To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Paul Thomas Anderson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson 2007 crop.jpg
Anderson in 2007
Born (1970-06-26) June 26, 1970 (age 50)
Other namesP.T. Anderson
  • Director
  • producer
  • writer
Years active1988–present
Partner(s)Fiona Apple (1997–2002)
Maya Rudolph (2001–present)[a]
Parent(s)Ernie Anderson (father)
Edwina Gough (mother)

Paul Thomas Anderson (born June 26, 1970)[2][3] is an American film director, producer, and screenwriter. Born in Los Angeles, Anderson developed an interest in filmmaking from a young age. He made his feature-film debut with Hard Eight (1996). He found critical and commercial success with Boogie Nights (1997), set in the Golden Age of Porn, and received further accolades with Magnolia (1999), an ensemble piece set in the San Fernando Valley, and Punch-Drunk Love (2002), a romantic comedy-drama film.

Anderson's 2007 film There Will Be Blood, about an oil prospector during the Southern California oil boom, achieved major critical and commercial success, and is often cited as one of the greatest films of the 2000s. This was followed by The Master (2012) and Inherent Vice (2014). Anderson's eighth film, Phantom Thread, was released in 2017. He has directed music videos for artists including Fiona Apple, Radiohead, Haim, Joanna Newsom, Aimee Mann, Jon Brion, and Michael Penn, and has also directed a documentary, Junun (2015), about the making of the album of the same name in India. More recently, he directed a short film accompanying Thom Yorke's Anima (2019), released on Netflix and in select IMAX theatres.

Anderson's films are often characterized by their depiction of flawed and desperate characters, memorable music, explorations of themes such as dysfunctional families, alienation, loneliness, and redemption, and a bold visual style that uses moving camera and long takes. Many of his films take place in the San Fernando Valley. He is noted for his frequent collaborations with actors Philip Baker Hall, Philip Seymour Hoffman, Julianne Moore, Melora Walters, John C. Reilly, Joaquin Phoenix, and Daniel Day-Lewis, cinematographer Robert Elswit, costume designer Mark Bridges, and composers Jon Brion and Jonny Greenwood. His films have consistently garnered critical acclaim. Anderson has been nominated for eight Academy Awards, one Golden Globe Award, and five BAFTA Awards, and has won a Best Director Award at Cannes, both a Golden and a Silver Bear at Berlin, and a Silver Lion at Venice.

Early life

Anderson's father, Ernie Anderson, in a 1961 advertisement
Anderson's father, Ernie Anderson, in a 1961 advertisement

Anderson was born in Studio City, Los Angeles, to Edwina (née Gough) and Ernie Anderson.[4][5] Ernie was an actor who was the voice of ABC and a Cleveland television late-night horror movie host known as "Ghoulardi" (after whom Anderson later named his production company).[4][5] Anderson grew up in the San Fernando Valley.[6] He is third-youngest of nine children.[7][8] He had a troubled relationship with his mother, but was close with his father, who encouraged him to become a writer or director.[9] Anderson attended a number of schools, including Buckley in Sherman Oaks, John Thomas Dye School, Campbell Hall School, Cushing Academy, and Montclair Prep.[8]

Anderson was involved in filmmaking from a young age,[10][11] and never really had an alternative plan to directing films.[12] He made his first film when he was eight,[7] and started making films on a Betamax video camera that his father bought in 1982.[11] He later started using 8 mm film, but realized that video was easier.[10] He began writing in his adolescence, and began experimenting with a Bolex 16-mm camera.[10][13] After years of experimenting with "standard fare", he wrote and filmed his first real production as a senior in high school at Montclair Prep using money he earned cleaning cages at a pet store.[11][14] The film was a 30-minute mockumentary shot on video called The Dirk Diggler Story (1988), about a pornography star; the story was inspired by John Holmes, who also served as a major inspiration for Boogie Nights.[8][9][10][13]


Early career

Anderson attended Santa Monica College[15] before enrolling and spending two semesters as an English major at Emerson College where he was taught by David Foster Wallace, and only two days at New York University before he began his career as a production assistant on television, films, music videos, and game shows in Los Angeles and New York City.[8][16][17] Feeling that the material shown to him at film school turned the experience into "homework or a chore",[18] Anderson decided to make a 20-minute film that would be his "college".[16]

For $10,000, made up of gambling winnings, his girlfriend's credit card, and money his father set aside for him for college,[16] Anderson made Cigarettes & Coffee (1993), a short film connecting multiple story lines with a $20 bill.[8][13][19] The film was screened at the 1993 Sundance Festival Shorts Program.[13] He decided to expand the film to feature-length, and was invited to the 1994 Sundance Feature Film Program.[8][13][19] Michael Caton-Jones served as Anderson's mentor. He saw Anderson as someone with "talent and a fully formed creative voice, but not much hands-on experience", and gave him some hard and practical lessons.[11]


