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New Kent County, Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

New Kent County
County courthouse
County courthouse
Official seal of New Kent County
Map of Virginia highlighting New Kent County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°31′N 77°00′W / 37.51°N 77°W / 37.51; -77
Country United States
State Virginia
Founded1654
Named forKent, England
SeatNew Kent
Area
 • Total222 sq mi (570 km2)
 • Land210 sq mi (500 km2)
 • Water14 sq mi (40 km2)  6.1%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total22,945
 • Density100/sq mi (40/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.co.new-kent.va.us

New Kent County is a county in the eastern part the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2020 United States Census, its population was 22,945.[1] Its county seat is New Kent.[2]

New Kent County is included in the Greater Richmond Region.

History

New Kent County was established in 1654, using territory annexed from York County,[3] and was organized and settled by William Claiborne. The county's name originated because several prominent inhabitants, including William Claiborne, recently had been forced from their settlement at Kent Island, Maryland, by Lord Baltimore upon the formation of Maryland.[4] Claiborne had named the island for his birthplace in Kent, England.

New Kent County is the birthplace of two US presidents' wives - Martha Washington and Letitia Christian Tyler. The church where George and Martha Washington are believed to have been wed, St. Peter's, still holds services today. The Chickahominy Indians frequented this area, as well as nearby Charles City County, and two tribes are still well-established in this area.

Among the earliest settlers of New Kent County was Nicholas Gentry, who settled in New Kent in 1684. The parish register books of St. Peter's Parish show that Nicholas Gentry's daughter was baptized in the church in 1687. The records also reflect other Gentrys, probably Nicholas Gentry's relations, Peter and Samuel Gentry.[5] As the result of arson confessed to by John Price Posey and Tho Green, and allegedly involving "a negro boy belonging to W. Chamberlayne" on July 15, 1787, many later county records were burned, making identifying relationships between family members difficult.[6]

Due to the "many Inconveniencys" suffered by the "Upper Inhabitants by reason of their Great distance from the Court house and other places usually appointed for publick meetings", New Kent County was divided "into Two distinct Countys and that that part of the County lyeing below the parish of Saint Paul shall for Ever thereafter be called and knowne by the Name of New Kent County And that that part of the County which lyeth in the parish of Saint Paul Shall be called and knowne by the Name of Hannover County". In 1720, a portion of New Kent County known then as St. Paul's Parish was formed into a separate county, now Hanover County.[7][8]

In 2006, the US Census Bureau rated New Kent County among the top 100 fastest-growing counties in the U.S.[9]

Geography

The northeast border of the county is defined by the meanderings of the Pamunkey River, and the southwest county border is similarly defined by the Chickahominy River. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, either wooded or devoted to agriculture, and carved by drainages.[10] The terrain slopes to the east and south, with its highest point on the west border at 174' (53m) ASL.[11] The county has a total area of 223 sq mi (579 km2), of which 210 sq mi (543 km2) are land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (6.23%) are covered by water.

Quinton, VA[12]
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
3.3
 
 
48
27
 
 
2.9
 
 
51
29
 
 
4
 
 
60
36
 
 
3.3
 
 
71
45
 
 
3.9
 
 
78
54
 
 
3.4
 
 
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64
 
 
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68
 
 
4.3
 
 
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81
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3.2
 
 
71
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3.5
 
 
62
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3.4
 
 
51
30
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Adjacent counties

Protected areas[10]

Lakes[10]

  • Cooks Millpond
  • Davis Pond
  • Davis Pond North
  • Diascund Creek Reservoir
  • Goddins Pond
  • Kent Lake
  • Old Forge Pond
  • Richardson Millpond (part)
  • Taylor Pond

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17906,239
18006,3632.0%
18106,4781.8%
18206,6302.3%
18306,458−2.6%
18406,230−3.5%
18506,064−2.7%
18605,884−3.0%
18704,381−25.5%
18805,51525.9%
18905,511−0.1%
19004,865−11.7%
19104,682−3.8%
19204,541−3.0%
19304,300−5.3%
19404,092−4.8%
19503,995−2.4%
19604,50412.7%
19705,30017.7%
19808,78165.7%
199010,44519.0%
200013,46228.9%
201018,42936.9%
202022,94524.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2020[17]

