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Armed Forces of Paraguay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Armed Forces of Paraguay
Fuerzas Armadas de Paraguay
Service branchesParaguayan Army
Paraguayan Air Force
Paraguayan Navy
Leadership
Commander-in-chiefMario Abdo Benítez
Minister of DefenseDiogenes Martínez
Commander of the Armed ForcesGeneral of the Army Luis Gonzaga Garcete Espinola
Manpower
Military age18
Available for
military service
1,678,335[1], age 16–49 (2010 est.)
Fit for
military service
1,409,859, age 16–49 (2010 est.)
Reaching military
age annually
73,367 (2010 est.)
Active personnel15,650 active military (2016)[2]
14,800 paramilitary (2012)[2]
Reserve personnel168,500 (2012)[2]
Expenditures
Budget$US 248 million (2011)[2]
Percent of GDP1.66%[1]
Industry
Foreign suppliers Mexico
 United States
 Brazil
 China
 Argentina
 Iran
 Chile
 Spain
 Taiwan
 Colombia
 Sweden
 Germany
 United Kingdom
 Canada
  Switzerland
 Russia
 Peru
 Italy
Related articles
RanksMilitary ranks of Paraguay

The Armed forces of Paraguay (Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas de Paraguay) consist of the Paraguayan army, navy (including naval aviation and marine corps) and air force.

The constitution of Paraguay establishes the president of Paraguay as the commander-in-chief.

Paraguay has compulsory military service, and all 18-year-old males and 17-year-olds in the year of their 18th birthday are liable for one year of active duty. Although the 1992 constitution allows for conscientious objection, no enabling legislation has yet been approved.

In July 2005, military aid in the form of U.S. Special Forces began arriving at Paraguay's Mariscal Estigarribia air base, a sprawling complex built in 1982.[3][4]

Army

In land forces the Paraguayan Army is composed of a Presidential Guards Regiment, composed two battalions (infantry and military police), an armored squadron, and a battery of field artillery, plus the operationally attached Mounted Ceremonial Squadron "Aca Caraya" (which serves independently but as the mounted escort in state events, and serves as part of the 4th Cavalry Regiment). Their equipment includes three Argentinean modified M-4 tanks, four EE-9 armored cars, four EE-11 armored personnel carriers (APCs), three M-9 half-tracks mounting 20mm guns, and four M-101 105 mm howitzers. Arguably, this "flagship" of military rule is structurally and physically the strongest of the EP. The REP is an independent unit from other commands. The EP features two artillery groups (GAC 1–12 88 mm QF-25 and GAC 2–12 105mm M-101) and one antiaircraft artillery group (GAA 13 40 mm L 40/60, Oerlikon 20 mm cannons, and six M-55 4x12, 7.0 mm).

Six battalions of combat engineers, one communications battalion, one Special Forces battalion, seven regiments of infantry, six regiments of cavalry (R.C.-2 equipped with 12 M3A1, five operational, 20 M9 half-tracks modernized and R.C.-3: 24 EE-9 Cascavels, eight EE-11 Urutu APCs plus utility trucks for motorized infantry). This has little organic aviation available to it.

Each corps has a weapons school run by its command. The logistical command manages 10 addresses materials, mobilization, health care, etc. The command of the Army Institute of Education administers three schools, commissioned and noncommissioned officers, a military academy, and the CIMEFOR (a center for pre-military study that trains Reserve officers).

Each of the nine divisions that make up the three corps has one or two regiments of infantry or cavalry, its platoon of engineers, its communications section, military police units, etc.

Navy

Naval Jack of Paraguay
Naval Jack of Paraguay

Although Paraguay is a landlocked country, it has a strong naval tradition by virtue of the fact that it has access to the Atlantic Ocean through the ParaguayParaná rivers. The Paraguayan Navy has twelve bases. The main base is the Puerto Sajonia in Asuncion, followed by Bahia Negra, Ciudad del Este, Encarnacion, Salto del Guaira. It also has facilities in Puerto Sajonia for helicopters and airplanes in SGAS. Naval personnel including Marine Corps aviation personnel, and the naval inward waters prefecture equal about 8,950. The Marine Corps have 800 marines, of which 400 are assigned to one commando unit with the rest being organized into a single battalion consisting of three companies.

In terms of vessels, the Navy has 34 surface ships, some of which have reached centenarian age. (This is due in part to limited use and floating in fresh water.) The main vessels and the flagship of the Paraguay Navy is still Humaita, which was commissioned prior to Paraguay's involvement in the Chaco War. It has a further four patrol vessels, of which the oldest was commissioned in 1908 and the newest in 1985. The Navy has 17 patrol boats of various drafts, four of which were donated by Taiwan and the United States, while the other 13 were built locally. The rest of the fleet is composed of tugboats, barges, landing craft, transports, and a presidential yacht. The new additions are four Croc-class riverine vessels from Australia, plus 43 locally built riverline patrol vessels constructed from 2006–2009.

