To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Oluf Rygh (5 September 1833 – 19 August 1899) was a noted Norwegian archaeologist, philologist and historian. Oluf Rygh is recognized as one of the founders of professional archaeology in Norway.

Oluf Rygh. Photo: L. Forbech
Oluf Rygh. Photo: L. Forbech


Oluf Rygh was born in Verdal. His parents were Peder Strand Rygh (1800–1868) and Ingeborg Marie Bentsen (1809–1878). He was the older brother of Evald Rygh and Karl Ditlev Rygh. Oluf Rygh attended the Trondhjem Cathedral School in 1850 and went to the University of Christiania to study philology, where he graduated in 1856. In 1858, while a teacher at Nissens Skole in Christiania, he was a research fellow for history. Later he was a professor of classical philology, history and Scandinavian languages.[1]


Rygh led excavation of the Tune ship
Rygh led excavation of the Tune ship

Rygh was professor of history at the Royal Frederick University between 1866 and 1875. He was director of Oldsaksamlingen (which subsequently became the Museum of Cultural History) from 1862 and professor of Nordic archaeology from 1875 – the first professor of archaeology at any Scandinavian university. He led excavation of the Tune ship 1867. His work Norske Oldsaker (Norwegian Antiquities) published in 1885 is recognized for its detailed illustrations and even today is still a significant reference source.

From 1879 to 1899 he chaired the Norwegian Historical Association.[2]

Oluf Rygh is best known for creation of Norske Gaardnavne (Norwegian Farm Names), which is a 19 volume set of books based on a manuscript prepared from 1897 to 1924. The book contains a standardized notation, information on pronunciation, historical forms and the etymology for recorded farm, estate and manor names in Norway, which became the standard for place names in Norway. It inspired similar research in Sweden and Denmark. Rygh died in 1899 at Ulefoss in Holla, Telemark. At the time of his death, only three and one half volumes had been published.[3]


The street Oluf Ryghs gate at Fagerborg has been named after him.[4]


His more significant publications include:[3]

  • 1869 – Om den ældre Jernalder i Norge (On the Older Iron Age in Norway)
  • 1877 – Om den yngre Jernalder i Norge (On the Younger Iron Age in Norway)
  • 1885 – Norske Oldsaker (Norwegian Antiquities)
  • 1897 – Norske Gaardnavne (a 19 volume set on "Norwegian Farm Names" parts of which were completed for publication after his death by other researchers)


  1. ^ "Oluf Rygh". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget.
  2. ^ "Historikk" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Historical Association. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
  3. ^ a b Oluf Rygh: Norwegian Farm Names
  4. ^ Tvedt, Knut Are, ed. (2000). "Oluf Ryghs gate". Oslo byleksikon (4th ed.). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. p. 315. ISBN 82-573-0815-3.
This page was last edited on 24 April 2020, at 09:54
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.