To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Pawtucket Falls (Massachusetts)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pawtucket Falls and Pawtucket Dam viewed from Pawtucket Gatehouse in Lowell in May 2012
Pawtucket Falls viewed from the same location during the 2006 New England flood
Pawtucket Falls around 1896

Pawtucket Falls is a waterfall on the Merrimack River at Lowell, Massachusetts. The waterfall and rapids below it drop a total of 32 feet in a little under a mile,[1][2] and was an important fishing ground for the Pennacook Indians in pre-colonial times.

Etymology

Pawtucket is an Algonkian word meaning "at the falls in the river (tidal stream)".[3]

Use as boundary

This location was used as a benchmark for delineating the Northern boundary of Massachusetts, which was frequently disputed between the Province of Massachusetts Bay and the Province of New Hampshire. The issue was finally resolved in 1740, when it was decreed that the boundary run along a curved line three miles from the river between the ocean and a point three miles north of Pawtucket Falls, where the river begins to turn north. From there a line was to be drawn due west.[4]

Canal and Dam

The existence of these falls as a barrier to travel along the river necessitated the construction of the Pawtucket Canal in the last decade of the 18th century. In the 1820s, the falls, the canal, and the hydropower they provided led to the choosing of this site as America's first planned factory town, Lowell. Over the next 30 years, hydropower from the falls exclusively ran Lowell's numerous textile factories via the city's canal system.

To maximize the head the canals provided, increase volume, and regulate flow, a dam was begun at the top of the falls in the 1820s and was enlarged into the 1840s. The final structure, which exists in the same form today, is a stone dam topped with five foot wooden flash-boards, capable during much of the year of channeling the entire Merrimack into the canal system. The effect being the Pawtucket Falls are dry. When heavy flow tops the dam, the waterfall created, which is a fraction of the total loss in elevation of 32 feet, is referred to as the Pawtucket Falls.

See also

References

  1. ^ Lowell National Historical Park Handbook. "Seeds of Industry." Lowell National Historical Park. Retrieved 14 March 2010
  2. ^ The Merrimack River. Lowell National Historical Park. Retrieved 14 March 2010.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-10-06. Retrieved 2014-12-18.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Franklin K. VanZandt, Boundaries of the United States and the Several States, USGS Bulletin 1212, 1966

External links

This page was last edited on 14 December 2021, at 04:07
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.