Order of battle

COMANFLOT: Comando de la Flota de Guerra.(Fleet Forces Command)

COMIM: Comando de Infantería de Marina.(Fleet Marine Command)

  • Marine Forces Regiment
    • BIM 1 - Rosario
    • BIM 2 - Vallemi
    • BIM 3 - Carapegua
    • Marine Commando Battalion
  • COMAVAN(Naval Aviation Command)

Grupo Aeronaval de Helicópteros (GAHE), Sajonia

Escuadrilla de Helicópteros de Ataque (EHA)

Escuadrilla de Propósitos Generales (EPG)

Grupo Aeronaval de Propósitos Generales (GAPROGEN)

Grupo Aeronaval de Entrenamiento (GAEN)

  • COAPCOM: Comando de Apoyo al Combate.(Combat Support Command)
  • CINAE: Comando de Institutos Navales y Enseñanza(Naval Education and Training Command)
  • PGN: Prefectura General Naval.(General Naval Prefecture)

Cuartel General (Command)

Estado Mayor (HQ)

Prefectura Zona Pilar (Pilar Naval Prefecture)

Prefectura Zona Alberdi (Alberdi Naval Prefecture)

Prefectura Zona Central (Central Naval Prefecture)

Prefectura Zona Concepcion (Cencepcion Naval Prefecture)

Prefectura Zona Olimpo (Olimpo Naval Prefecture)

  • DIRMAT: Dirección del Material (Material Directorate)
  • DIAPSER: Dirección de Apoyo al Servicio (Service Support Directorate)

Naval aviation

Aircraft Origin Type Version In service Notes
Helicopters
Helibras HB350 Brazil Utility / SAR HB350B 1[5]

Air Force

Air Force roundel
Air Force roundel

The air force, the newest and smallest of the services, has about 1,100 personnel as of 2012.[6] The Paraguayan Air Forces is organised in an Air Brigade of seven air groups and a brigade of paratroopers on battalion level. Almost all operating units are based in premises at Silvio Pettirossi International Airport (SGAS) in Asunción.

The units comprising the force are: the Aerotactico group (TAG) with three fighter squadrons (numbered 1 to 3), respectively equipped with the MB-326, T-33 and EMB-312. The first two are in storage or operating either by withdrawal of this aircraft. The squadron "Moros", equipped with Tucanos, has only one squadron (3 airplanes active). The Air Transport Group (GTA) operates aircraft of the CASA, DHC-6, and Beechcraft types. The Helicopter air group (HLG) has a SAR squadron, a utility squadron, and a squadron of attack craft, and is equipped with ex-Taiwanese UH-1H and Brazilian HB-350B aircraft. The Air Group Instruction (AFI) has materials and T-25 and T-35 aircraft. Photogrammetric called air group (GAF) and group aviation maintenance section (SEMAER) do not have aircraft assigned. The Parachute Brigade operates CASA aircraft. Paraguayan Helicopters constantly flew the skies of Asuncion during the visit of Pope Francis in July 2015

Besides these groups is a command of Institutes of Education and one of regions air, this latter has nominal jurisdiction over 12 tracks and airports as six of these are considered Air Bases.[7]

Order of battle

  • 1º Brigada Aérea (Air Brigade; Asunción/Base Aérea Ñu Guazú)
    • Grupo Aerotáctico (Air Tactical Group; Asunción/Base Aérea Pettirossi)
    • 1º Escuadrón de Caza 'Guaraní' (Escuadrilla 'Orion' y 'Centauro'), no longer active
    • 2º Escuadrón de Caza 'Indios' (Escuadrilla 'Taurus' y 'Scorpio'), no longer active
    • 3º Escuadrón de Reconocimiento y Ataque 'Moros' (Reconnaissance and Attack Squadron; Escuadrilla 'Gamma' y 'Omega'): EMB-312
    • Grupo Aéreo de Instrucción (Instrucción Air Group) 'Escuadrón Fenix': T-25A
    • Escuadrilla 'Antares' / 'Pantera' / 'Halcón': T-35A/B

Aircraft

Current inventory

A Paraguayan Air Force CASA 212
A Paraguayan Air Force CASA 212
Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Combat aircraft
EMB 312 Tucano Brazil Light attack / trainer 6[8]
Transport aircraft
 Cessna 208 United States Transport 2[8]
Cessna 310 United States utility 2[9]
Cessna 402 United States Transport 1[8]
Cessna 206 United States utility 12[9]
CASA C-212 Spain Transport / medevac 2[8]
Beechcraft Baron United States Transport 1[8]
Helicopters
Bell 427 United States 1[9]
Bell UH-1 United States Utility UH-1H 13[8]
Helibras HB350 Brazil Utility 1[8]
Trainer aircraft
ENAER T-35 Chile Basic trainer 9[8]

