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Nikolay Tsiskaridze

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nikolay Tsiskaridze
Nikolay Tsiskaridze.jpg
Born
Nikolay Maximovich Tsiskaridze

(1973-12-31) 31 December 1973 (age 47)
Tbilisi, Georgia, Soviet Union
NationalityGeorgian
EducationBallet Dancer, Ballet Education, Master of Law (Employment Law)
Alma materBolshoi Ballet Academy,
Kutafin Moscow State Law University
OccupationBallet Dancer, Ballet Teacher, Rector
Years active1992–present
TitleActing Rector of Vaganova Academy of Russian Ballet (2013-2014),
Rector of Vaganova Academy of Russian Ballet (2014–present)
HonoursChevalier, Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
People's Artist of Russia
Honoured Artist of Russia
State Prize of the Russian Federation
Order of Honour of the Republic of Georgia
Signature
Tsiskaridze-sig.jpg

Nikolay Maximovich Tsiskaridze PAR (Russian: Николай Максимович Цискаридзе; Georgian: ნიკოლოზ ცისკარიძე, Nik'oloz Cisk'aridze) is a Georgian-Russian ballet dancer who had been a member of the Bolshoi Ballet for 21 years (1992–2013).

Biography

Early years

Nikolay Tsiskaridze was born in Tbilisi, Soviet Georgia in 1973. He was a late firstborn child to Lamara Nikolayevna Tsiskaridze, then 42 years old, and grew up not knowing the father. The mother was a physicist, she worked at Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant, then as a teacher at Tbilisi public school №162.[1] Only five years after his mother's death an aunt revealed the father's name. He turned out to be a brother of their neighbor, a violinist, who lived next door for almost 20 years, though without knowing about his fatherhood.[2]

Career in Ballet

He began his dance studies at the Tbilisi Ballet School in 1984. His mother supported Tsiskaridze in pursue of ballet career, she managed to save money and take him to Moscow to auditions. In 1987, he joined the Moscow Ballet School and studied under the guidance of Pyotr Pestov.[3] After graduating in 1992, Tsiskaridze directly joined the ballet company of the Bolshoi Theatre, then under the direction of Yury Grigorovich. In Bolshoi, Tsiskaridze was coached by Galina Ulanova and Marina Semyonova.[4] He was promoted to the position of principal in 1995.[5] Since then, Tsiskaridze has performed internationally with a number of ballet companies across the world, including the Mariinsky Ballet and Paris Opera Ballet. He also participated in most of the foreign tours of the Bolshoi Ballet, "Kings of the Dance" international project, Les Saisons Russes du XXI Siecle.[6]

Over the course of his dance career, he performed over seventy roles in major classical works as well as ballets by renowned modern choreographers. While dancing, Tsiskaridze studied at the Pedagogical faculty of the Institute of Choreography in 1996. Since 2003, he was teaching a daily ballet class at the Bolshoi Theatre. Besides, since 2004 he was also teaching at the Moscow Ballet Academy.

In October 2003, Tsiskaridze faced a major injury which threatened to end his career. During the rehearsal at Opera de Paris he tore the cruciate ligament. An operation on the knee was followed by a major staphylococci infection. After 9 more operations, he achieved complete recovery and returned to the stage after a nine-month intermission.[7]

As a dancer, Tsiskaridze possessed the purity of Russian dance training and the regality and mystery of royalty. His extremely long legs moved with masculine power, yet also with feminine grace. His arms could at one moment be strong and forceful, and at the next soft and elegant. His feet were well arched for a man and his beats were pristine. As a product of the Russian ballet school, which emphasizes dramatic expression hand in hand with technique from a very early stage in training, Tsiskaridze was an effortless actor with the ability to mesmerize the audience. There were no small parts for Tsiskaridze where his profession was concerned. Preparation for any role was very important for him. The dancer says, "It is desirable to know everything about the ballet, about the character, the composer, the choreographer – everything." There is a huge collection of videos and books about ballet in his house and some ballet critics envy his knowledge of this art. He doesn't get tired of studying and researching something new in the subjects that have already been well explored by him.

As Tsiskaridze says: "I believe that the fate of a person depends on his or her temper. If I had been more mild and base person, I would have become a worshipped hero! I was to have been on the cushion long ago! But disliking stupidity and imbecility, I don't manage to keep my mouth shut. Moreover, I don't care for it and feel good. All that I achieved in my life was achieved by my talent and industry. Ballet is a rough labor, all are working hard, but results differ. I had more luck because of my parents' genes."

Being a ballet dancer, Tsiskaridze has become a real superstar in Russia, having appeared in many reality shows and being a judge on Russia's version of Dancing with the Stars for several years.

Awards

Tsiskaridze has received many awards and accolades: he became the youngest person to be named a People's Artist of Russia (2001). He received “Soul of the Dance” prize (1994),[8] the State Prize of the Russian Federation (2001, 2003),[9] the Prix Benois de la Danse (1999), Silver medal at the Osaka Ballet Competition (1995), Golden medal at the Moscow Ballet Competition (1997), Honoured Artist of Russia (1997), Russian Golden Mask theatrical prize (1998, 2000, 2003), Order of Honour of the Republic of Georgia (2003), Danza&Danza award as best dancer of the year 2003, Triumph prize (2004), Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres de la République Française (2006), People's Artist of North Osetia — Alania Republic (2013) etc.[10]

