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Pavle Jurišić Šturm

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pavle Jurišić Šturm

Павле Јуришић Штурм
Chief of the Security and First General Adjutant
In office
MonarchPeter I
Preceded byBožidar Terzić
Succeeded byPetar Bojović
Personal details
Paulus Eugen Sturm

(1848-08-08)8 August 1848
Görlitz, Province of Silesia, Prussia
Died13 January 1922(1922-01-13) (aged 73)
Belgrade, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Resting placeNew Cemetery Belgrade
Spouse(s)Savka Jurišić (1881–1884; her death)
Jelena Jurišić (?–1922; his death)
Alma materLand Forces Military Academy
ProfessionArmy officer
Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords rib.png
Order of the Star of Karageorge with Swords
SRB Orden Belog Orla BAR.svg
Order of the White Eagle
Cavaliere di Gran Croce OCI Kingdom BAR.svg
Order of the Crown of Italy
BEL Kroonorde Grootkruis BAR.svg
Order of the Crown of Belgium
D-PRU EK 1914 2 Klasse BAR.svg
Order of Iron Cross
Military service
Allegiance Prussia
 German Empire
Serbia Principality of Serbia
 Kingdom of Serbia
 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Branch/serviceSerbian Army
Years of service1867 – 1875
1876 – 1900
1901 – 1921
CommandsSerbian 3rd Army
Battles/warsFranco-Prussian War
Serbo-Turkish War
Serbo-Bulgarian War
First Balkan War
Second Balkan War
World War I

Pavle Jurišić Šturm KCMG (Serbian Cyrillic: Павле Јуришић Штурм; 8 August 1848 – 13 January 1922), born Paulus Eugen Sturm, was a Serbian general of Sorbian origin,[1][2][3] best known for commanding the Serbian 3rd Army in World War I.


Paulus Eugen Sturm was born on 22 August 1848. in Görlitz,[2] Prussian Silesia, of ethnic Sorb[4][2][5] origin. He moved with his brother to Serbia and joined the Serbian army. Šturm became one of the most important commanders in the Serbian army in World War I, especially during its first two years, the time when his 3rd army was main support either for the 2nd army during the battle of Cer (August 1914), or for the 1st army during the battle of Kolubara (November to December 1914).[6]

He and his brother Eugene (Evgenije) graduated from the royal Prussian military academy in Breslau (Wrocław), and participated in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–1871.[7] They later resigned their commissions and moved to the Principality of Serbia,[2] prior to the Serbian–Ottoman War (1876–78), in order to lecture at the Serbian Military Academy in Belgrade. With the outbreak of the war, the two brothers joined the Serbian Army as volunteers. Pavle also fought in the Serbo-Bulgarian War (1885) as commander of a regiment.

He liked Serbia, and married a Serbian woman. In order to become naturalised, he changed his name into Pavle Jurišić-Šturm in 1876,[8] Pavle being a cognate of Paulus, and Jurišić being derived from a modulated translation of the word "charge" (sturm in German, juriš in Serbian). He kept his German last name as an alias ("Šturm").[citation needed]

In the Balkan Wars (1912–13) he was the General of the Drina Division, which distinguished itself at the Battle of Kumanovo after which he was promoted to the rank of general.

As commander of the Third Serbian Army, he participated in all major battles in the Serbian theater in World War I, from Cer and Kolubara, then retreated over frozen Albania, and the participation of the Serbian Army on the Salonika Front. Here, his army fought in the Battle of Kajmakcalan, suffering many casualties. After this battle Sturm was replaced at the head of the Third Army by Miloš Vasić in October 1916. He was sent to Russia to assist the commander of the Serbian Volunteer Corps. In early 1917, he returned via Japan to Thessaloniki, where he was appointed Chancellor of the Order of the Crown, a job he held until the end of the war.[citation needed]

After years of peace that followed, Šturm stayed in Serbia and remained in its army with the rank of general. He died in 1922 at his home in Belgrade.[citation needed]

Šturm was decorated with Order of Order of the Karađorđe's Star, Order of the White Eagle and Allied decorations of the Order of the Crown of Italy, Order of St. George,  BelgianOrder of the Crown, the Legion of Honour and the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Possibly the most valuable was the Order of Paulovnia Flowers on the Great Cross,[further explanation needed] personally decorated by Japanese Emperor. He was also the bearer of the Order of Iron Cross, 2nd class, and the Austrian Order of Leopold.[citation needed]

