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Rockingham Speedway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rockingham Speedway
The Rock
Rockingham Speedway logo.jpg

Rockingham Speedway.svg
Track map
LocationMarks Creek Township, Richmond County, North Carolina,
at 2152 N U.S. Highway 1
Rockingham, North Carolina 28379
OwnerRockingham Properties LLC.[2]
OpenedOctober 31, 1965[3]
Former namesNorth Carolina Motor Speedway (1965–96)
North Carolina Speedway (1997–2007)[4]
Major eventsNASCAR Camping World Truck Series
North Carolina Education Lottery 200
NASCAR K&N Pro Series
D-shaped oval
Length1.017 mi (1.636[6] km)
BankingTurns - 22 and 25 degrees
Straights - 8 degrees[3]
Race lap record0:23.167 (Rusty Wallace, Penske Racing, 2000, NASCAR Winston Cup Series)
Little Rock
SurfaceAsphalt with concrete in turns
Length0.526 mi (0.847 km)
Banking12 degrees
Straights - 2 degrees
Road Course
Length1.6 mi (2.575 km)
BankingStraights 8°, T1 22°, T2 25°, RC 0°

Rockingham Speedway, formerly North Carolina Motor Speedway and later North Carolina Speedway[4] is a racetrack located near Rockingham, North Carolina. It is also known as the Rock and previously hosted NASCAR Cup Series, NASCAR Gander Outdoors Truck Series, ARCA, CARS Tour, and UARA-Stars races.[4]

The track opened as a flat, one-mile oval on October 31, 1965. In 1969, the track was extensively reconfigured to a high-banked, D-shaped oval just over one mile in length. In 1997, North Carolina Motor Speedway merged with Penske Motorsports, and was renamed "North Carolina Speedway". Shortly thereafter, the infield was reconfigured, and competition on the infield road course, mostly by the SCCA, was discontinued. Until 2013, it was home to the Fast Track High Performance Driving School,[7] The track was used often for television and movie filming. Currently, The Rock is undergoing renovations and updates by the current ownership in order to house large-scale racing events and festivals.



Rockingham Speedway, known as North Carolina Motor Speedway in 1965, began as a project of Harold Brasington and Bill Land. Brasington had relevant experience from his involvement in building the Darlington Raceway, which was NASCAR's first superspeedway. Bill Land owned the property at the time, and together they set out to find funding. They went to local lawyer Elsie Webb who assembled a group of backers. The duo also sold shares to the locals for $1 per share, and at one time had about 1,000 shareholders.[6]

The speedway was built as a one-mile oval with flat turns. North Carolina Motor Speedway opened on October 31, 1965, holding its first race on the same day. The American 500[8] was a 500-lap, 500-mile NASCAR Grand National Series race won by Curtis Turner at an average speed of 101.942 miles per hour. Turner dominated the race, which was attended by 35,000 people, leading 239 laps and winning by 11 seconds. The winner's purse was $13,090. The American 500 was the 54th of 55 races in the 1965 season, which included NASCAR legends Cale Yarborough (who finished second), Richard Petty, Ned Jarrett (who would go on to win the championship), Buddy Baker, David Pearson, and Junior Johnson. Only 19 of the 43 cars were running at the end of the race.[9]

The speedway held two Grand National races the next year, the Peach Blossom 500, and the American 500. The Peach Blossom 500 would change names multiple times, usually using the name Carolina 500, before ending as the Subway 400. The American 500 would also change names multiple times as well, ending as the Pop Secret Microwave Popcorn 400. The first race was typically held in early March or late February, and the second race was held in late October. In 1967 and 1968 the Carolina 500 was run in June. The speedway held two Grand National Series races every year until 2004.

The Rock at Rockingham Speedway.JPG


As part of the acquisition of the Penske Speedways in 1999, the Speedway was sold to International Speedway Corporation (ISC) and in 2004, one of its two Cup races (the crucial fall race, often the penultimate date on the schedule) was transferred to ISC's California Speedway. The change was made after sagging attendance at Rockingham Speedway. It left the track with only one date, in late February, a highly unpopular date for spectators due to the commonly unpredictable weather. That date was moved up from the traditional early spring date in 1992 when Richmond International Raceway wanted a later date than the traditional post-Daytona date because of two postponements in the late 1980s caused by snow. Rumors persisted that the track's lone remaining date was also in jeopardy, as several new tracks in larger, warm-weather markets coveted the date, which was the first race following the Daytona 500, and in 2002 and 2004, Fox's first race of the season.

Despite wide speculation that the race was in its final year, it failed to sell out, falling nearly 10,000 short of the 60,000 capacity. The track indeed hosted its final race, the Subway 400, on February 22, 2004. In that last race, Matt Kenseth held off rookie Kasey Kahne on the last lap to win by only 0.010 seconds. This finish was one of the closest in NASCAR history, and is viewed by many fans as one of the best finishes that season. It is also known for a wild crash early in the race in which Carl Long flipped wildly down the backstretch.

