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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nissan GT-R (R35)
2012 Nissan GT-R Egoist.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerNissan
ProductionDecember 2007 – present
AssemblyTochigi, Japan (Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.)[1]
Designer
  • Exterior: Hirohisa Ono
  • Interior: Akira Nishimura
  • Chief Designer: Hiroshi Hasegawa
  • Design Director: Shiro Nakamura
Body and chassis
Class
Body style2-door 2+2 seater coupé
LayoutFront-engine, all-wheel drive
PlatformNissan Premium Midship
Powertrain
Engine3.8 L twin-turbocharged VR38DETT V6
Power output
  • 357 kW (485 PS; 479 hp) (2007–2011)
  • 390–405 kW (530–550 PS) (2011–2017)
  • 419 kW (570 PS) (2017–present)
  • 448 kW (609 PS) (NISMO & Track Edition)
  • 530 kW (720 PS) (GT-R50)
Transmission6-speed dual clutch transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,780 mm (109.4 in)
Length
  • 2009–2010: 183.3 in (4,656 mm)
  • 2011 – present: 183.9 in (4,671 mm)
Width
  • 2009–2010 & 2013–: 74.6 in (1,895 mm)
  • 2011–12: 74.9 in (1,902 mm)
Height
  • 2009–2010 & 2013–: 53.9 in (1,369 mm)
  • 2011–2012: 54.0 in (1,372 mm)
Curb weight1,740 kg (3,840 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorNissan Skyline GT-R (R34)

The Nissan GT-R is a high-performance sports car and grand tourer produced by Nissan, which was unveiled in 2007.[2][3][4] It is the successor to the Skyline GT-R, although no longer part of the Skyline range itself, that name now being used for Nissan's luxury-sport market.

History

Between 1969 and 1974, and again between 1989 and 2002, Nissan produced a high performance version of its Skyline coupe called the Nissan Skyline GT-R. This car proved to be iconic for Nissan[5][6] and achieved much fame and success on both road and track.

Nissan Skyline GT-R's signature four round tail lights succeeded on the Nissan GT-R.
Nissan Skyline GT-R's signature four round tail lights succeeded on the Nissan GT-R.

The GT-R is an entirely new model sharing little with the Skyline GT-R save its signature four round tail lights. Like some later generations of the Skyline GT-R, the GT-R has all-wheel drive with a twin-turbocharged 6-cylinder engine. But the four-wheel-steering HICAS system has been removed and the former straight-6 RB26DETT engine has been replaced with a new VR38DETT V6 engine.[7] Because of the GT-R's heritage, the chassis code for the all-new version has been called CBA-R35,[8] or R35 for short (where CBA stands for the emissions standard prefix), carrying on the naming trend from previous Skyline GT-R generations.

The GT-R has also retained its Skyline predecessor's nickname, Godzilla,[9] originally given to it by the Australian motoring publication Wheels in its July 1989 edition.

Concepts

2001 GT-R Concept at the 2001 Tokyo Motor Show
2001 GT-R Concept at the 2001 Tokyo Motor Show
GT-R Proto Concept at the 2005 Tokyo Motor Show
GT-R Proto Concept at the 2005 Tokyo Motor Show

Nissan showed two GT-R concept cars at motor shows before it unveiled the production model: one at the Tokyo Motor Show in 2001, to preview a 21st-century GT-R;[10] and a redesigned one, dubbed GT-R Proto, at the 2005 Tokyo Motor Show. Officials said the production GT-R would be 80 to 90% based on the second concept.[11]

Production

Production model

The production version of the GT-R debuted at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show, with a lap time of 7:38 minutes at the Nürburgring Nordschleife beating the all time sports classic Porsche 911 Turbo as Nissan stated before launching the car.[12] The GT-R launched in the Japanese market on December 6, 2007. The U.S. official launch was seven months later on July 7, 2008. Universal Nissan in Los Angeles provided a customer with the delivery of a new GT-R, fresh from the production line at 12:01 am, on July 7, 2008. The Canadian launch was also in July 2008. Europe became the third consumer market, where it launched in March 2009. The large disparity in initial marketing between these regional releases is due to Nissan having to build GT-R performance centers where the car is serviced.

The engines are hand built by only four specially trained mechanics called "Takumi Craftsmens" on a special line at Nissan's Yokohama plant and their names are badged on every GT-R engine. The cars are built at their Tochigi plant on a shared production line.[13][14][15][16]

Design

A rear view of the GT-R, showing the signature taillights first offered in 1972 on the Skyline C110
A rear view of the GT-R, showing the signature taillights first offered in 1972 on the Skyline C110

Nissan chief creative officer, Shirō Nakamura, has likened the new GT-R to the giant robots of the Gundam series.[17] Nakamura stated: "The GT-R is unique because it is not simply a copy of a European-designed Sports car; it had to really reflect Japanese culture."

Nissan's American designers sculpted the rear three quarters of the vehicle, while their European designers sculpted the roofline.[17]

Polyphony Digital, creators of the Gran Turismo series of motor racing video games, were themselves involved in the development of the GT-R, having been contracted to design the GT-R's multifunction display.[18]

The customizable multifunction display integrated into the dash of the GT-R that had its roots in the R34 Skyline.
The customizable multifunction display integrated into the dash of the GT-R that had its roots in the R34 Skyline.
Interior
Interior
Nissan PM platform

As of 2014 the GT-R was the only model built on Nissan's Premium Midship (PM) platform,[19] an evolution of the Front Midship (FM) architecture introduced on the 2001 (V35) Skyline. It is a hybrid unibody assembled on ultra-low-tolerance jigs similar to those used in race car construction. Alcoa aluminium is used for the hood, trunk lid and outer door skins, with die-cast aluminium front shock towers and inner door structures. Outer body panels are stamped using multiple-strike coining process for added rigidity and precision. The chassis is stiffened with a carbon-composite front crossmember/radiator support.

