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Palma de Mallorca Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Palma de Mallorca Airport

Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca
Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca
Aena Mallorca.svg
Aeropuerto PMI.jpg
Airport typePublic and military
LocationPalma de Mallorca, Spain
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL8 m / 27 ft
Coordinates39°33′06″N 002°44′20″E / 39.55167°N 2.73889°E / 39.55167; 2.73889
PMI is located in Majorca
Location in Majorca
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06L/24R 3,270 10,728 Asphalt
06R/24L 3,000 9,842 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passenger change 18-19Increase2.2%
Aircraft movements217,218
Movements change 18-19Decrease1.4%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[1]
Spanish AIP, AENA[2]

Palma de Mallorca Airport (Catalan: Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca; IATA: PMI, ICAO: LEPA; also known as Son Sant Joan Airport or Aeroport de Son Sant Joan) is an international airport located 8 km (5.0 mi) east[2] of Palma, Mallorca, Spain, adjacent to the village of Can Pastilla. The airport on the Balearic Islands is Spain's third largest airport[1] after Madrid–Barajas and Barcelona-El Prat. Palma de Mallorca was used by 29.7 million passengers in 2019.[3] The airport is the main base for the Spanish carrier Air Europa and also a focus airport for Ryanair, EasyJet, Vueling and The airport shares runways with the nearby Son Sant Joan Air Force Base, operated by the Spanish Air Force.


Early years

The interest of the Spanish Government in developing airmail during the first decades of the 20th century, led to a study of the possibility of establishing an air mail line to the Balearic Islands. Finally, in 1921, the company Aeromarítima Mallorquina established the postal line Barcelona - Palma, which used seaplanes in the port of Palma de Mallorca. Before the creation of this airline, trials were complete in two flat fields: Son Sant Joan and Son Bonet, both of which were later chosen for the construction of aerodromes.[4][5]

In 1934, the company Aero-Taxi de Mallorca was created with the intention of starting tourist flights to the island, establishing a flight school in Son Sant Joan. A year later, another one was founded in Son Bonet.[4]

In May 1935 the company LAPE, Líneas Aéreas Postales Españolas (Spanish Postal Airlines), a predecessor of Iberia; was founded. A month later, in August, the first regular air route between Madrid and Palma, stopping at Valencia, was created using the Son Sant Joan aerodrome. A year later, this line was replaced by a new one connecting Palma and Barcelona. Three years later, Lufthansa and Iberia established new lines in Son Bonet,[6] while Son Sant Joan was beginning to be used by the military. Through the years, Son Bonet became the main civilian airport in the island, while the creation of Son Sant Joan Air Force Base limited further civilian enterprises at the aerodrome.[4]

In 1954, the runway was enlarged and paved to enable the operation of F-86 Sabre fighters, which also meant the diversion of the Palma - Llucmajor road. During those years, the first paved taxiways and aprons were built, while Son Bonet received the first big groups of European tourists through the airlines BEA, Air France and Aviaco.[4]

The creation of the international airport

The increase in traffic, and the inability to enlarge Son Bonet, led the authors of the 1958 National Airport Plan to propose building a large civilian airport near the Son Sant Joan airbase. The National Airport Council approved this plan the following year and commercial traffic was transferred from Son Bonet to Son Sant Joan. This was the birth of what today is known as the Palma de Mallorca Airport. During that year, a terminal and a civilian apron were built south of the military facilities, along with a VHF communication center. Also, a VOR was installed in the island.[4]

Finally, on 7 July 1960, the airport was opened to both domestic and international traffic.[4]

Just two weeks later, expansion of the airport was declared urgent by the government, and on summer 1961 the works of extension of the runway and taxiway were started. At the end of the year, more plans were made, including a power plant, a communications centre and fire and rescue facilities.[4][7]

Growth since the 1960s

After reaching 1 million passengers for the first time in 1962, in 1965, a new terminal was constructed, and air navigation services were completed at the end of the following year. Also in 1965 Air Spain (1965 - 1975) began operating from the airport[8] and a smaller terminal (today's Terminal B) was planned. Passenger numbers increased rapidly, reaching 2 million in 1965. Construction of a second runway, parallel to the existing one, was begun in 1970. Two years later, terminal B went into service, and the second runway (06L/24R) opened in 1974.

