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Nicholas County, West Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nicholas County
The Nicholas County Courthouse in Summersville in 2007
The Nicholas County Courthouse in Summersville in 2007
Official seal of Nicholas County
Map of West Virginia highlighting Nicholas County
Location within the U.S. state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°17′N 80°48′W / 38.29°N 80.8°W / 38.29; -80.8
Country United States
State West Virginia
FoundedJanuary 30, 1818
Named forWilson Cary Nicholas
SeatSummersville
Largest citySummersville
Area
 • Total654 sq mi (1,690 km2)
 • Land647 sq mi (1,680 km2)
 • Water7.6 sq mi (20 km2)  1.2%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total24,604
 • Estimate 
(2021)
24,300 Decrease
 • Density38/sq mi (15/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitewww.nicholascountywv.org
One of several markers designating the border between Nicholas and Greenbrier counties along Greenbrier Road near Richwood. Older stone survey markers are located a few feet behind the modern highway sign.
One of several markers designating the border between Nicholas and Greenbrier counties along Greenbrier Road near Richwood. Older stone survey markers are located a few feet behind the modern highway sign.

Nicholas County is a county located in the central region of U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2020 census, the population was 24,604.[1] Its county seat is Summersville.[2] The county was created in 1818 by the Virginia General Assembly and named for Virginia Governor Wilson Cary Nicholas.[3]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 654 square miles (1,690 km2), of which 647 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 7.6 square miles (20 km2) (1.2%) is water.[4]

In 1863, West Virginia's counties were divided into civil townships, with the intention of encouraging local government. This proved impractical in the heavily rural state, and in 1872 the townships were converted into magisterial districts.[5] Nicholas County was divided into six districts: Grant, Jefferson, Kentucky, Mumble-the-peg, Summersville, and Wilderness. In 1873, Mumble-the-peg became Hamilton District. A seventh district, Beaver, was created in the 1880s.[6]

Major highways

Battlefields

Carnifex Ferry Battlefield, Keslers Cross Lanes

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18201,853
18303,34680.6%
18402,515−24.8%
18503,96357.6%
18604,62716.8%
18704,458−3.7%
18807,22362.0%
18909,30928.9%
190011,40322.5%
191017,69955.2%
192020,71717.1%
193020,686−0.1%
194024,07016.4%
195027,69615.1%
196025,414−8.2%
197022,552−11.3%
198028,12624.7%
199026,775−4.8%
200026,562−0.8%
201026,233−1.2%
202024,604−6.2%
2021 (est.)24,300[7]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2020[1]

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 26,562 people, 10,722 households, and 7,762 families living in the county. The population density was 41 people per square mile (16/km2). There were 12,406 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.84% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. 0.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,722 households, out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23.30% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,974, and the median income for a family was $32,074. Males had a median income of $30,508 versus $17,964 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,207. About 15.00% of families and 19.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.40% of those under age 18 and 13.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States census, there were 26,233 people, 10,938 households, and 7,591 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 40.6 inhabitants per square mile (15.7/km2). There were 13,064 housing units at an average density of 20.2 per square mile (7.8/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 98.4% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.6% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 21.7% were Irish, 19.0% were German, 12.9% were English, and 10.1% were American.[14]

Of the 10,938 households, 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families, and 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 43.3 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $38,457 and the median income for a family was $45,127. Males had a median income of $42,302 versus $25,859 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,359. About 14.3% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.5% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Politics

United States presidential election results for Nicholas County, West Virginia[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 8,279 77.86% 2,226 20.93% 128 1.20%
2016 7,251 75.70% 1,840 19.21% 488 5.09%
2012 5,898 67.09% 2,664 30.30% 229 2.60%
2008 4,804 51.32% 4,357 46.54% 200 2.14%
2004 5,485 52.99% 4,788 46.26% 78 0.75%
2000 4,359 50.81% 4,059 47.31% 161 1.88%
1996 2,649 31.03% 4,769 55.87% 1,118 13.10%
1992 2,959 31.05% 5,042 52.91% 1,528 16.04%
1988 3,731 41.75% 5,173 57.89% 32 0.36%
1984 4,656 50.21% 4,588 49.48% 29 0.31%
1980 3,885 40.83% 5,265 55.33% 366 3.85%
1976 3,462 35.70% 6,235 64.30% 0 0.00%
1972 5,907 61.95% 3,628 38.05% 0 0.00%
1968 3,678 39.22% 4,858 51.81% 841 8.97%
1964 2,628 27.65% 6,878 72.35% 0 0.00%
1960 4,297 42.67% 5,774 57.33% 0 0.00%
1956 5,263 51.89% 4,880 48.11% 0 0.00%
1952 4,386 43.86% 5,615 56.14% 0 0.00%
1948 3,391 40.22% 5,018 59.51% 23 0.27%
1944 3,259 43.09% 4,305 56.91% 0 0.00%
1940 4,299 44.73% 5,312 55.27% 0 0.00%
1936 3,964 40.02% 5,872 59.28% 70 0.71%
1932 3,684 40.50% 5,327 58.56% 86 0.95%
1928 3,917 52.36% 3,495 46.72% 69 0.92%
1924 3,347 45.02% 3,956 53.21% 131 1.76%
1920 3,691 50.53% 3,564 48.79% 50 0.68%
1916 2,056 44.77% 2,467 53.72% 69 1.50%
1912 584 14.40% 2,018 49.75% 1,454 35.85%

Elected officials

[17]

Position Elected Official
Nicholas County Commission
  • Garrett Cole, President
  • Lloyd Adkins
  • D. Craig Chapman
Nicholas County Assessor Ernie Dennison
Nicholas County Circuit Clerk Debbie Facemire
Nicholas County Clerk Robert Painter
Nicholas County Prosecutor Jonathan Sweeney
Nicholas County Sheriff William Nunley

Communities

Cities

Magisterial districts

  • Beaver
  • Grant
  • Hamilton
  • Jefferson
  • Kentucky
  • Summersville
  • Wilderness

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Nicholas County history sources". Archived from the original on January 23, 2013. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  5. ^ Otis K. Rice & Stephen W. Brown, West Virginia: A History, 2nd ed., University Press of Kentucky, Lexington (1993), p. 240.
  6. ^ United States Census Bureau, U.S. Decennial Census, Tables of Minor Civil Divisions in West Virginia, 1870–2010.
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved October 18, 2022.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
  17. ^ "County Offices".

Further reading

  • William Griffee Brown, History of Nicholas County West Virginia. Richmond, VA: Dietz Press, 1954.
  • A.J. Legg, A History of Panther Mountain Community (Nicholas County, West Virginia). Morgantown, WV: Agricultural Extension Division, 1930.
  • Nicholas County Historical and Genealogical Society, Nicholas County History. Summersville, WV: Nicholas County Historical and Genealogical Society, 1985.
  • Nicholas County Historical and Genealogical Society, Nicholas County, West Virginia, History 1985 Book Index. Summersville, WV: Nicholas County Historical and Genealogical Society, 1992.
  • Nicholas County, e-WV: The West Virginia Encyclopedia. Charleston: West Virginia Humanities Council, 2012.

This page was last edited on 18 October 2022, at 01:13
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