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Oak leaf cluster

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Oak leaf cluster
Bronze oakleaf-3d.svg
Silver oakleaf-3d.svg
Bronze and silver oak leaf clusters
Awarded by the
Department of Defense
Department of the Army
Department of the Air Force
TypeRibbon device
Awarded forTo denote subsequent decorations and awards.[1]
StatusCurrently in use

An oak leaf cluster is a ribbon device to denote subsequent decorations and awards consisting of a miniature bronze or silver twig of four oak leaves with three acorns on the stem that is authorized by the United States Armed Forces as for a specific set of decorations and awards of the Department of Defense, Department of the Army, and Department of the Air Force .[2]

The bronze oak leaf cluster represents one additional award, while the silver oak leaf cluster is worn in lieu of five bronze oak leaf clusters.[3]

Criteria and wear

Oak leaf clusters are worn with the stems of the leaves pointing to the wearer’s right. For medals, 1332-inch (10 mm) oak leaf clusters are worn on the medal's suspension ribbon. If four oak leaf clusters are worn on the suspension ribbon, the fourth is placed above the middle one in the row of three.[3] For service ribbons, 516-inch (7.9 mm) oak leaf clusters are worn, with no more than four oak leaf clusters being worn side by side.[3][4] If the number of authorized oak leaf clusters exceeds four, a second ribbon is authorized for wear and is worn after the first ribbon.[3] The second ribbon counts as one additional award, after which more leaf clusters may be added to the second ribbon. If future awards reduce the number of oak leaf clusters worn on the first ribbon due to bronze oak leaf clusters being replaced by a silver oak leaf cluster, the second ribbon is removed and the appropriate number of devices is placed on the first ribbon.[3]


The following are examples of the first through twenty-first awards of an Army Commendation Medal with the bronze and silver oak leaf clusters:

First award
Second award
Third award
Fourth award
Fifth award
Sixth award
Seventh award
Eighth award
Ninth award
Tenth award
Eleventh award
Twelfth award
Thirteenth award
Fourteenth award
Fifteenth award
Sixteenth award
Seventeenth award
Eighteenth award
Nineteenth award
Twentieth award
Twenty-first award

Decorations and awards

Oak leaf clusters may be worn on Department of Defense, Department of the Army, and Department of the Air Force decorations and awards presented to members of the eight uniformed services: the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, Coast Guard, Public Health Service, and the NOAA Commissioned Corps.

Army personnel[5] Air Force personnel[6] Navy, Marines, Coast Guard, PHS, and NOAA personnel[7][8][9][10]
Distinguished Service Cross and Air Force Cross Distinguished Service Cross and Air Force Cross Distinguished Service Cross and Air Force Cross
Defense Distinguished Service Medal Defense Distinguished Service Medal Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Distinguished Service Medal and Air Force Distinguished Service Medal Distinguished Service Medal and Air Force Distinguished Service Medal Distinguished Service Medal and Air Force Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star Silver Star
Defense Superior Service Medal Defense Superior Service Medal Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit Legion of Merit
Distinguished Flying Cross Distinguished Flying Cross
Soldier's Medal and Airman's Medal Soldier's Medal and Airman's Medal Soldier's Medal and Airman's Medal
Bronze Star Medal Bronze Star Medal
Purple Heart Purple Heart
Defense Meritorious Service Medal Defense Meritorious Service Medal Defense Meritorious Service Medal
Meritorious Service Medal Meritorious Service Medal
Air Medal
Aerial Achievement Medal
Joint Service Commendation Medal Joint Service Commendation Medal Joint Service Commendation Medal
Army and Air Force Commendation Medal Army and Air Force Commendation Medal Army and Air Force Commendation Medal
Joint Service Achievement Medal Joint Service Achievement Medal Joint Service Achievement Medal
Army and Air Force Achievement Medal Army and Air Force Achievement Medal Army and Air Force Achievement Medal
Army Reserve Components Achievement Medal Combat Readiness Medal
Air Force Good Conduct Medal
Air Force Longevity Service Award
Presidential Unit Citation Overseas Service Ribbon (long and short tours)
Joint Meritorious Unit Award Presidential Unit Citation Joint Meritorious Unit Award
Valorous Unit Award Joint Meritorious Unit Award
Meritorious Unit Commendation Gallant Unit Citation
Superior Unit Award Meritorious Unit Award
Outstanding Unit Award
Organizational Excellence Award
Air Force NCO PME Graduate Ribbon
Air Force Training Ribbon