In 1980, the airport carried 7 million passengers. However, this increased to nearly 10 million in 1986. This led to the construction of yet another new terminal building, the current central terminal building. This building is now the airport's primary entrance and exit and houses the airport's checkin and baggage claim areas. Construction started in mid-1993 and it was designed by the Majorcan architect Pere Nicolau Bover. During the construction in 1995, passenger numbers exceeded 15 million. The new terminal finally opened in 1997.[9]


Following a decline in passenger numbers at the airport following the September 11 attacks in 2001, passenger numbers rose steadily between 2002 and 2007 when traffic peaked at 23.2 million passengers. From 2007 onward there was a decline in passenger numbers, with 21.1 million using the airport in 2010.[1] Today, Palma de Mallorca airport carries over 29.7 million passengers[3] per year to their destinations, with 178,253 aircraft movements, mostly to mainland Spain, Germany and the United Kingdom.

In November 2015, Air Berlin (1978 - 2017) announced that it would shut down its hub operations at the airport which it had maintained for over ten years. All seven domestic connection routes to the mainland, such as flights to Valencia, Bilbao and Sevilla, as well as the route to Faro in Portugal ceased during spring 2016.[10]

During the Summer months the dual-runway airport handles as many movements as London–Gatwick. On the busiest day of the week it handles as many as 1,100 movements, almost as many as London–Heathrow, the busiest airport in Europe. According to the operational data provided by AENA, the airport can handle 66 movements per hour, or almost 1,600 movements over a 24-hour operational period.


Apron view
Apron view
Outside view of the main terminal
Outside view of the main terminal
Interior of the terminal
Interior of the terminal

Palma de Mallorca Airport occupies an area of 6.3 km2 (2.4 sq mi). Due to rapid growth of passenger numbers, additional infrastructure was added to the two terminals A (1965) and B (1972). This main terminal was designed by local architect Pere Nicolau Bover and was officially opened on 12 April 1997. The airport now consists of four modules: Module A (the former Terminal A Building), Module B (the former Terminal B Building), Module C and Module D (the last two were completely new sets of buildings and gates that opened along with the new central terminal and check in area in 1997). The airport can handle 25 million passengers per year, with a capacity to dispatch 12,000 passengers per hour.

Module A

The former Terminal A Building is located in the north of the airport. It has 28 gates of which 8 have airbridges. This is the only Module that has double airbridges attached to gates. The Pier is mainly used by flights to non-Schengen destinations including the UK and Ireland. This part of the terminal building used to be closed during winter months and is only used in the summer. For winter 2018/2019 it will remain open.[11]

Module B

The former Terminal B Building is the smallest module, located in the north east. It has eight gates located on the ground floor, of which none have airbridges. It is used by regional aircraft of Air Nostrum, mainly operating flights to Ibiza Airport, Menorca Airport, Valencia Airport, Lleida Airport, Asturias Airport and Santiago de Compostela Airport.

Module C

The largest of the Modules located in the east. It has 33 gates of which 9 have airbridges. It is used by Condor along with EasyJet and Norwegian Air Shuttle flights to Schengen destinations. The majority of airbridges have written on them. The southern area of the Module was worked on and reopened in May 2010. The refurbishment and expansion is so that the Module can handle more flights, and to improve ways to get into the pier as it is the longest walk from security control. There will also be a further eight gates with airbridges, but there will still be 33 in total.[12]

Module D

Located in the south. It has 19 gates of which 10 have airbridges. All odd numbered gates are gates with a bus transfer. During the closure of the southern area of Module C, it was used mainly for flights to Europe.

Other facilities

Previously Spanair (1986 - 2012) had its head office in the Spanair Building on the airport property.[13] Both Futura International Airways and Iberworld had large operational offices on the premises of the airport but these are no longer in use.

