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Pandan, Antique

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Municipality of Pandan
Breaking Dusk at Pandan, Antique (R. Dexter) - Flickr.jpg
Flag of Pandan
Map of Antique with Pandan highlighted
Map of Antique with Pandan highlighted
Pandan is located in Philippines
Location within Philippines
Coordinates: 11°43′N 122°06′E / 11.72°N 122.1°E / 11.72; 122.1
RegionWestern Visayas
District  Lone district
Barangays34 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorPlaridel E. Sanchez VI
 • Vice MayorRaymund Nonato V. Gumboc
 • RepresentativeLoren Legarda
 • Municipal Council
 • Electorate23,655 voters (2019)
 • Total113.98 km2 (44.01 sq mi)
128 m (420 ft)
Highest elevation
1,088 m (3,570 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total35,965
 • Density320/km2 (820/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class4th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence20.35% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱93,786,929.82 (2016)
Service provider
 • ElectricityAntique Electric Cooperative (ANTECO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)36
Climate typetropical climate
Native languagesKinaray-a

Pandan, officially the Municipality of Pandan (Kinaray-a: Banwa kang Pandan; Hiligaynon: Banwa sang Pandan; Aklanon: Banwa it Pandan; Tagalog: Bayan ng Pandan), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Antique, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 35,965 people. [3] Making it 7th most populous municipality in the province of Antique.

Pandan is also one of the Antique's industrialized towns and a major tourist destination for its cold spring, the Bugang River and white beaches along the Pandan Bay from Barangay Mag-aba to Barangay Duyong.


The town was formally established in 1752 by the Spanish Parishes in the province during the Philippines' colonization by Spain, which started in 1521 and ended with the Spanish–American War in 1899. During World War II, 1942 Japanese occupation of Panay Island saw the harassments and pandemonium in the area. The town was liberated in 1944 as part of the combined Allied forces campaign for the liberation of the Panay Island. In 1945, it was incorporated as a town under the fourth Philippine Republic.


Pandan is located at 11°43′N 122°06′E / 11.72°N 122.1°E / 11.72; 122.1. It is 127 kilometres (79 mi) from the provincial capital, San Jose de Buenavista, and is 55 kilometres (34 mi) from Kalibo, the capital of Aklan.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 113.98 square kilometres (44.01 sq mi)[5] constituting 4.18% of the 2,729.17-square-kilometre- (1,053.74 sq mi) total area of Antique.

Pandan is bounded by Cuyo East Pass as part of Sulu Sea on the west; by Libertad on the north and northwest; by Aklan province on the east and northeast; and Sebaste on the south.

Pandan Bay has coral and artificial reefs, found in barangays Patria, Tingib, Mag-aba, Botbot and Idiacacan.


Climate data for Pandan, Antique
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
Average low °C (°F) 23
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47
Average rainy days 11.4 8.2 9.3 9.7 19.1 25.6 27.4 25.5 25.5 25.2 18.5 14.5 219.9
Source: Meteoblue [6]


Pandan is politically subdivided into 34 barangays,[7] of which 15 lie along the coast, 12 are inland, and 7 are upland.

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2020[3] 2010[8]
060611001 Aracay 0.5% 167 146 1.30%
060611002 Badiangan 1.2% 444 468 −0.50%
060611003 Bagumbayan 4.7% 1,685 1,563 0.73%
060611004 Baybay 2.8% 996 986 0.10%
060611005 Botbot 2.9% 1,037 975 0.59%
060611007 Buang 1.1% 379 345 0.91%
060611008 Cabugao 1.7% 629 522 1.81%
060611009 Candari 1.6% 569 450 2.28%
060611010 Carmen 1.6% 571 468 1.93%
060611026 Centro Norte (Poblacion) 1.8% 651 647 0.06%
060611011 Centro Sur (Poblacion) 3.5% 1,267 1,148 0.95%
060611012 Dionela 2.5% 886 854 0.35%
060611013 Dumrog 2.3% 812 803 0.11%
060611014 Duyong 2.1% 767 713 0.70%
060611015 Fragante 4.4% 1,575 1,498 0.48%
060611016 Guia 2.8% 1,017 1,003 0.13%
060611017 Idiacacan 4.8% 1,736 1,706 0.17%
060611018 Jinalinan 2.8% 1,013 975 0.37%
060611019 Luhod-Bayang 1.6% 580 576 0.07%
060611020 Maadios 0.4% 137 154 −1.12%
060611021 Mag-aba 5.0% 1,794 1,671 0.69%
060611022 Napuid 0.6% 198 210 −0.56%
060611023 Nauring 5.6% 2,018 1,904 0.56%
060611024 Patria 8.4% 3,022 2,930 0.30%
060611025 Perfecta 0.6% 226 224 0.09%
060611027 San Andres 3.7% 1,314 1,306 0.06%
060611028 San Joaquin 1.6% 582 670 −1.34%
060611029 Santa Ana 1.6% 590 514 1.33%
060611030 Santa Cruz 2.3% 817 726 1.14%
060611031 Santa Fe 4.6% 1,668 1,579 0.53%
060611032 Santo Rosario 4.8% 1,722 1,654 0.39%
060611033 Talisay 4.9% 1,755 1,604 0.87%
060611034 Tingib 1.9% 691 621 1.03%
060611035 Zaldivar 2.8% 1,018 881 1.40%
Total 35,965 32,494 0.98%