While at the Sundance Feature Film program, Anderson already had a deal with Rysher Entertainment to direct his first full-length feature, Sydney, retitled Hard Eight.[9][11] After completing the film, Rysher re-edited it.[11] Anderson, who still had the workprint of his original cut, submitted the film to the 1996 Cannes Film Festival,[13] where it was shown at the Un Certain Regard section.[20][21] Anderson managed to get the version released, but only after he retitled the film, and raised the $200,000 necessary to finish it. Anderson, Philip Baker Hall, John C. Reilly, and Gwyneth Paltrow contributed to the final funding.[11][13] The version that was released was Anderson's and the acclaim from the film launched his career.[13][8] The film follows a senior gambler, who takes a homeless man under his wing, while he becomes romantically involved with a troubled waitress. It also featured Philip Seymour Hoffman as an arrogant gambler, beginning a five-film collaboration between the pair.[22] In his review of the film, Chicago Sun-Times critic Roger Ebert wrote, "Movies like Hard Eight remind me of what original, compelling characters the movies can sometimes give us."[23]

Anderson began working on the script for his next feature film during his troubles with Hard Eight,[11] completing the script in 1995.[13] The result was his breakout film Boogie Nights,[24][25][26] which is based on his short film The Dirk Diggler Story, and is set in the Golden Age of Porn. The film follows a nightclub dishwasher (Mark Wahlberg) who becomes a popular pornographic actor under his stage name.[8][13][27] The script was noticed by New Line Cinema's president, Michael De Luca, who felt "totally gaga" reading it.[11] It was released on October 10, 1997, and was a critical and commercial success.[9] The film revived the career of Burt Reynolds,[28][29] and provided breakout roles for Wahlberg and Julianne Moore.[30][31][32] After the film's production, Reynolds refused to star in Anderson's third film, Magnolia.[33] At the 70th Academy Awards, the film was nominated for three awards, including for Best Supporting Actor (Reynolds), Best Supporting Actress (Moore), and Best Original Screenplay.[34]

After the success of Boogie Nights, New Line told Anderson that he could do whatever he wanted for his next film, and granted him creative control.[9] Though Anderson initially wanted to make a film that was "intimate and small-scale", the script "kept blossoming". The resulting film was the ensemble piece Magnolia (1999), which tells the story of the peculiar interaction of several individuals in the San Fernando Valley.[35][36] Anderson used the music of Aimee Mann as a basis and inspiration for the film,[37] commissioning her to write eight new songs.[38] At the 72nd Academy Awards, the film was nominated for three Academy Awards, including for Best Supporting Actor (Tom Cruise), Best Original Song for "Save Me" by Aimee Mann, and Best Original Screenplay.[39] Anderson stated after the film's release, "what I really feel is that Magnolia is, for better or worse, the best movie I'll ever make."[40]


After the success of Magnolia, Anderson stated that he would like to work with Adam Sandler in the future, and that he was determined to make his next film a comparatively shorter length of 90 minutes.[25][35] The resulting feature was the romantic comedy-drama film Punch-Drunk Love (2002), starring Sandler, with Emily Watson portraying his love interest.[41] The story centers on a beleaguered small-business owner with anger issues and seven emasculating sisters. A subplot in the film was partly based on David Phillips (also called the Pudding Guy).[41] Sandler received critical praise for his role in his first major departure from the mainstream comedies that had made him a star.[42][43] At the 2002 Cannes Film Festival, Anderson won the Best Director Award and was nominated for the Palme d'Or.[44]

There Will Be Blood (2007) was loosely based on Upton Sinclair's novel Oil!.[45] It follows a ruthless silver miner exploiting the Southern California oil boom in the early 20th century.[46] Against a budget of $25 million, the film earned $76.1 million worldwide.[47] There Will Be Blood received eight Academy Award nominations, tying with No Country for Old Men for the most nominations that year.[48] Anderson was nominated for Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Adapted Screenplay, losing all three to the Coen Brothers for No Country for Old Men.[49] Daniel Day-Lewis won the Oscar for Best Actor.[49] Paul Dano received a BAFTA nomination for Best Supporting Actor.[50] Anderson was nominated for Best Director from the Directors Guild of America.[51] There Will Be Blood was regarded by some critics as one of the greatest films of the decade, with some parties further declaring it one of the most accomplished American films of the modern era. David Denby of The New Yorker wrote, "the young writer-director Paul Thomas Anderson has now done work that bears comparison to the greatest achievements of Griffith and Ford", while Richard Schickel proclaimed it "one of the most wholly original American movies ever made".[52] In 2017, New York Times film critics A. O. Scott and Manohla Dargis named it the "Best Film of the 21st Century So Far".[53]


In December 2009, Anderson was working on a new project about a "charismatic intellectual" who starts a new religion in the 1950s.[54] An associate of Anderson's stated that the idea for the film had been in Anderson's head for about 12 years.[55] The Master was released on September 14, 2012 in North America[56] to critical acclaim.[57][58] The film follows an alcoholic World War II veteran, who meets the leader of a religious movement known as "The Cause". Though the film makes no reference to the movement, it has "long been widely assumed to be based on Scientology."[59] The film received three nominations at the 85th Academy Awards, including for Joaquin Phoenix for Best Leading Actor, Philip Seymour Hoffman for Best Supporting Actor, and Amy Adams for Best Supporting Actress.[60]

Production of the film adaptation for Thomas Pynchon's 2009 novel Inherent Vice began in May and ended in August of 2013.[61] The film marked the first time that Pynchon allowed his work to be adapted for the screen,[62][63] and had Anderson work with Phoenix for a second time.[64][65] The supporting cast includes Owen Wilson, Reese Witherspoon, Jena Malone, Martin Short, Benicio Del Toro, Katherine Waterston, and Josh Brolin. Following its release in December 2014, the film received two nominations at the 87th Academy Awards, including for Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Costume Design.[66]

Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, where Junun was filmed
Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, where Junun was filmed

Anderson directed Junun, a 2015 documentary about the making of the album by composer and Radiohead guitarist Jonny Greenwood, Radiohead producer Nigel Godrich, Israeli composer Shye Ben Tzur, and a group of Indian musicians.[67] Most of the performances were recorded at the 15th-century Mehrangarh Fort in Rajasthan.[68] Junun premiered at the 2015 New York Film Festival.[69]

Anderson's ninth film, Phantom Thread, set in the London fashion industry in 1954, was released in late 2017.[70] The film stars Daniel Day-Lewis in his first acting role since Lincoln in 2012, and his self-proclaimed final performance in a film, following four decades in the profession.[71] The cast also includes Lesley Manville, Vicky Krieps and Richard Graham.[70] Focus Features distributed the film in the United States, with Universal handling international distribution.[72] Principal photography began in January 2017. Robert Elswit was absent during production,[73] and despite claims of Anderson acting as a cinematographer on the film, no official credit was given.[74] The film received six nominations at the 90th Academy Awards, winning one for Best Costume Design.[75]


His next film was announced to be produced by Focus Features, Phantom Thread's production studio, on December 18, 2019.[76] The film is reportedly to be "taking place in the 1970s and focuses on a high-school student who is also a successful child actor",[77] with production having begun in August 2020.[78] The working title is Soggy Bottom, and filming wrapped and postproduction began in November 2020.[79]

Other work

In 2000, Anderson wrote and directed a segment for Saturday Night Live with Ben Affleck, "SNL FANatic", based on the MTV series FANatic.[80] He was a standby director during the 2005 filming of Robert Altman's A Prairie Home Companion for insurance purposes, as Altman was 80 years old at the time.[81] In 2008, Anderson co-wrote and directed a 70-minute play at the Largo Theatre, comprising a series of vignettes starring Maya Rudolph and Fred Armisen, with a live score by Jon Brion.[82]

Anderson has directed music videos for artists including Fiona Apple, Radiohead, Haim, Joanna Newsom, Aimee Mann, Jon Brion, and Michael Penn.[83][84][85] Anderson directed a short film for Haim in 2017, Valentine, featuring three musical performances from the band.[86] In 2019, Anderson directed the short film Anima, starring singer Thom Yorke and featuring music from Yorke's Anima album.[87] It was screened in select IMAX theatres on June 26 and released on Netflix on June 27.[87]

Influences and style


Anderson attended film school for only two days, preferring to learn the craft by watching films by the filmmakers he liked, as well as watching films accompanied by director's audio commentary.[6][12][13] He has cited Stanley Kubrick, Robert Altman, Jonathan Demme, Martin Scorsese, Orson Welles, Max Ophüls, Mike Leigh, and Robert Downey, Sr., as influences.[88][10][26][89][90]

In 1999, Anderson met Kubrick on the set of Eyes Wide Shut, thanks to Tom Cruise, who had been cast in Magnolia. Anderson asked Kubrick, "Do you always work with so few people?" Kubrick answered him, "‘Why? How many people do you need?" Because of this, Anderson said that he "felt like such a Hollywood asshole."[91]

Themes and style

Anderson is known for films set in San Fernando Valley with realistically flawed and desperate characters.[12][92] Among the themes dealt with in Anderson's films are dysfunctional familial relationships,[26][89][93] alienation,[89] surrogate families,[94] regret,[89] loneliness,[26] destiny,[8] the power of forgiveness,[7] and ghosts of the past.[26] Anderson makes frequent use of repetition to build emphasis and thematic consistency. In Boogie Nights, Magnolia, Punch Drunk Love and The Master, the phrase "I didn't do anything" is used at least once, developing themes of responsibility and denial.[95][96][97][98] Anderson's films are known for their bold visual style[92] which includes stylistic trademarks such as constantly moving camera,[40][92] steadicam-based long takes,[24][26][99] memorable use of music,[24][40][92] and multilayered audiovisual imagery.[24][99] Anderson also tends to reference the Book of Exodus, either explicitly or subtly, such as in recurring references to Exodus 8:2 in Magnolia,[100] which chronicles the plague of frogs, culminating with the literal raining of frogs in the film's climax, or the title and themes in There Will Be Blood, a phrase in Exodus 7:19, which details the plague of blood.[101][102]

Within his first three films, Hard Eight, Boogie Nights, and Magnolia, Anderson explored themes of dysfunctional families, alienation, and loneliness.[26][89] Boogie Nights and Magnolia were noted for their large ensemble casts,[25][92] which Anderson returned to in Inherent Vice.[103][104] In Punch-Drunk Love, Anderson explored similar themes, but expressed a different visual style, shedding the influences and references of his earlier films, being more surreal and having a heightened sense of reality.[89][99] It was also short, compared to his previous two films, at 90 minutes.[25]

There Will Be Blood stood apart from his first four films, but shared similar themes and style such as flawed characters, moving camera, memorable music, and a lengthy running time.[92] The film was more overtly engaged with politics than his previous films had been,[25] examining capitalism and themes such as savagery, optimism, and obsession.[105] The Master dealt with "ideas about American personality, success, rootlessness, master-disciple dynamics, and father-son mutually assured destruction."[106] All of his films deal with American themes, with business versus art in Boogie Nights, ambition in There Will Be Blood, and self-reinvention in The Master.[107]

Frequent collaborators

Philip Seymour Hoffman appeared in five of Anderson's films.
Philip Seymour Hoffman appeared in five of Anderson's films.

