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1840 and 1841 United States House of Representatives elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1840 and 1841 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1838 & 1839 July 6, 1840 – November 2, 1841 1842 & 1843 →

All 242 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
122 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
John White.jpg
JohnWinstonJones.jpg
Leader John White John Jones
Party Whig Democratic
Leader's seat Kentucky 9th Virginia 3rd
Last election 116 seats 126 seats
Seats won 142 98
Seat change Increase 26 Decrease 28
Popular vote 1,089,609 1,021,051
Percentage 51.04% 47.83%
Swing Increase 1.31% Decrease 2.18%

  Third party
 
Party Independent
Last election 0 seats
Seats won 2 [a]
Seat change Increase 2
Popular vote 18,063
Percentage 0.85%
Swing Increase 0.44%

Speaker before election

Robert M. T. Hunter
Whig

Elected Speaker

John White
Whig

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 27th Congress were held at various dates in different states from July 1840 to November 1841.

In a Whig wave, voters gave the Whig Party a House majority for the first time. Most Americans experienced the Panic of 1837 as a severe economic downturn. Its perceived mishandling by Democratic President Martin Van Buren fueled new support for alternative economic policies favored by Whigs of which voters had previously been skeptical. Collapse of the Anti-Masonic Party in the late 1830s also drove some third-party incumbents into the Whig Party. Newly elected members included Robert M. T. Hunter, Independent of Virginia,[1][2][3] and Zadoc Casey, Independent Democrat of Illinois.[4][5]

Election summaries

98 2 142
Democratic [b] Whig
State Type Date Total
seats
Democratic Whig
Seats Change Seats Change
Louisiana Districts July 6–8, 1840 3 1 Increase1 2 Decrease1
Missouri At-large August 3, 1840 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois Districts August 7, 1840 3 2[c] Steady 1 Steady
Vermont Districts September 4, 1840 5 0 Decrease2 5 Increase2
Maine Districts September 14, 1840 8 4 Decrease2 4 Increase2
Arkansas At-large October 5, 1840 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia At-large October 6, 1840 9 0 Steady 9 Steady
South Carolina Districts October 12–13, 1840 9 8 Steady 1 Steady
Ohio Districts October 13, 1840 19 7 Decrease4 12 Increase4
Pennsylvania District (25[d]) October 13, 1840 28 15 Decrease2 13 Increase8
New York District (33[e]) November 2–4, 1840 40 21 Increase2 19 Decrease2
Connecticut Districts November 3, 1840 6 0 Steady 6 Steady
Michigan At-large November 3, 1840 1 0 Decrease1 1 Increase1
New Jersey At-large November 3, 1840 6 0 Decrease5 6 Increase5
Massachusetts Districts November 9, 1840 12 1 Decrease1 11 Increase1
Delaware At-large November 10, 1840 1 0 Decrease1 1 Increase1
1841 elections
New Hampshire At-large March 9, 1841 5 5 Steady 0 Steady
Rhode Island At-large April 21, 1841 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Virginia[f] Districts April 23, 1841 21[f] 10 Decrease2 10 Increase3
Kentucky Districts April 26, 1841 13 2 Steady 11 Steady
Indiana Districts May 3, 1841 7 1 Decrease4 6 Increase4
Tennessee Districts May 6, 1841 13 5 Decrease1 8 Increase1
North Carolina Districts May 13, 1841 13 5 Decrease3 8 Increase3
Maryland District (7[g]) May 17, 1841 8 2 Decrease3 6 Increase3
Alabama At-large[h] May 20, 1841 5 5 Increase2 0 Decrease2
Mississippi At-large November 1–2, 1841 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Total 242 99[c]
40.9%
Decrease26 142
59.5%
Increase33
House seats
Democratic
40.50%
Whig
58.68%
Others
0.82%

The previous election had two minor parties, the Anti-Masonic Party with 6 seats and the Conservative Party (of Virginia) with 2 seats, both of which disappeared in this election.

The 1st session of the 27th Congress began May 31, 1841, before Mississippi had elected Representatives, leaving that State unrepresented until the 2nd session.

Special elections

26th Congress

27th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 26 Francis Granger Whig 1838 Incumbent resigned March 5, 1841 to become U.S. Postmaster General.
New member elected May 13, 1841.
Whig hold.
Successor seated May 21, 1841.
  • Green tickY John Greig (Whig) 53.36%
  • Bowen Whiting (Democratic) 43.30%
  • Hiram Pitts (Liberty) 3.34%[6]
New York 26 John Greig Whig 1841 (Special) Incumbent resigned September 25, 1841.
New member elected.
Whig hold.
Successor seated November 27, 1841.

Massachusetts

Massachusetts held its elections November 9, 1840, but one district went to a second ballot on January 4, 1841.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1
Massachusetts 2
Massachusetts 3
Massachusetts 4 William Parmenter Democratic 1836 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 5
Massachusetts 6
Massachusetts 7
Massachusetts 8
Massachusetts 9
Massachusetts 10 Henry Williams Democratic 1838 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected on the second ballot.
Whig gain.
First ballot (November 9, 1840):

Second ballot (January 4, 1841):
Massachusetts 11
Massachusetts 12 John Quincy Adams Whig 1830 Incumbent re-elected.

Non-voting delegates

Iowa Territory

26th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[12]
Iowa Territory at-large William W. Chapman Democratic 1838 Incumbent's term expired by law.
New delegate elected.
Democratic hold.

27th Congress

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[12]
Iowa Territory at-large Augustus C. Dodge Democratic 1840 Incumbent re-elected.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Includes one Independent from Virginia, and one Independent Democrat from Illinois.
  2. ^ There was 1 Independent and 1 Independent Democrat.
  3. ^ a b Including one Independent Democrat elected to Illinois's 2nd congressional district.
  4. ^ Includes 3 plural districts
  5. ^ Includes 5 plural districts
  6. ^ a b Robert M. T. Hunter was elected as an Independent in Virginia's 9th congressional district, and so is not included in the figures here. Hunter had previously run in earlier elections as a Whig.
  7. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  8. ^ Changed from district

References

  1. ^ Dubin 1998, p. 129.
  2. ^ Martis 1989, p. 98.
  3. ^ CQGuide, p. 974.
  4. ^ Dubin 1998, p. 128.
  5. ^ Martis 1989, p. 96.
  6. ^ "Our Campaigns - NY District 26 - Special Election Race - May 11, 1841". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  7. ^ "Our Campaigns - NY District 26 - Special Election Race - Nov 01, 1841". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  8. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 4 Race - Nov 09, 1840". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  9. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 10 - 1st Trial Race - Nov 09, 1840". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
  10. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 10 - 2nd Trial Race - Jan 04, 1841". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
  11. ^ "Our Campaigns - MA District 12 Race - Nov 09, 1840". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  12. ^ a b Pelzer, Louis (1908). Shambaugh, Benjamin F. (ed.). "The History and Principles of the Democratic Party of the Territory of Iowa". Iowa Journal of History and Politics. Vol. 6 no. 1. Iowa City, Iowa: State Historical Society of Iowa. p. 10. Retrieved May 27, 2020.

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 13:59
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