He was considered one of the greatest commanders of First World War and one of the best commanders in Serbian war history.[citation needed]


Serbian military decorations
Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords, Grand Officer
Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords, Commander
Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords, Officer
Order of the Karađorđe's Star, Officer
Order of the White Eagle, Grand Officer
Order of the White Eagle, Commander
Order of the White Eagle, Officer
Order of the White Eagle, Knight
Order of Miloš the Great, Officer
Order of the Cross of Takovo, Grand Officer
Order of the Cross of Takovo, Commander
Order of the Cross of Takovo with swords, Officer
Serbian Service Medals
Medal for Bravery, Gold
Medal for Bravery, Silver
Medal military virtues
Medal for Devoted Service
Medal of Guard
Commemorative medal of the wars with Turkey 1876-1878
Commemorative medal of the war with Bulgaria 1885
Commemorative Medal of the First Balkan War
Commemorative Medal of the Second Balkan War
Commemorative Medal of the First World War
Commemorative Medal of the Albanian Campaign
International and Foreign Awards
Order of Leopold, Knight (Austria-Hungary)
Order of Franz Joseph, Knight's Cross (Austria-Hungary)
Order of the Crown, Knight Grand Cross (Belgium)
Legion of Honour, Grand Officer (France)
Order of the Redeemer, Commander (Greece)
Order of the Crown of Italy, Knight Grand Cross (Italy)
Order of the Rising Sun, Grand Cordon with Paulownia Flowers (Japan)
Order of Osmanieh, 3rd class (Ottoman Empire)
Order of the Medjidie, 1st class (Ottoman Empire)
Order of Iron Cross, 2nd class (Prussia)
Order of Saint Stanislaus with Swords, 3rd class (Russian Empire)
Order of St. George, 4th class (Russian Empire)
Order of St. Anna, 1st class (Russian Empire)
Order of St Michael and St George, Knight Commander (United Kingdom)


  1. ^ NIN. nedeljne informativne novine. Politika. April 1990. p. 8. Pavle Jurišić - Šturm, Lužički Srbin, pruski oficir, srpski đeneral, pedeset i šest godina nosio je uniformu i ratovao protiv Francuza, Turaka, Arnauta, Bugara, Austrougara i Nemaca. Borio se u sedan ratova i u njima proveo ...
  2. ^ a b c d The South Slav Journal. 22–23. Dositey Obradovich Circle. 2001. This was true of the brothers Eugene and Pavle Jurisic, natives of Gorlitz on the Neisse in Upper Luzica (Slavic: Izgorelc, Source: Zyhorelik in pari i bus Milesko, 1131), who, resigning their commissions in Prussia's armed forces, immigrated to ...
  3. ^ Momčilo Vuković-Birčanin (1974). Kralj Aleksandar I. Karadordević, 1888-1934. Izdanje piščevo. Павле Јуришић-Штурм, ко ји је био лужички Срб^н
  4. ^ NIN. nedeljne informativne novine. Politika. April 1990. p. 8. Pavle Jurišić - Šturm, Lužički Srbin, pruski oficir, srpski đeneral, pedeset i šest godina nosio je uniformu i ratovao protiv Francuza, Turaka, Arnauta, Bugara, Austrougara i Nemaca. Borio se u sedan ratova i u njima proveo ...
  5. ^ Momčilo Vuković-Birčanin (1974). Kralj Aleksandar I. Karadordević, 1888-1934. Izdanje piščevo. Павле Јуришић-Штурм, ко ји је био лужички Срб^н
  6. ^ Милисав Савић: „Дринска дивизија“, Лозница 2009. године, 242-251. страна; ISBN 978-86-912717-0-1 COBISS 167983628
  7. ^ Barrie Pitt; Peter Young (1970). History of the First World War. Purnell. In the late spring of 1916 such of the Third Army as survived these ordeals was reconstituted on the outskirts of Salonika and placed under the command of General Pavle Jurisic, a septuagenarian veteran of the Franco-Prussian War of ...
  8. ^ Hannes Grandits; Robert Pichler; Nathalie Clayer (30 March 2011). Conflicting Loyalties in the Balkans: The Great Powers, the Ottoman Empire and Nation-building. I.B.Tauris. pp. 210–. ISBN 978-0-85771-937-9.


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This page was last edited on 30 August 2021, at 22:03
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