Anderson frequently collaborates with many actors and crew, carrying them over on each films.[108] He has referred to regular actors as "my little rep company", including John C. Reilly, Philip Baker Hall, Julianne Moore, William H. Macy, Melora Walters, and most prominently, the late Philip Seymour Hoffman.[109] Luis Guzmán is also considered Anderson's regular.[110] Hoffman acted in Anderson's first four films[111] as well as The Master.[112] Except for Paul F. Tompkins, Kevin Breznahan and Jim Meskimen, who all had equally minor roles in Magnolia,[113] There Will Be Blood had an entirely new cast. Anderson is one of three directors – the others being Jim Sheridan and Martin Scorsese – with whom Daniel Day-Lewis has collaborated more than once.[114] Robert Elswit served as a cinematographer for Anderson's films, except The Master which was shot by Mihai Mălaimare Jr.[115] and Phantom Thread which has no credited cinematographer. Jon Brion served as a composer for Hard Eight, Magnolia and Punch-Drunk Love,[116] and Jonny Greenwood of Radiohead for every films since.[117] Dylan Tichenor edited Boogie Nights, Magnolia, There Will Be Blood and Phantom Thread.[118][119] Anderson regularly works with producing partners, JoAnne Sellar, Scott Rudin, Michael De Luca, and Daniel Lupi,[120] and casting director Cassandra Kulukundis.[112]

Collaborator Role Hard Eight Boogie Nights Magnolia Punch-Drunk Love There Will Be Blood The Master Inherent Vice Phantom Thread Soggy Bottom Total
Jon Brion Composer YesY YesY YesY YesY 4
Mark Bridges Costume designer YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 9
Robert Elswit Cinematographer YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 6
Jonny Greenwood Composer YesY YesY YesY YesY 4
Luis Guzmán Actor YesY YesY YesY 3
Philip Baker Hall Actor YesY YesY YesY 3
Philip Seymour Hoffman Actor YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 5
Leslie Jones Editor YesY YesY YesY 3
Cassandra Kulukundis Casting YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 7
Daniel Lupi Producer YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 9
John C. Reilly Actor YesY YesY YesY 3
JoAnne Sellar Producer YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 8
Dylan Tichenor Editor YesY YesY YesY YesY YesY 5
Melora Walters Actress YesY YesY YesY YesY 4

Personal life

Anderson dated Fiona Apple from 1997 to 2002. During their relationship, the two used ecstasy and cocaine; Apple described him as having a temper and leaving her "fearful and numb," throwing a chair across the room and shoving her out of his car.[121]

He has been in a long-term relationship with actress and comedienne Maya Rudolph since November 2001.[122][123] They live in the San Fernando Valley[7][112] with their four children—daughters Pearl Minnie (born October 2005),[124][125][126] Lucille (born November 2009),[127] Minnie Ida (born August 2013),[128] and son Jack (born July 2011).[129]


Directed features
Year Title Distributor
1996 Hard Eight The Samuel Goldwyn Company
1997 Boogie Nights New Line Cinema
1999 Magnolia
2002 Punch-Drunk Love Sony Pictures Releasing
2007 There Will Be Blood Paramount Vantage / Miramax
2012 The Master The Weinstein Company
2014 Inherent Vice Warner Bros. Pictures
2017 Phantom Thread Focus Features / Universal Pictures
2021 Soggy Bottom Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer

Awards and recognition

Anderson has been called "one of the most exciting talents to come along in years"[130] and "among the supreme talents of today."[131] After the release of Boogie Nights and Magnolia, Anderson was praised as a wunderkind.[132] In 2007, the American Film Institute regarded him as "one of American film's modern masters."[105] In 2012, The Guardian ranked him number one on its list of "The 23 Best Film Directors in the World," writing "his dedication to his craft has intensified, with his disdain for PR and celebrity marking him out as the most devout filmmaker of his generation."[133] In 2013, Entertainment Weekly named him the eighth-greatest working director, calling him "one of the most dynamic directors to emerge in the last 20 years."[134] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone wrote that "The Master, the sixth film from the 42-year-old writer-director, affirms his position as the foremost filmmaking talent of his generation. Anderson is a rock star, the artist who knows no limits."[135]

Other directors have also praised him. In an interview with Jan Aghed, Ingmar Bergman referenced Magnolia as an example of the strength of American cinema.[136] Sam Mendes referred to Anderson as "a true auteur – and there are very few of those who I would classify as geniuses".[137] In his acceptance speech for the Golden Globe Award for Best Director, Ben Affleck compared Anderson to Orson Welles.[138]

As of 2020, Anderson is the only person to win all three director prizes from the three major international film festivals (Cannes, Berlin, Venice).

