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Othello Air Force Station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Othello Air Force Station
Part of Air Defense Command (ADC)
Othello AFS is located in Washington (state)
Othello AFS
Othello AFS
Location of Othello AFS, Washington
Coordinates46°43′17″N 119°10′48″W / 46.72139°N 119.18000°W / 46.72139; -119.18000 (Othello AFS P-40)
TypeAir Force Station
Site information
Controlled by United States Air Force
Site history
Built1951
In use1951-1975
Garrison information
Garrison637th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron (later 637th Radar Squadron); 637th Air Defense Group
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Othello Air Force Station (ADC ID: P-40, NORAD ID: Z-40) is a closed United States Air Force General Surveillance Radar station. It is located 7.2 miles (11.6 km) south of Othello, Washington. It was the home station of the 637th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron (AC&W Sq) (later the 637th Radar Squadron) and the 637th Air Defense Group, closing in 1975.

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  • ✪ ST Kinetics Unveils Bronco 3 Tracked Vehicle for Expanded Missions
  • ✪ Jacque Fresco et Roxanne Meadows sur l'émission On The Edge avec Theo Chalmers [VOstFR]
  • ✪ Jacque Fresco and Roxanne Meadows on 'On The Edge, with Theo Chalmers'

Transcription

Singapore’s ST Kinetics showcased its newest version of its Bronco all-terrain tracked carrier vehicle designed to support a wide variety of mission sets through easy reconfiguration. First fielded in 2001 to the Singapore Army in 2001, ST Kinetics has produced several hundred of its first-version vehicles with more than 20 variants. The second version of the vehicle was built for the British Army — known in the U.K. as the Warthog — for operations in Afghanistan. The vehicle fleet was withdrawn from the country in 2014. Bronco 3 is “the combination of the best of the lessons that we have learned in Bronco 1 and 2,” Phillip Ou, an ST Kinetics executive, said at a media briefing Wednesday at DSEI, a defense conference in London, England. The vehicle is “lighter, more mobile and obviously more better protected,” Ou said. The chief marketing officer for ST Kinetics, retired Brig. Gen. Winston Toh, said the Bronco 3 “has been 17 years in the making” and is now positioned to be deployed in all facets of a mission, from reconnaissance to troop carrying to combat support, as well as battlefield extraction to resupply. A common chassis and some other design elements allow the vehicle to be modularly reconfigured, and some systems can be swapped out to meet different missions in about 20 minutes, according to Winston Vehicle capability can also be expanded by added a trailer to the back with an identical tracked chassis equipped with other sensors or weapons systems. The 16-ton vehicle — which would include a full payload complement — is able to traverse difficult terrain including sand and snow, which means it can creep up from unexpected directions and fire from locations that could not be accessed by other vehicles. The vehicle unveiled at DSEI came equipped with a Green Rock tactical counter rocket; an artillery and mortar radar system; an Othello fire-source location system; a 120mm Super Rapid Advanced Mortar System; and a 12.7mm remote weapon station. The radar was fixed to the roof of a vehicle with the mortar system on the back of a trailer vehicle hitched to the first. While the configuration at the show does not answer a specific requirement in the Singapore military or elsewhere, the company chose to showcase what it anticipates could meet operational needs of a variety of militaries, according to Winston. The company has yet to find a first customer for Bronco 3, but Winston said ST Kinetics is hopeful the Singapore military would be interested in the new variant in the future. As militaries around the world look for systems that are versatile, highly mobile, well-protected and can expand mission sets as threats and operational environments continue to change, ST Kinetics believes it has the answer in its Bronco 3. The company noted its track record with survivability, saying that the Afghanistan-deployed British Warthog encountered more than 30 improvised explosive devices while in theater with no fatalities. Winston said in one particular catastrophic encounter, an IED explosion threw the vehicle up into the air. While one soldier lost his legs in the incident, Winston said the protection on the vehicle saved the soldier’s life. ST Kinetics has built three preproduction versions of Bronco 3 and will demonstrate the vehicle’s capability in the U.K. next week as it looks for a first customer.