Exterior

Nissan developed a 6-stage paint process with double clear coat and chip-resistant paint for use in critical areas of the GT-R chassis. An optional liquid-effect finish employs a hand-polished 8-stage process with product-specific Super Silver metallic paint and three layers of clearcoat.

Optional features

The Premium trim for the GT-R has a body-coloured rear spoiler whereas the Black Edition has a dry carbon-fibre rear spoiler. Both the Premium and Black Edition models are fitted with (LED) headlights, automatic on/off headlights, LED daytime running lights, LED taillights and brake lights, dual heated body-colour power wing mirrors, power folding wing mirrors, flush-mounted aluminium door handles, four 5-inch exhaust outlets with polished tips and UV-reducing solar glass.[20]

Specifications

The VR38DETT engine
The VR38DETT engine

The Nissan GT-R is powered by the VR38DETT V6 engine, a 3,799 cc (3.8 L; 231.8 cu in) DOHC V6 with plasma transferred wire arc sprayed cylinder bores.[21] Two parallel Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries (IHI) turbochargers provide forced induction.[22] Models manufactured between 2007 and 2010 are rated at a manufacturer-claimed engine output of 357 kW (485 PS; 479 hp) at 6,400 rpm and 434 lb⋅ft (588 N⋅m) at 3200–5,200 rpm.[23][24] The engine also meets California Air Resources Board Ultra Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV) standards.[25] The standard GT-R and the NISMO GT-R has a drag coefficient of Cd=0.26.[26]

A curb weight of 1,730 or 1,736 kg (3,814 or 3,827 lb) with side curtain airbags is achieved using a jig welded steel chassis with aluminium used for the hood, trunk, and doors.[27] A rear mounted six-speed BorgWarner designed dual clutch semi-automatic transmission built by Aichi Machine Industry[28] is used in conjunction with the ATTESA E-TS system to provide power to all four wheels and along with Nissan's Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC-R) to aid in stability. Three shift modes can also be selected for various conditions.[29] Beginning in 2010, engine power and torque were upgraded to 390 kW (530 PS; 523 hp) at 6,400 rpm and 612 N⋅m (451 lbf⋅ft) at 3,200–6,000 rpm respectively. Models produced in 2012 again featured improved engine output (406.5 kW (553 PS; 545 hp) at 6,400 rpm and 628 N⋅m (463 lbf⋅ft) at 3,200–5,800 rpm), and to the 2017 model year Nissan again increased the engine output (419 kW (570 PS; 562 hp) at 6,400 rpm and 633 N⋅m (467 lbf⋅ft) at 3,200–5,800 rpm).

2011 facelift

A 2013 Nissan GT-R Premium with the updated design
A 2013 Nissan GT-R Premium with the updated design

The revised GT-R features an engine with revised mapping, changes to valve timing, larger inlets and a revised exhaust system which boosts rated power to 406 kW (552 PS; 544 hp)[30] and 612 N⋅m (451 lb⋅ft) of torque from 3,200 to 6,000 rpm. Changes also include a new more rigid front strut bar made from carbon composite, larger front brake rotors, new lighter and stiffer wheels, and revised Dunlop tires. Cosmetic changes include a new front bumper with integrated LEDs. The front bumper improves cooling to the radiator and front brakes while reducing drag. A new rear diffuser improves downforce and also includes additional rear cooling ducts. The interior was revised to improve the quality. The new model is offered with a new HDD CARWINGS navigation system with enhanced entertainment features and USB port with iPod connectivity. The revised GT-R went on sale in Japan from mid November 2010 and February 2011 in Europe, North America and other regions.[31]

2017 facelift

2017 Nissan GT-R with new updates.
2017 Nissan GT-R with new updates.

The updated Nissan GT-R has the same twin-turbocharged 3,799 cc (3.8 L; 231.8 cu in) V6 VR38DETT engine. but increased the engine output to (419 kW (570 PS; 562 hp) at 6,400 rpm and 633 N⋅m (467 lbf⋅ft) at 3,200–5,800 rpm). The transmission system is also refined to shift the gears quicker than before.

Other updates include a new front and rear end, bumpers design have been added to improve air cooling system and aerodynamics, new leather has been added to whole interior with a new steering wheel, new infotainment systems and redesigned centre console, new 20-inch aluminium forged wheels, new suspension system, new titanium exhaust system, and new braking systems were added to newly updated GT-R.[32]

Models

SpecV

GT-R SpecV

Nissan introduced the GT-R SpecV on January 7, 2009 at the 2009 Tokyo Auto Salon. This version uses carbon fibre trim inside and out, and has no rear seats.[33] In addition, a new colour was introduced limited to the SpecV, LAC Black Opal,[34] The car came with Bridgestone Potenza RE070R tyres.[35]

The GT-R SpecV is powered by the standard twin-turbocharged 3,799 cc (3.8 L; 231.8 cu in) V6. A new high gear boost controller that allows a temporary increase in boost pressure to the IHI twin turbochargers, now larger than those on the standard GT-R, delivering 20 N⋅m (15 lb⋅ft) more torque than the standard GT-R in mid to high-range revs.[35] Other mechanical changes include a titanium exhaust, Recaro bucket seats,[35] reworked suspension, carbon ceramic brakes, and 20-inch (510 mm) NISMO wheels. Overall weight is decreased by 60 kg (132 lb) over the standard GT-R.[36]

Sales began in Japan on February 2, 2009 at seven preselected dealers staffed specially trained mechanics knowledgeable about racing circuit driving. The price was ¥15,750,000 (about US$160,000). The SpecV was also sold in Europe and the Middle East. A total of 110[37] SpecV were built, 77 for Japan, 24 for Europe, 1 for United Kingdom, 7 for Middle East and 1 additional car.