Retired

Previous aircraft operated by the Air Force consisted of the Aermacchi MB-326, Aerotec T-23, AgustaWestland AW109, Airco DH.9, Ansaldo SVA, Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8, AT-6 Harvard, Aviatik B.I, Avro Anson, Beechcraft Super King Air, Bell H-13 Sioux, Bell UH-1B Iroquois, Boeing 707, Boeing-Stearman Model 75, Breda Ba.15, Breda Ba.25, Breda Ba.44, Breda Ba.65, Bréguet 14, CANT 26, CAP-4 Paulistinha, Caproni A.P.1, Caproni Ca.309, Cessna 185, Cessna 210, Cessna T-41 Mescalero, Consolidated PBY Catalina, Consolidated PT-11, Convair C-131 Samaritan, Convair CV-240 family, Curtiss Falcon, Curtiss Robin, de Havilland DH.60 Moth, de Havilland Dove, Deperdussin TT, Dewoitine D.21, DHC-2 Beaver, DHC-3 Otter, DHC-6 Twin Otter, Douglas C-47 Skytrain, Douglas DC-6, Fairchild PT-19, Fiat CR.20, Fiat CR.30, Fiat CR.32, Fleet Model 1, Fokker S-11, Hanriot HD.1, Hanriot HD.32, Hiller UH-12, Junkers A50, Lockheed T-33, Macchi M.3, Macchi M.7, Morane-Saulnier AR, Morane-Saulnier MS.138, Morane-Saulnier MS.760 Paris, Muniz M-9, Piper J-3 Cub, Piper PA-23, Potez 25, PZL-104 Wilga, SIAI S.52, SPAD S.XX, Travel Air 6000, Vultee BT-13 Valiant and the Wibault 7. [10][9]

Gallery

Military ranks

Officer ranks

The stars worn by Army and Air Force lieutenants (Sub-Teniente, Teniente, Teniente 1ro) and captains are silver in color. The ones worn by the Major, Lieutenant Colonel and Colonel are gold. The army officers branch is denoted by the color of circular pads under the stars, which is also the same color used for the chevron. Red denotes branches such as Infantry and Artillery, while Cavalry is denoted by a pink. A darker red denotes support branches such as Engineering Corps, Communications, and Intelligence. Green means Supply and Transportation, while purple is reserved for the Medicine Branch. Generals' special chevron consists of a woven depiction of the olive and palm found in the national emblem in gold threads.

Paraguayan Officer Ranks and their US Military counterpart

Enlisted ranks

As in the case of the army officers, the army enlisted branch is denoted by the color of their chevrons and bars. The colors and meanings are the same as the ones explained above.

Paraguayan Enlisted Ranks and their US Military counterpart

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "CIA World Fact Book "Paraguay"". cia.gov. 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d IISS (2012), p. 398
  3. ^ "U.S. Military Moves in Paraguay Rattle Regional Relations". International Relations Center. December 14, 2005. Archived from the original on 2007-06-12. Retrieved 26 October 2006.
  4. ^ US Marines put a foot in Paraguay, El Clarín, September 9, 2005 (in Spanish)
  5. ^ "World Air Forces 2020". Flightglobal Insight. 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  6. ^ IISS (2012), p. 399
  7. ^ Paraguayan military aviation OrBat
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h "World Air Forces 2021". FlightGlobal. 4 December 2020. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d "Paraguayan Air Force". aeroflight.co.uk. Retrieved 18 January 2021.
  10. ^ JSRJ 1976, p. 63.

Bibliography

  • International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) (2012). "The Military Balance 2012". The Military Balance : Annual Estimates of the Nature and Size of the Military Forces of the Principal Powers. London: IISS. ISSN 0459-7222.
  • Ehlers, Hartmut (2004). "The Paraguayan Navy: Past and Present". Warship International. XLI (1): 79–97. ISSN 0043-0374.
  • Ehlers, Hartmut (2004). "The Paraguayan Navy: Past and Present, Part II". Warship International. XLI (2): 173–206. ISSN 0043-0374.
  • Ehlers, Hartmut (2007). "The Paraguayan Navy: Past and Present, Part III". Warship International. XLIV (2): 183–214. ISSN 0043-0374.
  • Joint Services Recognition Journal. London: Ministry of Defence. 1976.
  • Rauch, Georg von (n.d.). "The Green Hell Air War". Air Enthusiast Quarterly (2): 207–213. ISSN 0143-5450.
  • Sapienza, Antonio Luis (May 2001). "L'aviation militare paraguayenne durant la seconde guerre mondiale" [Paraguayan Military Aviation During the Second World War]. Avions: Toute l'Aéronautique et son histoire (in French) (98): 30–33. ISSN 1243-8650.

External links

This page was last edited on 27 February 2021, at 12:27
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