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Nyerere National Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nyerere National Park
Selous Game Reserve
IUCN category II (national park)
TZ Selous Game Reserve Aeroview.JPG
LocationLocation in Tanzania
Coordinates9°0′S 37°24′E / 9.000°S 37.400°E / -9.000; 37.400
Area30,893 km2
Governing bodyTanzania National Parks Authority

Nyerere National Park (formerly: Selous, pronunciation: "saluu") is the largest national park in Tanzania, also one of the world's largest wildlife sanctuaries. The total area of the park is 30,893 km2 (11,928 sq mi) and covers the Coast, Morogoro, Lindi, Mtwara and Ruvuma regions.[1] The area is larger than 70 countries in the world and is estimated to be twice the size of Costa Rica (Central America) and about twice the size of Belgium (Europe). Much of the area is in a natural state without being disturbed by human activities.


The park was established in 1922 as a game reserve known as the Selous; before being gazetted as a National Park in 2019. The park was named in honour of the first President of Tanzania, Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere.[2][3]

The original name recognises Frederick Selous, a British hunter during the colonial establishment of South and East Africa, who was killed in present-day Tanzania as a soldier during the First World War. Since 1982 it has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.[4]


Nyerere National Park is home to several species of wildlife: lions, wildebeests, giraffes, zebras, hippopotamuses, rhinos, antelopes, hyenas, African wolves, and a large number of crocodiles in the Rufiji River. Previously the Selous game reserve was home to a large number of elephants but due to extreme poaching, the numbers have dropped dramatically.

See also

Further reading

  • Baldus, Rolf D.; Siege, Ludwig; Jafferji, Javed (2005). Selous Game Reserve. Gallery Publications. ISBN 9789987667468.


  1. ^ "The Newly-Established Nyerere National Park". EABWNews. 5 February 2020. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  2. ^ Yinglun, Shi, ed. (29 July 2019). "Tanzania starts process to establish Nyerere National Park in Selous". Xinhuanet. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  3. ^ Lyimo, Henry (25 November 2019). "New Nyerere National park established". Daily News (Tanzania). Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  4. ^ "Nyerere National park overview". Zepisa African safaris.
This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 10:06
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