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New York state election, 1854

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The 1854 New York state election was held on November 7, 1854, to elect the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, a Canal Commissioner and an Inspector of State Prisons, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly.

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Transcription

The United States has been a united country ever since the end of the Civil War in 1865. As probably most of you know the two dominant parties in Modern-day America are the Republican and Democratic parties. Each party has a varying amount of influence in each of the 50 U.S. states. So what if instead of the current reality of a unified United States there was a reality where instead all of the Republican States formed their own independent country and all of the Democrat States formed their own independent country? First let's define which states are either Republican or Democrat states in the first place. My definition is that if a state voted for the same party in three or all four of the past four presidential elections than it belongs to that party. This definition only leaves three swing states that voted for each party equally in the past four presidential elections, but I'm going to give all three of them to the republican country because they're state legislatures currently as of 2017 are controlled by the Republicans. So, this is what a map of the two countries would look like. The republican country is all connected together, except for Alaska up in the north. While the Democrat country is divided into five separate parts in the east, the North, the west the Southwest, and Hawaii. Both countries would have a very similar population at 154 Million Two Hundred Three thousand for the Republicans and 168 Million Nine Hundred Twenty thousand for the Democrats. The ethnic diversity in both countries would also be quite similar with the Republican Country being 75% White, 15.4% African-American, 2.4% Asian, 1% Native American, 6.2% Other, and 15.2% Hispanic or Latino of any race, while the Democrats would be 75.2% White, 11.2% African American, 7.7% Asian, 1% native American, 4.9% Other, and 18.2% Hispanic or Latino of any race. In terms of Religion the Republican Country would have significantly more Protestants and Mormons, while the Democrat country would have more Catholics, Jews and non-religious people. English would be the primary language in both new countries, and Spanish would be the second-most spoken language both as well but with slightly more people speaking it in the democratic country. The nominal GDP of the Republican country would be 7.726 Trillion U.S. dollars, But the Democrat country would have a much larger economy of 10.732 Trillion dollars. This would however, place both countries behind China who would assume the new position of having the world largest Economy. Owing to its larger economy the Democrat country would have a GDP per Capita of 63,533 dollars, Compared to the republican GDP per Capita of 50,105 dollars, placing the democrats with the 4th highest in the world and the republicans at 12th. Both very high and respectable. Both countries would be capable of fielding large and well-funded militaries as well. The Republican military would have an annual budget of 169.26 billion U.S. dollars, the third highest in the world behind China, and would start out with a size of 1,377,000 soldiers, assuming all the soldiers of each state they were originally from returned home. The democrats Meanwhile would have a larger budget of 239.17 billion us dollars, even larger than China's but would begin with less Soldiers at 1,296,000 troops. Both countries would have a similar unemployment rate as well with 4.4% in the democrat country, and 4.6% in the Republican country. Each country would have its fair share of large cities as well with the top 5 largest in each being Austin, Dallas, San Antonio, Phoenix, and Houston in the case of the Republicans and San Diego, Philadelphia, Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York in the case of the Democrats. I expect that the capital city of the republicans would become Austin since Texas would essentially become the financial and population center of the Country owing to the fact that four out of five of the largest cities are all located there. The capital for the Democrats Meanwhile would be Washington DC The current us capitol that makes the most sense for them since the neighboring states of Maryland and Virginia are also Democrat states. As much as Texas would be the most influential state in the Republican country California would be the most influential in the Democrat one, since it would boast the largest single economy and population If this ever were to become a reality however both countries would be largely Equal. The Democrats would have a larger economy and a higher GDP per capita, but they would both be nuclear-power states, and both have extremely powerful conventional militaries as well. They would be the second and third largest economies and have an almost equal population. Essentially, they would be evenly matched in most regards. It would be best if the United States stayed together of course, But it's still fun to theorize. Please leave your comments below about what you think a world in this scenario would actually look like. What would life be like and would conflict between the two Americas be inevitable or could it be avoided? If you enjoyed what are you just watched then I hope that you'll subscribe to my channel by clicking here You can visit my patreon and vote on upcoming videos just like this one by clicking here. Follow me on Instagram in the link in the description, and I hope to see you next Friday for another brand new video then!

