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Nissan Serena
2018 Nissan Serena hybrid.jpg
2018 Nissan Serena Highway Star S-Hybrid (C27, Hong Kong)
ManufacturerNissan (Aichi Kokuki)
Body and chassis
RelatedNissan NV200
PredecessorNissan Vanette

The Nissan Serena (Japanese: 日産・セレナ, Nissan Serena) is a minivan manufactured by Nissan, joining the slightly larger Nissan Vanette. The car was engineered by Nissan's Aichi Manufacturing Division and launched in 1991 as compact passenger van, and it grew larger with each generation over the years. Earlier versions were front-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout with a live axle mounted on leaf springs.

Later versions had a multilink independent rear suspension, and were front-wheel drive or 4WD. The most popular version was the 2.3 L diesel engine version and it was unusual in that it had eight seats instead of the expected seven.

It is a "junior" model to the Nissan Elgrand in Japan; its name is from the Latin word "serēnus", meaning "clear, tranquil, pleasant" and offers a minivan approach in comparison to the Nissan Lafesta which is an MPV.

Serena is designed to comply with Japanese vehicle class, which means its external dimensions are restricted to 4.7 m in length and 1.7 m in width.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ CVT Transaxle Steel Push Belt Construction
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Hello, my name is John Kelly and this is the weber auto youtube channel. Today we are going to look at the construction of a CVT, Continuously Variable Transmission push belt, the belt that goes between the two pulleys, that I have back here, on a continuously variable transmission. I get a lot of questions for my students and and other people asking how can a belt be made out of steel and still be flexible and hold up? So I've got a belt that is all taken apart right here on this bench and we will put it together to make a full belt right here today. These belts are directional, there's an arrow on the belt you can see right here that points in the direction of rotation, and this is called a push belt and that means that the pulley, which is this one right here, that connects to the engine through the torque converter, is going to push this belt rather than pull it, and push it to the other pulley, the driven pulley, to make the vehicle move. So i'll show you what a push built means, but let's look at the construction of this belt first. if we look real closely here you can see that there are some, what are called ring packs, this is a ring pack, and there's one on this side of the CVT belt, there is one over here on this side of the CVT belt. These ring pacts are made of individual little rings, and you can have 9 rings or you can have 12 rings the more rings there are the more torque the CVT belt in the transaxle can handle. People ask me all the time how come CVTs can't handle much power? Well, they can handle more power depending on how many rings they have in the ring pack. These rings hold a whole bunch of what are called elements. If we look closely here you can see there is a whole bunch of these little elements here, and right here on this table I have a single element sitting here. In this belt right here there are 399 of these little elements sitting in here; they are directional, they have a little bump on them that forces it to go in in one direction. So these elements sit on the ring back like that, and then there's another ring that sits in that upper groove and holds the elements in place. So there is two sets of ring packs. There is 399 of these elements, and on the edge of these elements there are a whole bunch of little ridges that help it grab the pulley sheaves, the surface of these pulleys, they're actually called sheaves, or variators on some CVT transmissions, they are referred to, to vary the pulley drive-to-driven pulley ratio, So there is 12 rings in a ring pack. So there's the first, or the outermost one, and i have it labeled as the 12th one. Each one of these is a slightly different diameter so that it can fit inside of the previous one, so then we just come in, put the 11th, 10th, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, and 1. So now we have another complete ring pack. Here is our 2 ring packs, and as I said the little elements sit in between those ring packs, they are held in place, they are guided by the the ring packs. When a CVT belt fails, a lot of times one of these rings has cracked and broken and it no longer can hold the elements in a straight straight line. Alright now, I mentioned that this is a push belt and all 399 of these elements are put on these ring packs, as I mentioned, but what i want to show you is that I have four rows of these elements, obviously I would have three rows of 100 and 1 row of 99. But you will notice that if I hold them together and push then it is like a solid bar and that solid bar is what connects the drive pulley to the driven pulley in a CVT, it pushes like a big solid bar that connects at each pulley with the 700 psi of fluid pressure and all that force or all that area, the square inches, the square centimeters, of area in there, it puts a lot of downward force on these elements, and so when you put all of these together it just ends up being a push belt on the one side that pushes and then the other side there is no force are all, it just comes back it is guided back on these ring packs for the next turn around the pulley to push the belt, to push the pulleys some more, so as you can see here there is the arrow, there is a part number, the arrow of a rotational direction. Okay, so i am just going to start with a couple of stacks of the elements, set it on the ring pack, of course that happens, makes a big mess, these are directional as i said, so you have to make sure they're all facing the same direction it is quite easy because they have this bump on the end of each element that aligns the elements. These be very clean, you don not want any dirt dust or anything interfering with the fit of these elements, these elements are tapered a little bit so that they can also turn the corner or go around. The pulley has an arc; almost half of it together. These individual elements are not purchasable you have to replace the entire belt, but when you are disassembling the CVT you really should put some zip ties around the whole ring back assembly and all the elements to hold them, both ring packs in place, so the elements can not fall out. If you take one of these apart and it just suddenly falls all over the place you can reassemble it, like I said it needs to be very clean and you need to pay attention to the proper orientation of every single, of the 399, elements. But it can be done. The part number and the arrow on here, if you mix those up, it will be difficult to determine which direction it is supposed to turn although you can look at the edge of these elements, there is a slight taper to the edge, they are not at a nice square edge with a 90 degree end. I do not know what angle it is but it is not 90 degrees. Okay we are just about done with all the elements, getting the last couple of ones in can be a challenge. Okay, so I have got all the elements installed but if i try to pick this up it is just going to fall all over the place, so we need the other ring pack to go down on the other side of all these elements to hold it in place, and this can be sort of interesting to install. It has to go down evenly, if one side drops more than the other it is that tight of a tolerance, it does not want to go down, if you try to lift one of these ring packs up and it stuck in the groove, rotate it while you are lifting and that will help get it back out. just about there. there we go. Okay. so i pushed I am going to keep force on both ring packs, but we have now taken 399 elements, we have got our arrow of directional rotation, we have got 2 ring packs of 12 little thin, they are 0.0075" (0.19mm) thick each one, so 0.090" (2.286mm) for 12 of them put all together thick for these ring packs, so that is 24 and 399, that is 423 pieces just in this flexible the CVT belt. So that is the construction of a CVT belt, and like I said put some zip ties around it as you are removing it and reinstalling it in the transmission so that it does not scatter and fall over the place. Thank you for watching.