Auto Express tested the SpecV and posted a 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) time of 3.20 seconds, 14 mile (400 m) time of 11.5 seconds, pulled 1.12 g on the skidpad and 120.2 km/h in the slalom. An earlier tested Chevrolet Corvette C6 ZR1 resulted in an identical slalom speed but a lower 1.06 g on the skidpad.[38]

Black Edition

The Black Edition comes with exclusive 20-inch RAYS wheels and a carbon fibre rear spoiler. Recaro racing seats were commissioned specifically by Nissan for the Black Edition. The interior is finished in red and black leather, but a beige colour known as 'Pale Ivory' is also available. No mechanical changes are made from the standard GT-R.

Track Edition


In 2013, for the 2014 model year, Nissan introduced a limited production Track Edition GT-R which deletes the rear seats (saving 10 kg (22 lb) over the Black Edition) and adds stiffer suspension, carbon fibre air inlets, improved brake cooling, a unique front spoiler, and new black and gray leather Recaro front seats.[39]

Motor Trend tested the 2014 model year Track Edition GT-R, achieving 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) in 2.7 seconds, 14 mile (400 m) in 10.8 seconds at 201.3 km/h (125.1 mph).[40] The German car magazine sport auto tested the top speed of the Track Edition GT-R, and achieved a top speed of 333 km/h (207 mph).[41]

At the April 2019 New York Auto Show, Nissan introduced the 2020 model year GT-R Track Edition. The car gets it's drivetrain from the NISMO GT-R's twin-turbocharged 3.8 L; 231.8 cu in (3,799 cc) V6 VR38DETT engine with 609 PS; 601 hp (448 kW) at 6,800 rpm and 652 N⋅m (481 lb⋅ft) at 3,200-5,800 rpm and gets a 20% of increase in acceleration reaction time compared to the previous model year GT-R Track Edition. Other updates includes a NISMO tuned independent suspension system, new dry carbon fibre roof reducing weight, NISMO front fenders, new RAYS 20-inch NISMO forged aluminium alloy wheels with Dunlop 255/40RF-20 run-flat SP Sport Maxx GT 600 DSST NISMO-spec tires and dry carbon-fiber rear spoiler. The Track Edition includes new re-designed red and black colour treatment for interior with high-grip Recaro seats.[42]

GT-R NISMO

2020 model year GT-R NISMO.
2020 model year GT-R NISMO.

Nissan introduced the GT-R NISMO for 2015 as the world's fastest volume production vehicle around Nürburgring Nordschleife with a lap time of 7:08.679 minutes in 2014 Tokyo Motor Show.

In the new model, power increases to 441 kW (600 PS; 591 hp) at 6,800 rpm and 652 N⋅m (481 lb⋅ft) of torque at 3,200-5,800 rpm. The 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) time changed to 2.5 seconds.[43] The gear-ratios did not change in the dual-clutch transmission. The fuel tank capacity is 19.5 US gal; 16.3 imp gal (74 L). Additional front and rear brake cooling ducts are added, and a full NISMO tuned suspension is installed, including a hollow 17.3 mm (0.68 in) rear stabilizer bar from the NISMO performance division.

Special edition forged alloys by RAYS in 20-inch size are included. The standard GT-R's aluminium trunk lid is swapped out for a full carbon fibre panel and additional spot welds and adhesive help strengthen the chassis. A front splitter with carbon fibre air ducts up front add to the special NISMO full aerodynamic package, while a large racing style carbon wing completes the rear.

Inside, the NISMO edition has special seats with black and red colour treatment made with synthetic suede. The instrument binnacle and steering wheel are also covered in synthetic suede. The Bose stereo system does not have active noise control. The gauges have some red colour treatment as well. NISMO-specific options are low-gloss matte gray paint and a full titanium exhaust with additional heatsinks. These changes, in aggregate, reduce weight by 17 kg (38 lb), which is the reason that the NISMO GT-R accelerates even faster than before.

At the 2019 New York Auto Show, Nissan unveiled the 2020 GT-R NISMO and the 50th anniversary GT-R for the GT-R's 50th anniversary. Updates to the NISMO GT-R include a new "R mode" gear shifting setting to shift gears more quickly, new turbochargers from the GT3 race car to improve the acceleration, RAYS 20-inch wheels, GT3-inspired fender vents, lightweight carbon ceramic brakes, new re-tuned suspension and the roof, hood and fenders are made with carbon fibre to reduce the weight. Nissan says new NISMO GT-R is faster and more track focused than previous models, and the weight has been reduced by 20 kg compared to the 2017 model year NISMO GT-R.[44][45]

On June 2019, Nissan's Hiroshi Tamura visited Motor Trend for an interview to talk about the 2020 Nissan GT-R NISMO. He said the lap time of the Nurburgring Nordschleife will be quicker by 5 seconds because of a 5% improvement in cornering force and better braking performance.[46]

Nissan claimed the price for the 2020 model year GT-R NISMO of US$210,740.[47] and the car can accelerate 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) in 2.48 seconds, and achieve a top speed of 330 km/h (205 mph).[48][49]

GT-R NISMO N-Attack

A special edition of the GT-R NISMO which is outfitted after the purchase of the NISMO model. This package includes the parts which the original GT-R NISMO has when racing for the fastest lap time on the Nürburgring track. For Japan, installation is handled by NISMO Omori factory. For North America, the conversion is handled by STILLEN.[50]

GT-R NISMO N-Attack

GT-R50

Nissan GT-R50 concept on display
Nissan GT-R50 concept on display

To celebrate the GT-R's 50th anniversary, Nissan has announced that, in 2019, they will introduce a limited-production GT-R called the GT-R50. Only fifty of these cars will be produced. The GT-R50 shares its powertrain with the GT-R NISMO but is rated at 530 kW (721 PS; 711 hp) and 780 N⋅m (575 lb⋅ft) of torque.[51][52]

Upgrades to the engine include large diameter turbochargers shared with the GT3 specification GT-R, a heavy duty crankshaft, pistons and connecting rods, a modified intake system, a new exhaust system, a recalibrated gearbox and a reinforced differential. The rear suspension system uses Bilstein continuously variable dampers and the car uses carbon ceramic brakes. The GT-R50 comes standard in 21-inch carbon fibre wheels with Michelin Pilot Super Sport tyres.

