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Order of the Yugoslav Crown

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Order of The Crown
Medaille ordre royale Yougoslavie img 2842.jpg
Order of The Yugoslav Crown, 3rd class
TypeState Order (1930–1945)
House Order (after 1945)
Awarded forNational unity and cooperation, or for merit towards the Crown, State and Nation in public service, as well as to the foreign nationals for diplomatic merit.
Presented by Kingdom of Yugoslavia
EligibilityYugoslavian citizens and foreign nationals.
StatusDiscontinued
Established5 April 1930
First awarded6 September 1930
TotalUnknown
Ordre de la Couronne de Yougoslavie (Royaume).png
Ribbon bar of the order
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of the White Eagle
EquivalentOrder of St. Sava

Order of The Yugoslav Crown was instituted by King Alexander I of Yugoslavia on 5 April 1930, to commemorate his changing of the name of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.[1]

History

King Alexander ascended the Throne in 1921. During a political crisis in 1929 the strong separatist movements within the country forced the King to temporarily suspend the Constitution to declare a dictatorship and to place greater emphasis on national unity, which resulted in the name of the country to Yugoslavia. The order was awarded to Yugoslavian citizens who enhanced national unity or for merit towards the Crown or State in public service, as well as to the foreign nationals who had assisted the country. The Order of the Yugoslav Crown was senior to Order of St. Sava.

Description

Insignia of the Order were made by the French firm Artis Bertrand and Swiss firm Huguenin. The Order of Yugoslav Crown five degrees' insignia are suspended from a ribbon of dark blue moire. The center of the cross contains the image of the Yugoslav royal crown and is part of the decoration of all degrees of the order. On the reverse side of the insignia is engraved the date "3-X-1929 and the royal monogram "A" (for 3 October 1929 and Alexander). The First and Second classes of the order also wear the star of the Order on the left side of his chest. The third, fourth, and fifth classes only wear the insignia of the Order. The First class of the order is worn on a blue moire riband over his right shoulder. The Second and Third class of the Order worn on a blue moire neck ribbon. The Fourth and Fifth class of the Order worn on a triangular blue moire ribbon on the left breast.

Recipients

References

  1. ^ "The Order of the Yugoslav Crown". Official Website of the Serbian Royal Family. 1997. Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2011-06-20.
  2. ^ Acović, Dragomir (2012). Slava i čast: Odlikovanja među Srbima, Srbi među odlikovanjima. Belgrade: Službeni Glasnik. p. 344.
  3. ^ Acović, Dragomir (2012). Slava i čast: Odlikovanja među Srbima, Srbi među odlikovanjima. Belgrade: Službeni Glasnik. p. 592.
  4. ^ Acović, Dragomir (2012). Slava i čast: Odlikovanja među Srbima, Srbi među odlikovanjima. Belgrade: Službeni Glasnik. p. 595.
This page was last edited on 23 May 2021, at 19:16
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