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Petar Bojović

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Petar Bojović

P Bojovic.jpg
Deputy Commander in Chief of the Royal Yugoslav Armed Forces
In office
3 April 1941 – 17 April 1941
MonarchPeter II
Preceded byPrince Paul
Succeeded byDušan Simović
Chief of the General Staff of the Royal Yugoslav Armed Forces
In office
21 January 1921 – 8 December 1921
MonarchPeter I
Alexander I
Preceded byŽivojin Mišić
Succeeded byPetar Pešić
Chief of Staff of the Supreme Command of the Serbian Army
In office
8 December 1915 – 1 July 1918
MonarchPeter I
Preceded byRadomir Putnik
Succeeded byŽivojin Mišić
Chief of the Serbian General Staff
In office
1906–1908
MonarchPeter I
Preceded byAleksandar Mašin
Succeeded byRadomir Putnik
Personal details
Born(1858-06-16)16 June 1858
Miševići, Nova Varoš, Ottoman Empire
Died19 January 1945(1945-01-19) (aged 86)
Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Resting placeBelgrade New Cemetery
Spouse(s)Mileva Bojović (1893–1945; his death)
ChildrenBožidar Bojović
Vojislav Bojović
Jelica Bojović
Dobrosav Bojović
Rada Bojović
Radoslav Bojović
Alma materMilitary Academy Serbia
ProfessionArmy officer
Awards
Order of the Karađorđe's Star rib.png
Order of the Star of Karageorge
Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords rib.png
Order of the Star of Karageorge with Swords
Ordre de la Couronne de Yougoslavie (Royaume).png
Order of the Yugoslav Crown
Cavaliere di gran Croce Regno SSML BAR.svg
Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus
UK Order St-Michael St-George ribbon.svg
Order of Saint Michael and Saint George
Military service
AllegianceSerbia Principality of Serbia
 Kingdom of Serbia
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Branch/serviceSerbian Army
Years of service1876–1921
1941
RankField Marshal
CommandsSerbian 1st Army
Battles/warsSerbo-Turkish War
Serbo-Bulgarian War
First Balkan War
Second Balkan War
World War I
World War II

Petar Bojović GCLH, KCMG (Serbian: Петар Бојовић, pronounced [pětar bǒːjoʋitɕ]; 16 July 1858 – 19 January 1945) was a Serbian military commander who fought in the Serbo-Turkish War, the Serbo-Bulgarian War, the First Balkan War, the Second Balkan War, World War I and World War II. Following the breakthrough on the Thessaloniki Front he was promoted to fourth Field Marshal.

Life

Early life

Bojović was born on 16 July 1858 in Miševići, Nova Varoš. He had distant ancestry from the Vasojevići.

He fought in Serbian-Ottoman Wars from 1876 to 1878 as a cadet of the Artillery school, as well as in wars that Serbia waged at the beginning of the 20th century.[1] He was Chief of the General Staff for the first time from 1905 to 1908.

Balkan Wars

In the Balkan Wars, he was the Chief of Staff of the 1st Army, which scored huge success in battles of Kumanovo, Bitola (First Balkan War) and Bregalnica (Second Balkan War). Given that the commander was the militarily infinitely less experienced crown prince Alexander who had to rely heavily on his chief of staff - the appointment made him effectively the commander of the army. He took part in peace negotiations with Turkey, held in London in 1913, as a military expert in the Serbian Government delegation.

World War I

At the start of World War I, he was given command of the 1st Army. His army suffered huge losses at the Battle of Drina in 1914, but managed to stop the Austro-Hungarian offensive. Bojović was wounded in the battle, and was replaced at the army general position by Živojin Mišić. In January 1916, he was appointed Chief of General Staff for a second time in place of the ailing vojvoda Radomir Putnik, who was carried by his soldiers to the city of Skadar. He held that position until June 1918, when he resigned because of disputes with the allied generals on the issue of widening the Thessaloniki Front. He returned to his position Commander of the 1st Army, which broke the enemy lines and advanced deep into the occupied territory. He received the title of Field Marshal on 26 September [O.S. 13 September] 1918 for his contribution during the war.[1]

Inter-war years and World War II

In 1921, he was appointed Chief of the General Staff of the Yugoslav Army, and in 1922 he withdrew from active service.

At the very beginning of World War II, Petar Bojovic was appointed Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Yugoslavian Armed Forces by the young King Petar II Karađorđević. However, because of his old age, he did not participate in the events that followed.

