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Outline of the Baháʼí Faith

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to the Baháʼí Faith.

Baháʼí Faithmonotheistic religion founded by Baháʼu'lláh in 19th-century in Baghdad, emphasizing the spiritual unity of all humankind. In the Baháʼí Faith, religious history is seen to have unfolded through a series of divine messengers, each of whom established a religion that was suited to the needs of the time and the capacity of the people.[citation needed] Humanity is understood to be in a process of collective evolution, and the need of the present time is for the gradual establishment of peace, justice and unity on a global scale.[citation needed]

Nature of the Baháʼí Faith

The Baháʼí Faith can be described as all of the following:

Beliefs and practices

Social principles

History

  • Baháʼí history – had its background in two earlier movements in the nineteenth century, Shaykhism and Babism.
  • Baháʼí timeline – a timeline showing the significant points in the history of the Baháʼí faith
  • Baháʼí/Bábí split – The Baháʼí/Bábí split occurred when most Bábís accepted Baháʼu'lláh as the messiah of the Báb's writings, leading them to become Baháʼís, and leaving a remnant of Bábís who became known as Azalis.
  • Bábís – a religious movement that flourished in Persia from 1844 to 1852,
  • Shaykh Ahmad – the founder of a 19th-century Shaykhi-Shiʻi school in the Persian and Ottoman empires.
  • Shaykhism – an Islamic religious movement founded by Shaykh Ahmad in early 19th century Qajar Iran.
  • Letters of the Living – primary followers of the Báb some of whom are remembered prominently in the Baháʼí Faith
  • Persecution of Baháʼís – Baháʼís are seen as apostates from Islam, and, according to some, must choose between repentance and death
  • Baháʼí Faith by country – the spread of the religion across countries and within countries

Culture and other topics

Institutions

Texts and scriptures

Key scripture

  • Kitáb-i-Aqdas – a central book of the Baháʼí Faith written by Baháʼu'lláh, the founder of the religion.
  • Kitáb-i-Íqán – the primary theological work of the followers of the Baháʼí Faith
  • The Hidden Words (Kalimát-i-Maknúnih) – a collection of short utterances, 71 in Arabic and 82 in Persian
  • The Seven Valleys – a book written in Persian by Baháʼu'lláh

By The Báb

  • Persian Bayán – one of the principal scriptural writings of the Báb, the founder of Bábi religion, written in Persian
  • Arabic Bayán – a book written by the Báb around 1848. Its larger sister book is the Persian Bayán. The work is incomplete, containing only eleven Vahids.
  • Selections from the Writings of the Báb – a book of excerpts from notable works of the Báb, the forerunner-Prophet of the Baháʼí Faith.

By Baháʼu'lláh

By ʻAbdu'l-Bahá

  • Paris Talks – a book transcribed from talks given by ʻAbdu'l-Bahá while in Paris.
  • The Secret of Divine Civilization – a book written in 1875 by ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, addressed to the rulers and the people of Persia.
  • Some Answered Questions – contains questions asked to ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, son of the founder of the Baháʼí Faith, by Laura Clifford Barney, during several of her visits to Haifa between 1904 and 1906, and ʻAbdu'l-Bahá's answers to these questions.
  • Tablets of the Divine Plan – 14 letters (tablets) written between September 1916 and March 1917 by ʻAbdu'l-Bahá to Baháʼís in the United States and Canada.
  • Tablet to Dr. Forel – a letter of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, written in reply to questions asked by Auguste-Henri Forel, a Swiss myrmecologist, neuroanatomist and psychiatrist.
  • Tablet to The Hague – a letter which ʻAbdu'l-Bahá wrote to the Central Organisation for Durable Peace in The Hague, The Netherlands on 17 December 1919.
  • Will and Testament of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá – A seminal document, written in three stages by ʻAbdu'l-Bahá.

By Shoghi Effendi

Important figures

Central figures

Chronologically there have been three individuals who are considered paramount in the religion, though not of equal station

Other influential figures

Groups

Notable individuals

  • Shoghi Effendi – the appointed head of the Baháʼí Faith from 1921 until his death in 1957, entitled Guardian.
  • Mulla Husayn – whose actions began the unfoldment of the history of the religion by encountering the Báb on the evening of May 23, 1844.
  • Táhirih – born as Fátimih Baraghání she became known as Táhirih, an influential poet and theologian of the Bábí Faith in Iran. Her life, influence and execution made her a key figure of both religions.
  • Badíʻ - The 17-year-old who delivered Baháʼu'lláh's tablet to the Shah and was subsequently killed.
  • Nabíl-i-Aʻzam - The author of the historical narrative called The Dawn-breakers.
  • Mishkín-Qalam - Noteworthy calligrapher of his time and designer of the Greatest Name.
  • Mírzá Abu'l-Faḍl - The famous scholar who travelled as far as America and wrote several notable books about the Baháʼí Faith.
  • Martha Root – a prominent traveling teacher of the Baháʼí Faith in the late 19th and early 20th century.
  • Rúhíyyih Khánum - wife of Shoghi Effendi who was appointed a Hand of the Cause

See also

References

  1. ^ "Lights of Guidance/Women - Bahaiworks, a library of works about the Bahá'í Faith". bahai.works. Retrieved 2020-10-21.

External links

This page was last edited on 1 July 2021, at 03:31
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