Airlines and destinations


The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Palma de Mallorca Airport:

Aer Lingus Seasonal: Cork, Dublin
Aeroflot Seasonal: Moscow–Sheremetyevo[14]
Air Algérie Algiers (resumes 2 September 2021)
Air Arabia Maroc Nador
Air Europa Alicante, Barcelona, Bilbao, Granada, Ibiza, Madrid, Menorca, Paris–Orly, Valencia, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Asturias, Málaga, Seville
Seasonal charter: Inverness (resumes 10 June 2022),[15] Jersey,[16] Tel Aviv[17]
Air Serbia Seasonal charter: Belgrade
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
AlbaStar Seasonal: Cuneo, Milan–Linate (begins 8 August 2021)
Seasonal charter: Bergamo,[18] Bologna, Derry (resumes 17 June 2022),[19] Inverness, Milan–Malpensa, Teesside,[20] Tel Aviv,[17] Venice, Verona
Alitalia Seasonal: Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
Atlantic Airways Seasonal: Vagar[21]
Austrian Airlines Vienna[22]
Azur Air Seasonal charter: Saint Petersburg
Binter Canarias Gran Canaria, Tenerife–North[23]
British Airways London–City, London–Gatwick
Seasonal: Edinburgh, Glasgow,[24] London–Heathrow, Southampton[25]
Seasonal charter: Belfast–City, Jersey
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Buzz Seasonal charter: Katowice,[26] Kraków,[26] Wrocław[26]
Chair Airlines Seasonal: Zurich
Condor Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg
Seasonal: Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Stuttgart, Zurich
Corendon Airlines Basel/Mulhouse (begins 2 November 2021), Münster/Osnabrück (begins 2 November 2021), Nuremberg[27]
Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf,[28] Hannover[29]
Corendon Dutch Airlines Seasonal: Amsterdam
easyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin, Bristol, Geneva, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Manchester, Milan–Malpensa
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Belfast–International, Bordeaux, Copenhagen,[30] Edinburgh, Glasgow, Gothenburg,[30] Lille,[30] Lyon, Munich,[30] Naples, Nice, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Porto,[30] Stockholm–Arlanda,[30] Toulouse
Edelweiss Air Zurich
Enter Air[26] Seasonal charter: Gdańsk, Katowice, Poznań, Warsaw–Chopin
Eurowings Berlin, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hannover, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Münster/Osnabrück, Nuremberg, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, Birmingham,[31] Bremen, Dresden, Graz, Innsbruck, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Linz, Manchester,[31] Paderborn/Lippstadt, Saarbrücken, Salzburg, Zurich
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki
GetJet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius
Green Airlines Seasonal: Groningen,[32] Paderborn/Lippstadt, Rostock
Helvetic Airways Seasonal: Bern, Zürich[33]
Iberia Express Madrid
Seasonal: Gran Canaria
Iberia Regional Ibiza, Lleida, Menorca, Valencia
Seasonal: Badajoz, Melilla, Leon, Pamplona, Vigo Birmingham, Manchester
Seasonal: Belfast–International, Bristol,[34] East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, London–Stansted, Newcastle upon Tyne
KLM Seasonal: Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Seasonal: Katowice,[35] Poznań,[36] Warsaw–Chopin[35]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Neos Seasonal: Bergamo, Bologna, Milan–Malpensa, Rome–Fiumicino, Verona
Nordwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Norwegian Air Shuttle[37] Seasonal: Aalborg, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal charter: Bergen, Luleå, Stavanger, Trondheim