In the wake of the Ferko lawsuit (in which a shareholder sued NASCAR, alleging a failed promise to schedule a race to a competing track), and the poor attendance, the track's state of affairs was sharply altered. In the settlement, ISC sold Rockingham Speedway to Speedway Motorsports (SMI), and the track's lone remaining race was "transferred" to Texas Motor Speedway. Some NASCAR fans saw things differently, however, because it was Darlington Raceway's prestigious Southern 500 removed from the schedule for the second race in Texas, and the date for the Rock was sent to Phoenix International Raceway. SMI agreed to host no NASCAR events at the track while it was under their ownership. Upon its exit from the NASCAR circuit, the Rock joined such facilities as Ontario Motor Speedway, Riverside International Raceway, North Wilkesboro Speedway, Texas World Speedway, and Music City Motorplex as tracks removed from the circuit.

The Rockingham track was often praised for good racing, including 37 official lead changes in one race in 1981, and for having great sightlines for spectators.[10] However, the facility made limited infrastructure reinvestments over the years while being owned by the DeWitt family, and seemed to lag behind other facilities which continually modernized and updated their business plans, especially after it was sold to pay off estate taxes owed by the DeWitt and Wilson families which had owned the track.


Speedway Motorsports put the track up for auction on October 2, 2007, and Andy Hillenburg paid $4.4 million for the track.[citation needed]

In 2008, Rockingham Speedway began the ARCA Menards Series race, dubbed the American 200. This has been the premier event at Rockingham since its reopening. In 2009 Rockingham held an additional ARCA race, however that race was not held in 2010. Rockingham also holds the Carolina 200 for the CARS Pro Cup Series.

Racing through turns 1 and 2 during the NASCAR CWTS Good Sam Roadside Assistance 200 on April 15, 2012
Racing through turns 1 and 2 during the NASCAR CWTS Good Sam Roadside Assistance 200 on April 15, 2012

On September 7, 2011, it was announced that Rockingham would hold its inaugural Good Sam Roadside Assistance 200 on April 15, 2012. The announcement was made by track owner Andy Hillenburg and North Carolina governor Bev Perdue, who said that the track would help the local economy by about $7.2–$10.5 million (2011 USD). Wayne Auton, the Truck Series director, announced that NASCAR testing would end on December 31, 2011 on the main track, but would remain on the half-mile facility.[11]

On January 30, 2012, it was announced that the second annual Carolina Rebellion festival would be held at the Rockingham Speedway.[12]

In 2014, the Truck Series did not return to the track due to financial struggles.[13] In September of the same year, it was reported that Farmers & Merchants Bank was requesting a court order to take "immediate and exclusive custody" of the speedway from co-owners Hillenburg and Bill Silas, who were reported to owe $4.5 million to the bank.[14], a non-profit, went to court during the hearing for the F&M Bank action to foreclose on the track and was given the opportunity to buy the track via court order. entered into a lease simultaneously with the purchase agreement per the court order during the time frame necessary to get the paperwork done including an appraisal, EPA testing, etc. There was substantial support from many interested parties as the goal was to transform the property into a reintegration center for military, veterans and families as well as provide support services dealing with PTSD for first responders. Vets-Help undertook major surveys, repair of the facility, settling of major unpaid bills, investigate the use of the proceeds of a grant, develop television contracts, racing series and multiple events including concerts, new educational programs in conjunction with Richmond Community College, teaming up with elements from Fort Bragg, establishing community medical services in conjunction with a program investigating and treating Gulf War Illness, tire testing for anticipated race series being planned, establishing the basis for a partnership for dirt racing for cars, motorcycles and trucks, fixing the structure of buildings and stands as well as a great many other programs. Silas refused to sign the sales contract in violation of the court order, and neither nor Craig Northacker, the Executive Director, could get either the Sheriff or the court to enforce the court order issued by the judge who had subsequently retired. Substantial legal and environmental concerns had been discovered during the due diligence by Northacker and were brought to the attention of NC Attorney General Roy Cooper, who was running for Governor at the time. Cooper's office played along and abruptly terminated any offers of assistance right before the election as taking action would have meant investigating a county supporting him in a very tight election. Northacker sued Cooper in Federal Court for Civil Rights violations but Cooper's election to Governor made the suit moot. Eventually the new buyers, Raleigh supporters, were accorded $8 million in a line item budget by newly minted Governor Cooper. In the meantime, over 10,000 North Carolina veterans have committed suicide since first went to Cooper for his assistance in 2012 to give veterans an alternative treatment that had proven very successful. These numbers are directly from North Carolina statistics.

