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Pappenheim (state)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lordship (County) of Pappenheim

Herrschaft (Grafschaft) Pappenheim
1030–1806
Coat of arms
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire
CapitalPappenheim
GovernmentPrincipality
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Lordship founded
ca 1030
• Partitioned in four
1439
• Partitioned in twain
1558
• Raised to county
1628
• Stühlingen inherited
    by Fürstenberg

1629
1806
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Swabia
Kingdom of Bavaria

Pappenheim was a German statelet in western Bavaria, Germany, located on the Altmühl river between Treuchtlingen and Solnhofen, and south of Weißenburg.

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Transcription

Contents

History

Pappenheim originated as a Lordship around 1030, and was raised to a county in 1628.

The first member of the House of Pappenheim was Henricus Caput, mentioned in 1111 as vassal of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor. From about 1100 until 1806 the Lords and Counts of Pappenheim held the position of hereditary marshals of the Holy Roman Empire, a court office that made them deputies of the Empire's arch marshals, the Electors of Saxony, with certain ceremonial tasks at the Coronation of the Holy Roman Emperor. Being immediate to the Emperor, Pappenheim was a member of the Swabian bench of Imperial Counts with one collective vote in the Imperial Diet.

Pappenheim was partitioned twice: between itself, Alesheim (Aletzheim), Gräfenthal and Treuchtlingen in 1439; and between itself and Stühlingen in 1558. Pappenheim absorbed Alesheim in 1697, Gräfenthal in 1536, and Treuchtlingen in 1647. Treuchtlingen was purchased in 1447/53 and, after the Treuchtlingen branch went enxtinct in 1647, became part of the Principality of Ansbach. Stühlingen, acquired in 1582, was inherited by Fürstenberg in 1639. Pappenheim was mediatised by Bavaria in 1806.

In 1815, the Congress of Vienna recognized that Pappenheim should receive compensation for their loss of the hereditary office of Imperial marshal. The former Saar department of the First French Empire was divided five ways, with one of the portions granted to Pappenheim as sovereign territory. Shortly thereafter, the family exchanged title to their land to Prussia for a monetary payment.[1] Pappenheim was formally recognized by Bavaria as a mediatized house in 1831, after all claims were settled. The family belongs to High nobility.

Heads of state

Lords of Pappenheim (c. 1030–1628)

Coat of arms of the Lords and Counts of Pappenheim as hereditary marshals of the Holy Roman Empire
Coat of arms of the Lords and Counts of Pappenheim as hereditary marshals of the Holy Roman Empire
  • Henry I (c. 1030–?)
  • Henry II
  • Henry III
  • Ernest (?–1170)
  • Henry I (1170–93)
  • Rudolph I (1193–1221)
  • Frederick (1221–40) with...
    • Rudolph II (1221–33)
  • Henry III (1240–78)
  • Henry IV (1278–1318)
  • Rudolph I (1313–35)
  • Rudolph II (1335–45)
  • Henry V (1345–87)
  • Haupt I (1387–1409)
  • Haupt II (1409–39) with...
    • Sigismund (1409–36)
  • Henry (1439–82)
  • William (1482–1508)
  • Joachim (1508–36)
  • Wolfgang I (1536–58)
  • Christopher (1558–69) with...
    • Philip (1558–19) and...
    • Wolfgang II (1558–85) and...
  • Wolfgang Christopher (1585–1628)

Counts of Pappenheim (1628–1806)

Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim (1594–1632), field marshal of the Holy Roman Empire in the Thirty Years' War
Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim (1594–1632), field marshal of the Holy Roman Empire in the Thirty Years' War
  • Wolfgang Christopher (1628–35)
  • Wolfgang Philip (Count of Aletzheim) (1628–71)
  • Charles Philip Gustav (1671–92)
  • Louis Francis (1692–97)
  • Christian Ernest (Count of Aletzheim) (1697–1721) with...
    • John Frederick (Count of Aletzheim) (1697–1731) and...
    • Frederick Ernest (1721–25) and...
    • Albert Louis Frederick (1725–33)
  • Frederick Ferdinand (1733–73)
  • John Frederick Ferdinand (1773–92)
  • Charles Theodore Frederick Eugene Francis (1792–1806)
    • Frederick William (regent) (1792–97)

After German Mediatization

[2]

  • Karl Theodor (Charles Theodore), Count 1792-1853 (1771-1853)
  • Albert, Count 1853-1860 (1777-1860)
    • Ludwig, Count 1860-1883 (1815-1883) (Lutheran branch)
      • Maximilian, Count 1883-1890/1 (1860-1920) - renounced his rights 1890/1
      • Ludwig, Count 1890/1-1905 (1862-1905)
        • Ludwig, Count 1905-1960 (1898-1960), owner of Pappenheim
          • Countess Ursula, heiress of Pappenheim ∞ Count Gert von der Recke von Volmerstein (1921–1991)
            • Countess Iniga von der Recke von Volmerstein (b. 1952) ∞ Count Albrecht von Egloffstein (b. 1946)
    • Count Alexander (1819-1890), owner of Iszkaszentgyörgy Castle, Hungary (Roman catholic branch)
      • Count Siegfried (1868-1936)
        • Alexander, Count 1960-1995 (1905-1995)
          • Albert, Count 1995–present (b.1943)
        • Count Georg (1909-1986)
          • Count Alexander (b.1948)
            • Count Georg (b.1981)

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Treitschke, Heinrich. The History of Germany in the Nineteenth Century, Eng. Trans. 1915. Vol. 3, Page 111.
  2. ^ Online Gotha - Pappenheim
This page was last edited on 9 January 2020, at 16:54
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