Novair Seasonal charter: Copenhaguen
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Berlin, Bremen, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Frankfurt, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Jerez de la Frontera, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Memmingen, Naples, Nuremberg, Pisa, Rome–Ciampino, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Teesside, Treviso, Turin, Valencia, Vienna, Weeze, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Beauvais, Belfast–City, Billund, Birmingham, Bologna, Bordeaux, Bournemouth, Bratislava, Bristol, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Copenhagen, Cork, Dresden, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Erfurt/Weimar, Glasgow–Prestwick, Gothenburg, Hahn, Kaunas, Knock, Kraków, Leeds/Bradford, Liverpool, London–Southend, Luxembourg, Marseille, Milan–Malpensa, Münster/Osnabrück, Murcia, Newcastle upon Tyne, Porto, Prague, Santander, Shannon, Tenerife–North, Toulouse, Valladolid, Vitoria, Warsaw–Modlin, Wrocław
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Gothenburg, Oslo
Seasonal charter: Bergen
SkyUp Seasonal: Kyiv–Boryspil[38]
SmartLynx Airlines Seasonal charter: Dublin[39]
Smartwings Prague
Seasonal: Bratislava, Brno, Košice, Ostrava
Seasonal charter: Warsaw-Chopin
Sunclass Airlines[40][41][42][43] Seasonal charter: Aalborg, Bergen, Billund, Borlänge, Bornholm (begins 21 September 2021), Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Helsinki, Jönköping, Kalmar, Karlstad (begins 10 August 2021), Kristiansand, Malmö, Odense, Örebro, Oslo, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda, Trondheim (begins 31 August 2021)
Sundair Seasonal: Berlin, Bremen,[44] Dresden,[44] Düsseldorf, Erfurt, Kassel, Leipzig/Halle, Lübeck
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich
Seasonal: Geneva
Transavia Amsterdam, Paris–Orly
Seasonal: Eindhoven, Lyon,[45] Nantes, Rotterdam/The Hague
TUI Airways[15] Seasonal: Aberdeen, Belfast–International, Birmingham, Bournemouth, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Exeter, Glasgow, Humberside, Leeds/Bradford, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Norwich
Seasonal charter: Cork (resumes 7 May 2022),[39] Dublin (resumes 3 May 2022),[39] Teesside (begins 10 May 2022)[46]
TUI fly Belgium[47] Seasonal: Antwerp, Brussels, Charleroi, Liège, Lille, Ostend/Bruges
TUI fly Deutschland Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hannover, Munich, Stuttgart
TUI fly Netherlands Seasonal: Amsterdam, Rotterdam
TUI fly Nordic Seasonal charter: Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda, Gothenborg-Landvetter, Norrköping
Volotea[48] Asturias, Bilbao
Seasonal: Badajoz,[49] Bari, Bordeaux, Brest, Deauville, Genoa, Lyon, Marseille, Nantes, Palermo, Reus,[50] Salamanca,[51] San Sebastián,[52] Strasbourg, Toulouse, Venice, Verona
Seasonal charter: Cork (resumes 3 May 2022),[39] Southampton[15]
Vueling[53] Alicante, Asturias, Barcelona, Bilbao, Copenhagen,[54] Granada, Jerez de la Frontera, Lisbon, Málaga, Munich, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stuttgart, Valencia, Zaragoza, Zurich
Seasonal: A Coruña, Almería,[55] Amsterdam, Billund,[54] Bordeaux, Cardiff, Lanzarote,[55] Marseille, Nantes, Rome–Fiumicino, Santander, Tenerife–North[56]
Wizz Air Doncaster/Sheffield[57] (begins 4 October 2021), London–Luton, Vienna[58]
Seasonal: Bucharest,[59] Budapest, Cardiff[60] (begins 10 April 2022), Cluj-Napoca, Debrecen, Dortmund,[61] Katowice,[62] Warsaw–Chopin[63]