In 2016, Level 1 Motorsports announced the creation of the X-Cup Series, which expressed plans to run a ten-race schedule at the track, two of which would be run on the infield road course. This turned out to be a scam and it ripped off both car owners, Driver and the Veterans Group they claimed to support.[15] However, the track was foreclosed on in July 2015 because of outstanding debt that Andy Hillenburg had accumulated after his purchase of the speedway . On May 16, 2016, BK Rock Holdings purchased Rockingham Speedway at a Richmond County Courthouse auction for US$3 million.[16]


Rockingham Properties LLC is the owner of the track, having purchased it on August 30, 2018. Four days after the purchase, the company announced that racing would be returning to the track in some form in the near future.[17] In his 2019–2021 budget recommendation, North Carolina governor Roy Cooper proposed $8 million of state money to renovate the facility, which would be renamed "The Rock Speedway and Entertainment Complex".[18]

On December 12th, 2020, MB Drift (formerly Myrtle Beach Drift Series) hosted a drift event at Rockingham Speedway, helping to bring new life into the facility. This event attracted the attention of Formula D Pro 1 Driver Jonathan Nerren, as well as Pro 2 Driver Cory Talaska, and 40+ local grassroots and Pro-Am drifters. MB Drift has 10 events dates set for their 2021 season at Rockingham. Stock car racing is planned to return to Rockingham in 2021 with the CARS Tour set to take place on November 6th. The race will feature Late Model Series race cars and is known as Presents Race the Rock 125.


Rockingham became in the mid-to-late 2000s a test track for many NASCAR Cup Series and Xfinity Series teams because of testing restrictions by NASCAR on active tracks. After the track was stripped of its dates, teams began using the circuit to test cars and engines, especially to simulate abrasive wear at certain tracks (Darlington and Atlanta most notably). The track surface is more abrasive than other tracks, due to the high sand content of paving compounds made from local materials. This abrasiveness contributes to excessive tire wear. In 2005, Kyle Petty tested his Darlington car at Rockingham days before its race to not waste one of his five assigned tests.

In 2006, new rules banned all testing at active Sprint Cup tracks except at selected NASCAR-approved open tests during the season, thereby making testing at Rockingham crucial. Penske Racing tested at the track in mid-April 2006, and with the abrasiveness of the Atlanta Motor Speedway surface, which has not been repaved since reconstruction in 1997, and Atlanta's participation in the Chase for the Cup, many teams are considering returning to Rockingham in September or October to test their cars to simulate Atlanta's similar surface.

NASCAR's new Car of Tomorrow (or COT) has led to a boom in testing at the track, and many teams used the track for testing the new cars when it was announced the car would be used in 2007.

In the runup to the COT's debut, Michael Waltrip Racing, Gillett Evernham Motorsports, Yates Racing, and Roush Fenway Racing tested their COTs at the track.

Elliott Sadler was asked about testing the Car of Tomorrow at Phoenix International Raceway the day after the 2006 Checker Auto Parts 500.

No, I'm going to Rockingham on Wednesday to test the (Car of Tomorrow). We wanted to go to a very bumpy racetrack. The car slams down on the banking very hard at Rockingham and make sure we've got all the springs and all the bumps very smooth feeling. That'll be my first time in the COT. I'm pretty anxious and looking forward to it. NASCAR fans, and we're all fans in this garage, don't like change. We're just skeptical of it, and we've had some really good racing this year, some of the best racing we've had in a while. We're just starting to learn how to get our cars better with the short spoilers. Nobody really wants to change, but how can you complain or argue with NASCAR? They've done such a good job the past 10 years of growing our sport and making it more fan friendly and appealing to TV and things like that. If they think this is going to help our sport grow, we've got to get in there whether we think it's right or wrong and do it with them.

Greg Biffle said during the 2007 NASCAR Jackson Hewitt Preseason Thunder press conference, "Pat (Tryson, crew chief, who was subsequently released and joined Penske Racing) and I are going to Rockingham (January 18) with a COT to try to learn some things about them, bump stops and all of the things that are new on them, you know, because we are going to race them at Darlington. But those are going to be keys to making the Chase is running well with that COT car and getting our downforce cars to handle good."

Testing at Rockingham has become a premium because of NASCAR's rules limiting testing imposed since 2006 to the NASCAR-sanctioned open tests. NASCAR rules prior to 2015 stated testing at tracks not on the series in question is not controlled by the sanctioning body, and many teams evade the testing ban at such tests, which also include the Greenville-Pickens Speedway and Concord Motorsports Park (short tracks), and the Kentucky Speedway (NASCAR Cup Series tests only until 2011). Testing at Rockingham is restricted to series that do not run at the circuit (NASCAR mostly), while restrictions to ARCA and CARS-sanctioned open testing apply in those two series because Rockingham is on both series' schedules in 2008. For NASCAR teams, the track has become one of the most popular tracks to test shorter to intermediate tracks on the circuit.

