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Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pacific Coast Athabascan
California, Oregon
Linguistic classificationDené–Yeniseian?
  • California
  • Oregon

Pacific Coast Athabaskan is a geographical and possibly genealogical grouping of the Athabaskan language family.

California Athabaskan

1. Hupa (dining'-xine:wh, a.k.a. Hoopa-Chilula)
- tse:ning-xwe
- tł'oh-mitah-xwe
  • Chilula-Whilkut
- Chilula
- Whilkut
2. Mattole–Bear River - extinct
3. Wailaki ("Eel River", spoken by the Eel River Athapaskan peoples) - extinct
  • Sinkyone
  • Wailaki
  • Nongatl
  • Lassik
4. Cahto (a.k.a. Kato) (sometimes included in Eel River) - extinct

Often the Mattole and Wailaki-speaking groups together are called Southern Athapaskans. Their languages were similar to each other, but differed from the northern California tribes whose languages were also part of the Athapaskan family. They are not to be confused with the Apachean peoples (the Apache and Navajo) - also known as Southern Athabascans - of the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico, who speak the Southern Athabaskan languages.

Oregon Athabaskan

4. Upper Umpqua (a.k.a. Etnemitane)
5. Lower Rogue River (a.k.a. Tututni, Coquille)
  • Upper Coquille
- Coquille (a.k.a. Mishikwutinetunne)
- Flores Creek (a.k.a. Kosotshe, Kusu'me, Lukkarso)
  • Tututni
- Tututunne
- Naltunnetunne
- Mikwunutunne (a.k.a. Mikonotunne)
- Joshua (a.k.a. Chemetunne)
- Sixes (a.k.a. Kwatami)
- Pistol River (a.k.a. Chetleshin)
- Wishtenatin (a.k.a. Khwaishtunnetunnne)
  • Euchre Creek (a.k.a. Yukichetunne)
  • Chasta Costa (a.k.a. Illinois River, Chastacosta, Chasta Kosta)
6. Upper Rogue River (a.k.a. Galice–Applegate)
  • Galice (a.k.a. Taltushtuntede)
  • Applegate (a.k.a. Nabiltse, Dakubetede)
7. Tolowa



  • See: Athabaskan languages#Bibliography
  • Don Macnaughtan. "Oregon Athapaskan Languages: Bibliography of the Athapaskan Languages of Oregon". Retrieved 2018-05-30.
This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 19:24
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