The design of the body work is a result of a collaboration between Italdesign and Nissan, with the former celebrating its 50th anniversary in 2018. Construction of the body work is mainly of aluminium and carbon fibre.

The design was developed by a team of Nissan's European and American designers and has been described as a "car within a car". The front and back sections are designed so they appear to be emerging from the bodywork. Key design elements include a redesigned rear section, stretched LED headlamps at the front, a power bulge on the hood, a lowered roof line and "Samurai blade" cooling ducts behind the front wheels.[53]

50th Anniversary Edition

Nissan introduced the 50th Anniversary Edition for 2020 at the 2019 New York Auto Show. The car has the 3,799 cc (3.8 L; 231.8 cu in) V6 VR38DETT engine with 421 kW (572 PS; 565 hp) at 6,800 rpm and 633 N⋅m (467 lb⋅ft) at 3,200-5,800 rpm. Nissan revealed the price of US$123,040 to the bayside blue, pearl white GT-R 50th Anniversary Edition and US$125,040 for the super silver GT-R 50th Anniversary Edition.[47]

Nissan introduced two-tone exterior colours – bayside (wangan) blue, with white racing stripes, blue accents on the wheel spokes and pearl white with red stripes and super silver with white stripes also available for the 50th Anniversary Edition GT-R.

The 50th Anniversary Edition GT-R includes unique steering wheel and shift knob trim, special embossed seats, an Alcantara headliner with unique stitching and Alcantara-wrapped sunvisors.[54]

Performance

Nissan GT-R (2017 facelift)
Nissan GT-R (2017 facelift)

Nissan states the GT-R can attain a top speed of 315 km/h (196 mph),[55] Motor Trend recorded a top speed of 313.8 km/h (195.0 mph).[56] In tests the original production model was shown to be capable of achieving 0-97 km/h (60 mph) times as low as 3.2 seconds using "launch control".[56] Owners expressed concern that duplicating the times achieved in these tests would void their factory warranty. Nissan's chief vehicle engineer Kazutoshi Mizuno has indicated that he has never used the term "launch control", which refers to the act of turning off vehicle dynamic control (VDC) and launching the car at around 4,500 rpm.[57] However, Nissan's director of product planning John Wiener stated in an interview with Jay Leno that "we (Nissan) actually offer a 'launch mode'".[58] The GT-R user's manual states that turning off the VDC is only meant for escaping low-traction situations such as mud or snow. Nissan has re-programmed the 2010 model year GT-R to reduce the engine speed at launch to around 3,000-3,500 rpm with VDC enabled, which is meant to improve acceleration times. The new programming was also installed on old 2009 vehicles still in Nissan's inventory, and is available for existing 2009 vehicles.[59]

The updated GT-R now has a launch mode called "R-Mode Start". The system allows a maximum of 4 consecutive hard launches before locking itself out, after which it can be unlocked by driving normally for 2.4 km (1.5 mi). The increased engine output of later models combined with the "R-Mode Start" has lowered the 0-97 km/h (60 mph) time to 2.7 seconds.[60] Motor Trend achieved a standing quarter-mile time of 11.6 seconds at 190 km/h (120 mph) using a US-spec 2009 model year GT-R.[61] Autocar achieved a 0-160 km/h (100 mph) time of 8.5 seconds.[62]

The 2017 model year GT-R can accelerate to 97 km/h (60 mph) in the same time of 2.7 seconds and achieve a 400 m (14 mi) time of 10.8 seconds at 204 km/h (127 mph). In 2017, the German car magazine Auto Bild tested the top speed of the 2017 model year GT-R and reached a top speed of 328 km/h (204 mph).[63]

Cutaway model showing rear mounted transmission
Cutaway model showing rear mounted transmission

Independent Lap Times

Testing by Drivers Republic of a GT-R and 911 GT2 in stock form resulted in times of 7:56 minutes for the GT-R and 7:49 minutes for the GT2 respectively in partially damp conditions. While the tester had no doubt that the GT2 could achieve the factory time of 7:32 minutes, he couldn't imagine the customer GT-R going faster than 7:41 minutes in spite of the 7:29 minutes of factory claim.[64]

The German magazine sport auto achieved a time of 7:50 minutes on the Nürburgring with a car supplied to them by Nissan during an initial short test in 2007 in partially damp condition.[65] In 2009, in a full "super test" sport auto achieved a time of 7:38 minutes on the Nürburgring with a standard GT-R driven by Horst von Saurma,[66] identical to a later "super test" Corvette ZR1 time.[67] In a first test with the facelifted GT-R model, 'sport auto' recorded a lap time of 7:34 minutes on the Nürburgring with a standard GT-R driven by Horst von Saurma.[68]

The sport auto magazine tested the 2007 model year GT-R on the Hockenheimring circuit and recorded a lap time of 1:10.7 minutes during the "supertest".[69]

Nissan Nürburgring Lap Times

In 2009 Nissan claimed a lap time of 7:26.7 minutes with a 2009 model year GT-R on the base model's Dunlop tires[70] having previously set a time of 7:29 minutes on standard Japanese market tires.[71][72] Porsche has claimed Nissan overstated the GT-R's performance in September 2008.[73][74] Porsche claimed to have conducted a test of a factory stock, European market GT-R and achieved a slower time (of 7:54 minutes), apparently implying that the car isn't as fast around this public road as Nissan claims and/or that their driver isn't as talented as Nissan's. Nissan disputed the former and implied the latter claim in October 2008.[75][76]

In September 2010, Nissan's sets a Nürburgring lap time using the 2011 model year GT-R with a new design. Driven by GT-R's development driver Toshio Suzuki. and the car set a lap time of 7:24.22 minutes.[77][78]