Year Award Category Nominated Work Result
1998 Academy Awards Best Original Screenplay Boogie Nights Nominated
2000 Magnolia Nominated
2008 Best Picture There Will Be Blood Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay Nominated
2015 Inherent Vice Nominated
2018 Best Picture Phantom Thread Nominated
Best Director Nominated
2008 Golden Globe Awards Best Motion Picture - Drama There Will Be Blood Nominated
1997 British Academy Film Awards Best Original Screenplay Boogie Nights Nominated
2008 Best Film There Will Be Blood Nominated
Best Director Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay Nominated
2013 Best Original Screenplay The Master Nominated
1998 Independent Spirit Awards Best First Feature Hard Eight Nominated
Best First Screenplay Nominated
2014 Robert Altman Award Inherent Vice Won
2020 Grammy Awards Best Music Film Anima Nominated

Awards received by Anderson movies

Year Film Academy Awards BAFTA Awards Golden Globe Awards
Nominations Wins Nominations Wins Nominations Wins
1997 Boogie Nights 3 2 2 1
1999 Magnolia 3 2 1
2002 Punch-Drunk Love 1
2007 There Will Be Blood 8 2 9 1 2 1
2012 The Master 3 4 3
2014 Inherent Vice 2 1
2017 Phantom Thread 6 1 4 1 2
Total 25 3 19 2 13 3

Direction for Oscar-related performances

Anderson has directed multiple Oscar nominated performances.

Year Performer Film Result
Academy Award for Best Actor
2007 Daniel Day-Lewis There Will Be Blood Won
2012 Joaquin Phoenix The Master Nominated
2017 Daniel Day-Lewis Phantom Thread Nominated
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
1997 Burt Reynolds Boogie Nights Nominated
1999 Tom Cruise Magnolia Nominated
2012 Philip Seymour Hoffman The Master Nominated
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
1997 Julianne Moore Boogie Nights Nominated
2012 Amy Adams The Master Nominated
2017 Lesley Manville Phantom Thread Nominated


