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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Parman lira
lira nuova (Italian)
Maria Luigia 10 soldi 768767.jpg
10 soldi coin by Marie Louise
Denominations
Subunit
 1/100centesimo
Symbol
Nicknamefranc
Coinsc.1, c.3, c.5
s.5, s.10, ₤1, ₤2, ₤5
 Rarely used₤20, ₤40
Demographics
Official user(s) Parma
Unofficial user(s) Monaco,  France,  Piedmont,  Andorra
Issuance
MintMilan Mint, Parma Mint
Valuation
Pegged byFrench franc
This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.

The lira (plural: lire) was the distinct currency of Parma before 1802 and again from 1815 to 1859.

History

First lira

The Duchy of Parma issued its own currency until it was annexed to France in 1802. This lira was subdivided into 20 soldi (singular: soldo), each of 12 denari (singular: denaro), with the sesino worth 6 denari and the ducato was worth 7 lire. The currency was replaced by the French franc.

Second lira

After the re-establishment of Parman independence, a national currency was introduced in 1815. Also called the lira, it was subdivided into 20 soldi or 100 centesimi. However, this lira was equal to the French franc and the Sardinian lira, and it circulated alongside the latter. It weighed 5 grams, and had a purity of 9/10 of silver. Since 1860, Parma has used the equivalent Italian lira.

Coins

First lira

In the late 18th century, circulation coins included copper 1 sesino, billon 5, 10 and 20 soldi, silver ½, 1, 3 and 6 lire, and 1/14, 1/7, ½, and 1 ducato. Gold coins were issued in denominations of 1 zecchino and ½, 1, 3, 4, 6 and 8 doppia.

Second lira

In 1815, silver coins were introduced in denominations of 5 and 10 soldi, 1, 2 and 5 lire, together with gold 20 and 40 lire. Copper 1, 3 and 5 centesimi were added in 1830. All coins until the death of Marie Louise were minted by the Austrian State in Milan. When the House of Bourbon rose to the throne in 1847, the Parman mint was re-opened but the intended issue of copper 1, 2 and 5 centisimi was abandoned after the duke Charles III, whose effigy was presented on the coins, was assassinated in 1854. The only issued coin, 5 lira of 1858, was struck in 1000 copies.

References

  • Krause, Chester L.; Clifford Mishler (1978). Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1979 Edition. Colin R. Bruce II (senior editor) (5th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0873410203.

External links

This page was last edited on 9 December 2018, at 20:33
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