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Non-profit journalism

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Non-profit journalism (abbreviated as NPJ, also known as a not-for-profit journalism or think tank journalism)[1][2][3] is the practice of journalism as a non-profit organization instead of a for-profit business. NPJ groups are able to operate and serve the public good without the concern of debt, dividends and the need to make a profit. Just like all non-profit organizations, NPJ outfits depends on private donations and or foundation grants to pay for operational expenses.

Non-profit journalism history

The recent emergence of non-profit journalism may lead some to believe that this is a new trend[4][5] in a struggling industry. However, journalism non-profits have been operating since the beginning of the newspaper age. In 1846,[6] five New York newspapers united[7] to share incoming reports from the Mexican–American War. That experiment in journalism became the Associated Press, which to this day is still a non-profit cooperative.[8]

New Internationalist magazine – published since 1973 in the UK and since 1979 as a separate company in Australia – represents one of the world's longest-lasting independent non-profit publications.[9] In the United States, two local non-profit journalism organizations, The Chicago Reporter[10] and City Limits Magazine,[11] were established in 1974 and 1976, respectively to cover social and economic urban policy issues. The Center for Investigative Reporting[12] (founded in 1977) is the nation's oldest non-profit investigative news organization. The second oldest is the Center for Public Integrity (CPI), founded in 1989 by Charles Lewis, a former producer for ABC News and CBS News. CPI's international arm, the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ), was founded in 1997. ICIJ works through a global network of 175 investigative reporters in more than 60 countries.

In 2013, a Pew Research Center study found that there were 172 nonprofit news outlets based in the United States founded between 1987 and April 2012. The study included in its count only those outlets that were active; primarily published online; and produced original reporting (i.e., non news aggregation or only opinion content).[13]

The study found that:

The majority of U.S. states have at least one nonprofit news outlet; most work in specialized journalism niches. The study identified nonprofit news outlets in all but nine U.S. states. Fully 21% of those outlets focus on producing investigative reporting, while another 17% concentrate specifically on government. Other areas of focus include public and foreign affairs (13%), the environment (4%), health (3%) and arts and culture (3%). And the geographic orientation tends to be either state (38%) or metro level (29%).[14]

The study found that about "two-thirds of the 172 nonprofit news outlets studied are sponsored or published by another organization; just one third are independent."[14] Sponsors were most often a nonprofit think tank, another news organization, or a university.[14] Most non-profit news outlets were small, with 78% reporting five or fewer full-time paid staffers.[14]


See also


  1. ^ The Nonprofit Road
  2. ^ "Nonprofit News". Archived from the original on 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
  3. ^ "Think Tank Journalism: The Future of Investigative Reporting". Archived from the original on 2017-01-30. Retrieved 2011-04-28.
  4. ^ "New Nonprofit Looks to Increase Area Journalism". Archived from the original on 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
  5. ^ Non-profit journalism on the rise
  6. ^ "Associated Press History". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
  7. ^ Associated Press Archives Archived 2011-07-29 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ The News Cooperative Takes Shape Archived 2011-07-29 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "Our History -- New Internationalist". Archived from the original on 2017-03-19. Retrieved 2012-08-28.
  10. ^ "Jet". Johnson Publishing Company. 1974-12-26.
  11. ^ "City Limits Magazines' Archive Now All Digital, Accessible". 17 October 2012.
  12. ^ Center for Investigative Reporting Archived 2007-06-21 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Amy Mitchell, Mark Jurkowitz, Jesse Holcomb, Jodi Enda and Monica Anderson Nonprofit Journalism: A Growing But Fragile Part of the U.S. News System: Methodology, Pew Research Center (June 10, 2013).
  14. ^ a b c d Amy Mitchell, Mark Jurkowitz, Jesse Holcomb, Jodi Enda and Monica Anderson Nonprofit Journalism: A Growing But Fragile Part of the U.S. News System (press release), Pew Research Center (June 10, 2013).
  15. ^ a b c d CJR's Guide to Online News Startups: Organizations filtered by Nonprofit. Archived 2017-07-03 at the Wayback Machine, Columbia Journalism Review (last accessed May 10, 2017).
  16. ^ a b c d Samantha Storey, Why A Free Press Really, Really Matters, Huffington Post (November 14, 2016).
  17. ^ "Global Reporting Centre".
  18. ^ Rick Cohen, Center for Public Integrity Retreats from Costly Experiment, Nonprofit Quarterly (July 11, 2012).
  19. ^ Laura Hazard Owen, In a year of horrific gun violence, The Trace tries to balance fast sharing and slower reporting, Nieman Lab (October 13, 2015).
  20. ^ "The Guardian: The Scott Trust". 2022-09-11.
  21. ^ "Common Dreams: About us". 2022-09-11.
This page was last edited on 20 February 2023, at 15:48
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