For the 2009 season, NASCAR imposed a blanket ban on testing at any track used by any of NASCAR's three national series or its West/East (currently run under the ARCA Menards Series banner) touring events. Rockingham, unlike many tracks used in testing historically, is not on any of the series in question, and teams continued to use both tracks to run around NASCAR's testing ban (except in 2012 and 2013, when it was part of the Trucks calendar) until NASCAR completely banned all private testing in 2015.[19]

Little Rock

A new 0.526-mile (847 m) track, dubbed the Little Rock, was built behind the backstretch for other classes of short-track cars and for the Fast Track driving school Hillenburg owns, and opened October 13, 2008. NASCAR Sprint Cup teams immediately christened the track for testing in preparation for the TUMS QuikPak 500 at Martinsville Speedway that ensuing weekend, as "Little Rock" is designed similar to Martinsville, yet the lap length is the same, with 800' straights, 588' turns, and the inside lanes of the turns are concrete. Unlike the 1.017-mile (1.637 km) oval, which will be restricted to NASCAR testing on January 1, 2012, NASCAR testing will remain unrestricted on the Little Rock.

The half-mile oval is unique in that instead of a traditional guardrail around the outside of the track, it uses gravel traps similar to road courses. Hillenburg said this is for economical reasons, as a car sliding into a sand trap will not damage a car as much as hitting a wall.

Hillenburg noted, "We've designed a track that can measure one's skill level and they can slide off into a sand trap and not a wall. I can now give parents a straight-up answer as to where their kids stack up."[20] Jimmie Johnson was part of the opening group of drivers to test at "Little Rock," and blew a tire. He jokingly said he nearly ran into his own transporter because of the track's design that lacked the concrete wall for safety.[21]

The track also has an integrated quarter-mile oval for the Bandoleros and Legends cars.

Film and commercial usage

The speedway has become a venue for active filming for movies, television programs, and television commercials, often with its venues being used for various facilities. Notable films include:

When it was part of the NASCAR Winston Cup circuit, it also was a filming location for:

It was also used as venue for the truck pull event during World's Strongest Man 2011.


  1. ^ "The seating capacity is 34,500, which does not include the suites, and infield area." Robert Ingraham (Director of Operations, Rockingham Speedway)
  2. ^ "North Carolina investors purchase Rockingham Speedway NASCAR track". 2018-08-30. Retrieved 2018-09-04.
  3. ^ a b [1] Archived February 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c "Jayski's Rockingham Speedway Track Page". Archived from the original on 2007-10-21. Retrieved 2007-11-02.
  5. ^ "Rockingham Speedway, Rockingham Speedway Rockingham, NC Home". 2012-04-15. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  6. ^ a b "NASCAR Tracks - North Carolina Speedway". Archived from the original on 2012-11-08. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  7. ^ "Fast Track High Performance Driving School, Inc". Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  8. ^ "1965 American 500". 1965-10-31. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  9. ^ "Race Results at Rockingham Speedway". Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  10. ^ M. David. "Rockingham Speedway: Death via Proximity". Beyond the Flag. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
  11. ^ "NASCAR returns to historic Rockingham in '12" (Press release). September 7, 2011. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
  12. ^ "Carolina Rebellion // Sat., May 5th 2012 // Rockingham Speedway". 2012-05-05. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  13. ^ Gluck, Jeff (October 25, 2013). "Trucks will return to Eldora, skip Rockingham in 2014". USA Today. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
  14. ^ Spradlin, Kevin (September 18, 2014). "Bank requests 'immediate and exclusive custody' of Rockingham Speedway". The Pee Dee Post. Rockingham, NC. Retrieved 2014-09-19.
  15. ^ Jensen, Tom (January 11, 2016). "Could stock-car racing be returning soon to Rockingham?". Retrieved January 11, 2016.
  16. ^ Toler, William R. (May 19, 2016). "Richmond County Journal". Richmond County Daily Journal. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
  17. ^ "North Carolina investors purchase Rockingham Speedway NASCAR track". 2018-08-30. Retrieved 2018-09-04.
  18. ^ Whisler, Caleb. "State funding proposed for Rockingham Speedway". Kickin the Tires. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  19. ^ Fryer, Jenna (2014-09-23). "NASCAR sets testing ban that includes Daytona 500". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-04-03.
  20. ^ Rockingham Raceway Park is showing why North Carolina is the Racing Capital of the USA
  21. ^ Joe Menzer (2008-10-17). "Humor, honesty abound as drivers relax in M'ville rain - Oct 17, 2008". Nascar.Com. Retrieved 2012-07-16.

External links

This page was last edited on 25 August 2021, at 17:16
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