Assault Scandal

In 2011, Tsiskaridze was a contender for directorship in Bolshoi, but Sergei Filin was chosen to the post.[11] On 30 June 2013, Tsiskaridze left the Bolshoi when his contracts (as a premier dancer and as a ballet teacher) expired and the management decided not to extend them. His relationship with the directors of the theatre had become tense long ago. Tsiskaridze openly criticized the theatre's management for soiling the Bolshoi's repertoire of classics with contemporary works from abroad, for favoritism and bad taste. As a result of his criticism, Tsiskaridze and his students were denied roles, docked pay and prevented from advancing their careers.[12][13] Tsiskaridze openly criticized the management for a six-year £800m-plus renovation of the theatre that turned out to be of a very low quality and raised serious concerns on theft, corruption and incompetence.[14]

In January 2013, the acting artistic director of the Bolshoi Ballet Sergei Filin was assaulted, sulphuric acid was thrown into his face. Tsiskaridze was one of the suspects, but he had a strong alibi on the day of the assault.[11][15][16] Though the former soloist of Bolshoi Pavel Dmitrichenko confessed to pay for the assault, many believed his confession was forced, and someone staged the whole attack to ruin Tsiskaridze's reputation and get him away from the theatre.[14]

Public Positions

In July 2011, Tsiskaridze was appointed a member of the President's Council for Culture and Arts.[17]

In October 2013, Tsiskaridze was appointed a director of the prestigious Vaganova Academy of Russian Ballet in Saint Petersburg (est. in 1738) by order of the Culture Minister. In a year he was promoted to the full Rector of the institution.[18][19]

In 2014, Tsiskaridze graduated as a Master of Law at Kutafin Moscow State Law University.

On 29 November, 2014, Tsiskaridze was formally confirmed as a Rector of the Vaganova Academy in unopposed election, winning 227 of the 244 possible votes which include professors, students and even school canteen workers. Even though his appointment a year ago caused a scandal, Tsiskaridze won the support of the staff with his hard work and significant results - improving the quality of education at the Academy, raising the funds for the school equipment and furnishing, negotiating various collaborations with other well-known schools and theatres, bringing the new repertoire broadening the range of opportunities for graduates.

In March 2014, he signed a letter in support of the position of the President of Russia Vladimir Putin on Russia's military intervention in Ukraine.[20]

The trustees of Tokyo Ballet Academy have granted to Nikolay Tsiskaridze the status of professor emeritus. The artistic director of Tokyo Ballet Academy, Dr. Etsuro Satomi, signed the letter about it on February 11, 2015.

Repertoire

Tsiskaridze danced in more than 70 ballets, including:[21]

References

  1. ^ Schulga, N. (2020-11-22). "Николай Цискаридзе: "Чтобы выключить мозги, играю на компьютере"" [Nikolay Tsiskaridze Plays Computer Games to Relax] (in Russian). 'Trud' newspaper. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  2. ^ Fedotova, V. (2020-03-21). ""Похороны дольше месяца": Цискаридзе рассказал подробности о смерти матери" [Funeral Delayed for Month: Tsiskaridze on Death of his Mother] (in Russian). Vechernyaya Moskva. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  3. ^ "Николай Цискаридзе: если меня решат убить на сцене, всё равно окончу партию" [Nikolay Tsiskaridze: If Someone tries to Kill Me on Scene, I'll Finish the Dance] (in Russian). Argumenty i Fakty. 2014-04-11. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  4. ^ Brown, I. (2013-07-09). "Bolshoi Ballet dismisses world star Nikolai Tsiskaridze". The Art Desk. Retrieved 2020-11-27.
  5. ^ "Король балета" [The King of Ballet] (in Russian). Gazeta. 2018-12-31. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  6. ^ "Nikolai Tsiskaridze". Prix de Lausanne. 2016-05-04. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
  7. ^ "Николай Цискаридзе рассказал о девяти операциях, которые перенес в Париже" [Tsiskaridze Opens Up About Nine Operations] (in Russian). StarHit. 2020-07-05. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  8. ^ "N 2 [128] March-April 2004". Ballet magazine. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  9. ^ Van Gelder, L. (2003-01-11). "ARTS BRIEFING". The New York Times (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  10. ^ "Nikolai Tsiskaridze" (in Russian). Prix de Lausanne. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  11. ^ a b "Bolshoi acid attack: police question star ballet dancer". The Guardian. 2013-01-25. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  12. ^ Judith Mackrell (2013-10-29). "Fired Bolshoi dancer Nikolai Tsiskaridze gets controversial new job". The Guardian. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
  13. ^ Shuster, S. (2013-03-06). "Exclusive Interview: Did this Bolshoi Ballerina Inspire an Acid Attack?". Time (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  14. ^ a b Mackrell, J. (2013-06-10). "Bolshoi shows Nikolai Tsiskaridze the stage door". The Guardian. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  15. ^ Mackrell, J. (2013-07-22). "Bolshoi acid scandal: 'I'm just asking for proof'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  16. ^ "Bolshoi director Sergei Filin says he knows who was behind acid attack". The Guardian. 2013-02-03. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  17. ^ "Медведев обновил состав совета по культуре и искусству" [Medvedev Announced New Council for Culture and Arts] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  18. ^ Judith Mackrell (2013-07-22). "Scandal rocked the Bolshoi this year when its artistic director had acid thrown in his face. Nikolai Tsiskaridze, the troupe's recently sacked principal dancer, tells Judith Mackrell why he thinks his injuries have been exaggerated". The Guardian. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
  19. ^ "Николай Цискаридзе избран ректором Вагановского училища" [Nikolay Tsiskaridze Assigned Rector of Vaganova Academy] (in Russian). Gazeta. 2014-11-29. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-11. Retrieved 2014-03-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Nikolai Tsiskaridze". The Bolshoi Theatre. Retrieved 2020-11-27.

External links

This page was last edited on 3 November 2021, at 21:53
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