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Peruvians of European descent

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Peruvians of European descent
Total population
Self-identified as White:
1,336,931
5.89% of Peru's population[1]
Regions with significant populations
Mainly in Lima and many other places of the Peruvian coast and the North macroregion (especially in their highlands).
Languages
Predominantly Peruvian Spanish
(Spanish · Italian · English · French and some others languages are spoken by minorities)
Religion
Predominantly Christian (Roman Catholic, followed by Protestantism and Orthodox)
minorities Judaism, Atheist and Agnostic
Related ethnic groups
White Latin Americans · White Hispanics · White Brazilians · White Argentines · White Colombians · White Mexicans ·
Spaniards · Europeans

Peruvians of European descent, also known as White Peruvians. Traditionally, this group has been more dominant in the political, commercial, and diplomatic sectors of Peruvian society. According to the most recent 2017 census where Ethnic Self-identification was used, it makes up about 5.9% of the total population aged 12 years and above of Peru.[2]

History

European immigration to Peru began with the Spanish colonization of the Americas and continued during the Republic of Peru in the 19th century with the immigration of people from other countries of Europe (especially, Spain, Italy, Portugal, France, England and Germany, among others).

Spain

Spanish settlement of Peru began in the early 1530s (continuing until 1821 as a viceroyalty of Spain) and continues to the present day. Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro founded the first Spanish settlement in Peru, San Miguel de Piura in July 1532.[3]:27[4] According to historian Napoleón Cieza Burga, the conquistador Diego de Almagro founded the second Spanish settlement of Trujillo in November 1534 and one of the first cities in the Americas founded by the Spanish conquistadors.[5]:125 calling it "Villa Trujillo de Nueva Castilla" (Trujillo of New Castile) after Trujillo, the birthplace of Francisco Pizarro.[6]

Spanish cultural influence is the most notable of all European cultural groups in Peruvian culture. Spanish heritage has left an indelible mark in the country and signs of this cultural exchange can be found everywhere, from the official language, the dominant Roman Catholic religion, bullfighting, musical genres to the local culinary styles.[7]

Britain

One cultural influence is Inca Kola, a soft drink that was created in Peru in 1935 by an English immigrant Joseph Robinson Lindley. In 1911, in Rímac, one of Lima's oldest and most traditional neighborhoods, an English family began a small bottling company under their family name, Lindley. In 1928, the company was formally chartered in Peru as Corporación José R. Lindley S.A., whereupon Joseph R. Lindley became its first General Manager.[8][9][10][11] Today it is still a family business with the great-grandson Johnny Lindley Suarez being the current president.[12]

Geographical distribution

The 66th President of Peru Pedro Pablo Kuczynski responded blanco (white) for the question on habits and ancestors.[13]
The 66th President of Peru Pedro Pablo Kuczynski responded blanco (white) for the question on habits and ancestors.[13]

According to the 2017 census 5.9% or 1.3 million (1,336,931) people 12 years of age and above self-identified as white.[2] There were 619,402 (5.5%) males and 747,528 (6.3%) females. This was the first time a question for ethnic origins had been asked. The regions with the highest proportion of self-identified whites were in La Libertad Region (10.5%), Tumbes Region and Lambayeque Region (9.0% each), Piura Region (8.1%), Callao (7.7%), Cajamarca Region (7.5%), Lima Province (7.2%) and Lima Region (6.0%).[2][14]

Population by region, 2017[2]
Region Population Percent
La Libertad Flag(PER).png
La Libertad 144,606 10.5%
Bandera de Tumbes.png
Tumbes 15,383 9.0%
Flag of Lambayeque Department.svg
Lambayeque 83,908 9.0%
Bandera Región Piura.png
Piura 114,682 8.1%
Bandera del Callao.png
Callao 61,576 7.7%
Bandera de Cajamarca.svg
Cajamarca 76,953 7.5%
Lima Lima Province 507,039 7.2%
Bandera Región Lima.png
Lima 43,074 6.0%
Bandera Región Ica.png
Ica 38,119 5.8%
Bandera Ancash.png
Ancash 49,175 5.8%
Arequipa Arequipa 55,093 4.9%
Amazonas bandera.png
Amazonas 12,470 4.4%
Flag of Huánuco.svg
Huánuco 24,130 4.4%
Bandera San Martín.png
San Martín 24,516 4.0%
Bandera Moquegua Perú.png
Moquegua 5,703 4.0%
Flag of Pasco Department.svg
Pasco 7,448 3.8%
Bandera Junín.png
Junín 34,700 3.6%
Flag of Madre de Dios Department.svg
Madre de Dios 3,444 3.3%
Flag of Tacna.svg
Tacna 8,678 3.2%
Bandera de Ucayali en Atlas de la Región Ucayali (2009).svg
Ucayali 8,283 2.3%
Flag of Ayacucho.svg
Ayacucho 9,516 2.0%
..Huancavelica Flag(PERU).png
Huancavelica 5,222 2.0%
Bandera Región Loreto.png
Loreto 11,884 1.9%
Bandera de Cusco.png
Cusco 12,458 1.3%
Apurimacbandera.jpg
Apurímac 3,034 1.0%
Primer-lugar-de-la-bandera-regional-Puno1.jpg
Puno 5,837 0.6%
Peru Peru 1,336,931 5.9%

Origins

The following are the ethnic backgrounds of the majority of European-descended Peruvians: Spanish, Italian, German (includes Poles due to Partitions of Poland), French, British, Croatian, and Irish. Peru is also home to some 2600 Jews whose ancestors came mainly from Germany, Poland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Moldova and Russia, among others.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Perú: Perfil Sociodemográfico" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. p. 214. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d "Perú: Perfil Sociodemográfico" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. p. 214. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  3. ^ Hemming, J., 1970, The Conquest of the Incas, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., ISBN 0151225605
  4. ^ Box, Ben (2004). The South American Handbook (80 ed.). Footprint Travel Guides. p. 1132. ISBN 978-1-903471-70-8.
  5. ^ Prescott, W. H. (2011). The History of the Conquest of Peru. Digireads.com. ISBN 978-1-420-94114-2.
  6. ^ "Napoleón Cieza Burga: Fundación de Trujillo no fue el 5 de marzo". La Industria. Archived from the original on May 9, 2012. Retrieved April 27, 2012.
  7. ^ History of How the Spaniards Arrived in Peru: Relasçion de como los ... - By Titu Cusi Yupanqui, Catherine J. Julien
  8. ^ "Empresas Transnacionales en el Perú: Breve Reseña Histórica" [Transnational Companies in Peru: Brief Historical Review] (in Spanish). PLADES. Archived from the original on October 22, 2011. Retrieved April 10, 2020.
  9. ^ EMPRESAS TRANSNACIONALES EN EL PERÚ: Nestlé Peru S.A. (in Spanish)
  10. ^ "Directorio de las principales empresas y entidades del Perú: Corporacion Jose R. Lindley .S.A." [Directory of the main companies and entities of Peru: Corporation Jose R. Lindley .S.A.] (in Spanish). CreditosPeru.com. Archived from the original on July 31, 2010. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
  11. ^ "Corporación José R. Lindley S.A." Inca Kola.
  12. ^ "Corporación José R. Lindley S.A." (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  13. ^ "PPK sobre origen étnico: Ustedes me ven la cara, soy blanco". americatv.com. 2017. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  14. ^ Carlos Miranda Loayza; Daniel Abuhadba Rodrigues (2007). "Inmigración Europea al Perú" [European immigration to Peru]. espejodelperu.com.pe (in Spanish). Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  15. ^ "Peru". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
This page was last edited on 27 September 2020, at 20:08
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