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Newtonia buchananii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Newtonia buchananii
Scientific classification
N. buchananii
Binomial name
Newtonia buchananii
(Baker) G.C.C.Gilbert & Boutique

Newtonia buchananii is a species of legume in the family Fabaceae.


N. buchananii is a tree from 10–40 meter high, forming a loose canopy with a flattish top. It has smooth bark, and the trunk has small buttresses at the base. The leaves are bipinnate, with numerous leaflets (38-67 pairs), linear or falcate 2-9 mm long, tiny and light green when young. It may be deciduous. The flowers cream-colored, fading to brown, in spikes 3.5 to 19 cm long.[1][2]

Distribution and habitat

It is found in humid highland forests in tropical Africa at elevations from 600 to 2200 meters, with a mean annual rainfall of 1100 - 3000 mm, and a mean annual temperature of 17 - 27°c.[1]

In Nigeria and Cameroon, it lives in highland forests at elevations of 1100 to 1800 meters.

In eastern and southern Africa, it is found in evergreen rainforest, often close to streams and lakes, at elevations from 600 to 2200 meters. Its range includes eastern Democratic Republic of the  Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe.[1]


The trees are harvested in the wild for their timber. It is grown in coffee, tea and cocoa plantations to provide light shade for crops.[1]

Trees in Moribane Forest Reserve, Mozambique
Trees in Moribane Forest Reserve, Mozambique


  1. ^ a b c d "Newtonia buchananii". Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. 2019-08-17. []
  2. ^ Orwa C, A Mutua, Kindt R , Jamnadass R, S Anthony. 2009 Agroforestree Database:a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0 [1]
This page was last edited on 27 July 2020, at 21:03
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