  • Bautista (Nauring)
  • Calabanog (Idiacacan)
  • Danao (Patria)
  • Dumili (Centro Sur)
  • Inigman (Patria)
  • Landingan (Jinalinan)
  • Listoga Laguinbanua (Santa Fe)
  • Malumpati (Guia)
  • Pocatod (Bagumbayan)
  • Tabay (Patria)
  • Tuburan (Guia)
  • Tuburan (Santo Rosario )


Population census of Pandan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 12,162—    
1918 16,226+1.94%
1939 19,561+0.89%
1948 21,532+1.07%
1960 19,788−0.70%
1970 17,215−1.38%
1975 18,661+1.63%
1980 20,396+1.79%
1990 23,894+1.60%
1995 24,978+0.83%
2000 27,647+2.20%
2007 29,518+0.91%
2010 32,494+3.56%
2015 34,333+1.05%
2020 35,965+0.92%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[9][8][10][11]

The population of Pandan in 1903 until 1948 includes that of its former barangays in northern and southern parts (currently municipalities of Libertad and Sebaste, respectively). In the 2020 census, Pandan had a population of 35,965. [3] The population density was 320 inhabitants per square kilometre (830/sq mi).


The dialect generally spoken in the province of Antique is called Kinaray-a. The Pandananons use a version of Kinaray-a that is more similar to Aklanon. Thus, for example, the English word "No" is "Wara" in Kinaray-a but "Uwa" or "Wa" in Pandananon. Pandananons also use Hiligaynon as their secondary dialect.


Pandan is a cross-road municipality in Northern Antique, making it a better area for trade and commerce. Pandananons rely on agriculture and fishing which accounts for almost 75% of the total labor force. The other percentages were made up by professionals, civil servants, workers and Overseas Filipino Workers. The municipality began experiencing growth in tourism and development in infrastructure and commerce in late 2010. Some of the major projects that was completed in Pandan are the Pandan Public Terminal (which is bigger than that of Passi City's), the Pandan Arboretum project (first in Antique) near the Malumpati Spring Resort and other infrastructure projects in the barangays. The game changer is the Talisay-Perfecta-Santa Ana Road (to be constructed) that will connect the hinterland barangays of Pandan to the town centre. This will lessen the travel time and delivery of goods from the far-flung areas to the town. The current administration is working for more improvements in the growing tourism and commercial sectors.


Pandan is becoming one of the top tourist destinations in the country. The town is just 35 kilometres (22 mi) away from Boracay Island, which has become one of the world's popular beach resorts and tourist destinations. Both local and foreign tourists bound originally for Boracay have increasingly added a stop in Pandan before or after visiting Boracay.

The town's major attractions include the Malumpati Cold Spring Resort and other popular beach resorts and the Bugang River, which has been nationally awarded several times as "the cleanest inland body of water" in the Philippines; the Pandan Bay sunset, and white-sand beaches, sandwiched between the Sulu Sea to the west and, in the east, the Central Panay Mountain Range, and rice, coconut and other farms.