According to Nissan the GT-R improved its Nürburgring lap time in October 2012 to 7:19.1 minutes by due to the 2014 model year improvements. This made it the 9th fastest ever production car around the Nürburgring at the time. Nissan claimed that it lost half a second in traffic, making a potential lap time of 7:18.6 minutes possible.[79][80]

Lap Records

Nürburgring Nordschleife
2015 Nissan GT-R NISMO Camouflaged Prototype revealed as the fastest road-legal volume production vehicle with a lap time of 7:08.679 minutes around the Nurburgring Nordschleife

In February 2013, Nissan opened the new NISMO headquarters in Yokohama. Nissan's CEO Carlos Ghosn planned to introduce the GT-R NISMO within a year as the leading NISMO brand and attempt a production vehicle lap record at the Nürburgring Nordschleife. On May 18 development began, with Nissan's chief vehicle engineer Noboru Kaneko leading the joint NISMO and Dunlop Tyres effort to set the production vehicle lap record at the Nürburgring.

On June 26, the team started testing with standard GT-R's at Sendai Hi-Land Raceway. On July 16, the team visited the Nürburgring and collected data to aid development, and the team build the GT-R NISMO and it's aerodynamic development was finalized after testing it at the Sendai Raceway on July 24.

On September 2, the team returned to the Nürburgring with three GT-R NISMO cars and four drivers with two laps for each driver. drivers included Infiniti Red Bull Racing third driver Sébastien Buemi, NISMO global brand ambassador and racer Michael Krumm, German touring car driver Armin Hahne, and a Japanese driver, Tetsuya Tanaka. team stopped all the tests of GT-R NISMO and on September 30, the team was aiming for a lap under 7:10 minutes, Armin Hahne and Tetsuya Tanaka didn't get close to the target record but Sébastien Buemi did a lap time of 7:12 minutes on his first lap, on his second lap he stopped to take some fuel out to reduce the weight. On the way to do a lap time under 7:10 minutes the car ran out of fuel. Michael Krumm did his first lap time of 7:10 minutes.

At 4:48 p.m just twelve minutes before the Nordschleife was scheduled to close, and five minutes before the rain, Michael Krumm did his second lap time of 7:08.679 minutes and achieved a peak speed of 310 km/h (193 mph) on the Dottinger Hohe uphill climb, Nissan claimed it was the fastest road-legal volume production vehicle, and it was 11 seconds slower than the production vehicle lap record holder limited production Porsche 918 Spyder Weissach Package's lap time of 6:57 minutes set earlier that month, making it the second fastest road-legal production vehicle around the track.

After setting the lap time, the NISMO team invited the Car and Driver's journalist Tony Quiroga to attempt the fastest lap time with a passenger at the Nürburgring Nordschleife. Michael Krumm drove the GT-R NISMO with the journalist and set a lap record for fastest production vehicle with a passenger around the track with a lap time of 7:19.46 minutes and 303 km/h (188 mph) on the Dottinger Hohe uphill climb.[81][82][83][84][85]

Goodwood Hill Climb
2015 Nissan GT-R NISMO Camouflaged Prototype set a new road-legal production vehicle record of 49.27 seconds around the Goodwood uphill climb.
2015 Nissan GT-R NISMO Camouflaged Prototype set a new road-legal production vehicle record of 49.27 seconds around the Goodwood uphill climb.

On June 2014, the Nissan GT-R NISMO was revealed at the Goodwood Festival. The car ran on the Goodwood Hill climb, driven by Jann Mardenborough, set a time of 49.27 seconds, making it the fastest road-legal production vehicle up the hill.[86]

Nürburgring GP 5.15 km Course

On August 13, 2014, German car magazine Sport Auto tested the 2015 model year GT-R NISMO at the Nurburgring GP 5.15 km circuit, driven by Christian Gebhardt, set a new road-legal production vehicle lap record around the track with a 2:13.80 minutes of lap time.[87]

Willow Springs

On September, 2014, Motor Trend conducted a test using the 2015 model year Nissan GT-R NISMO at Willow Springs - Street of Willow circuit. The test driver Randy Pobst set a lap time of 1:19.07 minutes and making it the fastest road-legal production vehicle around track. The 2014 model year GT-R Track Edition lapped in 1:19.55 minutes and took the second place, 2012 model year GT-R Premium lapped in 1:20.25 minutes and took the third place of the road-legal production vehicle lap records around track. On February, 2015, Motor Trend tested a comaprison with the GT-R NISMO and the Corvette C7 Z06, On the track test, test driver Randy Pobst drove the GT-R NISMO at Willow Springs Circuit set a new road-legal production vehicle lap record around the track at the time with a lap time of 1:25.70 minutes.[88][89][90][91]

Tsukuba Circuit

On December 8, 2017, in a test conducted by Nissan for 50th anniversary of the GT-R, a 2018 model year Nissan GT-R NISMO, driven by Kazuo Shimizu, set a lap time of 1.00.293 minutes on the Tsukuba Circuit – making it the fastest road-legal production vehicle around the track at the time.[92][93] On December 9, 2019 Nissan again broke the own record of the fastest road-legal production vehicle around the track using a 2020 model year Nissan GT-R NISMO, driven by Tsugio Matsuda, set a lap time of 59.361 seconds.[94][95]

INTA Circuit

In 2018, Nissan conducted a test on the INTA Circuit in Spain, driven by Marc Gené with a 2017 model year GT-R NISMO, GT-R Track Edition and a GT-R Premium. The GT-R NISMO set a new road-legal production vehicle lap record around track with a lap time of 1:05.83 minutes. The GT-R Track Edition lapped in 1:06.39 minutes and took the second place, GT-R Premium lapped in 1:06.93 minutes and took the third place of the road-legal production vehicle lap records around track.[96]

Motorsport

Super GT

Nissan GT-R GT500 of Impul competing at the Suzuka 1000 km in 2017
Nissan GT-R GT500 of Impul competing at the Suzuka 1000 km in 2017

NISMO, the motorsport arm of Nissan, entered the Nissan GT-R in the Super GT race series in the GT500 class for the 2008 season, replacing the 350Z.[97]

The 2008 GT500 version of the car has a completely different drivetrain compared to the production car. The race car is upgraded to a VK45DE 4.5-litre naturally aspirated[98] V8 instead of the twin-turbocharge VR38DETT V6 engine. It uses a 6 speed sequential manual gearbox and a rear-wheel-drive layout from its predecessor, the 350Z race car.[99]

The GT-R safety car leading a pack of cars at the Super GT race at Fuji Speedway in May 2008.
The GT-R safety car leading a pack of cars at the Super GT race at Fuji Speedway in May 2008.