Death

Petar Bojović was beaten on 19 January 1945 by a group of Partisans who came to forcibly evict him from his home in Trnska street in Belgrade.[1] According to an alleged testimony:[2]

Broz 'liberators' entered the house of the Bojović in Trnska street No. 25. They liked the house. Once inside, the noticeable Voivod robe was over a chair, and on the table lay the Voivod hat. The very fact that Bojović was 'King's Voivoda' was enough for the 'liberators' to use force. First, kicking his voivoda hat, and then, after harsh words, they rushed to the weak Bojović, at that time at his ninth decade of life. Petar's son Dobrosav jumped to protect his father, but was overcome by a strong shock, and soon after that he was sent to the penitentiary Sremska Mitrovica.

Bojović soon died of the injuries sustained. His body was transferred to the Belgrade New Cemetery in a wagon on 20 January 1945 and the burial was held privately.[1]

To prevent his being paid tribute, the Communists on Radio Belgrade announced that anyone who tried to come to Bojović's funeral would be arrested and prosecuted.[3]

The new Administration in 1945 named one of the important streets in Belgrade after Vojvoda Bojović.[4] It is a street previously called Donjogradski bulevar, which is today called Bulevar vojvode Bojovića. In 1990 a monument to Bojović was erected in the small park in the Kalenić neighborhood.[1] The park, which is encircled by the small roundabout, became known as the "Park of Vojvoda Bojović".

Awards and decorations

Serbian military decorations[5]
Order of the Karađorđe's Star, Grand Officer
Order of the Karađorđe's Star, Commander
Order of the Karađorđe's Star, Knight
Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords, Grand Officer
Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords, Commander
Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords, Officer
Order of the White Eagle, Commander
Order of the White Eagle, Officer
Order of the White Eagle, Knight
Order of the White Eagle with swords, Grand Officer
Order of the White Eagle with swords, Knight
Order of St. Sava, Commander
Order of the Cross of Takovo, Grand Officer
Order of the Cross of Takovo, Commander
Order of the Cross of Takovo, Officer
Order of the Cross of Takovo, Knight
Order of the Yugoslav Crown, Grand Officer
Serbian Service Medals
Medal for Bravery
Commemorative medal of the King Petar I
Commemorative medal of the wars with Turkey 1876-1878
Commemorative medal of the war with Bulgaria 1885
Commemorative Medal of the First Balkan War
Commemorative Medal of the Second Balkan War
Commemorative Medal of the First World War
Commemorative Medal of the Albanian Campaign
International and Foreign Awards
Order of St Michael and St George, Knight Commander (United Kingdom)
Order of St Michael and St George, Companion (United Kingdom)
Order of Franz Joseph, Knight (Austria-Hungary)
Legion of Honour, Grand Officer (France)
Legion of Honour, Commandeur (France)
Legion of Honour, Officer (France)
Legion of Honour, Chevalier (France)
War Cross 1914–1918, Bronze palm (France)
Order of the Redeemer, Grand Commander (Greece)
Order of the Redeemer, Gold Cross (Greece)
Order of Saint Alexander (Bulgaria), II class (Kingdom of Bulgaria)
Order of Military Merit, II class (Bulgaria)
Order of Civil Merit, II class (Bulgaria)
Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Knight Grand Cross (Italy)
Order of the Dannebrog, Knight (Kingdom of Denmark)
Order of Saint Vladimir, III class (Russian Empire)
Order of St. George with swords, III class (Russian Empire)

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Nikola Belić (October 31, 2012), "Dan sećanja na zaboravljeno oslobođenje Beograda" [Day of remembrance on the forgotten liberation of Belgrade], Politika (in Serbian)
  2. ^ "NAŠA POSLA: Slavimo one koji su pre 50 godina šutirali do smrti srpske heroje!". www.telegraf.rs.
  3. ^ "Славимо оне који су пре 50 година шутирали до смрти српске хероје! - СРБИН.ИНФО". srbin.info.
  4. ^ Leko 2006, pp. 165, 168.
  5. ^ "Деда Коста сачувао војводинo ордење". www.novosti.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved February 15, 2020.

Literature

Military offices
Preceded by
Radomir Putnik
Chief of the General Staff
(acting)

1915–1916
Succeeded by
Continued service
Preceded by
Himself
Chief of the General Staff
1916–1918
Succeeded by
Živojin Mišić
Preceded by
Živojin Mišić
Chief of the General Staff of the Army of The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
1921
Succeeded by
Petar Pešić
Preceded by
Prince Paul
Deputy Commander in Chief of the Yugoslavian Armed Forces
1941
Succeeded by
Dušan Simović
This page was last edited on 2 September 2021, at 12:36
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