Contents

History

Othello Air Force Station was one of twenty-eight stations built as part of the second segment of the Air Defense Command permanent radar network. Prompted by the start of the Korean War, on July 11, 1950, the Secretary of the Air Force asked the Secretary of Defense for approval to expedite construction of the permanent network. Receiving the Defense Secretary’s approval on July 21, the Air Force directed the Corps of Engineers to proceed with construction. This site took over coverage once provided by the temporary "Lashup" site L-28, Spokane, Washington, which operated between 1950-1952.

The 637th AC&W Sq had moved to Saddle Mountain, Washington by 1 January 1951.[1] The squadron began operating an AN/FPS-3 long-range search radar and an AN/FPS-5 height-finder radar in January 1952, assuming coverage from the temporary "lashup" sites L-29 at Larson AFB and L-30 at Richland, Washington. Initially the station functioned as a Ground-Control Intercept (GCI) and warning station. As a GCI station, the squadron's role was to guide interceptor aircraft toward unidentified intruders picked up on the unit's radar scopes. The site was renamed Othello Air Force Station on 1 December 1953.

In 1956 ADC replaced the height-finder radar with an AN/FPS-6. In 1958 the 637th AC&W Sq operated an AN/FPS-20 search radar and added an AN/FPS-6A height-finder radar. In July 1960 the joined the regional Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) center, the squadron being redesignated as the 637th Radar Squadron (SAGE) on 1 September.[1] The radar squadron provided information 24/7 the SAGE Direction Center where it was analyzed to determine range, direction altitude speed and whether or not aircraft were friendly or hostile. On 31 July 1963, the site was redesignated as NORAD ID Z-40.

In 1963 the AN/FPS-20 radar was replaced by an AN/FPS-7C set featuring an ECCM capability (the AN/FPS-7C was later modified to the AN/FPS-107 version). Also in 1963 the AN/FPS-6 was retired as an AN/FPS-26A height-finder radar was being installed, completed in 1964.

In addition to the main facility, Othello operated several AN/FPS-14 Gap Filler sites:

The 637th Radar Sq was inactivated[1] and replaced by the 637th Air Defense Group in March 1970.[2] The upgrade to group status was done because of Othello AFS' status as a Backup Interceptor Control (BUIC) site. BUIC sites were alternate control sites in the event that SAGE Direction Centers became disabled and unable to control interceptor aircraft. The group was awarded the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award for the period from 1 March 1970 through 31 May 1971 for exceptionally meritorious service[3] The group was inactivated[2] and replaced by the 637th Radar Squadron.[1] as defenses against manned bombers were reduced. The group was disbanded in 1984.[4]

The squadron was inactivated on March 31, 1975[1] due to a draw-down of ADC and budget constraints. Today, the site is abandoned and deteriorating, and has the look of a ghost town. The site and housing area are deteriorating, with tall weeds, grasses, and shrubs growing everywhere.

Units

  • Constituted as 637th Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron
Activated 21 May 1947 at Long Beach Municipal Airport, CA
Moved to McChord Air Force Base, WA on 16 Apr 1948
Moved to Larson Air Force Base, WA on 28 January 1949
Moved to Saddle Mountain (later Othello AFS), WA ca. 1 January 1951
Redesignated 637th Radar Squadron (SAGE) on 1 September 1960
Inactivated on 1 March 1970
Redesignated 637th Radar Squadron on 1 January 1974
Activated on 17 January 1974
Inactivated on 31 March 1975[1]
  • Constituted as 637th Air Defense Group on 13 February 1970
Activated on 1 March 1970
Inactivated on 17 January 1974[2]
Disbanded on 27 September 1984[4]

Awards

Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg

Assignments

See also

Notes and references

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Cornett & Johnson, p. 155
  2. ^ a b c d Cornett, & Johnson, p.86
  3. ^ a b Air Force Pamphlet 900-2, Vol. II, p. 86
  4. ^ a b Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 575q, 27 Sep 1984, Subject: Disbandment of Units

Bibliography

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  • Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946 - 1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.
  • AF Pamphlet 900-2, Unit Decorations, Awards and Campaign Participation Credits, Vol II Department of the Air Force, Washington, DC, 30 Sep 1976

Further reading

This page was last edited on 5 April 2018, at 22:36
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