2020 census

New Kent County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[18] Pop 2020[17] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 14,804 17,818 80.33% 77.66%
Black or African American alone (NH) 2,474 2,714 13.42% 11.83%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 185 225 1.00% 0.98%
Asian alone (NH) 159 223 0.86% 0.97%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 2 8 0.01% 0.03%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 21 102 0.11% 0.44%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 394 1,124 2.14% 4.90%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 390 731 2.12% 3.19%
Total 18,429 22,945 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, 18,429 people were living in the county; 81.7% were White, 13.5% African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.5% of some other race, and 2.3% of two or more races. About 2.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). By ancestry, 15.2% were of English, 11.7% American, 10.6% German, and 9.4% Irish descent.[19]

At the 2000 United States Census, 13,462 people, 4,925 households and 3,895 families were residing in the county. The population density was 64.1/sqmi (24.8/km2). The 5,203 housing units averaged 24.8 per sq mi (9.57/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 80.26% White, 16.20% African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.54% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. About 1.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 4,925 households, 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.60% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.90% were not families. About 16.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65, and the average family size was 2.97.

The county's age distribution was 25.00% under 18, 5.90% from 18 to 24, 32.00% from 25 to 44, 27.70% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who were 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.90 males.

The median income for a household was $53,595, and for a family was $60,678. Males had a median income of $40,005 versus $28,894 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,893. About 4.90% of the population and 3.40% of families were below the poverty line. Of the people living in poverty, 7.40% were under the age of 18 and 7.00% were 65 or older.

Education

New Kent County has four schools within its school system.[20] The two elementary schools are New Kent Elementary and George W. Watkins Elementary. The school system also includes New Kent Middle School and New Kent High School. All four schools are fully accredited by the Virginia Department of Education. At the high-school level, various honors and advanced-placement courses are available, along with dual enrollment through Rappahannock Community College. Gifted and enrichment programs are offered in all grades kindergarten through 12th grade.[21]

The roughly 430 employees include 220 licensed teachers, seven guidance counselors, four media specialists, four principals, five assistant principals, and a central office staff composed of one superintendent and five directors.[22] As of 2018, the superintendent is Brian Nichols,[23] and the assistant superintendent is Ed Smith.

New Kent County received a new site for Rappahannock Community College in 2015,[24] located at the renovated "historic" New Kent High School site. The site offers engineering, nursing, and basic college-level courses in New Kent.

Transportation

Highways

  • Interstate 64 traverses the county, with four exits (205, 211, 214, and 220), roughly paralleling U.S. 60.
  • Major state highways include State Routes 30, 33, 106, 155, 249, and 273.

Railroads

No passenger rail stations are in New Kent County. The nearest Amtrak service is at stations in Williamsburg and Richmond.

Air

Attractions

Two golf courses are available in New Kent County:

  • The Golf Club at Brickshire[26]
  • The Club at Viniterra[27]

Communities

No towns in New Kent County are incorporated. Unincorporated towns and communities include:

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities[10]

Media

Politics

New Kent County is traditionally Republican. In only one national election since 1972 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

