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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pantin
The town hall of Pantin
The town hall of Pantin
Coat of arms of Pantin
Coat of arms
Location (in red) within Paris inner suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner suburbs
Location of Pantin
Pantin is located in France
Pantin
Pantin
Location (in red) within Paris inner suburbs
Pantin is located in Île-de-France (region)
Pantin
Pantin
Pantin (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°53′48″N 2°24′06″E / 48.8966°N 2.4017°E / 48.8966; 2.4017
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentSeine-Saint-Denis
ArrondissementBobigny
CantonPantin
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Bertrand Kern[1]
Area
1
5.01 km2 (1.93 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
59,060
 • Density12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
93055 /93500
Elevation38–108 m (125–354 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Pantin (French pronunciation: [pɑ̃tɛ̃] (About this soundlisten)) is a commune in the northeastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 6.4 km (4.0 mi) from the centre of Paris. It is one of the most densely populated municipalities in Europe[citation needed]. Its post code is 93500. The city is located on the edge of Paris and is mainly formed by a plain crossed by national roadway 2 and 3, the railway line Paris–Strasbourg and Ourcq canal.

Geography

Pantin borders the Paris inner ring road (périphérique) and is traversed by national routes N2 and N3, as well as the Paris-Strasbourg railway line and the Ourcq canal.

Name

The name Pantin was recorded for the first time in 1067 as Pentini, perhaps from the Roman patronym Pentinus, a variant of Pantaenus or Repentinus, but this etymology is not certain.

History

On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighbouring communes. On that occasion, a small part of the commune of Pantin was annexed to Paris.

On 24 July 1867, a part of the territory of Pantin was detached and merged with a part of the territory of Romainville and a part of the territory of Bagnolet to create the commune of Les Lilas.

By 1875, the Canal de l'Ourcq (Ourcq canal) and new railway lines served to divide the town into two parts—the "Village" and the "Quatre Chemins".

Heraldry


The arms of Pantin are blazoned :
Argent a cross between four mullets pierced all gules.
motto: Hardy Pantin en avant (forward Hardy Pantin)

Future

The recent construction of a science park along the Bassin de la Villette on the former site of city abattoirs has improved pedestrian access to Paris, as well as encouraging urban regeneration in Pantin itself. A key policy discussed since the 2008 mayoral election has been the possibility of integrating the ten banlieue towns of Bagnolet, Les Lilas, Le Pré-Saint-Gervais, Romainville, Pantin, Noisy-le-Sec, Montreuil, Bobigny, Bondy and Rosny-sous-Bois into an "intercommune" of around 440,000 people. This new municipality could be created as early as January 2010. This project was implemented, it gathers nine communes. In 2016, Pantin was declared France's most polluted town by the World Health Organization.[3]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,172—    
1800 926−3.31%
1806 1,154+3.74%
1821 1,020−0.82%
1831 1,871+6.25%
1836 1,906+0.37%
1841 2,323+4.04%
1846 3,047+5.58%
1851 2,657−2.70%
1856 3,909+8.03%
1861 4,842+4.37%
1866 8,563+12.08%
1872 12,337+6.27%
1876 13,665+2.59%
1881 17,857+5.50%
1886 19,170+1.43%
1891 21,847+2.65%
1896 25,586+3.21%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 29,716+3.04%
1906 32,696+1.93%
1911 36,359+2.15%
1921 38,975+0.70%
1926 39,189+0.11%
1931 37,260−1.00%
1936 37,716+0.24%
1946 36,242−0.40%
1954 36,963+0.25%
1962 46,292+2.85%
1968 47,607+0.47%
1975 42,739−1.53%
1982 43,553+0.27%
1990 47,303+1.04%
1999 49,919+0.60%
200753,315+0.83%
201253,060−0.10%
201757,482+1.61%
Source: EHESS[4] and INSEE[5]

Immigration

Place of birth of residents of Pantin in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
68.5% 31.5%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
3.3% 3.1% 3.2% 21.9%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Economy

Pantin Mills, headquarters of BNP Paribas Securities Services since 2009.
Pantin Mills, headquarters of BNP Paribas Securities Services since 2009.

