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Parisii (Gaul)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Location of the Parisii.
Location of the Parisii.
A map of Gaul in the 1st century BCE, showing the relative positions of the Celtic tribes.
A map of Gaul in the 1st century BCE, showing the relative positions of the Celtic tribes.
Gold coins of the Parisii, 1st century BCE (Cabinet des Médailles, Paris).
Gold coins of the Parisii, 1st century BCE (Cabinet des Médailles, Paris).
Coin of the Parisii: obverse with horse, 1st century BCE (Cabinet des Médailles, Paris).
Coin of the Parisii: obverse with horse, 1st century BCE (Cabinet des Médailles, Paris).
Coins of the Parisii (Metropolitan Museum of Art).
Coins of the Parisii (Metropolitan Museum of Art).

The Parisii were Celtic Iron Age people who lived on the banks of the river Seine (in Latin, Sequana) in Gaul from the middle of the 3rd century BCE until the Roman era.[citation needed]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ La fin des Parisii - Fragment de temps #5
  • ✪ The Animated History of France
  • ✪ Titus Labienus, Important General, 58-45 B.C.E.

Transcription

Fragment of time: The Parisii tribe * I do my best to offer you guys English subtitles, but there may be some mistakes. Sorry in advance ^^ * In 52 before Christ, the Parisii join the army lead by the Arverne leader Vercingetorix against the Roman occupation who's command by a really vindictive Caesar. I'm gonna take a little break to make things clear about Gauls's territory: which is called today the Gauls is in fact, on those days, a group of multiple tribes who doesn't speak the exact same language, doesn't pray to the same god and doesn't obey to the same leaders. Likewise, the Gaul, isn't already a nation. Those many tribes bear several names like: Arverne, Sénons, Bellovaques or in that case, the Parisii. In retaliation Caesar send is lieutenant, Titus Labienus, four of is legions and a part of his cavalry, in order to conquer Lutetia (Paris) that historians usually situate on "l’île de la citée" But its location is subject to discussion. In fact, they ain't 100% sure. Lutetia is, in that time, surrounded by a big swamp and the island where the city was ("l'île de la citée") is a good defensive place that offers a nice cover on the Celts's territory. Parisii, therefore, demand reinforcements from the surrounding peoples and receive the help of an old Aulerque leader coming from Mediolanum, today "Evreux", which everyone calls Camulogène, which means son of Camulus, the God of war. That's quite a title isn't it ? Camulogène is a warrior who know is thing. *Note: Who's old here ?* Sure he's quite old but through many battles he gained a reputation of fierce fighter who's able to command troops. Camulogène knows that his men, who mostly are fishermen, merchants, gatherers, have at that moment no chance against the legionaries in pitched battle. He therefore choose to avoid the fight as long as possible taking advantage of this respite to prepare his defenses and train his soldiers. He also ordered to burn the bridge which link to the city on the left shore, in order to cut off any access by the left side. Meanwhile, Titus Labienus is marching with his army toward Lutetia, but the travel is much more perilous than expected due to the marsh surrounding the island. Then he try to fill the dangerous areas but it dosen't work and many soldiers drowned in the marshes "de la Bièvre". Meanwhile, Camulogene had time to prepare his defenses. and when the Roman troops are seen on the horizon. Him and his mens are eager to confront them. The battle is hard ! But the Celt's quickly take the advantage which force Labienus to retreat in the middle of the night if he don't want to lose all his legionaries. He decide to go around the marshes by going down south where he can reach the right shore by crossing Metlosedum (today "Melun"). But again he find some difficulties because the inhabitants, who knew that they were coming, destroyed the brigde linking to their city. He then creates an access with several of his boats to join Metlosedum, Then once his troops accost, plunder the city. This time he encounter no resistance because most of the inhabitants have already fled or join the ranks of Camulogene. While the Celts celebrate their victory they are told by Senons spy, That Titus is attacking by the right bank. *Note: What do your Senons eyes see ?" Without a moment's thought, they apply the "scorched earth policy" that Vercingetorix used a lot in his campaign to burn anything that may be usefull to the Romans. and doing so, burns the bridge as well as their homes. For a Celt warrior, better a city destroyed by their own hands than the humiliation to see the Romans conquer it. The old chief then installs his Parisii, Aulerques and Senons warriors in front of the island, awaiting the arrival of the Roman legions. Titus eventually arrives with his troops and see that the city is turned to ashes. *note: Ah, ok... you guys are a real pain in the ass you know !* But whatever ! His orders are to conquer Lutetia no matter what. Even tho it is no more than a piece of land now. He set up his camp in front of the Celts on the opposite shore, the two armies being only separated by the river and a piece of land. But Labienus must do something quickly because another tribe, the Bellovaques is marching toward them and may attack from rear. He hesitate, however, to directly cross the river because he will be under the shots of 20 000 warriors ready for battle. One to three days passed without any movement of any kind. Camulogene counting on the arrival of his brothers-in-arms to cross, Labienus seeking for a solution. But the Romans leader is a brilliant strategist... and he finally come up with a plan that he try to set up as soon as possible. He send some of his soldiers down the river by boat over 4000 steps, then order them to wait there in an absolute silence. *Note: Look natural, guys. *Whistling** At the same time, five cohorts (ie a military group) were ordered to leave by the river toward Metlosedum making as much noise as they can in order to draw the attention of the Celts warriors. He as well let five cohorts to watch the camp, then reached the first cohorts with the rest of his troops. Camulogene first believed that the Romans were leaving. But his relief was short because his spies told him that the Roman army was separated. He then use the same tactics and split his troops in three. One part goes to Metlosedum, one watch the camp and he leave with the rest of his men toward Labienus. Titus who have joined his boats, start to cross the river and succeed to reach the shore without being spotted thanks to a loudy thunder which covered the noise. Camulogene's spies who were watching the river don't see them and end up slaughtered. The two armies then march towards each other and meet each other in "la plaine de Grenelle" (plain of Grenelle) for the final battle. The violence of the confrontation is almost unsustainable ! Arrows and strikes are thrown from everywere as the two leaders fights side by side with their men. The old Camulogene regains his former strength and for a very long time, the Celts, in spite of their undernumber, take the upper hand. But the Roman cavalry came in reinforcements from behind and destroy the ranks of the warriors. Camulogene still resist for some time with a handful of man but he eventually die on the battlefield, still carrying his sword. The Romans will buried the bodies at the very place of the battle and named the place: Champ de Mars, the field of war (Mars was the Romans war god) where now stand the Eiffel Tower. Thanks for your attention, I really hope that you enjoyed this video. Again, I did my best to put subtitles at your disposal even tho I don't speak English very well. I remind you and will probably do it every time now, that you can follow me on the social media and click on the little bell to stay tuned about my new videos coming, despite the new regulations of Youtube. Again, thanks a lot and see you' !