  • Leocadio Alonsagay Dioso Memorial Public Library – Since 2004 Pandan has been home to a library that, according to the National Library of the Philippines, is among the top libraries of its kind in the country. The Dioso Library was built by retired United Nations official Leocadio F. Dioso, Jr. as an ongoing gift to the people and town of Pandan. It is named in honor of the founder's father, Leocadio A. Dioso, whose long career included service as Justice of the Peace, Presidential legal adviser, and Philippine diplomat. Although privately owned and operated, the Library functions officially as the Municipal Library and Information Center of Pandan. Housed in a two-story building on 1,700 sq. meters of land in the town center, a block away from the Pandan Bay beach area, the Library has a separate Main Collection Hall, Reading & Reference Room, Computer Room, Children's Room, a "United Nations Corner", and an external stage area for public presentations. Residents of Pandan can borrow books from the Library for up to three weeks at a time.
  • Annual festival – Pandan's popular town fiesta, known as the Tugbong Festival, is held in honor of its patron saint, Saint Vincent Ferrer. The Festival runs from the 21st to the 25th of April and includes, among other events: the Agro-Industrial Fair; the Sports Tournament; the Dalmacio Marathon; the Motocross Invitational Competition; the Dasigay Bugsay Boat Rowing Competition; the Search for Miss Teen Pandan Beauty Pageant; the Ati-Atihan, Mardi-Gras and Float Competitions; and the PBI Annual Alumni Homecoming.
  • Pandan Beach Resort - Opened in 2011 by a former Advertising & Promotions Manager of Philippine Air Lines, PBR has become one of the most popular beach resorts in Antique. Its beachfront location and beautiful facilities attract numerous tourists, both foreign and national, and include first-class and deluxe accommodations as well as fan rooms/native cottages for backpackers and other budget travellers. In-house facilities include spa and health services (body massage, Automated External Defibrillator (AED) and Electrocardiogram machines). PBR's in-house sister company, Pandan Eco-Adventure Tours (PET), provides transport and tour services covering the entire Panay Island and its component provinces of Aklan, Antique, Capiz, and Iloilo. PET is also an accredited Philippine Air Lines domestic sales agent, authorized to sell air tickets on PAL domestic flights.
  • Duyong Golden Beach – A long stretch of white sand beach from where one could see the panorama of the Duyong Mountain Ranges on the east, and a view of Batbatan Island and the setting sun on the west.
  • Phaidon Pool and Beach Resort – A white sand beach resort located in Barangay Tingib. This establishment is a joint venture of Filipino and Austrian investors to promote Pandan eco-tourism since 2002.
  • Bunny's Beach Resort – A Filipino-Australian owned resort with a restaurant and bar. located at Barangay Mag-aba along a strip of white sand beach from the banks of the Bugang River to the rocky caves of Pari-Pari.
  • Rosepoint Beach – a beach located in Barangay Mag-aba, nestled at the edge where the Bugang river meets the Pandan Bay


Acting under the Department of Education (DepEd), the Pandan School District oversees the implementation of the programs and thrusts of the department. The district is composed of 33 schools—10 mono-grade elementary schools; 5 multi-grade elementary schools, and 18 primary schools—with a total of 200 classrooms.

Secondary education is provided by two private schools (the Pandan Bay Institute, Inc. (PBI) and the Jinalinan Academy) and four public schools (the Pandan National Vocational High School (PNVHS), and the Patria, Mag-aba, and Santa Ana National High Schools). These six schools have a combined 58 classrooms.

Mag-aba National High School was founded in 1977. At first it was a Barangay High School but upon the term of President Corazon Aquino, all Barangay High Schools were renamed as National High Schools. Mag-aba National High School was relocated to the eastern part of the Barangay Mag-aba in 1992.

Founded in 1947, the PBI (Pandan Bay Institute, Inc.) was formerly run by the Diocese of Antique but is now managed and operated by the Canadian Missionary Brothers of Christian Instruction (commonly known as the La Mennais Brothers). The Jinalinan Academy is operated by the Seventh-day Adventists. Located in the town proper, the PNVHS (Pandan National Vocational High School) was founded in 1997 and had its first graduates at the end of the 2000–2001 school year.

On a limited basis, tertiary education is provided by the Jinalinan Academy (which offers a one-year Health Aide course) and by the PBI (which offers two-year Computer Science and Computer Secretarial courses).

Elementary schools

  • Agripino Tambagahan Memorial School (Dumrog)
  • Badiangan Elementary School
  • Bagumbayan Elementary School
  • Botbot Elementary School
  • Buang Elementary School
  • Cabugao Elementary School
  • Ciriaco Tayco Memorial School (Dionela)
  • Duyong Elementary School
  • Fragante Elementary School
  • Guia Elementary School
  • Idiacacan Elementary School
  • Jinalinan Elementary School
  • Maadios Elementary School
  • Mag-aba Elementary School
  • Nauring Elementary School
  • Pandan Central School (Centro Norte)
  • Patria Elementary School
  • San Andres-Dumrog Elementary School
  • Santa Ana Elementary School
  • Santa Cruz Elementary School
  • Santa Fe Elementary School
  • Santo Rosario Elementary School
  • Talisay Elementary School
  • Tingib Elementary School
  • Vidal Gelito MS (Candari)

Secondary schools

  • Jinalinan Academy
  • Mag-aba National High School
  • Pandan Bay Institute
  • Pandan National Vocational High School (Centro Norte)
  • Patria National School
  • Santa Ana National High School

Health services

Pandan has one district hospital, the Justice Calixto Zaldivar Memorial Hospital formerly known as Gov. Leandro Locsin Fullon General Hospital, with a 25-bed capacity located at Barangay Bagumbayan, one kilometer away from the town center. It is manned by a chief of hospital, two resident physicians, eight nurses, one midwife, one dentist, one pharmacist, one medical technologist, and one nutritionist. Attached to the hospital is the Alexander Liberman Memorial Surgical Pavilion.