United States presidential election results for New Kent County, Virginia[28]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 9,631 66.59% 4,621 31.95% 211 1.46%
2016 8,118 66.36% 3,546 28.99% 569 4.65%
2012 7,246 66.16% 3,555 32.46% 152 1.39%
2008 6,385 63.91% 3,493 34.96% 113 1.13%
2004 5,414 68.13% 2,443 30.75% 89 1.12%
2000 3,934 64.34% 2,055 33.61% 125 2.04%
1996 2,852 54.15% 1,859 35.30% 556 10.56%
1992 2,708 49.39% 1,738 31.70% 1,037 18.91%
1988 2,917 66.54% 1,427 32.55% 40 0.91%
1984 2,679 68.71% 1,204 30.88% 16 0.41%
1980 1,739 57.30% 1,204 39.67% 92 3.03%
1976 1,259 47.62% 1,338 50.61% 47 1.78%
1972 1,370 67.52% 633 31.20% 26 1.28%
1968 526 27.63% 765 40.18% 613 32.20%
1964 677 49.60% 684 50.11% 4 0.29%
1960 526 51.67% 481 47.25% 11 1.08%
1956 510 57.95% 178 20.23% 192 21.82%
1952 455 52.78% 400 46.40% 7 0.81%
1948 140 27.24% 277 53.89% 97 18.87%
1944 158 32.44% 329 67.56% 0 0.00%
1940 133 31.74% 286 68.26% 0 0.00%
1936 120 28.10% 307 71.90% 0 0.00%
1932 115 28.33% 286 70.44% 5 1.23%
1928 217 54.94% 178 45.06% 0 0.00%
1924 86 30.82% 178 63.80% 15 5.38%
1920 109 36.45% 190 63.55% 0 0.00%
1916 69 26.14% 192 72.73% 3 1.14%
1912 30 12.66% 160 67.51% 47 19.83%


See also

References

  1. ^ "New Kent County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Notes from the Records of York County". The William and Mary Quarterly. 22 (2): 73–89. April 5, 2018. doi:10.2307/1914974. JSTOR 1914974.
  4. ^ Claiborne, J. Herbert (April 5, 2018). "William Claiborne of Kent Island". The William and Mary Quarterly. 1 (2): 74–99. doi:10.2307/1923023. JSTOR 1923023.
  5. ^ Gentry, Richard (April 5, 2018). "The Gentry family in America: 1676 to 1909, including notes on the following families related to the Gentrys: Claiborne, Harris, Hawkins, Robinson, Smith, Wyatt, Sharp, Fulkerson, Butler, Bush, Blythe, Pabody, Noble, Haggard, and Tindall". Printed for the author by the Grafton press. Retrieved April 5, 2018 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ "New Kent County". The William and Mary Quarterly. 4 (2): 115–116. April 5, 1895. doi:10.2307/1915053. JSTOR 1915053.
  7. ^ "OUR HISTORY". St. Paul's Episcopal Church. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
  8. ^ St. Paul's parish, Hanover co., Va.St. Paul's parish, Hanover co., Va. (1940). The vestry book of St. Paul's parish, Hanover county, Virginia, 1706-1786. Richmond,Division of purchase and printing, 1940. p. 595. hdl:2027/mdp.39015011026666.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ "100 Fastest Growing Counties". US Census Bureau.
  10. ^ a b c d New Kent County VA  Google Maps (accessed 4 April 2019)
  11. ^ ""Find an Altitude/New Kent County VA" Google Maps (accessed 4 April 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  12. ^ http://www.usa.com/quinton-va-weather.htm#HistoricalTemperature
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
  17. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - New Kent County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  18. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - New Kent County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  19. ^ Bureau, US Census. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  20. ^ "New Kent County Schools". schoolwebpages.com. Archived from the original on March 31, 2017. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  21. ^ Education, Virginia Department of. "VDOE :: Gifted Education". www.doe.virginia.gov. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  22. ^ "NK Educational Foundation". nkeducationalfoundation.org. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  23. ^ "New Kent County Schools". schoolwebpages.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  24. ^ "Open House and Fair launch RCC's New Kent County site - Rappahannock Community College". Rappahannock Community College. Archived from the original on February 6, 2016. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
  25. ^ "AirNav: W96 - New Kent County Airport". www.airnav.com. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  26. ^ "The Golf Club at Brickshire – Providence Forge VA". www.brickshiregolfclub.com. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
  27. ^ "Club at Viniterra – New Kent VA". www.viniterragolf.com. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
  28. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved December 9, 2020.

External links

This page was last edited on 14 July 2022, at 18:43
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