First generation (C23; 1991–2000)

First generation
Nissan Serena, Denpasar (cropped).jpg
Nissan Serena 1.6i FGX (Indonesia)
Also called
  • Nissan Vanette Cargo/E
  • Nissan Vanette Serena
  • LDV Cub
Otokar Nissan Largo (Turkey)
AssemblyJapan: Yokosuka, Kanagawa (Oppama Plant)
Spain: Barcelona
Body and chassis
Body style4-door van
LayoutFront mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
  • 5-speed manual
  • 4-speed automatic
Wheelbase2,735 mm (107.7 in)
Length4,355–4,380 mm (171.5–172.4 in)
Width1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height1,825–1,915 mm (71.9–75.4 in)
Curb weight
  • 1,250–1,610 kg (2,756–3,549 lb) (2WD)
  • 1,610–1,730 kg (3,549–3,814 lb) (4WD)
SuccessorNissan Primastar (Europe)
Nissan Serena C23 rear
Nissan Serena C23 rear

Models were manufactured in Japan from 1991 onwards, and many were imported into Australasia and the United Kingdom. Nissan produced many different trim levels - FX, SX etc. Full-Auto (full-time) 4WD versions were also produced providing greater stability and better handling. The naturally aspirated 2.3 L diesel was never manufactured for the Japanese market and its seating arrangement and interior fittings are not the same as the 2.0 L petrol (SR20DE), 2.0 L diesel CD20 and turbo-diesel CD20T models manufactured in Japan for the local market. It was exclusive to Japanese Nissan dealerships called Nissan Bluebird Store'.'

Throughout its production the C23 model underwent several facelifts although the interior design and body largely remained unchanged, for example, addition of airbags and bench seats for the second and third rows. Each facelift model can be identified by front grille design which was updated in 1994 and 1997.

In European markets, the C23 Serena had 1.6 or 2.0 L petrols, or 2.3 L diesel engines LD23. Trim levels were LX, SLX, SGX and SGXi. Auto Express once named the Serena as the slowest passenger car in the benchmark 0-60 mph (now 62 mph) test, with the 2.3 L diesel version (added in the mid 1990s) taking 27.8 seconds to reach that speed.