There is a private Lying-In-Clinic (Tugon Medical Clinic) which is located at the town center. It has a 10-bed capacity and is manned by one physician, five nurses, one midwife, one dentist, two pharmacists and one medical technologist.

The Municipal Health Office is manned by one Municipal Health Officer (MHO), two Public Health Nurses (PHN), ten Rural Health Midwives (RHM), one Rural Sanitary Inspector (RSI), four casuals, and one janitor. Each RHM has her own catchment area which is composed of 3-4 barangays. One RHM is based at the Main Health Center. Out of nine Barangay Health Stations (BHS), only three have permanent buildings and these need repair. Midwives with no permanent BHS occupy the Barangay Hall.

The programs and services implemented by the Municipal Health Office are: National Tuberculosis Control Program (NTP); Health and Sanitation; Maternal and Child Health Care (MCHC); Nutrition; Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI); Control of Diarrheal Disease; Leprosy Control, and Family Planning. These programs and services are implemented throughout the municipality through the efforts of the Rural Health Personnel with the help of the Barangay Health Workers (BHW), Barangay Nutrition Scholars (BNS) and trained hilots in their respective barangays.


Water supply

Pandan has a sufficient supply of water in general. It also has good sources of potable water that may not require chemical treatment. The water supply operates at three levels—the individual faucet system (Level III); the communal faucet system (Level II) and the point source system (level I) -- which are in the form of wells and springs common in the rural areas.

A Level III Water Works System operated and maintained by the Pandan Water District supplies 20 barangays in the municipality. The system was built through a joint undertaking of the Japan Asian Friendship Society and the Local Government of Pandan. The system basically draws water from a spring located in Malumpati and pumps it to a reservoir located in Santo Rosario. It then distributes water by gravity to its concessionaires. It is currently capable of supplying 540,000 liters per day, mainly for domestic consumption (currently involving 1,132 users).

Other barangays not covered by the Pandan Water District get their water through gravity-type spring development projects, involving the installation of communal faucets at strategic locations within each barangay.

Level I systems exist in areas where other sources are not available. Prior to the operation of the Level III system, Level I systems were popularly used by most of the households in the municipality. At present, these are still maintained as a back-up source of water supply.

Power supply

The Aklan Electric Cooperative (AKELCO) supplies electricity to the municipality. AKELCO sourced its power from the National Power Corporation. Electricity had already reached almost majority of the barangays in the municipality except those, which are located in the hinterlands. One barangay in the hinterland obtains its electricity from a mini-hydro power plant.

In Pandan, the total percentage of household served is 33.31% in the rural area while 86.13% is being served in the urban area. Even though some households can already be reached by electric supply, they choose not to get connected due mainly to its high cost. They rely instead on other means for lighting, cooking and other purposes.

Although the government with the partnership of the AKELCO is currently implementing its electrification program in the barangays, delays in the implementation can be expected because of the high cost of transmission lines and other facilities needed. There is also a low demand in electric connection because some households are not capable of paying installation expenses as well as the monthly bills.

Power outages and fluctuation can be frequently experienced in Pandan which usually occur during weather disturbances. Old and in facilities are also one of the causes.

AKELCO gets its supply of power from NAPOCOR through a 69 kV transmission line traversing the Iloilo-Capiz-Aklan area. When power from this line is cut-off due to maintenance or weather disturbances, Pandan experiences a power outage.

Notable People

  • Loren Legarda - senator, journalist, and UN Global Champion for Resilience
  • Megan Young - Filipino-American actress, model, TV Host and beauty queen. She won the Miss World Philippines title and was later crowned as Miss World 2013 in Bali, Indonesia. She is the daughter of Victoria Talde who hails from Pandan, Antique.
  • Lauren Anne Young - Filipino-American actress and model. She is the younger sister of actress and Miss World 2013 Megan Young.
  • Nelia de los Reyes Sancho - Filipina Beauty Queen and Fashion Model born in Pandan, Antique is Binibining Pilipinas 1969 1st Runner Up and Queen of the Pacific 1971 winner.[18]
  • Jansen Magpusao - actor who portrayed the lead role in 2019 Cinemalaya film John Denver Trending
  • Salvacion Zaldivar-Perez - former Antique Governor.
  • Calixto Zaldivar – former representative, Lone District of Antique (1934–1935), former Governor of Antique (1951–1955) and former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court (1964–1974). Former president of the National Lay Organization of the Iglesia Filipina Independiete.


  1. ^ Municipality of Pandan |  (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2020). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ "Province: Antique". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Pandan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  7. ^ "Municipal: Pandan, Antique". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  8. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  11. ^ "Province of Antique". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  12. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  13. ^; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^

External links

This page was last edited on 25 September 2021, at 02:56
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