Swiftair[64] Barcelona, Madrid, Ibiza, Menorca


Passenger statistics

See source Wikidata query and sources.

Passengers Movements Cargo (kilos)
1999 19,127,773 168,533
2000 19,424,243 176,997 25,156,479
2001 19,206,964 169,603 23,068,964
2002 17,832,558 160,329 20,412,784
2003 19,185,919 168,988 19,935,677
2004 20,416,083 177,859 20,408,137
2005 21,240,736 182,028 21,025,694
2006 22,408,427 190,304 22,443,596
2007 23,228,879 197,384 22,833,556
2008 22,832,857 193,379 21,395,791
2009 21,203,041 177,502 17,086,478
2010 21,117,417 174,635 17,292,240
2011 22,726,707 180,152 15,777,101
2012 22,666,858 173,966 13,712,034
2013 22,768,032 170,140 12,236,854
2014 23,115,622 172,630 11,462,907
2015 23,745,023 178,254 11,373,639
2016 26,254,110 197,640 10,452,860
2017 27,950,655 208,787 10,191,236
2018 29,081,787 220,329 10,018,045
2019 29,721,123 217,218 9,021,606
2020 6,108,486 76.851 6,732,880
Source: Aena Statistics[1]

Route statistics

Busiest international routes from Palma de Mallorca Airport January–December (2019)[65]
Rank City Passengers Top carriers
1 Düsseldorf, Germany 1,567,561 Lufthansa Group, Ryanair Group, Condor, TUI Group
2 Frankfurt, Germany 1,139,923 Lufthansa Group, Condor, Ryanair Group, TUI Group
3 Berlin-Tegel, Germany 905,260 EasyJet, Ryanair Group, Lufthansa Group, Sundair
4 Hamburg, Germany 890,130 Lufthansa Group, Ryanair Group, Condor, Sundair
5 Munich, Germany 887,185 Lufthansa Group, Ryanair Group, Condor, Vueling Airlines
6 Cologne, Germany 854,845 Lufthansa Group, Ryanair Group, TUI Group, Corendon Group
7 Stuttgart, Germany 797,873 Lufthansa Group, Ryanair Group, TUI Group, Condor, Vueling Airlines
8 Manchester, United Kingdom 790,489, Ryanair Group, TUI Group, EasyJet
9 London-Gatwick, United Kingdom 772,157 EasyJet, TUI Group, British Airways, Norwegian
10 Hannover, Germany 643,195 Lufthansa Group, Condor, TUI Group, Ryanair Group

Accidents and incidents

See also


  1. ^ a b c d "AENA passenger statistics and aircraftmovements".
  2. ^ a b Spanish AIP (AENA) Archived 7 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b AENA Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca - Historia". (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  5. ^ "Palma de Mallorca airport history in the early 90s". 18 May 2014.
  6. ^ Alex Kuksin, ICQ 31622216. "Lufthansa and Iberia establish routes".
  7. ^ Alex Kuksin, ICQ 31622216. "Palma de Mallorca Airport expansion".
  8. ^ "Air Spain Fleet Details and History". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  9. ^ Alex Kuksin, ICQ 31622216. "Terminal A opening".
  10. ^ - "Air Berlin shuts down Mallorca hub" (German) 18 November 2015
  11. ^ "AENA invertirá cerca de 120 millones en Son Sant Joan hasta finales de 2019".
  12. ^ "Module C Refurbishment". 24 April 2010.
  13. ^ "Spanair to retain HQ in Palma." The Mallorca. 23 December 2008. Retrieved on 18 October 2009.
  14. ^ Liu, Jim (7 December 2018). "Aeroflot adds 2 European routes in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  15. ^ a b c "Flight Timetable".
  16. ^ "Flying To Majorca - Customer Info - Direct Flights & Holidays From The Channel Islands".
  17. ^ a b "Online Flights". 15 March 2018.
  18. ^ "TOUR OPERATOR TIMETABLE". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  19. ^
  20. ^ "Live updates as the return of summer holiday flights to Majorca from Teesside Airport are announced". Gazette Live. 16 July 2019.
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^ "Binter Canarias schedules new routes launch in May 2018".
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^ a b c d "Charter flights at low prices".
  27. ^ "Flights to Nuremberg".
  28. ^ "Corendon announces Düsseldorf + Basel bases; 15 routes added at DUS". 7 September 2020.
  29. ^ Liu, Jim. "Corendon Airlines S20 Network expansion". Routesonline. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  30. ^ a b c d e f
  31. ^ a b
  32. ^ "Green Airlines takes off this summer from Groningen Airport Eelde". 28 May 2021.
  33. ^
  34. ^ "Jet2's Bristol Airport base will bring 450,000-holiday seats". 11 November 2020.
  35. ^ a b "LOT will launch 130 connections to several dozen European resorts". 24 June 2020.
  36. ^
  37. ^ "Route map".
  38. ^ "SkyUp".
  39. ^ a b c d "Flight Timetable". TUI Airways. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  40. ^ "Flight".
  41. ^ "Flight".
  42. ^ "Flight".
  43. ^ "Flight".
  44. ^ a b "Sundair". Archived from the original on 12 April 2019. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^ "Flight Plan".
  48. ^ - Destinations retrieved 18 October 2020
  49. ^
  50. ^
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^ - Where we fly retrieved 18 October 2020
  54. ^ a b
  55. ^ a b
  56. ^
  57. ^
  58. ^
  59. ^
  60. ^
  61. ^
  62. ^,air,poleci,z,katowic,na,majorke.html
  63. ^,,linie-lotnicze-wizz-air-nowa-trasa.html
  64. ^ "Swiftair cargo routes". 11 December 2019.
  65. ^ "". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  66. ^ "EC-EQH Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  67. ^ "EC-FAH Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
  68. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Swearingen SA227-AC Metro III EC-GKR Palma de Mallorca Airport (PMI)". 12 April 2002.

External links

Media related to Palma de Mallorca Airport at Wikimedia Commons

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