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New Buda, Iowa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

New Buda, Iowa
New Buda, Iowa is located in Iowa
New Buda, Iowa
New Buda, Iowa
Coordinates: 40°36′05″N 93°48′38″W / 40.60139°N 93.81056°W / 40.60139; -93.81056
CountryUnited States
StateIowa
CountyDecatur
Elevation
928 ft (283 m)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)641
GNIS feature ID1822764[1]

New Buda was an unincorporated community in New Buda Township, Decatur County, Iowa, United States.[1] New Buda was located along 270th Avenue, 2.6 miles (4.2 km) south of Davis City.[2]

History

New Buda was founded as a Hungarian settlement in the summer of 1850 by László Újházi.[3] Újházi hoped to colonize the area with German-speaking Hungarians fleeing the revolution in Hungary. The New Buda post office opened that fall, with Újházi listed as postmaster. The townsite was platted in 1851. According to Vassady (1991), Hungarian settlers "came to the incipient colony during its first two years, but few remained permanently."[3]

Although more than 100 emigres planned to settle the New Buda area, the community remained small. The hardships of pioneer life proved too much for the settlers. The Hungarians' "experience managing developed estates in Hungary was of little help in breaking prairie soil or in the use of survival techniques until the first crops came in."[3] The Hungarian settlers gradually left New Buda, some moving to Davenport, where Hungarians had already settled.[3]

Between 1853 and 1858, New Buda had around 70-80 residents, with eight houses along the Grand River. But by the 1870s, the community was in decline. The Ausgleich of 1867 had granted amnesty to the Hungarians, and many of them returned to Austria-Hungary, while others fought in the American Civil War. By 1875, the New Buda schoolhouse was abandoned; Ignác Hainer, the last postmaster, recommended the closure of the post office in 1880.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b "New Buda". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ "Decatur County, Iowa Highway and Transportation Map" (PDF). Iowa Department of Transportation. January 1, 2017. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e Vassady, Bela (1991). "New Buda: A Colony of Hungarian Forty-eighters in Iowa". Retrieved 2020-08-08.


This page was last edited on 25 May 2021, at 01:10
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