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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Parinari
Parinari curatellifolia 1.jpg
Parinari curatellifolia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Chrysobalanaceae
Genus: Parinari
Aubl.[1]
Species

See text

Synonyms
  • Balantium Desv.
  • Dugortia Scop.
  • Ferolia Barrère ex Kuntze
  • Lepidocarpa Korth.
  • Parinarium Juss.
  • Petrocarya Schreb.
Parinari montana - MHNT
Parinari montana - MHNT

Parinari is a genus of plant in the family Chrysobalanaceae.[2]

Species of genus Parinari are found in Subsaharan Africa from Senegal to Sudan and Kenya and south to Namibia and Natal; in Eastern Madagascar; from Indochina through Indonesia, New Guinea, northern Queensland, and the southwest Pacific; and in Central and South America from Costa Rica to Trinidad and southern Brazil.[1][2] The oldest fossils of Parinari fruits are from the early Miocene of Ethiopia, Panama, and Colombia.[2]

The genus is closely related to Neocarya.[3]

Parinari can be distinguished from other genera in Chrysobalanaceae by the following characteristics:[4]

  • zygomorphic floral symmetry
  • 6-10 unilaterally-attached stamens per flower
  • ovary at side or mouth of receptacle-tube
  • leaf lower surface lanate and with hair-filled stomatal cavities and parallel secondaries closely spaced
  • pair of glands on leaf petiole
  • large, woody fruits

Species

As of May 2014 The Plant List recognises 42 accepted species (including infraspecific names):[5]

References

  1. ^ a b "Parinari Aubl". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
  2. ^ a b c "Jud, N.A., C. Nelson, F. Herrera, 2016 Fruits and wood of Parinari from the early Miocene of Panama and the fossil record of Chrysobalanaceae. American Journal of Botany 103 (2) 277-289.".
  3. ^ Chave, Jérôme; Prance, Ghillean T.; Sothers, Cynthia A.; Dexter, Kyle G.; Chamagne, Juliette; Bardon, Léa (2013-01-01). "Origin and evolution of Chrysobalanaceae: insights into the evolution of plants in the Neotropics". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 171 (1): 19–37. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2012.01289.x. ISSN 0024-4074.
  4. ^ Prance, G.T.; Sothers, C. (2009). "Neotropical Chrysobalanaceae". In Milliken, W.; Klitgård, B.; Baracat, A. (eds.). Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2019-09-17.
  5. ^ "Parinari". The Plant List. Retrieved 2014-05-18.


This page was last edited on 5 July 2020, at 03:41
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