Pantin was once the site of Motobecane's operations.

2,000 companies are located in Pantin, including 21 of more than 100 employees. Huge firms are located in the town, like Hermès (580 jobs – upholstery and luxury luggage), Bourjois, Chanel, Gucci, Agnès b., Sergent-Major, Elis (500 jobs – linen rental), Forclum, UTB (400 jobs – public works), Photovista Legrand, BNP Paribas, Boiron, Alliance Healthcare, Vetura, Fabio Lucci ... and publishers as computer Software Arkeia Software and MT Software.

3,000 employees of BNP Paribas Securities Services were installed in the historic building Grands Moulins de Pantin at the end of October 2009.

Hermès finished an expansion project in the city center.

The city has created a "craft center" to "4 Chemins" especially with the House Revel to promote arts jobs.

Pantin is home to a hub of non-profit environmental organization, housed since 2014 in the "cité de l'environnement", like Bruitparif, the noise observatory of Île-de-France that monitors the environmental noise in the Paris agglomeration.

Administration

Town hall
Town hall

Since the French canton reform which came into effect in March 2015, Pantin is part of the canton of Pantin, which also includes the commune Le Pré-Saint-Gervais.

The current mayor of Pantin is Bertrand Kern of the Parti Socialiste (PS). Kern was re-elected in 2014 for a third 6-year mayoral term.

Transport

Pantin is served by three stations on Paris Metro line 5: Hoche, Église de Pantin, and Bobigny – Pantin – Raymond Queneau.

Pantin is also served by Aubervilliers – Pantin – Quatre Chemins station on Paris Metro line 7.

Pantin is also served by Pantin station on Paris RER line E.

Finally Pantin is served by numerous bus lines (151, 152, 249, 148). Outside the hours of normal public transport the town is served by the N13 and N142 Noctilien night bus services with stops outside the Centre de la Danse, the Mairie and Rue Delizy.

Pantin is recently served by the tramway 3b (Delphine Seyrig; Elle Fitzerald: Grands Moulins de Pantin).

Education

The commune has 11 preschools,[6] 11 elementary schools (including one specialised school),[7] four public junior high schools, one private junior high school,[8] and three public senior high schools.[9]

  • Public junior high schools: Jean-Jaurès, Jean-Lolive, Joliot-Curie, and Lavoisier
  • Private junior high school: Collège Prive Saint-Joseph-la-Salle
  • Public senior high schools: Lycée Lucie-Aubrac, Lycée Simone-Weil, and Lycée Marcelin-Berthelot

Personalities

Pantin was the birthplace of:

Culture

Pantin is twin cities with the Modigliani Art Center in Scandicci, a suburb of Florence, Italy, which inaugurated their XXXIV Year Salon of Painting with the Pantin art association, Les Amis des Arts.[10]

The Centre national de la danse (CND, or National Dance Center) is an institution sponsored by the French Ministry of Culture. It studies dance in all its aspects, and is located in Pantin. The building is known for being a classic example of Brutalist architecture, and in 2004 was awarded the Prix de l'Équerre d'Argent.

Religion

See also

References

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ https://www.thelocal.fr/20160929/and-the-most-polluted-town-in-france-is
  4. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Pantin, EHESS. (in French)
  5. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  6. ^ "Ecoles maternelles." Pantin. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  7. ^ "Ecoles élémentaires." Pantin. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  8. ^ "Collèges." Pantin. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  9. ^ "Lycées." Pantin. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  10. ^ Scandicci Cultural Organizations
  11. ^ http://paroisse.stgermain.free.fr/
  12. ^ http://www.les-villes.fr/pantin.html
  13. ^ http://ohelyossef-pantin.com/
  14. ^ http://www.fr.chabad.org/centers/default_cdo/aid/476145/jewish/Beth-Loubavitch-Pantin.htm
  15. ^ http://www.jta.org/2012/11/13/news-opinion/world/suspected-synagogue-vandal-arrested-near-paris
  16. ^ http://erfpantin.Free.fr Archived 12 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine

External links


This page was last edited on 2 May 2021, at 23:21
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