A prototype was spotted testing around the Suzuka Circuit as well as Fuji Speedway in Japan.[100][101] The car went on to win the opening race of the 2008 Super GT season at Suzuka scoring a one-two finish for Nissan.[102] The dominant performances in the opening race has led to all GT-Rs being applied a 50 kg weight penalty in addition to the race weight penalty under the Special Adjustment of Performance under the Super GT regulations.[103] In race two, the GT-R repeated their 1–2 result in Suzuka despite the race winning car of team NISMO carrying a 100 kg weight penalty making it only the 3rd team in JGTC/Super GT history to do so. The last time this feat was achieved was 10 years ago by NISMO Skyline GT-R racing under the same number 23.[104] Despite the weight handicap, it won the drivers' championship in the 2008 season through the Xanavi NISMO GT-R driven by Satoshi Motoyama and Benoît Tréluyer, though they only came third in the teams' championship. It also won 7 out of 9 races driven by 4 different teams using GT-Rs.

Nissan GT-R Nismo GT500 of Mola in the 2014 Super GT season
Nissan GT-R Nismo GT500 of Mola in the 2014 Super GT season

The GT500 version scored 4 victories in the 2009 Japanese SUPER GT Series GT 500 class.

In 2010, the VK45DE 4.5-litre engine was replaced by a newly developed 3.4-litre engine (VRH34A).[105]

It also is the 2011 and 2012 Champion. Team Mola GT-R with drivers Ronnie Quintarelli and Masataka Yanagida got back to back championships in both Team and Driver in the Super GT500.[106]

In 2014, the Super GT regulations were aligned with those of the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters, and so the V8 engine was replaced with a 2.0-litre, 4-cylinder turbocharged engine.[107]

FIA GT/GT1 World Championship

Sumo Power's Nissan GT-R competing in the FIA GT1 World Championship at the 2011 Silverstone round
Sumo Power's Nissan GT-R competing in the FIA GT1 World Championship at the 2011 Silverstone round

On February 27, 2009, NISMO announced a partnership with British racing team Gigawave Motorsports to enter a GT-R in four races in the 2009 FIA GT Championship season. The entry did not compete for championship points, but was used by NISMO to refine the performance of the GT-R for future customer teams to use the car in the planned FIA GT1 World Championship in 2010. NISMO driver Michael Krumm and Gigawave driver Darren Turner would co-drive the GT1 GT-R.[108]

The Sumo Power GT-R won the 2010 RAC Tourist Trophy at Silverstone Circuit as part of the FIA GT1 World Championship on May 2, 2010.

The 2011 season saw Swiss Racing Team switch to Lamborghini which left Sumo Power running four GT-Rs, two under the Sumo Power GT name and two under JR Motorsports. JR Motorsports with the drivers Michael Krumm and Lucas Luhr won the Drivers Championship for the 2011 season, gaining 3 wins and 1 pole position in 10 races.

GT-R Nismo GT1

Designed and produced specifically to compete in the FIA GT1 World Championship, the GT-R NISMO GT1 is based on the road-going version of the Nissan GT-R. The GT-R NISMO GT1 is powered by a NISMO race-prepped VK56DE, a naturally aspirated V8 engine that displaces 5,552 cc. It measures 80.3inches in width, 186.2 inches in length, and has a wheelbase of 109.4 inches.[109]

  • Displacement: DOHC naturally aspirated V8 front mid-engine 5,552 cc (5.6 L; 338.8 cu in)
  • Power output: 600 PS; 591 hp; 600 PS (capped – GT1 regulations)
  • Valves Per Cylinder: 4
  • Torque: 649.91 N⋅m (479.35 lb⋅ft)
  • Drivetrain: Rear-wheel drive
  • Curb weight: 1,250 kg (2,756 lb) (as per GT1 regulations)
  • Transmission: Ricardo 6-speed transaxle, sequential shift lever, 5.5-inch carbon triple-plate clutch
  • Suspension: Adjustable suspension with double wishbones front and multi-link rear
  • Brakes: Brembo 6-piston calipers with carbon discs and pads
  • Tyres: Front and rear Michelin 31/71-18 (GT1 controlled specification)

GT-R Nismo GT3

A GT-R won the 2015 Liqui Moly Bathurst 12 Hour driven by Katsumasa Chiyo, Wolfgang Reip and Florian Strauss
A GT-R won the 2015 Liqui Moly Bathurst 12 Hour driven by Katsumasa Chiyo, Wolfgang Reip and Florian Strauss

The GT-R NISMO GT3 is powered by the VR38DETT, a twin-turbocharged V6 engine that displaces 3,799 cc. It measures 80.15 inches in width, 188.19 inches in length, and has a wheelbase of 109.45 inches.[110]

  • Displacement: DOHC twin-turbocharged V6 front mid-engine 3,799 cc (3.8 L; 231.8 cu in)
  • Power output: 447 kW (608 PS; 599 hp) at 6,500 rpm
  • Valves Per Cylinder: 4
  • Torque: 691 N⋅m (510 lb⋅ft) at 5,000 rpm
  • Drivetrain: Premium Midship RWD
  • Curb weight: 1,300 kg (2,866 lb)
  • Brakes: Front: 6-piston caliper Rear: 4-piston caliper
  • Drag coefficient: 0.26
  • Transmission: Six-speed sequential racing transmission in transaxle configuration with multi-disc limited-slip differential and traction control
  • Suspension: Adjustable suspension with double wishbones front and multi-link rear
  • Extras: Semi-automatic paddle-shift
  • Tyres: Front: 330/710-18, Rear: 330/710-18
  • Top speed: 293–330 km/h (182–205 mph) depending on gearing ratio.