Contents

History

The National Democratic (in the press referred to as Hards) state convention met in July and informed the nominees by letter on July 12 of their nominations. Their letters of acceptance were published on September 11 in the New-York Daily Times.[1]

The Democratic (in the press referred to as Softs) state convention met on September 6 at Wieting Hall in Syracuse. Lorenzo B. Shepard was Temporary Chairman until the choice of William H. Ludlow as President. The convention appointed a Democratic State Central Committee which included John Cochrane and Horatio Ballard, and then adjourned. On September 7, the convention passed a resolution approving the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which led to the eventual withdrawal of delegates Preston King, Charles G. Myers, Abijah Mann, Philip Dorsheimer and few more Barnburners, all of whom would be the next year among the founders of the Republican Party. Governor Horatio Seymour was re-nominated "by acclamation" with a few contrary votes. William H. Ludlow was nominated for Lieutenant Governor on the first ballot (vote: Ludlow 234, Philip H. Crook 28, Oakley 14, Albert Lester 7, Isaiah Rynders 2, Preston King 2). Jason Clark was nominated for Canal Commissioner by acclamation. W. R. Andrews was nominated for Inspector of State Prisons on the first ballot (vote: Andrews 92, Amos Pilsbury 56, Henry Storms [incumbent] 27).[2]

The Free-Soil Democratic state convention met on September 25 in Auburn.[3]

The Anti-Nebraska state convention met on September 26 in Auburn. Myron H. Clark was nominated for Governor by acclamation. Henry J. Raymond was nominated for Lieutenant Governor on the first ballot (Raymond 127, Bradford R. Wood 84). After this vote, a minority of about 20 seceded from the convention and re-assembled at the Court House and nominated their own ticket.[4]

The Temperance state convention met on September 27 in Auburn. Myron H. Clark was nominated for Governor by acclamation. Henry J. Raymond was nominated for Lieutenant Governor on the first ballot (Raymond 163, Bradford R. Wood 112).[5]

The Liberty state convention met on September 28 at the Market Hall in Syracuse.[6]

The Anti-Rent state convention met on October 26 at Beardsley's Hall in Albany.[7]

Results

Due to the split of the Democratic Party, the whole Whig ticket was elected. The American Party (in the press referred to as the Know Nothings, and ridiculed) showed a surprisingly big strength. Myron H. Clark won this election with the lowest percentage in any New York gubernatorial election. The incumbent Governor Seymour was defeated, the incumbent Fitzhugh was re-elected.

82 Whigs, 26 Softs, 16 Hards and 3 Temperance man were elected for the session of 1855 to the New York State Assembly. "Know Nothings are sprinkled miscellaneously among Whigs, Hards and Softs; and exactly how many there are of these gentry in the Assembly Nobody Knows."[8]

1854 state election results
Ticket / Office Governor Lieutenant Governor Canal Commissioner Inspector of State Prisons
Whig Myron H. Clark
156,804[9]
Henry J. Raymond
157,166
Henry Fitzhugh
161,006
Norwood Bowne
153,947
Dem./Soft Horatio Seymour
156,495
William H. Ludlow
128,833
Jason Clark
125,210
William R. Andrews
124,735
American Party (Know Nothings) Daniel Ullmann
122,282
Gustavus Adolphus Scroggs
121,037
Josiah B. Williams[10]
58,244
James P. Sanders
120,747
Dem./Hard Greene C. Bronson
33,850
Elijah Ford
52,074
Clark Burnham
113,968
Abram Vernam
41,978
Anti-Nebraska Myron H. Clark Henry J. Raymond Henry Fitzhugh Norwood Bowne
Anti-Nebraska (secession) Myron H. Clark Bradford R. Wood
8,378
Charles A. Wheaton
7,435
Philip H. Macomber
7,567
Free Democratic Myron H. Clark Bradford R. Wood
Anti-Rent Myron H. Clark Bradford R. Wood Henry Fitzhugh Norwood Bowne
Temperance Myron H. Clark Henry J. Raymond
Liberty William Goodell
289
Austin Ward
326
John C. Harrington
261
William Shapcott
242

Notes

  1. ^ "The Hard State Ticket". New-York Daily Times. September 11, 1854. p. 1.
  2. ^ "Soft Shells in Council". New-York Daily Times. September 8, 1854. pp. 1, 8.
  3. ^ "Free-Soil Democratic State Convention". New-York Daily Times. September 26, 1854. p. 1.
  4. ^ "The Anti-Nebraska Convention". New-York Daily Times. September 30, 1854. p. 2.
  5. ^ "Latest Intelligence: New-York State Temperance Convention". New-York Daily Times. September 28, 1854. p. 1.
  6. ^ "The Liberty Party State Convention". New-York Daily Times. September 29, 1854. p. 8.
  7. ^ "Anti-Rent State Convention". New-York Daily Times. October 27, 1854. p. 8.
  8. ^ Result and comment in The Whig Almanac 1855 compiled by Horace Greeley of the New-York Tribune
  9. ^ The number of votes stated at the candidates' names is the total of all votes received on all tickets on which the candidate was nominated. At the time, the ballots did no mention the party at all, so that it can not be ascertained how many votes each candidate received on which ticket.
  10. ^ Williams declined to be a candidate about two weeks before the election. The party managers then placed Hard-shell Democrat Clark Burnham on the Know Nothing ticket. Due to slow communications, Williams still received a large vote, but a majority of the Know Nothing electorate voted for Burnham.

Sources

See also

This page was last edited on 30 July 2017, at 07:11.
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