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Ouaddaï Region

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ouaddaï

وداي
Map of Chad showing Ouaddaï.
Map of Chad showing Ouaddaï.
CountryChad
Departments3
Sub-prefectures16
Regional capitalAbéché
Population
 (2009)[1]
 • Total721,166

Ouaddaï (Arabic: وداي‎) is a region of Chad, located in the south-east of the country, with its capital at Abéché. Prior to 2002 it was known as Ouaddaï Prefecture; in 2008 the southern portions of Ouaddaï (the Sila Department and Djourf Al Ahmar Department) were split off to become the new Sila Region (also known as Dar Sila).[2]

History

The ruins of Ouara
The ruins of Ouara

The region was the heartland of the former Ouaddai Empire, or Wadai Sultanate, which existed from the early 16th century until 1911 when it was conquered by France in the Ouaddai War. Both capitals of the Empire - Ouara (now uninhabited) and Abéché - are located in modern Ouaddaï region.

Geography

The region borders Wadi Fira Region to the north, Sudan to the east, Sila Region to the south, and Batha Region to the west. The terrain is generally flat savannah, rising slightly towards the east where the Ouaddaï highlands are located.

Settlements

Abéché is the capital of the region and is the fourth largest city in Chad; other major settlements include Abdi, Adré, Am Hitan, Bourtail, Chokoyan, Hadjer Hadid, Marfa, Mabrone and Tourane.[3]

Demography

As per the 2009 Chadian census, the region has a population of 721,166.[1] The main ethnolinguistic groups are the Assangori, Baggara (generally speakers of Chadian Arabic), Dar Sila Daju, Kajakse, Karanga, Kendeje, Maba (including the Marfa sub-group), Mararit, Masalit and Surbakhal.[4]

Subdivisions

Since 2008, the region of Ouaddaï is divided into three departments:

Department Capital Sub-prefectures
Abdi [fr] Abdi [fr] Abdi, Abkar Djombo, Biyeré
Assoungha Adré Adré, Hadjer Hadid, Mabrone, Borota, Molou, Tourane
Ouara Abéché Abéché, Abougoudam, Chokoyan, Bourtaïl, Amleyouna, Gurry, Marfa

References

  1. ^ a b DEUXIEME RECENSEMENT GENERAL DE LA POPULATION ET DE L’HABITAT: RESULTATS GLOBAUX DEFINITIFS (PDF) (Report). INSEED. March 2012. p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  2. ^ "Ordonnance n° 002/PR/08 portant restructuration de certaines collectivités territoriales décentralisées" [Ordinance No. 002/PR/08 on restructuring of certain decentralized local authorities]. Government of Chad. 19 February 2008. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
  3. ^ "Tchad : Région du Ouaddai - Juin 2010" (PDF). UNOCHA. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Languages of Chad". Ethnologue. Retrieved 27 September 2019.


This page was last edited on 31 August 2020, at 07:10
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