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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Oskar Pastior (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈoskar pasˈtjor]; 20 October 1927 – 4 October 2006) was a Romanian-born German poet and translator. He was the only German member of Oulipo.


Born into a Transylvanian Saxon family in Sibiu (Hermannstadt), he was deported in January 1945,[citation needed] along with many other ethnic Germans in Eastern Europe, to the USSR for forced labor. He returned to Romania in 1949, and went on to study German studies at the University of Bucharest in 1955. After graduation, he worked for the German language service of the Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company. In 1964, he published his first collection of poems, "Offne Worte".

After having been under surveillance by the Securitate for 4 years, Pastior became an informer for the Securitate in 1961 with the alias "Otto Stein".[1] This became known in 2010, years after his death.

He was an informer until 1968, when he obtained a scholarship to Vienna and defected from Communist Romania.

Pastior left for Germany, living at first in Munich, then in West Berlin, where he lived the rest of his life. He was known for his translations of Romanian literature into German (among others, the works of Tudor Arghezi, George Coşbuc, Tristan Tzara, Gellu Naum, Marin Sorescu, and Urmuz).

He received the highly prestigious Georg-Büchner-Preis in 2006.

Herta Müller, reading, "Everything I Possess I Carry With Me", Potsdam, July 2010
Herta Müller, reading, "Everything I Possess I Carry With Me", Potsdam, July 2010

The Hunger Angel, the 2009 novel of Nobel Prize-winning author Herta Müller, is based partly upon Pastior's experiences as a forced laborer in the USSR.[2] Initially, Pastior and Müller had planned to write a book about his experiences together, but he died in 2006.[3]

Selected works

  • Pastior, Oskar; Mathews, Harry; Middleton, Christopher; Waldrop, Rosmarie; Yau, John (2001). Many glove compartments : selected poems. Providence, R.I.: Burning Deck. ISBN 1-886224-44-7. OCLC 48569855.
  • Pastior, Oskar; Green, Malcolm (1990). Poempoems. London: Atlas Press. ISBN 0-947757-37-6. OCLC 37726173.


  1. ^ "Der Dichter Oskar Pastior war IM der Securitate". Frankfurter Allgemeine. Retrieved 18 September 2010.
  2. ^ "Nobel laureate discusses writing about dictatorships". 29 May 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2020 – via
  3. ^ Online, FOCUS. "Der Vorwurf ist absurd". FOCUS Online. Retrieved 26 July 2020.

External links

This page was last edited on 8 February 2023, at 08:49
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