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Patriarch Nicodim of Romania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Patriarch Nicodim of Romania
By God's mercy, Archbishop of Bucharest,
Metropolitan of Ungro-Vlachia,
Locum tenens of the throne of Caesarea Cappadociae and
Patriarch of All Romania
Никодим (Мунтяну).jpg
ChurchRomanian Orthodox Church
InstalledJuly 5, 1939
Term endedFebruary 27, 1948
PredecessorPatriarch Miron of Romania
SuccessorPatriarch Justinian of Romania
Personal details
Birth nameNicolae Munteanu
Born(1864-12-06)6 December 1864
Pipirig, Neamț County
Died27 February 1948(1948-02-27) (aged 83)
BuriedRomanian Patriarchal Cathedral
DenominationChristian Orthodox
Alma materKiev-Mohyla Academy, Russian Empire
Patriarh Nicodim (centre), with Mihai I (right) and Gheorghiu-Dej (left) at a reception at the Soviet embassy, 1946
Patriarh Nicodim (centre), with Mihai I (right) and Gheorghiu-Dej (left) at a reception at the Soviet embassy, 1946

Nicodim (Romanian pronunciation: [nikoˈdim]), born Nicolae Munteanu ([nikoˈla.e munˈte̯anu]; December 6, 1864, Pipirig, Neamț County, Romania – February 27, 1948, Bucharest), was the head of the Romanian Orthodox Church (Patriarch of All Romania) between 1939 and 1948.

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He studied theology at the Kiev-Mohyla Academy, Russian Empire and became a monk at Neamț Monastery in 1894.

He was a supporter of the Iron Guard.[1] Nicodim was supportive of the Royal Family of Romania and a notable anti-Communist, refusing to give support for the Soviet-backed Communist regime in the process of installation in Romania in 1945–1947.[citation needed] Immediately, rumors circulated to the effect that he had been murdered, perhaps with Soviet approval. However, all available evidence indicates the patriarch died of natural causes.[2]

Nicodim Munteanu was buried at the Romanian Patriarchal Cathedral in Bucharest, next to the first Patriarch of Romania Miron Cristea.


  1. ^
  2. ^ Adrian Cioroianu, Focul ascuns în piatră, p. 310. Bucharest: Editura Polirom, 2002, ISBN 978-973-68-1076-3

External links

Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Miron Cristea
Patriarch of All Romania
Succeeded by
Justinian Marina
This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 19:04
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