GT-R GT3 won the 2015 Liqui Moly Bathurst 12 Hour driven by Katsumasa Chiyo, Wolfgang Reip and Florian Strauss. The NISMO team returned to the Mount Panorama Circuit for the 2016 Liqui Moly Bathurst 12 Hour where after qualifying a disappointing 13th, Chiyo, Strauss and Nissan Australia's Rick Kelly finished in second place, only 1.3 seconds behind the race winning McLaren 650S GT3 from Tekno Autosports. The NISMO Athlete Global Team led the most number of laps in the race having led for 107 of the 297 laps run.[111]

In addition, a GT-R GT3 won the championship at the Blancpain Endurance Series.[112]

In 2016, it won in all six races for the Super Endurance Series, easily winning the series championship. At the Total 24 Hours of Spa, the car finished all the races consecutively 4 years in a row between 2014 and 2017, as well as finishing 24 Hours Nurburgring consecutively between 2014 and 2016.[113][114]

Other categories

A production-based GT-R made its world motorsport debut in Australia's Targa Tasmania tarmac rally in April 2008,[115] however it sustained damage early in the event and did not complete the rally.[116] Later in 2008 a GT-R won the Competition Modern class in the Targa West[117] before returning to Targa Tasmania in 2009 to take the outright win in the Modern class.[118] In 2009 Nissan's GT-R won the One Lap of America competition.[119] In 2010 the GT-R finished 2nd over all in the One Lap of America competition.

During the 2010 SCCA World Challenge season, a pair of GT class GT-Rs were campaigned by Brass Monkey Racing and driven by Steve Ott and Tony Rivera.[120]

On June 4, 2010, NISMO announced a Club Track Edition[121] GT-R available via its Nissan supported Omori aftermarket factory. This domestic market trim is a non-street legal, race ready variant equipped with a 6-point roll cage and upgraded with NISMO race package developed through its Tokachi endurance racer program.

On June 25 and 26, 2011, the No. 71 Schulze Motorsport Nissan GT-R took part in the 24 Hours of Nürburgring 2011 driven by Michael Schulze, Tobias Schulze, Kazunori Yamauchi and Yasuyoshi Yamamoto. The car finished the race in 36th place overall, achieving a victory in the SP 8T class after overcoming several technical problems.[citation needed] It was the first time a Nissan GT-R took part in the 24 Hours of Nürburgring. In the following year, Nissan participated the SP8T class with 2 Club Track Edition GT-Rs as works team, which driven by Team Nissan and Team GT Academy, both cars completed the race in 99th and 30th in overall respectively – through they are the only entries in SP-8T class that year.

Aftermarket tuning

Despite early concerns about the difficulty of modifying the Nissan GT-R, many aftermarket tuning parts have become available. The previously reported "untuneable" ECU has since been hacked by several tuning houses.

COBB Tuning was the first company to access the GT-R's encrypted ECU.[122] With their AccessPORT anyone can reprogram both the engine and transmission control units with off the shelf or custom maps. Mine's also has limited control of the ECU, and others (MCR,[123] HKS, and Top Secret) have bypassed the unit. They have been seen testing modified GT-Rs with the former two having conducted tests at the Tsukuba Circuit.[124][125]

Ecutek tuning on the other hand was the first company to manipulate and change shift points on the GT-R in the TCM (Transmission Control Module) on automatic mode. This can be done at will by the driver. Ecutek also allows the driver to adjust launch control on the fly available with a wrap around boost gauge that can read over 20 PSI.[126] Like COBB Tuning, Ecutek currently offers engine tuning on the ECU and TCM with different launch control software from LC1 up to LC5.[127] On January 16, 2013, Ecutek also became the first company to construct and offer Flex Fuel hardware and software capability for all Nissan GT-Rs. This fuel kit requires the Ecutek specific TCM. The kit provides changes in the cold start cranking compensation, changes to the maximum target boost, changes in the ignition timing, changes to target airflow, changes in cam timing, and changes in the fuel economy gauge reading all based solely on ethanol content in the gas tank.[128]

Japan based tuner Mine's has created the VR38DETT super response engine which uses lightened engine internals like titanium rods, lightened pistons and many other components that allow the engine to rev more quickly, it makes 588 kW; 789 hp; 800 PS.[129][130]

In a review by Motor Trend editor Scott Kanemura, it was revealed that the GPS system fitted to the GT-R would remove the 180 km/h (112 mph) speed limiter when the car arrives at a race track, but only on tracks approved by Nissan. Aftermarket ECUs have been developed to bypass the speed limiter, in addition to stand-alone speed-limiter defeaters. The GPS check will not be implemented in American models.[131]

In August 2008, Nissan's official motorsport and tuning arm Nismo announced the "Club Sport" tuning package for the GT-R . The package, which is also fitted to the SpecV,[132] includes Bilstein Damptronic compatible dampers, 20" forged aluminum wheels from RAYS Engineering, Bridgestone run-flat tires, Recaro carbon fiber-shelled bucket seats, a titanium exhaust, and a revised rear diffuser with an added cooling duct.[133] The package is supported by a warranty and saves over 20 kg (44 lb).

