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Old Stock Americans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Old Stock Americans
Pioneer Stock, Anglo-Americans
Flag of the United States (1776–1777).svg
Grand Union Flag,
Crosses of St George (England) and St Andrew (Scotland) in the canton represent the ethnicities usually associated with 'Old Stock Americans'.
1st Rejected US Coat of Arms.svg
Early version of the Great Seal of the United States,
the banners on the shield represent the ethnicities usually associated with 'Old Stock Americans'.
Regions with significant populations
United States and Canada[1]
American English
Christianity (primarily Protestantism, with some Catholicism in Maryland)
Related ethnic groups
British, English, Welsh, Scots, Ulster-Scots, Old Stock Canadians, Anglo-Celtic Australians, European New Zealanders, Anglo-Indians, British diaspora in Africa

Old Stock Americans, Pioneer Stock, or Anglo-Americans, are Americans who are descended from the original settlers of the Thirteen Colonies, of mostly British ancestry, who colonized America in the 17th and the 18th centuries.[2][3] Some of these Old Stock Americans identify by "American ancestry" because they are so far removed from their original ethnic ancestry origin.[4][5]

Settlement in the colonies

Between 1700 and 1775, the overwhelming majority of settlers in the colonies (around 75%) were Britons of varying ethnic backgrounds such as English, Scottish, Welsh, and Ulster-Scots, with initial settlements focused on the colonial hearths of Virginia, New England and Bermuda, under Elizabeth I of England, James VI and I and Charles I of England. Populations of Huguenots, Dutch, Swedes, and Germans arrived before 1776 mostly as fellow royal subjects, but the majority were from Great Britain (having been influenced by republicanism during the Commonwealth of England and the Protectorate).[6]

19th Century to present

Until the second half of the 20th century, Old Stock Americans dominated American culture and politics.[7][8] Thousands of Germans and Irish from the southern regions of their countries immigrated to the United States during the 19th century and were met with strong opposition from the majority Protestant and temperance movement-minded Old Stock, who were anti-immigration and anti-Catholic.[9][10]

Regardless of ancestral origin, English-speaking, native-born White Americans, were referred to as "Anglos" or "Native Americans" (not to be confused with Indigenous Americans). American settlers arriving in droves to the newly acquired, formerly French Louisiana, Spanish Florida, and Mexican colonies (California, Texas, and New Mexico with Arizona), whether they were native born or of European origin, were labelled as "Anglos”.[11][12]

See also


  1. ^ Wilson, Bruce G. "Loyalists in Canada". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  2. ^ Hirschman, C. (2005). "Immigration and the American century". Demography. 42 (4): 595–620. CiteSeerX doi:10.1353/dem.2005.0031. PMID 16463913. S2CID 46298096.
  3. ^ Khan, Razib. "Don't count old stock Anglo-America out". Discover Magazine. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
  4. ^ Kazimierz J. Zaniewski; Carol J. Rosen (1998). The Atlas of Ethnic Diversity in Wisconsin. Univ of Wisconsin Press. pp. 65–69. ISBN 978-0-299-16070-8.
  5. ^ Liz O'Connor, Gus Lubin and Dina Specto (2013). "The Largest Ancestry Groups In The United States - Business Insider". Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  6. ^ McKee, Jesse O. (August 21, 2017). Ethnicity in Contemporary America: A Geographical Appraisal. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9780742500341. Retrieved August 21, 2017 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ Oyangen, K. Immigrant Identities in the Rural Midwest, 1830--1925. Iowa State University. ISBN 9780549147114. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  8. ^ Lichtman, Alan J. (2000). Prejudice and the Old Politics: The Presidential Election of 1928. Lexington Books. ISBN 9780739101261. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  9. ^ Byrne, Julie. "Roman Catholics and Immigration in Nineteenth-Century America". National Humanities Center. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  10. ^ Bill. "AN ANTI-CATHOLIC LAW'S TROUBLING LEGACY". Catholic League. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  11. ^ Reimers, David (2005). Other Immigrants: The Global Origins of the American People. NYU Press. p. 34. ISBN 9780814775349. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
  12. ^ Berkin, Carol; Miller, Christopher; Cherny, Robert; Gormly, James; Egerton, Douglas (2010). Making America: A History of the United States, Volume 2: From 1865, Brief. Cengage Learning. p. 448. ISBN 9780618471416. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 20:37
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