Until around 2002, the standard petrol engine was an SR20DE. A variety of other engines were used over the years, including diesels specifically the CD20 (for the commercial van version), CD20T 1,973 cc Diesel Turbo and CD20ET.


The Nissan Vanette was a series of small vans manufactured in Spain by Nissan alongside the European market Serena models. The van was produced in two versions, the Vanette E, which shared the basic body shell with the Nissan Serena people carrier, differing only in not having rear windows and passenger seats, and the Vanette Cargo, which was longer and had a higher roof line from behind the front seats.

In June 1998, LDV Group entered into an agreement with Nissan, to sell a rebranded version of the Vanette Cargo.[1] This was named the LDV Cub, alongside the Vanette, it was sold in Britain. The model was discontinued in 2001, and replaced by a re badged version of the Opel Vivaro/Renault Trafic, called the Nissan Primastar, which is produced in Luton, England and Barcelona, Spain.


The Nissan Serena Mk1 is said to have an image problem by some, in particular Fifth Gear presenter Quentin Willson, who remarked in a 1997 Top Gear episode that "...the Nissan Serena was about as seductive as a skip and as desirable as an old shoe."

By 2000, the Nissan Serena was described as the worst new car sale on Britain, by Top Gear's Buyers Guide, with "absolutely nothing to recommend it for".

Although the Nissan Serena handles better than most people expect it to (due to its mid-mounted engine), its power-to-weight ratio is particularly poor, as shown by the 0–100 km/h averages listed below. The only models with marginally acceptable acceleration are powered by the SR20DE engine.

Nissan Largo

Largo was the model name used for a Nissan passenger van based on the C23 Serena between 1992 and 1998. Unlike the previous Largo, which was essentially a widened C22 Nissan Vanette, the W30 Largo was a totally rebodied, wider Serena with more equipment such as four-wheel-drive. It was exclusive to Nissan Satio Store locations as a large load carrying vehicle next to the Sunny. The Largo was available with either a 2.4-litre petrol or a 2.0-litre turbo-diesel, both mid engined (under the front seats).

Second generation (C24; 1999–2013)

Second generation
1999-2001 Nissan Serena.jpg
Production1999–2005 (Japan)
2001–2012 (Taiwan)
Mid 2001–2013 (Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines)
2004–2012 (Indonesia)
2007–present (China)
AssemblyJapan: Yokosuka, Kanagawa (Oppama Plant)
Indonesia: Purwakarta (Nissan Motor Indonesia)[2]
PRC:Zhengzhou, Henan(Zhengzhou Nissan)
Taiwan: Miaoli
Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur (TCMA)
Thailand: Bangkok
Philippines: Manila
Body and chassis
Body style5-door minivan
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
Front-engine, four-wheel-drive
RelatedDongfeng Yumsun
ZNA Succe
Wheelbase2,695 mm (106.1 in)
Length4,590 mm (180.7 in)
Width1,695 mm (66.7 in)
Height1,825 mm (71.9 in)
Curb weight1,580 kg (3,483 lb)
Nissan Serena C24 rear
Nissan Serena C24 rear

The second generation Serena was launched in Japan in July 1999. These versions had a facelift with a wider variety of engines and colours. From September 2002 onwards (the time of the facelift) the Serena used the QR20DE and QR25DE. The pre-facelift C24 Serenas all have a 2.0 L engine, with the optional 2.5 L engine becoming available from 2002.

Taiwanese version

In Taiwan a lengthened version of the Serena C24 has been manufactured by Yulon under the Nissan label. The Taiwanese Serena is 141 mm (5.6 in) longer than the original, all behind the C-pillar. The Taiwanese version is still in production (2012) and is only available with the 160 PS (118 kW) 2.5 liter QR25DE engine joined to a 5 speed manual or 4-speed automatic.[3] The Nissan C24 was also manufactured by Edaran Tan Chong Motor Sdn Bhd in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.[4]

Chinese and Southeast Asian versions

Indonesian-market cars use the 2.0 L QR20DE inline-four petrol engine. The trims available in Indonesia are Comfort Touring, Highway Star, and Autech. The Comfort Touring trim-level doesn't come equipped with electric sliding door and reverse camera, while the Highway Star and the Autechdo.[5] In the People's Republic of China, the Serena Mk. II was restyled, rebadged, and renamed to Dongfeng Succe and is produced by their subsidiary Zhengzhou Nissan Automobile.[6] Later in 2013, Dongfeng Yumsun was sold in Indonesia by Xarrina Motor Indonesia as ZNA Succe.