  1. ^ Marine, Brooke (September 14, 2018). "Maya Rudolph Reveals Why She Calls Paul Thomas Anderson Her "Husband" Even Though They Are Not Married". W. Condé Nast. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
  2. ^ Ehrlich, David (December 21, 2017). "Paul Thomas Anderson Movies Ranked from Worst to Best". IndieWire. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  3. ^ Silman, Anna (February 7, 2018). "Paul Thomas Anderson and Maya Rudolph Are the Greatest Celebrity Couple". The Cut. New York Media, LLC. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  4. ^ a b Waxman, Sharon R. (2005). Rebels on the backlot: six maverick directors and how they conquered the Hollywood studio system. HarperCollins. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-06-054017-3.
  5. ^ a b Luttermoser, John (April 5, 2008). "'There Will Be Blood' comes out on video Tuesday". Cleveland Live, Inc. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
  6. ^ a b Waxman, Sharon R. (2005). Rebels on the backlot: six maverick directors and how they conquered the Hollywood studio system. HarperCollins. pp. xii, xiii. ISBN 978-0-06-054017-3.
  7. ^ a b c d Hirschberg, Lynn (June 5, 2013). "The Master Director: Paul Thomas Anderson". PORT Magazine. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Richardson, John H. (September 22, 2008). "The Secret History of Paul Thomas Anderson". Hearst Communications, Inc. Retrieved July 29, 2010.
  9. ^ a b c d e Hirshberg, Lynn (December 19, 1999). "His Way". The New York Times Company. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Transcript: Paul Thomas Anderson 12/16/99". Time Inc. December 16, 1999. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i Rochlin, Margy (October 12, 1997). "FILM; The Innocent Approach to an Adult Opus". The New York Times Company. Retrieved April 7, 2011.
  12. ^ a b c Johnston, Robert K. (2004). Useless Beauty: Ecclesiastes Through The Lens Of Contemporary Film. Baker Academic. pp. 73–74. ISBN 978-0-8010-2785-7. paul thomas anderson close encounters.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k McKenna, Kristine (October 12, 1997). "Knows It When He Sees It". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  14. ^ "The Minor Works of Paul Thomas Anderson". Slate. Graham Holdings Company. September 13, 2012. Archived from the original on March 22, 2014. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  15. ^ Marc Maron (January 5, 2015). "Episode 565 - Paul Thomas Anderson". WTF with Marc Maron (Podcast). Event occurs at 37:12. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
  16. ^ a b c Ebert, Roger (October 19, 1997). "Director's talent makes 'Boogie' fever infectious". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  17. ^ Waxman, Sharon R. (2005). Rebels on the backlot: six maverick directors and how they conquered the Hollywood studio system. HarperCollins. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-06-054017-3.
  18. ^ Paul Thomas Anderson Q&A – The Master (YouTube). The Astor Theatre. November 14, 2012.
  19. ^ a b Waxman, Sharon R. (2005). Rebels on the backlot: six maverick directors and how they conquered the Hollywood studio system. HarperCollins. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-06-054017-3.
  20. ^ Waxman, Sharon R. (2005). Rebels on the backlot: six maverick directors and how they conquered the Hollywood studio system. HarperCollins. p. 91. ISBN 978-0-06-054017-3.
  21. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Hard Eight". Retrieved September 20, 2009.
  22. ^ Gilbey, Ryan (February 3, 2014). "Philip Seymour Hoffman obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  23. ^ Ebert, Roger (February 27, 1997). "Hard Eight". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
  24. ^ a b c d Lim, Dennis (December 24, 2007). "Bigger, Louder, More Frogs". Washington Post.Newsweek Interactive Co. LLC. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  25. ^ a b c d e Pilkington, Ed (January 4, 2008). "Tell the story! Tell the story!". Retrieved March 9, 2011.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g Allon, Yoram; Cullen, Del; Patterson, Hannah (2002). Contemporary North American film directors: a Wallflower critical guide. Wallflower Press. pp. 14–15. ISBN 1-903364-52-3. Contemporary North American Film Directors.
  27. ^ Waxman, Sharon R. (2005). Rebels on the backlot: six maverick directors and how they conquered the Hollywood studio system. HarperCollins. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-06-054017-3.
  28. ^ Kennedy, Helen (January 19, 1998). "'TITANIC' FLOATS THEIR BOATS WINS GOLDEN GLOBES FOR DRAMA, DIRECTOR". Retrieved August 23, 2010.[permanent dead link]
  29. ^ Corliss, Richard (December 17, 2008). "Burt Reynolds, Boogie Nights". Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  30. ^ Travers, Peter (October 10, 1997). "Boogie Nights". Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  31. ^ Reid, Joe (March 1, 2010). "Julianne Moore Returning to As the World Turns". SOAPnet. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  32. ^ Warner, Rick (March 28, 2010). "Moore searches for motives in marriage". The Journal Gazette. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  33. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (December 3, 2015). ""He Was Young And Full Of Himself": Burt Reynolds On Why He "Hated" Paul Thomas Anderson During 'Boogie Nights'". IndieWire. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  34. ^ "Oscars Ceremonies 1998". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  35. ^ a b Patterson, John (March 10, 2000). "Magnolia Maniac". Retrieved April 12, 2010.
  36. ^ Schickel, Richard (December 27, 1999). "Cinema: Magnolia". Time Inc. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  37. ^ Bessman, Jim (December 16, 1999). "Music blossomed into film ; Magnolia director was inspired by Aimee Mann's work". Toronto Star. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  38. ^ Nichols, Natalie (January 2000). The Mann Act. Los Angeles Magazine. p. 22. Retrieved January 22, 2012.
  39. ^ "Oscars Ceremonies 2000". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  40. ^ a b c Patterson, John (February 1, 2003). "Boogie knight". The Guardian. Retrieved February 17, 2011.
  41. ^ a b Puig, Claudia (October 7, 2002). "The proof of 'Punch-Drunk Love' is in the pudding". USA Today. Gannett Co. Inc. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  42. ^ Rovzar, Chris (March 11, 2007). "Comic takes on 9/11". Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  43. ^ Hartlaub, Peter (March 12, 2007). "Hey, it's Adam Sandler! But what's this? A drama?". Hearst Corporation. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  44. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Punch-Drunk Love". Cannes Film Festival. Retrieved October 25, 2009.
  45. ^ Goodwin, Christopher (November 25, 2007). "Daniel Day-Lewis Gives Blood, Sweat and Tears". The Sunday Times. Times Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved December 21, 2009.
