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Ohio's at-large congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ohio's at-large congressional district existed from 1803 to 1813, from 1913 to 1915, from 1933 to 1953 and from 1963 until 1967, when it was banned by the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

From statehood in 1803 until the 1813 redistricting following the 1810 census, Ohio had only one member of the United States House of Representatives: Jeremiah Morrow.

List of members representing the district

Cong
ress
Years Member Party Electoral history
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
October 17, 1803 –
March 3, 1813
Jeremiah Morrow at statehouse.jpg

Jeremiah Morrow
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.

After the 1810 census, the at-large seat was eliminated. It was reinstated after the 1910 census.

Cong
ress
Years Member Party Electoral history
63rd March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
Robert Crosser cph.3b03511.jpg

Robert Crosser
Democratic Elected in 1912.
Redistricted to the 21st district.

From the 1930 census to the 1940 census, there were two seats elected at-large, on a general ticket.

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B
Member Party Electoral history Member Party Electoral history
73rd March 4, 1933 –
March 3, 1935
Charles V. Truax (Ohio Congressman).jpg

Charles V. Truax
Democratic Elected in 1932
StephenMYoung.jpg

Stephen M. Young
Democratic Elected in 1932.
74th March 4, 1935 –
August 9, 1935
Re-elected in 1934.
Died.
Re-elected in 1934.
Retired to run for Governor of Ohio.
August 9, 1935 –
November 3, 1936
Vacant
November 3, 1936 –
January 3, 1937
Daniel S. Earhart.jpg

Daniel S. Earhart
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
75th January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
John McSweeney (politician)-hec.12922.jpg

John McSweeney
Democratic Elected in 1936.
Lost re-election.
Harold G. Mosier 1938-12-18.jpg

Harold G. Mosier
Democratic Elected in 1936.
Lost renomination.
76th January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
George Bender.jpg

George H. Bender
Republican Elected in 1938
L. L. Marshall Head and shoulder crop 1940-3-5.jpg

L. L. Marshall
Republican Elected in 1938.
Lost re-election.
77th January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
Re-elected in 1940
StephenMYoung.jpg

Stephen M. Young
Democratic Elected in 1940.
Lost re-election.
78th January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Re-elected in 1942 Seat two was eliminated after the 1940 census.
79th January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Re-elected in 1944.
80th January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
Re-elected in 1946.
Lost re-election.
81st January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1951
Stephen M. Young 87th Congress 1961.jpg

Stephen M. Young
Democratic Elected in 1948.
Lost re-election.
82nd January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
George H. Bender 84th Congress 1955.jpg

George H. Bender
Republican Elected in 1950.
Redistricted to the 23rd district.

In 1953, the seat was eliminated. It was restored in 1963.

Years Cong
ress
Member Party Electoral history
88th January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
RobertTaftJr.jpg

Robert Taft Jr.
Republican Elected in 1962.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
89th January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
Robert E. Sweeney 89th Congress 1965.jpg

Robert E. Sweeney
Democratic Elected in 1964.
Retired to run for Ohio Attorney General.

In 1967, the at-large district was eliminated.

Recent election results

The following chart shows historic election results. Bold type indicates victor. Italic type indicates incumbent.

Year Democratic Republican Other
From 1933 to 1941, there were two seats elected at large, on a general ticket. All the candidates ran in one race and the top two vote-getters won the two seats.
1932 Charles V. Truax: 1,206,631
Stephen M. Young: 1,200,946
George H. Bender: 1,109,562
L. T. Palmer: 1,102,567
Edward R. Stafford (P): 24,625
Alfred H. Stratton (P): 17,844
John Rehms (C): 7,050
William Hughey (C): 6,010
1934 Charles V. Truax : 1,061,857
Stephen M. Young (inc.): 1,050,089
George H. Bender: 905,233
L. L. Marshall: 871,432
Ben Atkins (C): 13,972
John Marshall (C): 13,808
1936
(Special)[a]
Daniel S. Earhart: 1,479,284[1] Benson Ogier: 1,057,473 [Data unknown/missing.]
1936 John McSweeney: 1,553,059
Harold G. Mosier: 1,493,152
George H. Bender: 1,226,147
L. L. Marshall: 1,121,370
William C. Sandberg (C): 8,947
1938 John McSweeney (inc.): 1,068,916
Stephen M. Young: 1,015,041
George H. Bender: 1,177,982
L. L. Marshall: 1,101,193
 
1940 Stephen M. Young: 1,483,879
Francis W. Durbin: 1,384,745
George H. Bender (inc.): 1,519,559
L. L. Marshall (inc.): 1,386,627
 
From 1943 through 1953 there was one member of the House from Ohio elected at large.
1942 Stephen M. Young:[b] 717,692 George H. Bender (inc.): 945,995  
1944 William Glass: 1,362,843 George H. Bender (inc.): 1,542,422  
1946 William M. Boyd: 871,660 George H. Bender (inc.): 1,281,864  
1948 Stephen M. Young: 1,455,972 George H. Bender (inc.): 1,342,388  
1950 Stephen M. Young (inc.): 1,237,409 George H. Bender: 1,447,154  
From 1953 through 1963, the at-large seat became the 23rd district. The at-large seat was created again after the 1960 census.
1962 Richard D. Kennedy: 1,164,628 Robert Taft (Jr.): 1,786,018  
1964 Robert E. Sweeney: 1,872,351 Oliver P. Bolton: 1,716,480  

Notes

  1. ^ Truax died in office in 1935.
  2. ^ Young held an incumbency in the second at-large seat, which was eliminated for the 1942 election. Thus, there were two incumbents vying for this seat.

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
  • "Ohio's at-large congressional district". OurCampaigns.com.

This page was last edited on 9 May 2019, at 14:33
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