ladislaus I, encountering opposition only upon reaching mountain Gvozd, where he successfully engaged in warfare with the local nobility. Meanwhile, as a part of Croatia's dignitaries and clergy did not support Ladislaus' claim, they elected nobleman Petar as King.

Shortly after his army's success, Ladislaus died (1095), leaving his nephew Coloman to continue the campaign. In 1097, Petar departed from Knin to meet Coloman in battle, resulting in Coloman's victory and Petar's death. According to Pacta conventa, whose authenticity is debated, a historic settlement was subsequently reached by which the Croats agreed to recognize Coloman as king. In return, he promised to guarantee Croatia's self-governance under a ban (royal governor), and to respect all the rights, laws and privileges of the Croatian Kingdom. Petar was the last native king of Croatia, and the personal union with Kingdom of Hungary lasted until 1918.

See also

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Álmos
King of Croatia
1093–1097
Succeeded by
Coloman

References

  1. ^ a b "Petar". Croatian Encyclopedia (in Croatian). Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  2. ^ Švob, Držislav (1956), Pripis Supetarskog kartulara o izboru starohrvatskog kralja i popis onodobnih banova (PDF) (in Croatian), Zagreb: Školska Knjiga, pp. 101–117
  3. ^ Fine, John V. A. (Jr.) (2010), When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans: A Study of Identity in Pre-Nationalist Croatia, Dalmatia, and Slavonia in the Medieval and Early-Modern Periods, University of Michigan Press, p. 68, ISBN 0-472-02560-0
This page was last edited on 28 January 2021, at 17:53
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.