  46. ^ New York Times Editors (February 22, 2008). "'Oil!' and the History of Southern California". The New York Times. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  47. ^ "There Will Be Blood (2007) — Box Office Mojo". Box Office Mojo. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved April 8, 2008.
  48. ^ Barnes, Brooks; Carr, David (January 23, 2008). "'No Country' and 'Blood' Lead Oscar Nominations". The New York Times Company. Retrieved February 17, 2011.
  49. ^ a b "Oscars Ceremonies 2008". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  50. ^ "BAFTA Film Award Winners in 2008". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Archived from the original on February 13, 2012. Retrieved February 19, 2008.
  51. ^ "Directors Guild announces nominations". Rope of Silicon. LLC. December 20, 2007. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved December 31, 2007.
  52. ^ "There Will Be Blood Wins the Decade— there will be blood". Gawker Media. December 18, 2009. Retrieved February 7, 2010.
  53. ^ "The 25 Best Films of the 21st Century So Far". The New York Times. June 9, 2017. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 12, 2017.
  54. ^ Fleming, Michael (December 2, 2009). "Anderson working on 'Master'". Variety. Reed Business Information. Archived from the original on November 8, 2012. Retrieved December 2, 2009.
  55. ^ Cieply, Michael (April 18, 2012). "Filmmaker's Newest Work Is About ... Something". Retrieved April 18, 2012.
  56. ^ Sneider, Jeff (July 27, 2012). "Plemons joins P.T. Anderson drama". Variety. Archived from the original on July 30, 2012. Retrieved July 29, 2012.
  57. ^ "The Master". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixter. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
  58. ^ "The Master". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
  59. ^ Pilkington, Ed (April 26, 2011). "Church of Scientology snaps up Hollywood film studio". Retrieved March 9, 2011.
  60. ^ "Oscars Ceremonies 2013". Oscars. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  61. ^ McNary, Dave (June 11, 2013). "Joaquin Phoenix's 'Inherent Vice' Starting to Boost L.A. Production". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  62. ^ Brodesser-Akner, Claude (February 10, 2011). "Paul Thomas Anderson's Scientology Movie and Inherent Vice Adaptation Close to Finding Financing". Vulture. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
  63. ^ Foundas, Scott (September 5, 2012). "Paul Thomas Anderson, The Master's Master". Village Voice.
  64. ^ Lim, Dennis (December 27, 2012). "A Director Continues His Quest". Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  65. ^ Brooks, Brian (August 24, 2014). "New York Film Festival to Debut 30 Features in 2014 Main Slate". Film Society of Lincoln Center. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  66. ^ "Oscars Ceremonies 2015". Oscars. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  67. ^ Perez, Rodrigo (October 2015). "NYFF Review: Paul Thomas Anderson's Doc 'Junun' Featuring Shye Ben Tzur, Jonny Greenwood & The Rajasthan Express". Indiewire. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  68. ^ Plaugic, Lizzie (August 21, 2015). "Paul Thomas Anderson is making a documentary about Radiohead's Jonny Greenwood". The Verge. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  69. ^ "Junun". Film Society of Lincoln Center. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  70. ^ a b Sharf, Zack (March 30, 2017). "Paul Thomas Anderson and Daniel Day-Lewis' Fashion Drama Sets Christmas Release Date". Indiewire. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  71. ^ Vincent, Alice (June 21, 2017). "Phantom Thread: everything you need to know about Daniel Day-Lewis's final film". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  72. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (September 8, 2016). "Focus Wins WW Rights Auction For Paul Thomas Anderson Pic; Daniel Day-Lewis Stars". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
  73. ^ Chitwood, Adam (June 29, 2017). "Yes, Paul Thomas Anderson Is Serving as His Own Cinematographer on 'Phantom Thread'". Collider. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  74. ^ Sullivan, Kevin P. (November 2, 2017). "Paul Thomas Anderson opens up about Phantom Thread for the first time". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  75. ^ "Oscars Ceremonies 2018". Oscars. Retrieved March 13, 2020.
  76. ^ Rubin, Rebecca (December 18, 2019). "Paul Thomas Anderson's Next Film Lands at Focus Features". Variety. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  77. ^ "Paul Thomas Anderson Sets 1970s High School Movie for 2020 Production". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  78. ^
  79. ^ Raup, Jordan (November 19, 2020). "Paul Thomas Anderson's Soggy Bottom Wraps Filming". The Film Stage. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  80. ^ Hollwedel, Zach (January 22, 2015). "Watch: 'Saturday Night Live' Sketch 'Fanatic' Written & Directed By Paul Thomas Anderson and Starring Ben Affleck". IndieWire. (Penske Media Corporation). Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  81. ^ Carr, David (July 23, 2005). "Lake Wobegon Goes Hollywood (or Is It Vice Versa?), With a Pretty Good Cast". The New York Times. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  82. ^ "Paul Thomas Anderson's Top-Secret Play Revealed". Vulture. August 8, 2008. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  83. ^ Kaufman, Gil (May 9, 2012). "Paul Thomas Anderson's Music Videos: 11 Clips From Radiohead, Fiona Apple, Joanna Newsom & More". Billboard. (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  84. ^ Winfrey, Graham (July 18, 2017). "Paul Thomas Anderson's New Short Film 'Valentine' Is an Exquisite Rock Opera". Indiewire. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  85. ^ Reed, Ryan (October 2, 2017). "Watch Haim Lead Exuberant Dance in 'Little of Your Love' Video". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
  86. ^ Sharf, Zack (September 25, 2017). "Paul Thomas Anderson and Haim's 'Valentine' Short Film is 14 Minutes of 35mm Heaven — Watch". Indiewire. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  87. ^ a b Blistein, Jon (June 20, 2019). "Thom Yorke Details New Solo Album 'Anima'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  88. ^ "Paul Thomas Anderson".
  89. ^ a b c d e f King, Cubie (2005). "Punch Drunk Love: The Budding of an Auteur". Senses of Cinema (35). Retrieved September 24, 2010.
  90. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin. "Paul Thomas Anderson Says 'Call Me By Your Name' Is His Favorite Film Of 2017 & More". The Playlist. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  91. ^ "Stanley Kubrick Made Paul Thomas Anderson Feel Like A 'Hollywood Asshole' on 'Eyes Wide Shut' Set". IndieWire. April 15, 2019.