AMS Performance, based in West Chicago, Illinois, has set record power levels and performance numbers for the GT-R. Their Alpha Omega GT-R puts down between 1700–1750 whp and boasts 0–60 mph times of 1.7 seconds according to their staff on their official Facebook page. In June 2013, Omega set multiple world records at the WannaGoFast 1/2 Mile Shootout at Built Field Airport in Monee, Illinois which included: 344.46 km/h (214.04 mph) in a standing 1/2 mile; 60–130 mph in 3 seconds; 0–161 km/h (0–100 mph) in 4.4 seconds; 0–322 km/h (0–200 mph) in 11.87 seconds.[134] OMEGA broke into the 7s when it ran a 7.98 at 299.56 km/h (186.14 mph), currently making it the quickest and fastest GT-R in the world at the time[needs update], as well as the first GT-R to reach the 9's, 8's, and 7's.[134] During the evening of the 7 second pass Omega broke a couple of other records. Omega bested its previous 97–209 km/h (60–130 mph) time with 2.67 seconds.[134] Omega also broke the 161–241 km/h (100–150 mph) record which was previously held by an Underground Racing TT Gallardo (2.58 seconds) with 2.45 seconds.[134] The AMS Performance Alpha Omega package functions more as a shop/research and development vehicle which is the reason why it is not available to the general public. However, anybody can purchase the Alpha 6, Alpha 9, Alpha 10, Alpha 12, Alpha 14 and Alpha 16 packages; each respectively with approximately 600, 900, 1000, 1200, 1,400 and 1,600 wheel horsepower when installed and tuned.

The Nissan GT-R played a main role in Fast & Furious 6.[135] The car in the widely successful movie has modified bumpers, new vented hood, modified fenders, side sills, carbon doors, carbon roof, and carbon spoilers. In February 2016, using the GT-R NISMO, Masato Kawabata set a new world record for the fastest 30-degree drift at approximately 304 km/h at the Fujairah International Airport.[136]

On the August 13, 2014, Mike Newman broke the record for the 'fastest speed for a car driven blindfolded' in a Nissan GT-R modified by Litchfield Motors (UK).[137]

On December, 2018, Alpha Logic Performance from Dubai set the quarter-mile record for fastest GT-R and fastest AWD using their "Panda" GT-R in 6.582 seconds at 373.82 km/h (232.28 mph).[138][139]

Awards and recognition

Year Award and Title
2007 Top Gear Awards – Sports car of the Year[140]
2008 Autocar – Drivers Car of the Year.[141]
2008 Evo Magazine – Car of the Year[142]
2008 Japan's Most Advanced Technology Award[143]
2008 Popular Mechanics – Automotive Excellence Awards 2008 (Design)[144]
2009 Automobile Magazine – Automobile of the Year[145]
2009 MotorWeek – Driver's Choice Awards 2009– Best Performance Car
2009 Edmunds.com – Edmunds' Inside Line Editors' Most Wanted Awards: Instant Classic[146]
2009 Motor Trend – Motor Trend Car of the Year[147]
2009 Popular Science – Auto Tech Grand Award Winner[148]
2009 International Car of the Year[149]
2009 World Performance Car[150]
2009 Targa Tasmania Modern Champion
2009 Targa West Challenge Modern Champion[151]
2009 Targa West Competition Modern Champion[152]
2009 Guinness World Records – Fastest 0–60 mph acceleration by a four-seater production car[153]
2010 Redline Time Attack Modified AWD Champion[154]
2010 Targa West Challenge Modern Champion[155]
2010 Targa West Competition Modern Champion[156]
2010 Yahoo – Listed as having one of the best resale values of any sports car.[157]
2011 Targa Tasmania Modern Champion
2011 Targa West Competition Modern Champion[158]
2011 Motor Magazine Performance Car Cup Winner[159]
2013 Targa Adelaide – Modern Champion

Sales

Calendar
Year
US Canada Japan Europe
(incl. UK)
2007 807[160]
2008 1730[161] 137[161] 4871[160] 1[162]
2009 1534[161] 133[161] 531[160] 1987[162]
2010 877[161] 62[161] 395[163] 1078[162]
2011 1294[161] 72[161] 526[163] 889[162]
2012 1188[161] 117[161] 558[163] 738[162]
2013 1237[161] 125[161] 668[163] 480[162]
2014 1436[161] 125[161] n/a[a] 503[162]
2015 1105[161] 130[161] n/a[a] 486[162]
2016 698[161] 156[161] n/a[a] 618[162]
2017 578[161] 134[161] n/a[a] 816[164]
2018 538[161] 72[165] n/a[a] 524[164]
2019 331[165] 53[165] n/a[a] n/a[a]
2020 n/a[a] 11[165] n/a[a] n/a[a]
Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Data not available

Statistics by US model year

US Model Year Power
kW (hp)
Torque
Nm (lb⋅ft)
0–97 km/h
0–60 mph
(seconds)
400 m
14 mile
(seconds)
Nurburgring Lap Time
(minutes)
2009 358 (480) 583 (430) 3.5 11.9 7:26.70 [166]
2010 362 (485) 583 (430) 3.3 11.8 NA
2011 395 (530) 607 (448) 2.9 11.1 7.24.22 [167]
2012 395 (530) 607 (448) 2.8 11.0 NA
2013 406 (545) 628 (463) 2.7 10.8[168] NA
2014 406 (545) 628 (463) 2.7 10.8 7:19.1 [169]
2015 406 (545) 628 (463) 2.7 10.8 NA
2015 Nismo N-Attack Package 447 (600) 652 (481) NA NA 7:08.679 [170]
2016[171] 406 (545) 628 (463) 2.7 10.8 NA
2017[172] 421 (565) 633 (467) 2.7 [173] 10.8 NA
2018[174] 421 (565) 633 (467) 2.7 10.8 NA
2020 Nissan GT-R NISMO 447 (600) 652 (481) 2.48[49][48] NA NA

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Further reading

  • Gorodji, Alex (2008). Nissan GT-R: Legendary performance, Engineering Marvel. Minneapolis: Motorbooks. pp. 192 pages. ISBN -978-0-7603-3036-4.

External links

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