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Penteli, Greece

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Penteli

Πεντέλη
Πανοραμική Νέας Πεντέλης.jpg
Penteli is located in Greece
Penteli
Penteli
Location within the region
Coordinates: 38°03′09″N 23°52′06″E / 38.05250°N 23.86833°E / 38.05250; 23.86833
CountryGreece
Administrative regionAttica
Regional unitNorth Athens
Government
 • MayorDimitrios Stergiou-Kapsalis (Ind.)
Area
 • Municipality36.064 km2 (13.924 sq mi)
 • Municipal unit28.878 km2 (11.150 sq mi)
Elevation
422 m (1,385 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipality
34,934
 • Municipality density970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit
4,995
 • Municipal unit density170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
152 36
Area code(s)210
Vehicle registrationZ
Websitewww.penteli.gr

Penteli (Greek: Πεντέλη) is a town and a municipality in the North Athens regional unit, Attica, Greece. It belongs to the Athens metropolitan area. It takes its name from Mount Pentelicus.

Municipality

The municipality Penteli was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 3 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[2]

Geography

Penteli is situated on the southern slopes of the limestone Penteli mountains. The municipality has an area of 36.064 km2, the municipal unit Penteli 28.878 km2.[3] It is 14 km northeast of central Athens. Some of the neighbourhoods of Penteli are Agia Triada, Agios Dimitrios, Daou and Kallithea.

History

The bones of prehistoric animals - mastodons, rhinoceros, antelope, and giraffe, along with giant turtles, hyenas and other animals no longer extant in the area - have been found among the limestone crags of the mountain that looms over the present suburb of Athens. The Penteli mountains were renowned in Classical Greece as well as in the Roman Empire as a source of the marble, which was also used to build the Parthenon. The Romans constructed a 140-foot water tower and aqueduct to supply water to the city of Athens. Penteli is the site of the ancient town of Pentele.[4]

During the Greek War of Independence, the French philhellene Sophie de Marbois-Lebrun, Duchess of Plaisance supported the revolutionary leaders. When she settled in Greece in 1834, she bought large plots of land in Athens and on the Penteli mountain. She had the Rododafni Castle in Penteli built for her.

In July 1995, Penteli was ravaged by a large forest fire. According to Turkish former prime minister, Mesut Yilmaz, many of the forest fires that raged the Greek countryside during that summer were actually started by Turkish secret service agents.[citation needed] The forests of Penteli suffered damage again from the August 2007 fires.

Historical population

Year Municipal unit Municipality
1981 2,286 -
1991 3,197 -
2001 4,829 -
2011 4,995 34,934

Sights

The monastery of Penteli
The monastery of Penteli

Byzantine monuments

The catholicon of the old Monastery of St.Nicholas (Kallesia-Penteli). A wall painting monument of George Markou the Argus[6], the great and prolific post-Byzantine ecclesiastic iconographer of the 18th century.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
  3. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  4. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 59, and directory notes accompanying.
  5. ^ Rododafni Castle
  6. ^ ".:BiblioNet : Ανδρέου, Ευάγγελος". www.biblionet.gr. Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  7. ^ ("...Nel 1727, Marcou si trova di nuovo ad Atene, dove assume l’agiografia dei Templi di....e di San Nicola Callision a Pendeli. E evidente, che Marcou acquistò, di nuovo, la conoscenza con il Monastero Pendelis...") Evangelos Andreou [1]

External links

Gallery

This page was last edited on 29 December 2019, at 19:59
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