  92. ^ a b c d e f Coyle, Jake (February 2, 2008). "Director ignored instinct in 'Blood'". The Columbus Dispatch. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2010.
  93. ^ Deacy, Christopher (2005). Faith in film: religious themes in contemporary cinema. Ashgate Publishing. p. 29. ISBN 0-7546-5158-4.
  94. ^ Berra, John (2010). Directory of World Cinema: American Independent. Intellect Books. pp. 92–93. ISBN 978-1-84150-368-4.
  95. ^ "Master, The Script at IMSDb". Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  96. ^ "Magnolia Script at IMSDb". Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  97. ^ "PUNCH-DRUNK LOVE by Paul Thomas Anderson". Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  98. ^ "Boogie Nights Script at IMSDb". Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  99. ^ a b c Crous, André (November 25, 2007). "Paul Thomas Anderson: Tracking through a Fantastic Reality". Senses of Cinema (45). Retrieved September 21, 2010.
  100. ^ Reeling | The number 82 in "Magnolia". (January 12, 2008). Retrieved on 2014-05-22.
  101. ^ Noah, Timothy (January 3, 2008). "What's Wrong With There Will Be Blood". Slate. Graham Holdings Company. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  102. ^ "There Will Be Blood". American Film Institute. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
  103. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin. "Josh Brolin Joins Growing Ensemble Cast of Paul Thomas Anderson's 'Inherent Vice'". SnagFilms. indieWire. Archived from the original on September 22, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  104. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (March 29, 2014). "Josh Brolin Says 'Inherent Vice' Goes "In A Direction That The Book Doesn't Necessarily Go"". SnagFilms. indieWire. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
  105. ^ a b "AFI AWARDS 2007". American Film Institute. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
  106. ^ Schwarzbaum, Lisa (September 19, 2012). "'The Master' Review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  107. ^ "What Inherent Vice tells us about modern America". December 12, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  108. ^ Mayshark, Jesse Fox (2007). Post-pop cinema: the search for meaning in new American film. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-275-99080-0.
  109. ^ Butler, Robert W. (January 10, 2000). "'Magnolia' director still aiming high". Knight Ridder. The Free Lance-Star Publishing Co. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  110. ^ Fuchs, Cynthia (January 10, 2000). "Punch-Drunk Love (2002)". PopMatters. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  111. ^ Johnston, Robert K. (2004). Useless Beauty: Ecclesiastes Through The Lens Of Contemporary Film. Baker Academic. p. 91. ISBN 978-0-8010-2785-7. paul thomas anderson close encounters.
  112. ^ a b c Cieply, Michael (April 18, 2012). "Filmmaker's Newest Work Is About ... Something". Retrieved April 18, 2012.
  113. ^ Heisler, Steve; Wolinsky, David (March 12, 2009). "Who the hell is Paul F. Tompkins?". The A.V. Club. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
  114. ^ Ledford, Colton (September 19, 2016). "Paul Thomas Anderson & Daniel Day-Lewis Will Be Reunited and It Feels So Good". Film School Rejects. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  115. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (May 1, 2013). "Paul Thomas Anderson's 'Inherent Vice' Starts Shooting This Month, WB Backing Picture & Robert Elswit To Lens". SnagFilms. indieWire. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  116. ^ "Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind: A Focus Features Film: Jon Brion Bio". NBCUniversal. Archived from the original on May 19, 2012. Retrieved May 18, 2012.
  117. ^ Kreps, Daniel (February 1, 2017). "Jonny Greenwood to Score New Paul Thomas Anderson Film". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  118. ^ "Dylan Tichenor profile". AllMovie. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  119. ^ Morrison, Angela (February 3, 2017). "Together Again: Jonny Greenwood, Paul Thomas Anderson, and Daniel Day-Lewis". Film School Rejects. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
  120. ^ Hernandez, Eugene (December 24, 2009). "Decade: Paul Thomas Anderson on "There Will Be Blood"". Retrieved September 24, 2010.
  121. ^ Nussbaum, Emily (March 16, 2020). "Fiona Apple's Art of Radical Sensitivity". The New Yorker.
  122. ^ Stanhope, Kate (July 19, 2011). "It's a Boy for Maya Rudolph and Paul Thomas Anderson". TV Guide. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  123. ^ "Maya Rudolph Shares Her Excitement Over Third Pregnancy". Access Hollywood. NBCUniversal. May 1, 2011. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
  124. ^ "Maya Rudolph Announces She's Pregnant on "The View"!". ABC. The Walt Disney Company. May 12, 2009. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
  125. ^ D'Zurilla, Christie (March 21, 2011). "Maya Rudolph expecting baby No. 3 with Paul Thomas Anderson". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 26, 2011.
  126. ^ "Maya Rudolph Expecting Second Child". October 23, 2005. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
  127. ^ Michaud, Sarah (December 4, 2009). "Maya Rudolph Welcomes a Girl". Retrieved February 10, 2010.
  128. ^ Eggenberger, Nicole (September 10, 2013). "Maya Rudolph Welcomes Fourth Child!". Us Weekly. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  129. ^ "Maya Rudolph Welcomes Son Jack". July 19, 2011. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
  130. ^ Flint Marx, Rebecca. "Paul Thomas Anderson – Biography – Movies & TV". Retrieved February 10, 2010.
  131. ^ "Sight & Sound – The Best Films of 2008" (PDF). British Film Institute. 19 (1): 64. January 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 20, 2011. Retrieved September 17, 2010.
  132. ^ Laurent, Joseph (January 28, 2003). "BBC – Films – interview – Paul Thomas Anderson". BBC Online. BBC. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
  133. ^ Ali Catterall; Charlie Lyne; Gwilym Mumford; Damon Wise (August 31, 2012). "The 23 best film directors in the world today". Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  134. ^ Stack, Tom (February 22, 2011). "25 Greatest Working Directors". Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  135. ^ Travers, Peter (September 10, 2012). "The Master". Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  136. ^ "Sydsvenska Dagbladet Interview". May 2002.
  137. ^ Andrew Noakes (November 28, 2012). "Sam Mendes: Skyfall". (Podcast). KCRW. Event occurs at 20:24. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  138. ^ Best Director - Motion Picture: Ben Affleck - Golden Globe Awards. YouTube (January 13, 2013). Retrieved on 2014-05-22.
  1. ^ Rudolph refers to Anderson as her husband.[1]

External links

This page was last edited on 22 February 2021, at 01:11
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.