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Nguyễn Thiện Thuật

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nguyễn Thiện Thuật
NguyenThienThuat.jpg
Born(1844-03-23)March 23, 1844
Died1926 (aged 81–82)
OccupationOfficial, revolutionist

Nguyễn Thiện Thuật (阮善述, 1844-1926) was a Vietnamese revolutionary leader, who commanded armed forces during the anti-colonial struggle.

As a high-ranking official under the Nguyễn Dynasty, he governed Hải Dương, Hải Phòng, and Quảng Ninh.[1] When Hà Nội surrendered to the French in 1883, the Nguyễn Văn Thương regime signed the Treaty of Huế (also known as the Harmand treaty) and acknowledged the French protectorate over the northern and central parts of the Vietnam.[1] When he was ordered to stop fighting, Nguyen resigned from his post and retreated to Đông Triều, where he organized and continued armed resistance against the French.[2][3] He also joined forces with the Black Flag Army led by Lưu Vĩnh Phúc.[1] A nine-year revolt (from 1883 to 1892) ensued in the swampy area of Bãi Sậy.[3] Due to constant attacks from the French, the resistance was weakened. Nguyen left for China, with the hope of reviving the revolution at a later time, but died in Guangxi in 1926.[4]

His grandson was Chinese Nationalist Army major general Nguyễn Chấn Á who returned to Vietnam as one of the Taiwan military advisors.[5][6]

Biography

Nguyễn Thiện Thuật was born on March 23, 1844 in Xuân Dục village, Đường Hào district (currently is Xuân Đào village, Xuân Dục commune, Mỹ Hào town, Hưng Yên province), was the eldest child of a poor Confucian, he was a descendant of Nguyễn Trãi. His father was lecturer Nguyễn Tuy, his younger brothers were Nguyễn Thiện Dương and Nguyễn Thiện Kế, they both participated in Bãi Sậy uprising that was led by Thuật.

After he graduated baccalaureate in 1874, he was deputed as a deputy. In 1876, he continued to take part in Confucianism examination and only got Bachelor's degree.

References

  1. ^ a b c "Nguyễn Thiện Thuật (1844-1926)". Đông Tác Giao Lưu. Archived from the original on 21 February 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
  2. ^ "Nguyễn Thiện Thuật và khởi nghĩa Bãi Sậy" [Nguyễn Thiện Thuật and the Bãi Sậy revolution]. Television station of Hưng Yên. Retrieved 5 Aug 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Revolution of Bãi Sậy". vietgle. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
  4. ^ "Nguyễn Thiện Thuật". Thừa Thiên Huế. Archived from the original on 25 December 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
  5. ^ Nguyen Công Luan Nationalist in the Viet Nam Wars: Memoirs of a Victim Turned Soldier 2012 "One of those who expressed his great concern about the Americans was Chinese Nationalist Army general Nguyễn Chấn Á. He was the grandson of the famous Vietnamese hero Nguyễn Thiện Thuật, who led a guerrilla force in the late
  6. ^ Thiếu tướng Nguyễn Chấn Á


This page was last edited on 18 December 2019, at 02:59
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