Third generation (C25; 2005–2010)

Third generation
Also calledSuzuki Landy
AssemblyJapan: Hiratsuka, Kanagawa (Nissan Shatai)
Body and chassis
Body style5-door minivan
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
Front-engine, four-wheel-drive
Engine2.0 L MR20DE DI I4
TransmissionXtronic CVT
Wheelbase2,860 mm (112.6 in)
Length4,650–4,725 mm (183.1–186.0 in)
Width1,695–1,725 mm (66.7–67.9 in)
Height1,840–1,850 mm (72.4–72.8 in)
Curb weight1,610–1,700 kg (3,549–3,748 lb)

Nissan Serena C25 was debuted in Japan in May 2005. This model was only sold in Japan home markets, Hong Kong, Singapore, Indonesia and Brunei.

In 2007, 2008 and 2009, the Serena C25 was the best selling minivan in Japan.

This model was also sold as the Suzuki Landy in Japan, a practice that is continued with the fourth generation Serena.

The third generation was discontinued in Japan in late 2010 but for export markets continued until 2011.


Fourth generation (C26; 2010–2018)

Fourth generation
Also calledSuzuki Landy
Production2010–2016 (Japan)
2012–2018 (Indonesia)
2014–2018 (Malaysia)
AssemblyJapan: Kanda, Fukuoka (Nissan Motor Kyushu)
Indonesia: Purwakarta (NMI)
Malaysia: Serendah (TCMA)
Body and chassis
Body style5-door minivan
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
Front-engine, four-wheel-drive
Engine2.0 L MR20DD DI I4
TransmissionXtronic CVT
Wheelbase2,860 mm (112.6 in)
Length4,685–4,770 mm (184.4–187.8 in)
Width1,695–1,735 mm (66.7–68.3 in)
Height1,865–1,875 mm (73.4–73.8 in)
Curb weight1,600–1,720 kg (3,527–3,792 lb)

The 2011 Nissan Serena was released in late November 2010 to the Japanese market, equipped with a new 2.0-litre MR20DD direct injection inline-four gasoline engine. This model is currently sold in Japan, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Indonesia.[7]

In August 2012, Nissan added their newly developed simple hybrid system called Smart Simple Hybrid or S-HYBRID. The Nissan Serena C26 S-HYBRID has its regeneration capacity and output power of the Eco Motor, which is an alternator that is used for Nissan's Serena having an idling stop mechanism and capable of restarting an engine, upgraded. Nissan added a lead sub-battery in the engine room for extended energy regeneration capacity.[citation needed] The Serena has a fuel economy of 15.2 km/L (approx 35.8 mpg) under the JC08 test mode.[8]

In Indonesia, the C26 Serena was locally assembled and went on sale in January 2013. The Autech version of the Highway Star trim was added in September 2013. The facelift version of the C26 Serena was launched on 13 March 2015.

In Malaysia, Tan Chong launched Nissan Serena S-Hybrid in July 2013 being fully imported from Japan and only available in one trim level: Highway Star.[9][10] In November 2014, the facelift version was launched, being locally assembled in Malaysia and available in two trim levels: Highway Star and Premium Highway Star.[11][12] In July 2016, Impul versions were made available.[13]


Fifth generation (C27; 2016–present)

Fifth generation
2016 Nissan Serena X hybrid (pre-facelift, front).jpg
2016 Nissan Serena X (C27; pre-facelift, Hong Kong)
Also calledSuzuki Landy
2018–present (outside Japan)
AssemblyJapan: Kanda, Fukuoka (Nissan Motor Kyushu)
Malaysia: Serendah (TCMA)
Body and chassis
Body style5-door minivan
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
Front-engine, four-wheel-drive
Engine1.2 L HR12DE EFI I3 (e-Power)
2.0 L MR20DD DI I4
TransmissionXtronic CVT
Wheelbase2,860 mm (112.6 in)
Length4,690–4,770 mm (184.6–187.8 in)
Width1,740 mm (68.5 in)
Height1,865 mm (73.4 in)
Curb weight1,710 kg (3,770 lb)