Except for the Air Medal, unique decorations and awards issued by Department of the Army or Department of the Air Force, and those decorations and awards issued by the Department of Defense, the other uniformed services use 516 inch stars to indicate subsequent personal decorations only; a gold ​516 inch star is equivalent to a bronze oak leaf cluster, while a silver ​516 inch star is equivalent to a silver oak leaf cluster.[11] While the Air Force uses oak leaf clusters for the Air Medal, since the Vietnam War, the Army has used 316-inch (4.8 mm) bronze Arabic numerals to denote subsequent awards, in which case the ribbon denotes the first award and numerals starting with the numeral "2" denote additional awards.[12]

Other nations

In other nations, oak leaf clusters are also used as symbols for various awards and decorations. In Germany, the German oak is the national tree of Germany, thus oak leaves are a prominent symbol on most German military orders. During World War II, the Knight's Cross of the German Iron Cross could be awarded with the additional distinction of oak leaves (mit Eichenlaub). Of the 7,313 awards of the Knight's Cross, only 882 received oak leaves. After World War II, Iron Crosses awarded previously could be worn by the recipient provided the swastika was replaced by oak leaves. The Bundeswehr awards the Cross of Honour for Bravery for extraordinary bravery. The Cross of Honour for Bravery differs from the Badge of Honour by an adornment in the shape of stylized double oak leaves.[13] Furthermore, it was featured on the Pfennig in Germany and since the introduction of the euro in 2001 it is used on the obverse side of the German euro coinage. In earlier times, the Pour le Mérite, the highest military order in the Kingdom of Prussia, could also be awarded with oak leaves. A civil version of the order, for accomplishments in the arts and sciences, still exists in the Federal Republic of Germany.

In Commonwealth countries, a bronze oak leaf signifies a Mention in Despatches, and is worn as a gallantry award in its own right, rather than to signify multiple instances of campaign service. The Commonwealth equivalent of a United States oak leaf cluster is a medal bar worn with a campaign medal.

See also


  1. ^ DoD Awards Manual, 1348.33 V3
  2. ^ DoD Awards Manual 1348.33, V3, P. 16 (2) bottom, 23 November 2010
  3. ^ a b c d e Army Regulation 670-1 Archived 5 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "DoDM 1348.33-V3, November 23, 2010" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 February 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  5. ^ Army Regulation 600-8-22 Archived 22 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Air Force Instruction 36-2803" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 January 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  7. ^ "SECNAVINST 1650.1H" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 May 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
  8. ^ Coast Guard Commandant Instruction 1650.25D
  9. ^ "Commissioned Corps Instruction CC26.3.3 Wear of Ribbons and Medals" (PDF). [Commissioned Corps Management Information System website]. United States Public Health Service. 28 August 2008. p. 12. Archived from the original (pdf) on 15 September 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  10. ^ "NOAA Corps Directives, Chapter 12  PART 6 – Insignia, Medals, and Ribbon Bars" (PDF). [Commissioned Corps Personnel Center]. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  11. ^ DoD Awards Manual 1348.33, V3, P. 50 "AM" (P. 51 Table 1, Key 1., 2., 11., 13.), 23 November 2010
  12. ^ DoD Awards Manual, V3, P. 55&56 (1), (2), 23 November 2010
  13. ^ "Stiftungserlass des BMVg vom 13. August 2008" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 26 October 2011.
This page was last edited on 15 September 2020, at 23:09
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