Contents

History

The Parisii colonized their chief city (or oppidum) about 250 BCE, as first mentioned in Julius Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico,[1]

In 52 BCE, in concert with the Suessiones, the Parisii participated in the general rising of Vercingetorix against Julius Caesar. Before the Roman period, the Parisii had their own gold coinage.[2]

The Parisii oppidum later[when?] became the site of Lutetia, an important city in the Roman province of Gallia Lugdunensis, and ultimately the modern city of Paris, whose name is derived from the name of the tribe. An ancient trade route between Germania and Hispania existed at the area, by way of the meeting of the Oise and Marne rivers with the Seine.[3][4]

According to the Commentarii de Bello Gallico, when[when?] the Romans entered this territory, the Parisii started burning down their own towns for they were willing to give up these possessions rather than have them taken by the Romans.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ E. Planta - A new picture of Paris; or, The stranger's guide to the French metropolis Samuel Leigh & Baldwin & Cradock 1831 (16th edition). Retrieved on 2017-04-23 from https://books.google.fr/books?id=jGMDAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA111&dq=Parisii,+Paris&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjv2rCA1LrTAhWGvBoKHWxOBRA4FBDoAQhRMAc#v=onepage&q=Parisii%2C%20Paris&f=false (1st return).
  2. ^ a b "Paris". Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica. 2014.
  3. ^ Andrew Ayers - The Architecture of Paris: An Architectural Guide Edition Axel Menges, 2004 ISBN 393069896X Retrieved 23 April 2017
  4. ^ H. Sauval - Histoire et recherches des antiquités de la ville de Paris, Volume 1 chés C. Moette, 1724 > 1st return Retrieved 23 April 2017

Bibliography

External links

Media related to Parisii (Gaul) at Wikimedia Commons

This page was last edited on 5 January 2019, at 15:18
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