Nissan unveiled the fifth generation Serena on 6 July 2016, and sales began in Japan on 24 August 2016. The all-new Serena received the ProPilot technology, which does lane centering. The system is designed for highway use, and will only be used in single-lane traffic as a means to keep a car between the lines of a lane on the highway. Nissan's system is operational at speeds between 30 km/h (18 mph) and 100 km/h (62 mph), and is designed to hold the vehicle in the middle of a lane by reading markers and controlling steering. Propilot can follow curves, and it automatically controls the distance between the vehicle ahead.[14]

The Serena e-Power went on sale in February 2018. It is powered by the HR12DE straight-three engine combined with a range extender with no plug-in socket.

The C27 Serena debuted in Hong Kong in 2017.[citation needed]

In Malaysia, the C27 Nissan Serena S-Hybrid was launched on 14 May 2018 as a 7-seater locally assembled MPV and available in two trim levels: Highway Star and Premium Highway Star.[15]

In Singapore, an e-Power powered C27 Nissan Serena was displayed during the 2019 Singapore Motor Show.[16]

In Indonesia, the C27 Serena was launched on 19 February 2019 and is fully imported from Japan.[17]

The C27 Serena received a facelift on 1 August 2019.[18][19]



  1. ^ "LDV to launch own version of Nissan Cargo one-tonne van". FleetNews UK. 24 June 1998. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Nissan Evalia akan Diproduksi di Indonesia" [Nissan to manufacture the Evalia in Indonesia] (in Indonesian). 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2012-09-06.
  3. ^ "Nissan Serena" (in Chinese). Taiwan: 裕隆日產汽車 (Yulon Nissan). Retrieved 2012-09-06.
  4. ^ "Nissan In Malaysia". car-cat. Retrieved 2010-07-25.
  5. ^ "Perbedaan Nissan Serena High Way Star (HWS) dan Nissan Serena City Touring (CT)" [Differences between the Nissan Serena High Way Star (HWS) and the Nissan Serena City Touring (CT)]. autonetrentcar (in Indonesian). April 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-06.
  6. ^ "Official Dongfeng Yumsun website". Zznissan-yumsun. Archived from the original on 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2010-09-26.
  7. ^ "Nissan Serena Terbaru Resmi Diluncurkan". detikOto. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
  8. ^ Tsuruhara, Yoshiro (2012-07-20). "Nissan Mounts Simple Hybrid System in New Minivan". Tech-On!. Nikkei Business Publications Inc.
  9. ^ "Nissan Serena S-Hybrid MPV launched in Malaysia - RM149,500". Paul Tan's Automotive News. 2013-07-23. Retrieved 2018-04-14.
  10. ^ Kon (2013-07-23). "Nissan Serena S-Hybrid launched in Malaysia -". Retrieved 2018-04-14.
  11. ^ "Nissan Serena S-Hybrid facelift debuts – CKD, RM139k". Paul Tan's Automotive News. 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2018-04-14.
  12. ^ Kon (2014-11-04). "Nissan Serena S-Hybrid CKD launched -". Retrieved 2018-04-14.
  13. ^ "Nissan Serena S-Hybrid Tuned by Impul launched in Malaysia - two variants, RM146k and RM156k". Paul Tan's Automotive News. 2016-07-01. Retrieved 2018-04-14.
  14. ^ Toma, Sebastian (13 July 2016). "Nissan Introduces Japan' First Autonomous Drive Feature On Serena Minivan". autoevolution. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  15. ^ "2018 Nissan Serena S-Hybrid launched in Malaysia, from RM136k". Paul Tan's Automotive News. 2018-05-14. Retrieved 2018-05-14.
  16. ^ "Nissan Kicks off electrification strategy in Singapore at Singapore Motorshow 2019". Nissan | Online Newsroom. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  17. ^ Rayanti, Dina. "Ini Dia Wajah Baru Nissan Serena". detikoto. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  18. ^ "日産、「セレナ」をマイナーチェンジ" [Nissan Serena minor change] (Press release). Japan: Nissan Global. 1 August 2019. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  19. ^ Lee, Jonathan (5 August 2019). "C27 Nissan Serena facelift introduced – big new grille, improved ProPilot semi-autonomous driving tech". Malaysia: Driven Communications. Retrieved 7 August 2019.

External links

This page was last edited on 23 January 2020, at 10:49
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