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Pembroke, New Hampshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pembroke, New Hampshire
Town Hall in 2020
Town Hall in 2020
Official seal of Pembroke, New Hampshire
Motto: 
"Prosper in Pembroke"
Location in Merrimack County and the state of New Hampshire.
Location in Merrimack County and the state of New Hampshire.
Coordinates: 43°08′48″N 71°27′27″W / 43.14667°N 71.45750°W / 43.14667; -71.45750
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyMerrimack
Incorporated1759
Villages
  • Pembroke
  • North Pembroke
  • Pembroke Hill
  • Suncook (part)
Government
 • Board of Selectmen
  • Karen Yeaton, Chair
  • Sandy Goulet
  • Peter Gagyi
  • Rick Frederickson
  • Richard Bean
 • Town AdministratorDavid Jodoin
Area
 • Total22.8 sq mi (59.1 km2)
 • Land22.6 sq mi (58.6 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)  0.76%
Elevation
413 ft (126 m)
Population
 (2020)[2]
 • Total7,207
 • Density318/sq mi (122.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
03275
Area code603
FIPS code33-60020
GNIS feature ID0873696
Websitewww.pembroke-nh.com

Pembroke is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 7,207 at the 2020 census.[2] Pembroke includes part of the village of Suncook. The center of population of New Hampshire is close to the Pembroke town center.[3]

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History

Main Street in Suncook, c. 1910

First granted in 1728, the town was known as "Lovewell's Town", in honor of Captain John Lovewell, who built the stockade at Ossipee. Shortly afterward, the town took the name of "Suncook", the Pennacook Abenaki name for the river flowing through the area. When the town was incorporated in 1759 by colonial Governor Benning Wentworth, it was given the name "Pembroke" in honor of Henry Herbert, ninth Earl of Pembroke in southern Wales.

Pembroke's early history is reflected in the various mills of the downtown area, located to use water power from the Suncook River. The better-known mills were the Pembroke Mills, Webster Manufacturing, and China Manufacturing, all producing print cloth. Pembroke industries included brickmaking, with bricks manufactured from clay along the Merrimack River. In 1852, the Concord and Portsmouth Railroad established a station in Pembroke.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.8 square miles (59.1 km2), of which 22.6 square miles (58.6 km2) are land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2) are water, comprising 0.76% of the town.[1] Pembroke is drained by the Merrimack River and its tributaries, the Suncook and the Soucook. The Merrimack River forms the southwest border of the town, the Soucook forms the northwest border, and the Suncook forms the southeast border. The highest point in town, Plausawa Hill, elevation 1,000 feet (305 m) above sea level, is in the north.

Adjacent municipalities

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1790956
18009822.7%
18101,15317.4%
18201,2568.9%
18301,3124.5%
18401,3361.8%
18501,73329.7%
18601,313−24.2%
18702,51891.8%
18802,79711.1%
18903,17213.4%
19003,1830.3%
19103,062−3.8%
19202,563−16.3%
19302,7928.9%
19402,769−0.8%
19503,09411.7%
19603,51413.6%
19704,26121.3%
19804,86114.1%
19906,56135.0%
20006,8975.1%
20107,1153.2%
20207,2071.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[2][4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 6,897 people, 2,661 households, and 1,876 families residing in the town. The population density was 302.1 inhabitants per square mile (116.6/km2). There were 2,734 housing units at an average density of 119.8 per square mile (46.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.84% White, 0.38% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.03% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population.

There were 2,661 households, out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 26.9% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $49,494, and the median income for a family was $57,106. Males had a median income of $37,786 versus $26,781 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,800. About 3.0% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Suncook House c. 1907

Transportation

Three New Hampshire state routes, one Interstate Highway, and three U.S. routes cross Pembroke.

  • NH 9 crosses the narrow salient at the northern edge of town between Concord in the west and Chichester in the east. It merges with US 4/US 202 at the end of the I-393 freeway just before entering Chichester. It is known locally as Loudon Road.
  • NH 28 crosses a small portion of northeastern Pembroke. It enters from Allenstown in the south, follows the Suncook River along its western bank, then crosses into Epsom in the north. It is locally known as Pinewood Road.
  • NH 106 begins at an interchange with US 3 between the village of Suncook and the Concord line. It heads north and crosses the Soucook River into Concord.
  • US 3 enters from the south in the village of Suncook from Allenstown after crossing the Suncook River. It follows Pembroke Street to the northwest before crossing the Soucook River into Concord.
  • US 4 and US 202 enter the narrow salient at the northern edge of town from Concord along the I-393 freeway, then merge with NH 9 before the three concurrent routes enter Chichester.
  • I-393 terminates shortly after entering the narrow salient at the northern edge of town from Concord. The roadway continues on as NH 9/US 4/US 202.

Education

There are currently three public schools in Pembroke. The Hill School is attended by children in kindergarten through fourth grades. Three Rivers School, named after the three rivers that form most of the borders of the town, was built in the early 1990s and contains fifth through eighth grade. The town's high school is Pembroke Academy, founded in 1818 as a private school. The school today is public and takes students from Pembroke and from the neighboring towns of Allenstown, Epsom, Chichester, and historically, Deerfield. With approximately 1,000 students, the school is Class I in athletics, the second-highest class, and the mascot of the school is the Spartan.

Pembroke Town Library

The first lending library in Pembroke was not a tax-supported public library in the modern sense. It was a proprietary library of the type seen throughout New England in the late 1700s and early 1800s. Incorporated on December 7, 1798 as the Proprietors of the Pembroke Library, this organization purchased its books through “assessments” or taxes levied each year on its shareholders, who were the only people permitted to borrow its books.

The Pembroke Town Library, the town’s first tax-supported public library, was born when the New Hampshire legislature passed some of the nation’s most progressive library laws in the 1890’s. An innovative law of 1891 required the state to assist towns that voted to establish a tax-supported, free public library. To get the local library established, the state gave such towns $100 worth of books and professional guidance in librarianship. In 1895, the legislature passed a law, the first of its kind in the nation, requiring each town to appropriate funds to establish a public library and to appoint a board of library trustees unless the electorate voted each year specifically not to do so.

The law of 1895 spurred the founding of the Pembroke Town Library in 1896. New town libraries of the period were often housed in any available room, and Pembroke’s library was no exception. After a series of locations, the library planning for a proper library building resumed in June, 1997. The building was dedicated on June 14, 2003.

Summary of library locations:

1896-1923 (27 years) Knox Tailor Shop, Baker’s Block, 11 Glass Street
1923-1937 (14 years) Another storefront in Baker’s Block, 15 Glass Street
1837-1981 (44 years) 136 Main Street
1981-2003 (22 years) Marston House, 261 Pembroke Street
2003 New Pembroke Town Library Building
China Mills in 1909

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files – New Hampshire". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Pembroke town, Merrimack County, New Hampshire: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  3. ^ "Centers of Population: 2020". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2022.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  5. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "2011 marks 175th anniversary of famed Alamo siege". The Telegraph. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  7. ^ "COCHRAN, ROBERT E." Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  8. ^ "CUTCHEON, Byron M., (1836 - 1908)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d "Pembroke, New Hampshire". City-Data.com. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  10. ^ "Granite State Stories: Murder of Pembroke schoolgirl stuns community". N.H. Historical Society. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  11. ^ Carter, Nathan Franklin and Fowler, Trueworthy Ladd (1895). History of Pembroke, N. H.: 1730-1895, Volume 1. Republican Press Association. p. 352.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

External links

This page was last edited on 3 October 2023, at 18:00
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