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Order of the Cross of the Eagle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Order of the Cross of the Eagle
EST Order of the Cross of the Eagle 1st class with swords star.jpg
Star of the 1st Class of the order
TypeOrder granted in 5 classes with three affiliated crosses, in both civil and military divisions.
Awarded forMilitary services and services in the field of national defence
Presented by Estonia
EligibilityCivilians and military personnel
Established17 February 1928
13 September 1936 as a state order
EST Order of the Cross of the Eagle 1st Class BAR.png

1st Class

EST Order of the Cross of the Eagle 2nd Class BAR.png
2nd Class
EST Order of the Cross of the Eagle 3rd Class BAR.png

3rd Class
EST Order of the Cross of the Eagle 4th Class BAR.png

4th Class
EST Order of the Cross of the Eagle 5th Class BAR.png

5th Class
EST Order of the Cross of the Eagle - Gold Cross BAR.png

Gold Cross
EST Order of the Cross of the Eagle - Silver Cross BAR.png

Silver Cross

EST Order of the Cross of the Eagle - Iron Cross BAR.png

Iron Cross
Ribbon bars of the Order of the Cross of the Eagle
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of the White Star
EquivalentOrder of the Estonian Red Cross

The Order of the Cross of the Eagle (Estonian: Kotkaristi teenetemärk; French: Ordre de la Croix de l'Aigle) was instituted in 1928 by the Estonian Defence League to commemorate the tenth anniversary of Estonian independence. It was adopted as a state order in 1936.[1] The Order of the Cross of the Eagle is bestowed to give recognition for military services and services in the field of national defence. It is awarded in civil and military divisions. The awards made to members of the military are denoted by the addition of crossed swords to the decoration.[2]

Classes

The Order of the Cross of the Eagle comprises eight classes:

  • Five basic classes - 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th class;
  • Three medal classes - crosses in gold, silver and iron;

The crosses of all the classes of the Order of the Cross of the Eagle have the same design.

The colour tone of the orange moiré ribands belonging to the decorations of all the classes of the Order of the Cross of the Eagle is determined according to the international PANTONE colour-table as 137 MC.[3]

The Order of the Cross of the Eagle is a military decoration if two crossed swords are affixed to it as follows:

  • The cross has crossed swords movably attached at the hilts of the swords to the tips of the top arms of the cross. The length of the swords together with their hilts is 35 mm for the 1st, 2nd and 3rd class decorations and 33 mm for the 4th and 5th class decorations and the gold, silver and iron crosses;
  • The star has crossed swords affixed to the oblique rays of the star and the vertical and horizontal rays remain uncovered. The swords are set hilts down. The length of each sword is 85 mm.

The medals of the affiliated crosses of the Order of the Cross of the Eagle have swords in the same metal as their cross.[4]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Estonia: The Order of the Cross of the Eagle Archived 2012-09-26 at the Wayback Machine Medals of the World, Megan C. Robertson. 2008-08-23
  2. ^ Order of the Cross of the Eagle. President of the Republic of Estonia, State Decorations. Retrieved 2011-1-22
  3. ^ Decorations Act. Decorations of the Republic of Estonia, 12-19-2007.
  4. ^ Decorations Act. Decorations of the Republic of Estonia, 12-19-2007.

External links

This page was last edited on 12 January 2022, at 10:21
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