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Office of the Institutions of Empress Maria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Emblem of the office
Emblem of the office

The Office of the Institutions of Empress Maria (Russian: Ведомство учреждений императрицы Марии) was the name of the Imperial government office of charity in Imperial Russia, and the 4th branch of His Imperial Majesty's Own Chancellery between 1828 and 1917.

The office was named after Empress Maria, who united her management of the Moscow Orphanage with that of the orphanage and the Foundling Hospital of St. Petersburg on 2 May 1797. The institutions managed orphanages, care of the invalids, the blind and the deaf, education for women and children, poor houses and hospitals, many of the institutions founded by the Empress.

After Empress Maria's death in 1828, it was incorporated into the Imperial Chancellery of the Tsar and given the name Office of the Institutions of Empress Maria in 1854. In 1880 it was renamed to His Imperial Majesty's Own Chancellery for Institutions of Empress Mary. The office was abolished in 1917, the year when the Russian Empire ended.

History

The work of the office began in 1796, when Empress Maria Feodorovna took over the Smolny Institute of Noble Maidens. The Empress' Chancellery then consisted of six persons, headed by Grigory Ivanovich Villamov. Two days after the death of the Empress, Nicholas I of Russia, by decree of 26 October 1828, took all the institutions under her jurisdiction under his patronage.[1] To manage them, the IV department of His Imperial Majesty's Own Chancellery was formed.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Nicholas I of Russia. (1830). "О принятии Государем Императором под своё покровительство всех заведений, состоявших в ведении покойной Государыни Императрицы Марии Федоровны" [On the acceptance by the Sovereign Emperor under his patronage of all institutions run by the late Empress Maria Feodorovna] (in Russian). III, 1828, no. 2379 (Complete collection of laws of the Russian Empire [ru], second collection ed.). Printing House of Section II His Imperial Majesty's Own Chancellery. pp. 948–949.
  2. ^ Nicholas I of Russia. (1830). "О поручении… Канцелярии… и о именовании её IV Отделением Его Величества собственной Канцелярии…" [On the commission… of the Chancellery… and on the naming of it as the IV Department of His Majesty's own Chancellery…] (in Russian). III, 1828, no. 2379 (Complete collection of laws of the Russian Empire [ru], second collection ed.). St.Petersburg: Printing House of Section II His Imperial Majesty's Own Chancellery. p. 949.

Other sources

  • Благотворительность и милосердие Санкт-Петербурга: Рубеж XIX—XX вв. / Авт.-сост. В. Н. Занозина, Е. А. Адаменко. —СПб., 2000.
  • Lindenmeyr, Adele, Poverty Is Not a Vice: Charity, Society, and the State in Imperial Russia (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996)
This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 21:37
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