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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pećinci

Пећинци (Serbian)
Пећинци.jpg
Coat of arms of Pećinci
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Pećinci within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Pećinci within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°54′N 19°58′E / 44.900°N 19.967°E / 44.900; 19.967
Country Serbia
ProvinceVojvodina
DistrictSrem
Settlements15
Government
 • MayorSiniša Đokić
Area
 • Town19.27 km2 (7.44 sq mi)
 • Municipality488.72 km2 (188.70 sq mi)
Elevation
83 m (272 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)[2]
 • Town
2,571
 • Town density130/km2 (350/sq mi)
 • Municipality
19,675
 • Municipality density40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
22410
Area code+381(0)22
Car platesRU
Websitewww.pecinci.org
Map of Pećinci municipality
Map of Pećinci municipality
Liberated partisan territory in the area of modern Pećinci municipality during Axis occupation in the end of 1942
Liberated partisan territory in the area of modern Pećinci municipality during Axis occupation in the end of 1942

Pećinci (Serbian Cyrillic: Пећинци, pronounced [pětɕiːntsi]) is a town and municipality located in the Srem District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The village has a population of 2,571 (2011), while Pećinci municipality has 19,675 inhabitants.

Name

In Serbian, the village is known as Pećinci (Пећинци), in Croatian as Pećinci, in Hungarian as Pecsince, in German as Petschinzi, in Slovak as Pečinci, and in Rusyn as Печинци. Its name derived from the Serbian word "peć/пећ" ("furnace" in English), or "petlja/петља" ("loop" or "noose" in English). The name of the town in Serbian is in the plural, and therefore it is grammatically correct to refer to it as "Pećinci are" instead of "Pećinci is". A hypothetical singular version of the name would be Pećinac.

History

The village was first time recorded by the sources in 1416. After that time, there were no other records about this settlement until 1702. The village was under Ottoman administration until the Treaty of Passarowitz (1718), when it passed to Habsburg Monarchy. During Habsburg administration, it was part of the Habsburg Military Frontier. From 1848 to 1849, the village was part of Serbian Vojvodina, but was again included into Military Frontier in 1849. After abolishment of the frontier (in 1882), it was included into Syrmia County of Croatia-Slavonia, which was an autonomous kingdom within the Kingdom of Hungary and Austria-Hungary. According to the 1910 census, the village had a Serb ethnic majority.

In 1918, the village first became part of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, then part of the Kingdom of Serbia, and finally part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed to Yugoslavia). From 1918 to 1922, the village was part of the Syrmia County, from 1922 to 1929 part of the Syrmia oblast, and from 1929 to 1941 part of the Danube Banovina. From 1941 to 1944, the village was occupied by the Axis Powers and was attached to Pavelić's Independent State of Croatia. Territory of present-day Pećinci municipality was an important center of partisan resistance movement and a partisan liberated territory was formed in this area during the war.

After the war, the village became part of Vojvodina, an autonomous province of the Socialist Republic of Serbia and Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia. Until 1960, villages of present-day Pećinci municipality were part of the municipalities of Ruma, Stara Pazova and Zemun (village of Pećinci itself was part of Zemun municipality). A separate municipality of Pećinci was formed in 1960 and the village of Pećinci was chosen to be the municipal center because of its favorable traffic position.

Inhabited places

Aside from the village of Pećinci, municipality includes the following villages:

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194818,800—    
195318,567−0.25%
196119,289+0.48%
197118,490−0.42%
198119,284+0.42%
199120,077+0.40%
200221,560+0.65%
201119,720−0.99%
Source: [3]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Šid has 19,720 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

All settlements in the municipality have an ethnic Serb majority. The ethnic composition of the municipality:[4]

Ethnic group Population %
Serbs 17,965 91.1%
Romani 1,008 5.11%
Slovaks 79 0.4%
Croats 42 0.21%
Macedonians 33 0.17%
Montenegrins 22 0.11%
Yugoslavs 22 0.11%
Hungarians 21 0.11%
Muslims 11 0.06%
Russians 11 0.06%
Bosniaks 11 0.06%
Others 495 2.51%
Total 19,720

Economy

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[5]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 201
Mining and quarrying 4
Manufacturing 3,380
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 11
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 51
Construction 119
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 1,934
Transportation and storage 400
Accommodation and food services 144
Information and communication 107
Financial and insurance activities 13
Real estate activities 4
Professional, scientific and technical activities 118
Administrative and support service activities 84
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 162
Education 288
Human health and social work activities 207
Arts, entertainment and recreation 32
Other service activities 52
Individual agricultural workers 393
Total 7,706

See also

References

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  4. ^ "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  5. ^ "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.

External links

This page was last edited on 21 March 2021, at 18:23
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