To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Party of Reason

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Party of Reason

Partei der Vernunft
LeaderFriedrich Dominicus
General SecretaryDirk Hesse
Deputy leadersEnrico Pietzsch,
Charles Krüger
Executive directorMaria Zanke
TreasurerAlexander Malchow
Additional executive committee membersGeorg Semmler, Stefanie Kaiser, Lilia Kalaschnikova
Founded30 May 2009 (2009-05-30)
HeadquartersMarkgrafenstr. 15
76646 Bruchsal
Membership (2011)> 1,000[1]
European affiliationEuropean Party for Individual Liberty (EPIL)[2]
International affiliationInternational Alliance of Libertarian Parties,[3]
Slogan"Wir lieben Freiheit."
(We love liberty.)
0 / 709
Regional Parliaments
0 / 1,855
European Parliament
0 / 96

The Party of Reason (German: Partei der Vernunft, PDV) is a libertarian political party in Germany founded in 2009 by the journalist and author Oliver Janich.[5][6]

The party's policies are based on the Austrian School of economics. It campaigns for a minimal state, free markets, free banking and currency competition, decentralization of political power, subsidiarity and direct democracy. It rejects nationalism, racism and any kind of anti-democratic politics, whether from left or right, and censorship of the internet.[7][third-party source needed]

In September 2013, the PDV, together with libertarian parties from Spain (Party of Individual Freedom), France (Liberal Democratic Party) and the Netherlands (Libertarian Party) signed the Utrecht Declaration and Covenant of European Classical Liberal and Libertarian Parties, establishing the European Party for Individual Liberty (EPIL).[8][9]


Party of Reason information booth about the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), Munich, June 2012.
Party of Reason information booth about the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), Munich, June 2012.

In 2011, the PDV participated in the local elections in Lower Saxony, winning one seat in the Flecken Harsefeld municipal council, two seats in the Samtgemeinde Harsefeld municipal council, and a further seat in the Bremervörde municipal council.[10][11][12]

Harald Ebert, member of the City council of Erding, and former member of the Free Democratic Party (FDP), joined the PDV in 2012.[13][14][15]

The party's first participation in German state elections was in the 2012 North Rhine-Westphalia state election on 13 May 2012, but it did not secure any seats in the Landtag.[16][17]

The PDV participated 2013 federal election on 22 September 2013,[18] attaining ballot access in four states (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate),[19] and winning almost 25,000 second votes (0.1%).[20] The party also fielded a number of direct candidates.[21]


  1. ^ Partei der Vernunft" gegründet ‹See Tfd›(in German),, June 25, 2011.
  2. ^ "The Utrecht Declaration and Covenant of European Classical Liberal and Libertarian Parties". Retrieved 2013-10-05.
  3. ^ "IALP Members". Retrieved 2015-06-21.
  4. ^ "Interlibertarians Members". Retrieved 2013-06-17.
  5. ^ Erben der FDP? ‹See Tfd›(in German), Telepolis, March 13, 2012.
  6. ^ 30. Mai im Hambacher Schloß: Partei der Vernunft wird gegründet ‹See Tfd›(in German), May 25, 2009.
  7. ^ Manifesto - Partei der Vernunft Archived 2015-06-21 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-04. Retrieved 2013-10-30.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ Election results of the 2011 local elections in Lower Saxony – Fleckenrat Harsefeld –  Samtgemeinderat Harsefeld Archived 2012-08-01 at,, accessed on April 12, 2012.
  11. ^ Election results of the 2011 local elections in Lower Saxony – Fleckenrat Harsefeld Archived 2012-08-01 at,, accessed on April 12, 2012.
  12. ^ Election results of the 2011 local elections in Lower Saxony – Stadtrat Bremervörde und Ortsräte in den einzelnen Ortsteilen,, accessed on April 18, 2012.
  13. ^ Das große Stühlerücken im Erdinger Stadtrat ‹See Tfd›(in German), Merkur online, September 30, 2011.
  14. ^ Stadtrat Archived 2012-03-29 at the Wayback Machine, Stadt Erding, accessed on June 24, 2012.
  15. ^ Landesvorstand Bayern ‹See Tfd›(in German), pdv, accessed on June 24, 2012.
  16. ^ Parteien mit Landesliste im Überblick (3)‹See Tfd›(in German), WDR, accessed on April 19, 2012.
  17. ^ Preliminary results of the 2012 North Rhine-Westphalia state election; accessed on May 13, 2012.
  18. ^ "Die Partei der Vernunft beschließt einstimmig die Teilnahme an der Bundestagswahl 2013" (in German). Archived from the original on 2012-10-28.
  19. ^ "Kandidaten zur Bundestagswahl am 22. September 2013" (in German). Archived from the original on 2013-11-02.
  20. ^ "Endgültiges Ergebnis der Bundestagswahl 2013" (in German). Archived from the original on 2015-02-06.
  21. ^ "Kandidaten zur Bundestagswahl am 22. September 2013" (in German). Archived from the original on 2013-11-02.

External links

This page was last edited on 29 June 2019, at 00:43
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.