To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Nicolas-François Guillard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nicolas-François Guillard (16 January 1752 – 26 December 1814) was a French librettist. He was born in Chartres and died in Paris, the recipient of a government pension in recognition of his work writing librettos. He was also on Comité de Lecture of the Paris Opéra. One of the foremost of the French librettist of his generation, he wrote libretti for many noted composers of the day, including Salieri (Les Horaces) and in particular Sacchini (Œdipe à Colone, amongst many others). His most famous work is Iphigénie en Tauride, his first libretto, set by Gluck after the composer had initially rejected it. Gluck collaborated with Guillard to heavily recast the libretto, not only to suit Gluck's artistic preferences, but also to accommodate pre-existing music that Gluck borrowed, both from himself and from other composers, when composing the opera.

Guillard's librettos were often adaptations of previously written works, rather than the products of original invention. He used a wide range of subjects as a starting point, basing his libretto for Sacchini's final opera, Arvire et Évélina, on an English dramatic poem and also using the works of Pierre Corneille on two occasions. In the 1790s he altered his style to fit the revolutionary atmosphere of the time, one of his last works being the epic La mort d'Adam, where he turned to biblical themes.

Works

References

  • Rushton, Julian (2001). "Nicolas-François Guillard". In Root, Deane L. (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Oxford University Press.

Further reading

  • F. Pillet: "Guillard (Nicolas-François)", Biographie universelle, ed. L. G. Michaud (Paris, 1843–65)
  • E. Desnues: "Guillard (Nicolas-François)", Nouvelle biographie générale, ed. J. C. F. Hoefer (Paris, 1852–66)
  • P. Howard: Gluck and the Birth of Modern Opera (London, 1963)
  • P. Smith: The Tenth Muse: a Historical Study of the Opera Libretto (London, 1971)
  • J. Rushton: "Iphigénie en Tauride: The Operas of Gluck and Piccinni", Music & Letters, vol. 53, no. 4, October 1972, pp. 411–30 JSTOR 733290

External links

This page was last edited on 2 July 2020, at 18:50
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.